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05.09.2015
The letters I, O, and Q are not used in VINs, at least from 1981 until today (and into the future). The first 3 digits of the VIN are known as the "WMI", which is an acronym for "World Manufacturer Identifier". Tenth: The tenth digit is the year, which is amazingly helpful if you're in a junkyard or showing off to your friends.
In addition to VINs there are also a plethora of option codes located somewhere in the interior of every vehicle. The last thing worth noting is that some foreign car manufacturers switch around these VIN numbers slightly. SACRAMENTO (CBS) — The California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) Wednesday unveiled a new drivers’ license that includes added security features to protect against fraud, tampering and counterfeiting. Although the new cards have started to be issued, existing license and ID cardholders will not be required to get new cards until their existing cards expire. Every crime in California consists of "elements." These are facts the prosecutor must prove to make a case in court. If you got charged with a crime, check the documents for the code section you are accused of violating.
All crimes in Nevada consist of "elements." An element is a fact that the prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt for the defendant to be convicted.
California has two laws that make it a crime to intentionally or knowingly alter or destroy a vehicle identification number (VIN). Vehicle Code 10802 VC is a California “wobbler” offense.2 A “wobbler” is a crime which can be charged as either a felony or a misdemeanor. California Vehicle Code 10803, possession of multiple vehicles or auto parts with altered VINs. The police only discovered the altered VIN because they violated California’s search and seizure laws.
Both Vehicle Code 10750 and 10802 apply when you alter or destroy a VIN other than by accident. Vehicle Code 10802 requires proof that you altered a VIN with the specific intent to misrepresent or hide the identity of the vehicle or part so that it could be sold or otherwise transferred.
Vehicle Code 10802 VC was passed with “chop shops” in mind.11 Chop shop operators often dismantle parts from stolen vehicles and combine them into a new vehicle.
However, even though Vehicle Code 10802 was passed to help combat illegal chop shops, it applies to anyone who tampers with a VIN so that a vehicle or part can be wrongfully sold. If you violate any conditions of your probation, the judge has the option to revoke your probation and send you to jail to serve your sentence.
There are numerous defenses to charges of VIN tampering, especially under Vehicle Code 10802. You defaced the VIN accidentallyExample: John decides to replace his dashboard because it is cracked. You tried to hide the vehicle's identity, but you didn't change the VINExample: Karla and Kenny robbed a convenience store. The VIN was previously altered by someone elseExample: Abe's hobby is buying cheap cars at auction, then fixing them up and selling them.
You weren't altering the VIN so that it could be soldExample: Laurence stole a car so he wouldn't have to take the bus to work.
The police only discovered the altered VIN as the result of an illegal searchExample: A Riverside Police Department officer gets an anonymous tip that Marcus alters VINs on vehicle parts in his backyard.
California Vehicle Code 10803 VC, buying or possessing vehicles with tampered VINs is an offense related to VIN tampering. Vehicle Code 10803 VC makes it a “wobbler” offense to buy or possess more than one vehicle (or parts from more than one vehicle) with altered VINs for the purpose of selling them.
An exception is for motor vehicle scrap processors who legally processes motor vehicles or parts by crushing or compacting, but who do not remove the VINs during processing. For more information about California's VIN tampering laws, or to discuss your case confidentially with one of our criminal defense attorneys, please don't hesitate to contact us at Shouse Law Group. Additionally, our Las Vegas Nevada criminal defense attorneys represent clients accused of violating Nevada's criminal laws.
2 California Vehicle Code 10802 VC: Any person who knowingly alters, counterfeits, defaces, destroys, disguises, falsifies, forges, obliterates, or removes vehicle identification numbers, with the intent to misrepresent the identity or prevent the identification of motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts, for the purpose of sale, transfer, import, or export, is guilty of a public offense and, upon conviction, shall be punished by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for 16 months, or two or three years, or by a fine of not more than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment, or by up to one year in the county jail, or by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment.
