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For more tips on choosing vegetables for your home garden, see our gallery of the 21 best crops to grow at home. The great thing about a container garden is that it can fit into just about any small space where there is sufficient sunlight (not less than 5 or 6 hours a day) and if you are forced to move, it can come right along with you.  Container gardens can be grown on a windowsill indoors, but do best when out of doors on patios, balconies or even a sunny porch, as they do require good air circulation and indoor gardening has its own challenges with pests like white flies, aphids, etc. The down side of containers is that they can dry out faster in hot weather or direct sun (which the vegetables need) if they are not really large containers, and if plants dry out regularly it will damage their roots and stunt the plant growth.
Generally, if using standard flower or garden pots, you’ll need  16 to 22 inch diameter depending on the vegetables you choose.
Herbs can do with considerably smaller pots, and greens, which have shallow roots, can be grown in shallower or flatter containers than typical garden pot sizes. Smaller containers will need water every day in summer, but not every container will need to be watered every day. If you’re feeling more adventurous, you can build your own container from inexpensive, found, and recycled materials.
Growing tomatoes in containers offers a convenient way to get around soil born tomato pests and achieve healthy tomatoes in spite of these challenges. When you open up your mind to container vegetable gardening, you start to understand that there are really a lot of possibilities. There are essentially three things that you need to do when you start a container vegetable garden. The best advantage of container gardening, is that it allows people who have limited space to have a very good planting solution. You can grow almost anything when you are doing container gardening.
Container gardening allows you to grow some plants that you may have a hard time growing in your soil.

The biggest disadvantage of container vegetable gardening is that the plants rely a lot on you. Whether you are growing squashes, tomatoes, or herbs, the key to being able to grow them in a container and be successful is having good soil. But even if you’re limited to a lone container, you can still enjoy a summer’s worth of homegrown produce—especially if you keep a few favorite dishes in mind while you’re planning. Use a large container with drainage holes, or drill your own; our trough measured roughly 2 feet tall by 2 feet wide by 3 feet long. This is because vegetables need adequate space for their root systems, and will do poorly if roots are crowded.
One borage plant in a container in the midst of your container garden will bring plenty of bees. That way when you’re watering the excess will flow into the lower container which will hold the water and the pot will not be in standing water, but water will be available on those long hot days when you may not be home to water in the afternoon. Using containers for vegetable gardening makes it easy for you to efficiently use space on your patio or on your front porch that you otherwise wouldn’t be able to. For instance, you can grow a blueberry bush in a container, and do a better job at keeping the pH 5.5, than you could if you had planted it in the soil. When you grow vegetables in containers, you’re going to need to add extra nutrients regularly.
Also, if you have a varying amount of sunlight throughout the year, you can move your containers around so that the plants can get the most sunlight possible.
If you’re growing vegetables, you want to make sure that you have a bit of lime and fertilizer added to your soil to make it more productive.

For all of these vegetables a 22 inch diameter flower pot shape is a minimum container size to keep in mind. Below are some of the best varieties of cucumbers and tomato plants to use for vegetable container gardening. Peas, onions, carrots, beans and herbs all can do well in 16 inch diameter equivalent container sizes. One hot dry day can strip a container dry and damage the root system of the plant leaving it dwarfed or stunted and no recovery will come. Remember that when a you plant a container in a pot, it is dependent on you for its success. The greatest challenge of container vegetable growing is watering, since soil dries out faster in pots than in the ground.
Baby greens, such as lettuce and spinach, are perhaps the simplest vegetables to grow, beginning in spring when they will tolerate cool temperatures.
Self-watering containers are wise because they even out the water and fertilizer supply and deter cracking, but you still will need to water frequently in summer.

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