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02.01.2015

Self esteem test results,creating confidence,feet to the fire radio - 2016 Feature

The objective of this research is to examine the relationship of the emotional intelligence with the self-esteem and the academic achievement in the BA (bachelor of art) students.
Banafshe Hasanvand , Mohamad khaledian , "The Relationship of Emotional Intelligence with Self-esteem and Academic Progress", International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. State specialists compiled the first wave of county faculty input and shared the overall results.
Following the development of the new statewide instrument, six counties, four urban (central and south Florida) and two rural (north Florida), volunteered to pilot test the instrument in their parent education programs. The state major program team members were very encouraged by the results and the feedback from the process. One hundred and twenty seven male and female elementary school, high school, and university students who were classified as high or low exercisers completed questionnaires that measured global self-esteem, body satisfaction, and body build. County faculty who participated in the pilot test reported that the instrument was extremely easy to use.
These results move beyond documenting numbers and program satisfaction, and measure improvement in parenting practices as a result of the educational programs.
For all participants combined, high exercisers reported greater self-esteem than low exercisers, showing that the positive relationship between exercise activity and self-esteem is robust across sex and age.
Self-esteem has been defined as the “level of global regard one has for the self” (Harter, 1993), or how well a person “prizes, values, approves, or likes” him or herself (Blascovich & Tomaka, 1991). Indeed, body satisfaction might mediate any relationship between exercise activity and self-esteem. However, this practice has been criticized because the dependent variables are not independent (Tabachnick & Fidell, 1996) and because Type I error is not properly controlled in the post hoc univariate tests (Kellow, 2000; Tabachnick & Fidell, 1996).
People who already have higher self-esteem for other reasons may be more motivated to exercise compared to those who have lower self-esteem. It might be useful to do so because, in a study of female adolescents involving sport participation, exercise participation, body dissatisfaction, and self-esteem, Tiggemann (2001) found that only sport participation predicted body dissatisfaction.
Although the nonexperimental design prohibits a causal interpretation of these results, they are consistent with the idea that exercise has a beneficial effect on how people feel about themselves.
That is, exercise might have physical effects that lead to greater body satisfaction which in turn leads to greater self-esteem. Sports participation and self esteem: Variations as a function of gender and gender role orientation. Self-esteem and sex roles among male and female high school students: Their relationship to physical activity. Body image dissatisfaction: Gender differences in eating attitudes, self-esteem, and reasons for exercise. The impact of adolescent girls’ life concerns and leisure activities on body dissatisfaction, disordered eating, and self-esteem. The effect of exercise on body satisfaction and self-esteem as a function of gender and age. The resulting instrument was easy to use and produced reliable results that could be aggregated at the state level.
However, in contrast to the findings for self-esteem, these results have only been obtained with male and female adolescents and adults; children have not been investigated.
When the difference in self-esteem scores was converted to the standardized effect size d, it was 0.51, which is a medium effect (Cohen, 1977).