8 California Vehicle Code 10750 (a) PC: No person shall intentionally deface, destroy, or alter the motor number, other distinguishing number, or identification mark of a vehicle required or employed for registration purposes without written authorization from the department, nor shall any person place or stamp any serial, motor, or other number or mark upon a vehicle, except one assigned thereto by the department.
18 California Vehicle Code 10801 VC: Any person who knowingly and intentionally owns or operates a chop shop is guilty of a public offense and, upon conviction, shall be punished by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for two, three, or four years, or by a fine of not more than fifty thousand dollars ($50,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment, or by up to one year in the county jail, or by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment. How to find the vehicle license fee part of your annual vehicle registration fee which may be deducted on your income tax? The vehicle license fee part of your payment is the only part of your annual vehicle registration payment that may be deducted on your income tax. Your annual vehicle registration payment consists of various fees that apply to your vehicle. If you do not have your renewal notice to find the vehicle license fee you paid, try the online fee calculator. California does not offer a grace period after your vehicle's registration expiration date. Even though your plates display only the month and year, your registration expires on a specific day. If you do not receive a billing notice approximately 60 days before your vehicle's registration expires, please call 1-800-777-0133 to find out what your fees are.
If your vehicle's registration requires a smog certification, be certain to pay all applicable renewal fees on or before the current expiration date, even if you have not obtained the smog certification. You must apply for a duplicate registration card if the original has been lost, stolen, or mutilated.
You may submit the completed application and payment of the fee(s) by mail to the following address.
You may also submit the completed application and payment of the fee(s) in person to your local field office. You must replace your license plates immediately after your plate(s) has been lost, stolen, mutilated, or become illegible. You may also submit the completed application and payment of the fees in person to your local field office.
Note: California law requires vehicles to display a front and rear license plate, California Vehicle Code (CVC) § 5200.
If the year sticker for your currently registered vehicle has been lost, stolen, mutilated, or is illegible, you must request a replacement sticker and pay a substitute fee.
You may obtain a replacement month sticker at no cost by calling DMV at 1–800–777–0133 or from your local DMV; for faster service, make an appointment(s) online.
If you have paid your renewal fees but your check has not cleared do not place a stop payment on your check. Special Interest License Plates have a special graphic design depicting an image relative to the organization's interest.
Special Interest License Plates may be obtained by ordering personalized Plates online or submitting a completed Special Interest License Plate Application (PDF) to the DMV at the address on the bottom of the form. Special Interest License Plates require extra fees that are used to support programs pertinent to each organization's interest.
Personalized plates will be available about 10–12 weeks after they are ordered online or the completed Special Interest License Plate Application is received by DMV. Sequential license plates will be mailed directly to you at the address on your DMV vehicle record; you should receive them in approximately 4–6 weeks. You can check personalized Plates online to find out if a specific personalized configuration has been taken. When a desired configuration is not available, a letter shall not be substituted for a number, nor shall a number be substituted for a letter, to create another configuration of a similar appearance. The number "69" is reserved only for 1969 year model vehicles that the license plates will be placed upon. The configuration is a foreign or slang word or term, or is a phonetic spelling or mirror image of a word or term falling into the categories described in subdivisions 1. The availability of the license plate selection you reserve is subject to final approval by DMV. Complete a Special Interest License Plate Application (PDF) indicating that you want to hold the plates for future use.
If you do not wish to retain the plates, you must notify DMV to release your interest in the plates using a Special Interest License Plate Application (PDF) and surrender the plates to your nearest DMV office. Complete a Special Interest License Plate Application (PDF) indicating that you want to reassign the plates to another vehicle, hold the plates for future use, or release interest in the plates and pay the appropriate fees.
OHVs are vehicles such as racing motorcycles, trail bikes, mini bikes, dune buggies, all–terrain vehicles, jeeps, and snowmobiles. Have a DMV representative, licensed vehicle verifier, or peace officer complete a vehicle verification (on the REG 343 form).
Provide evidence of ownership such as a bill of sale, out–of–state title, or Manufacturer's Certificate of Origin. Original and renewal registrations are good for 2 years and expire on June 30th of the second year.
