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This article gives an interesting perspective on the reasons why some NGO’s fail, and other succeed  in Africa . Regulation, accountability and closer monitoring of a number of well-meaning but often misguided and ignorant aid organisations is vital to prevent them hindering rather than supporting efforts to eradicate poverty in Africa. For more than five decades, countless non-government organisations (NGOs) have been seeking to bring positive change to Africa, investing huge amounts of time and energy to help those in desperate need. Little did he know – with his self-confessed ignorance of Africa and African development – that he would unleash a barrage of outraged criticism from the aid community and development watchers. There is a debate among geopolitical and economic commentators about the merits of Chinese versus western involvement with Africa. This call for investment and trade rather than traditional aid does not mean the latter’s contribution to addressing poverty is not recognised. The African Rainforest I was 13 years old when I made this video, I am interested in Wildlife, This video is about animals, plants and deforestation, in the Congo Rainforest. Some African economies would need to grow at the impossible rate of seven percent to meet the Millennium Development Goal for poverty eradication. While nations such as India and China will achieve most if not all of the goals, many African countries, particularly those in the Sub-Saharan region, will miss the mark by a wide margin because the goals were simply unrealistic.
The very first goal is to “eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.” Target 1 of this goal calls for halving the number of people living in poverty. The idea that large donations can remedy poverty has dominated the theory of economic development — and the thinking in many international aid agencies and governments — since the 1950s. In the meantime, more than a quarter of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa are poorer now than in 1960 — with no sign that foreign aid, however substantive, will end poverty there. One could imagine that many factors have kept sub-Saharan Africa poor — famines, civil wars. Let us take for Exhibit A the system of apartheid in South Africa, which Nelson Mandela dedicated himself to abolishing. The key to understanding and solving the problem of world poverty is to recognise not just that poverty is created and sustained by extractive institutions — but to appreciate why the situation arises in he first place. To understand Angola’s endemic poverty, consider its richest woman, Isabel dos Santos, billionaire daughter of the long-serving president. Recognising that poor countries are poor because they have extractive institutions helps us understand how best to help them. Africa and every other sink hole on the planet have made no discernible difference to their miserable condition except to line the pockets of corrupt leaders. Mr Jardine facilitated the British Empire and the opium Wars helped as also British capital and international connections – but it is the hard work of the Chinese that translated capital into Chinese wealth that built Hong Kong. Germany and Japan were both obliterated in WW2 but rose up from the ashes (yes outside help in the form of the Marshall Plan and similar to Japan were useful) by dint of their social organisation and will to succeed.
The obvious irony though is that were DFID to make governance much more of a priority than it now is support the bottom-up, demand side of accountability, then it will ultimately help deliver the kind of long term impact and value for money- not to mention UK security -that everybody is demanding from the overseas aid budget.
How many children to Africans have when they live in the prosperous West then, in London or in Paris.

In the fight to eradicate poverty and conflict and improve the rights and conditions of women and children, many are doing superb and valuable work – but others are not. Yet there are also many wannabe rescuers who are actively doing harm in Africa: bad ideas are duplicated across the continent, objectives and deadlines missed or efforts badly targeted, and promises broken, while mediocrity and incompetence are rarely challenged, leaving the poor ending up where they started. First, major players in global investment and development are discussing Africa without engaging its people as equal partners. However, the fundamental problem with the current development aid practice is the danger countries face as they become perpetually reliant on handouts. The goals, agreed to by all the world leaders that attended the summit, are laudable—after all, eradicating poverty is one of our most pressing global issues—however, they are not free from criticism. Out of 153 countries, only seven were able to accomplish this goal — and Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were the only African countries.
However, rich countries took nearly a century to have all their children complete primary school. The Post-2015 Development Agenda will hopefully provide a clear framework on how to move forward and how to use these types of broad goals as tools for development. Eradicating poverty, he says, means certain institutional changes: rights for women and minorities, a free media and integrity in government. But huge aid flows appear to have done little to change the development trajectories of poor countries, particularly in Africa.
The problem is that their aspirations are blocked today — as the aspirations of black people were in apartheid South Africa — by extractive institutions.
By throwing away a huge amount of potential talent and energy, the entire society condemns itself to poverty. To understand Syria’s enduring poverty, you could do worse than start with the richest man in Syria, Rami Makhlouf. And it wasn’t foreign aid that helped to undermine the apartheid regime in South Africa and got Nelson Mandela out of prison, but international sanctions.
Governments don’t like cutting their ties to dictators who open doors for international business, or help their geopolitical agendas. Our NGO’s are as responsible as kleptocrats for the continued failure of parts of Africa to develop.
Quite often, as the example I gave in Africa, you can also add western lefty NGOs into the mix of stifling causes. The population of African countries has quadrupled since independence from Britain – largely because of aid and healthcare sent by us.
Problem is… by the time African countries are prosperous they will have ten times the population so will never become prosperous! I am now helping him in an advisory capacity to transform his initial idea into something constructive. Others view the matter in terms of competition, arguing that China is encroaching on the decades-long monopoly of the west over Africa’s natural resources. Second, Africans are not seen to be proactive in setting their own priorities and terms of engagement.

Other African economies would have to grow at an astonishing rate of 7 percent between the years 2000 and 2015 in order to halve the number of people living poverty. It seems nearly impossible that African countries with extremely low levels of children enrolled in primary schools will be able to accomplish the same in just 15 years.
In the case of Africa, attainable goals need to be set; to continue to outline unfeasible goals only runs a disservice to the very countries the Millennium Development Goals intend to help. It means the freedom to participate in society and have a say over how your country is run. In 1913, the South African government declared that 93 per cent of South Africa was the ‘white economy’, while 7 per cent was for blacks (who constituted about 70 per cent of the population). The poor don’t pull themselves out of poverty, because the basic ability to do so is denied them.
But it needs to be used in such a way as to help civil society mobilise collectively, find a voice and get involved with decision-making. It means using financial and diplomatic clout (and Britain has plenty of both) to help create room for inclusive institutions to grow. Africa welcomes investment, from the east and west, north and south, and Rwanda is no exception.
We wholeheartedly agree and were flattered to see the Prime Minister tell this magazine that he is ‘obsessed’ by our book on the subject, Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty.
But if money alone were the solution we would be along the road not just to ameliorating the lives of poor people today but ending poverty for ever.
Millions have moved out of abject poverty around the world over the past six decades, but that has had little to do with foreign aid.
As we spell out in our book, this is not to do with a vicious circle of poverty, waiting to be broken by foreign money. One thing that Bahati cannot live without is music, specifically Hip Hop & Bongoflava which he argues are both the voice of the youth today, and is excited to look into how Bongoflava can be a source of further entrepreneurship among the youth in Tanzania. A successful conversation effort has helped the third species of Asian rhinos the Greater one horned rhino (or Indian rhino) to increase their numbers. Poverty is instead created by economic institutions that systematically block the incentives and opportunities of poor people to make things better for themselves, their neighbours and their country. Bahati believes that Bongoflava can help to reduce poverty in Tanzania, as can a more collective effort among key players. Giving money can feed the hungry, and help the sick — but it does not free people from the institutions that make them hungry and sick in the first place. Aid to Angola, for example, is likely to help the president’s daughter rather than the average citizen.

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