It might also examine whether exercise activity has different relationships to different dimensions of body-cathexis and to different dimensions of self-esteem. Self esteem as a function of sex of participant and body satisfaction in elementary school, high school, and university students. Misuse of multivariate analysis of variance in behavioral research: The fallacy of the “protected” F test. In this research, the Ann-Bar questionnaire contains 90 questions about emotional intelligence and Cooper-Smith questionnaire contains 58 questions about self-esteem and the first half-year average scores were used. For body image, the ANOVA was run with self-esteem and cathexis as covariates, but the results were the same as above – no significant effects of exercise. Thus, despite the concerns over the measurement of exercise activity, our findings consolidate the generality of the relationship between exercise activity and self-esteem, particularly because the groups were compared under standardized test conditions. Again, however, the results do not show that exercise activity causes a bigger body because people with bigger bodies may be more motivated to exercise than people with smaller bodies.
Physical activity, self esteem, and self-efficacy relationships in older adults: A randomized controlled trial. For analysing data, the frequency, percentage, average, skew, Pierson- regression correlation coefficient and T test were applied.
An exception to this pattern is a study by Tiggemann and Williamson (2000), who found that the relationship between exercise activity and self-esteem was positive for men, but not significant for women and even negative for young women under 21.
The ANOVA for weight difference was run the exact same way (no covariates) as the previous univariate analysis, because this variable was not correlated with self-esteem, body-cathexis, or body image.
Of particular interest, they demonstrate that the positive relationship between exercise activity and self-esteem appeared in the youngest group, who were about 11 years of age.
Given this evidence of a causal relationship between exercise and self-esteem, it is quite possible that the present association has a similar direction.
The Results showed: there is a meaningful positive relationship between the exciting intelligence, general self-esteem, social esteem, public esteem, educational self-esteem and the academic achievement. In addition, another recent study found no significant relationship between exercise and global self-esteem for senior high school students (Bowker, Gadbois, & Cornock, 2003). Finally, although most research has considered self-esteem as a global concept, it has been argued that it should be decomposed into two dimensions: self-competence and self-liking, which respectively correspond to the instrumental and the intrinsic values of the self (Tafarodi & Milne, 2002). The regression coefficients for realism and self-esteem variables were significant, such as these variables were predictors of self-esteem. In view of these somewhat conflicting findings, we re-examined the relationship between exercise and self-esteem. Given that self-competence reflects “abilities, skills, and talents” (Tafordi & Milne, 2002), it might be more strongly associated with exercise activity than self-liking. Also, results showed there was no significant relationship in the emotional intelligence and self-esteem between male and female students. Self-esteem means how people think about themselves ,how much they like themselves and if they are satisfy of their performance ,especially how they feel about society, education and family and to what extent their ideal self and actual self are close to each other[6].Most authorities believe that self-esteem is a central factor and a base to people social and emotional compatibility. At first, psychologists and socialists such as William jame, Herbert Mid and Charles Coli insisted on the self-esteem positive importance[7]. Self- imagination has a particular importance for mental health experts because the person imagination about his personality to high degree determines his image about environment, and these two elements plan his behaviour forms[8].Self- esteem is the rate of validity, approval, acceptance and worthiness that a person feels about himself[9]. Self-esteem is not only a part of mental health, but also it is associates with academic success.


Many researchers have found a relationship between positive self-esteem and high scores at school[11]. Feelings and opinions about the abilities , competencies and own features determine self-esteem. Laport and Sevigny believe that having a good self-esteem means: to be aware of own strengths and weaknesses and to accept oneself with what is more personal and valuable. A good self-esteem can brings up personal uniformity and makes person to pay attention to the other people[12]. A person needs to grants values and respects to himself as a form of self-esteem and also he needs to be respected by others. Satisfying the self-esteem, one can ensure that he has competences, values and capabilities.
The results of Kanglosi and Patterson (1998) study showed that there is a positive correlation between the emotional intelligence and all five elements of self-esteem[14]. In 1382, this test has been implemented in Iran among Tehran university students by Dehshiri (2006)[22] and its questions were declined to 90 ones.
According to the scientific rules,100 students were selected randomly as a sample includes 50 male and 50 female , the questionnaire was distributed among them and results were collected. Other results of this research indicate the relationship between the self-esteem and the academic achievements in students .It means that the higher the self-esteem, the person academic status is better. To confirm these findings we can say that self-esteem is the person self-satisfaction and self-valuation (Bandora 2002)[5].
As a result , people with high degree of self-esteem have more expectations of their performance and they are ambitious to success.
One of the results showed that there is no difference in the emotional intelligence between male and females, such that the violence rate in male was higher than females ,it is in agreement with the results obtained by other researchers such as Samari and Tahmasbi (2007)[18] and Tamanaifar (2010)[8]. Results also showed that there is no difference in self-esteem between men and women that is in agreement with the results of the research by Hosseiny Tabatabai and Ghadimi Moghadam (2007)[25]. To confirm these findings we can point to the Cooper Smith (1968) theory in which the self-esteem and self-confidence sources are the sense of power, the power, value in life , respect to the social and moral rules and finally success in academic ,social and other relationships[24]. ConclusionsIn this field, there has been no research in Sanandaj, so because of the Kurdish culture and language of the people in this city, this research can provide a means for future researches, in this way the students can make a sense of importance and we can be familiar with the self-esteem and the self-satisfaction rates in this city.
Thus, we can identify the methods to increase these variables and lead them to obtain the ability to use the capacity of understanding, expressing, self-esteem application, self- satisfaction and value. Note that they can be familiar with the emotional intelligence and the self-esteem of the native masters and students, so that they can be lead to a specific purpose. If the expected result achieves, it can conduct masters and students and all the academic society of the city to bring the academic achievement. The results of the analysis of the data showed that there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence with self-esteem and academic achievement in students ,This means that if whatever the self- esteem is higher also emotional intelligence is higher and vice versa, and also with enhancing the emotional intelligence and self-esteem, academic achievement also increases.




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