Visit the California State Parks Off Highway Motor Vehicle Recreation website for additional information and the Green Sticker Vehicle Newsletter. If the vehicle is, or was financed, the lienholder's name appears in the legal owner section and their release with counter signature is required on line two. Recent legislation changed the requirements for vehicle transfers occurring on or after January 1, 2005. The transfer occurs between a spouse, domestic partner, sibling, child, parent, grandparent, or grandchild. A biennial smog certification was submitted to DMV within 90 days prior to the vehicle transfer date (a vehicle inspection report may be required for proof of certification). What do I need to do if I'm moving (or moved) out–of–state, but the vehicle registered to me will continue to be registered in California? What do I need to do if I'm moving or moved out–of–state and will be registering my vehicle in the new state of residence?


If you still have questions, or need to obtain a form by mail, call DMV's automated phone service 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1–800–777–0133. How do I stop receiving renewal notices for a car I no longer own or if I moved out of state? If you received a renewal notice for a vehicle you no longer own, DMV probably did not receive a Notice of Transfer and Release of Liability or if one was submitted it was incomplete or illegible. Registration renewal notices are computer generated more than 60 days prior to the expiration date. If this occurs, complete another release of liability form or submit a copy of your original notice of release of liability with your renewal notice, and DMV will update the information. If you have moved out of California and received a renewal notice, simply write on the notice that you are no longer in California AND provide the date that you moved out of state and mail it back to DMV.
If you have purchased a vehicle registered in California, you will need to transfer the ownership within 10 days from the date of purchase. A properly endorsed title, also known as a pink slip, with the previous owner's signature on line one.
When you transfer a vehicle that is four or less model years old a smog certification will not be required.The four or less model years old rule does not apply to diesel powered vehicles. If you purchase or acquire a vehicle from a private party, you have 10 days from the date of sale to report to DMV the change of ownership. If you sell or transfer ownership of a vehicle to another party, you have 5 days to report the transfer to DMV.
Submit your title to DMV within 30 days to remove the lienholder's name, and DMV will issue a new title in your name. You will need the title, also known as the pink slip, with the previous owner's releasing signature on line one.
You may apply for a duplicate title if your original title has been lost, stolen or mutilated. If you present the application at your local DMV office, you will be required to show your California photo driver license.
California registration fees are due and payable upon receipt of the registration renewal billing notice, which is mailed out approximately 67 days before the expiration date.
If a vehicle is taken out of California before the beginning of the renewed registration period, you may be entitled to a refund.
A refund is not due if you paid the registration fees and then sold the vehicle before the expiration date.
If a person has repaired, furnished supplies or materials, towed or stored a vehicle AND has not been paid for the services rendered, that person has a lien against the vehicle. If the vehicle is towed by a public agency or private towing company, the lien arises when the vehicle is towed or transported. If the vehicle's value is $4,000 or less, the registered and legal owners of record will be notified by the party conducting the lien. A salvage vehicle is a vehicle that has been wrecked, destroyed, or damaged to such extent that the insurance company considers it uneconomical to make repairs to the vehicle and the vehicle is not repaired by or for the person who owned the vehicle when the damage occurred. The California title will contain a notation identifying this vehicle as a salvage vehicle.
Since the California DMV has an aggressive delinquent registration collection process in place, it may be that renewal fees have been paid but other requirements have not been met, such as: smog certification, or clearance of outstanding parking citations. If the renewal fee is not paid within 30 days following the expiration, DMV sends a series of computer generated delinquent registration notifications to the vehicle owner(s).
If you have additional questions or wish to report a vehicle with expired registration, you may contact your local law enforcement. What to do after your insurance company settles your accident claim and you keep the vehicle? You must apply for a Salvage Certificate or Nonrepairable Vehicle Certificate within 10 days after a total loss settlement if you retain the vehicle as a portion of the settlement. A junked vehicle is one which has been dismantled because it was wrecked, abandoned, or a low valued vehicle that was impounded and acquired from an enforcement agency and is no longer operable. The Department of Consumer Affairs Arbitration Certification Program is responsible for certifying and monitoring the arbitration processes used by participating manufacturers to resolve warranty disputes under California's Lemon Law. A California public weighmaster's certificate of the vehicle's unladen or empty weight is required for trucks and pickups. Trucks or pickups previously registered in California, when the prior California registration shows the empty or unladen weight, and the vehicle has not been modified so as to change the weight. Trucks or pickups with an empty or unladen weight of 6,000 pounds or less, if the out–of–state certificate of title or registration indicates "empty, unladen, or shipping" weight, and the vehicle has not been modified to change the weight. That encompasses the country of origin, the manufacturer, and the division that the vehicle is built for. This doesn't necessarily mean the "make" of the car though, because companies like General Motors have many different divisions. In the case of General Motors, the division would be the more specific Buick, Pontiac, Oldsmobile or whatever it is.
They include things like safety, engine size, body style, and the series that the vehicle is. So if you have a special option,heavy-duty truck with the eight lug wheels, or a towing package, this is the digit that will tell you "Hey this vehicle has a special suspension and brake package." It might also reference a specific safety restraint package, like if the vehicle had a two vs. In the 1980's for example, General Motors built full size trucks that were C and K series along with and R and V series. So if the vehicle is a convertible, a two door, four door, or wagon, it is defined in these two digits. You can easily figure out which years match up to which letters and which numbers with the simple handy dandy chart below. Long ago, they used to be actual printed pieces of paper, that were stuffed into the seat springs. On many Volkswagens for example, the 3rd through 8th digits are in a different order than the American brand cars and trucks.
Police officer mistakes, faulty breathalyzers and crime lab errors may get your charges reduced or dismissed. But California law offers many avenues of relief to clear your record and build a fresh start.
Police misconduct, defective breathalyzers and crime lab mistakes may be enough to get your charges lessened or dismissed. Therefore our Nevada criminal defense lawyers have devoted this section of the website to explain how the process works. Under this section, it is a misdemeanor to intentionally alter or destroy a VIN in any way.
We now learn what we have used to defend clients accused of vehicle offenses and other California crimes. They do this in such a way that it is impossible to tell it has been done without looking at the VIN.
While he is working on a car he bought, Abe notices that the VIN on the engine block doesn't match the VIN on the dashboard.
To keep the car from being discovered, he altered a “3” in the VIN and made it look like an “8.” Laurence has altered a VIN in violation of Vehicle Code 10750 VC. Our California criminal law offices are located in and around Los Angeles, Orange County, San Diego, Riverside, San Bernardino, Ventura, San Jose, Oakland, the San Francisco Bay area, and several nearby cities.
For more information, we invite you to contact our local attorneys at one of our Nevada law offices, located in Reno and Las Vegas. A person alters, destroys, takes apart, reassembles, or stores a motor vehicle or motor vehicle part;2.
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Be sure to pay your renewal fees on or before the date of expiration shown on your current registration card or penalties will be due in accordance with Vehicle Code Sections 9552 - 9554. According to the law, any minor who does not possess a valid driver's license cannot order, purchase, lease, accept, or otherwise obtain any vehicle subject to registration (Vehicle Code §15500).
If you paid your renewal fees prior to acquiring the smog certification, and you have not received your registration card or sticker, you should call your local DMV or 1-800-777-0133 between the hours of 8 a.m. Include the vehicle license plate number, your true full name, current address, your driver license number and signature.
For faster service, make an Appointment(s) online, or by calling 1- 800-777-0133 before you visit a DMV office. For faster service, make an appointment(s) online, or by calling 1- 800-777-0133 before you visit a DMV office.
This is necessary to assign the new plates to a vehicle record and issue a new registration card and year sticker. They are available with configurations of numbers, letters, or both, which have been personally chosen by the applicant (personalized) or are standard issue configurations (sequential). You will need the information from your registration card to order online or to fill out the Special Interest License Plate Application. You will receive up to three notifications (approximately 30–days apart) from the office you selected when you ordered the plate. Reminder, even if your plate selection is available and you pay for the personalized plate, it does not guarantee the plate will be made.
Personalized plates are subject to an annual retention renewal fee based on the type of plate you have even though plates are not on a vehicle. If you have a 7–digit plate configuration, but the plate type you want to order only allows for a 6–digit plate configuration, you won't be able to change plate types. The next available plate will replace sequential configurations; personalized plates will be duplicated. There are Amateur Radio, Antique Motorcycle, Congressional Medal of Honor, Historical Vehicle, Honorary Consul, Horseless Carriage, Legion of Valor, Pearl Harbor Survivor, Purple Heart Recipient, Press Photographer and Year of Manufacture License Plates.
These vehicles are operated exclusively off public roads and highways on lands that are open and accessible to the public. The smog certification is not required if the owner or buyer signs a statement that smog certification was submitted with renewal fees within 90 days prior to the transfer date (a vehicle inspection report may be required for proof of certification). If the title does not have a designated space for this information, a REG 262 reporting the odometer mileage must be signed by both the seller and buyer.


Use the Change of Address (DMV 14) form to notify the Department of a change of residence or mailing address for your vehicle, vessel, driver license, or identification card records. You must submit another Notice of Transfer and Release of Liability for the vehicle record to be updated. Occasionally, these renewal notices are generated within days of the sale of your vehicle and the documents may cross in the mail. Call 1–800–777–0133 to make an appointment at a local DMV office near you for faster service.
If the vehicle is or was financed, line two of the title will also require a releasing signature. The smog certification is not required if a biennial certification was submitted to DMV in conjunction with renewal fees within 90 days prior to the vehicle transfer date.
Transfer fees must be paid to DMV within 30 days of the purchase date, even if you do not have all of the required documents.
If the lienholder is in DMV's Electronic Lien and Title Program (ELT), the title will be automatically mailed to you. Any adjustment of the fees is an issue to be addressed between the buyer and seller when establishing the selling price of the vehicle. The lien arises at the time the registered owner is presented with a written statement of charges for completed work or services. Interested parties, including the registered and legal owners of record will be notified before the sale occurs.
If the renewal fee still remains unpaid after 90 days, the account is transferred to the Franchise Tax Board (FTB) for collection. California's Lemon Law allows a consumer to obtain a replacement or repurchase of their vehicle, where the manufacturer is not able to conform the vehicle to its expressed warranty after a reasonable number of attempts while the vehicle is under the manufacturer's original warranty. Before we go any further on this automotive journey, I think we need to briefly talk about redundancy. So if you were to go to a junkyard, this digit is really helpful for vehicles that had two different engines during the same year.
This doesn't often matter so much, unless you are talking about certain cars that have major followings. This is normally not a super important number as far as buying auto parts goes, unless you have one of those vehicles that changed production specifications halfway through a production run.
In modern cars, it is usually a printed sticker in the glove compartment, console, or trunk. Then we discuss the best ways to fight the charge, and the penalties that stem from a conviction. Then we explain effective ways to defend against the charge, and what penalties a conviction may carry.
Even though they tried to hide the car's identity (and are guilty of other crimes), they aren't guilty of VIN tampering because they did nothing to change or hide the VIN.
But because he wasn't doing it so that the car could be sold, he isn't guilty of violating Vehicle Code 10802. Then he enters Marcus' yard without a warrant, inspects the vehicles and discovers altered VINs.Because the tip was anonymous and without corroboration, the officer may have violated California search and seizure laws. That person knows that the vehicle or part has been obtained by theft, fraud, or conspiracy to defraud;AND3. If after the 3rd notice, you have not picked up your plates within 30–days, the plates will be destroyed and the selection you made will be made available to another customer. Substituting numbers for letters or vice versa may be confused with an existing plate and is not permitted. For credit card chargebacks, it may take 2–3 billing cycles for you to see the credit on your credit card statement. If able to proceed, complete the Special Interest License Plate Application (PDF) indicating that you are requesting an exchange. If both personalized plates are lost or stolen, the same plate cannot be reissued; you must make another personalized plate choice.
Order personalized Plates online or submit a Special Interest License Plate Application (PDF) to the DMV at the address on the bottom of the form.
These plates require the Special License Plate Application (PDF), require proof or documentation, and cannot be ordered online.
They do not require regular registration, but must display an identification plate or device issued by DMV. Vehicles registered for on–highway use only may be subject to a "use fee" if operated in OHV parks. The seller is responsible for reporting the change of ownership to DMV within 5 days from the date of sale. If you are moving out of the country and are going to export your vehicle by ship or air select this link here for more information. A Notice of Transfer and Release of Liability must be submitted not only when the vehicle is sold, but also if it is gifted away or donated. Failure to do so will not stop any collection efforts, up to or including, wage garnishments or bank levies. If the title is lost, an Application for Duplicate or Paperless Title (REG 227) (PDF) must be completed and signed. Failure to pay your fees to DMV within 30 days will result in transfer and use tax penalties. The ELT is a voluntary program for lienholders that provides the lienholder with an electronic (paperless) certificate of title in lieu of a paper title. The smog certification is not required if a biennial certification was submitted to DMV in conjunction with renewal fees, within 90 days prior to the vehicle transfer date. You may mail the completed application with the unused sticker and registration card to the address on the form.
FTB has the authority to withhold wages, levy bank accounts, intercept tax refunds, and seize real or personal property to collect delinquent registration fees. A Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is the 17-digit string of numbers that an automotive manufacturer assigns to a specific vehicle that it produces. In today's example, the tenth digit is "M", so you dance over to the handy dandy chart, and see that "M" is 1991. So, you might have a vehicle that had different mirrors if it was built in April of 2004, than if it were built  in August of 2004. When you combine the VIN number with the option codes, you get the entire genetic makeup of the vehicle from top to bottom. Typically the engine, vehicle series, body type, restraint system, and model are the ones to watch out for. Marcus' California criminal defense can file a motion to suppress evidence under California Penal Code 1538.5 PC. If you have not received your stickers and registration card within eight weeks of mailing please call DMV?s telephone service center at 1–800–777–0133 between the hours of 8 a.m. Environmental License Plates are the standard California plates, which do not have graphics, and are only available with personalized configurations.
You may make an online appointment or call 1–800–777–0133 to pay the annual retention fees.
Also, there are Personalized Livery and American Ex–Prisoner of War License Plates that require the Special Interest License Plate Application, and cannot be ordered online. After DMV updates the information from the Notice of Transfer and Release of Liability, you will be cleared from future liability on the vehicle.
There is an additional fee for a duplicate title, and signatures of the legal owner and lienholder must be notarized. To obtain a form by mail, call DMV's automated phone service 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 1–800–777–0133. You can find out a lot about your car or truck if you are able to read and decode its VIN number, and that's why we are going to show you how to do just that.
Both of these trucks could have come with a 4.3 liter that was a Z series engine or a W series engine. If you have one of those vehicles, you need to know where it was in the production line, which is where these last six digits become important.
The country, make, check digit, year, plant, and serial number are usually in the same positions regardless of the vehicle manufacturer. The purchaser is responsible for reporting the change of ownership to DMV within 10 days from the date of purchase. If the vehicle was not purchased from the owner whose name appears on the title, you will need a bill of sale from each in–between buyer. This is great in a junkyard because you can walk up to a VIN number and say "Hey this is a VIN J, which means it's a 1988". Alter, counterfeit, deface, destroy, disguise, falsify, forge, obliterate, or remove the identity, including an identification number, of the vehicle or part, in order to misrepresent its identity or prevent its identification. Failure to pay this annual fee will result in cancellation of the plate and possible reassignment of the configuration. Vehicle manufacturers could have used 8 digits, 10 digits, 25 digits, or really whatever they wanted. If you mail a new payment, renew over the Internet, or in a field office and your first check clears at a later date, the department will automatically issue a refund. So, to make America a better place, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration put their foot down in 1981, and made all of the car manufacturers use 17 digits.
It is called a check digit because the purpose of it is to check the rest of the VIN number for legitimacy. The 11th digit of the VIN number is the one that confirms the plant at which the vehicle was built.



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