Solar battery amperage,verificar vin mercedes,verificar vin mercedes - Step 3

26.03.2014
A hybrid system consists of using more than one source of power to produce and run the electrical loads needed for your house or business.  The most common form of hybrid system would be the use of Solar (PV) system with battery back-up, along with a gas or diesel-powered engine generator. Please note, once the batteries are charged they allow you to meet electrical needs without use of the solar (PV) system or generator for a period of time (this depends on the size of your battery system). We provide a Turn-key Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System Service that includes: planning, designing, materials and equipment, installation, testing and commissioning, and maintenance after installation. The Integrated Energy SystemBy stone, on October 26th, 1985 When a sailor forsakes dockside shore power for the wild blue yonder of the cruising world, his vessel becomes a self-sufficient living environment.
There’s a place and a need for one or more solar panels on nearly every cruising sailboat. However, solar panels are most efficient when they’re angled to face the sun directly.
Flexible solar panels offer even more possibilities for sensible installations on a sailboat. The amount of electricity a solar panel produces depends primarily on the size of the panel and the directness of the sunlight striking it. In real life, however, the sky is rarely cloudless, nor the sun at maximum strength and declination. Beware of manufacturers’ spec sheets that promise amperage output in very light (5- to 7- knot) breezes. The popular American manufactured wind generators feature two- or three-blade propellers with diameters of four to five feet.
A word of caution: The spinning blade of a wind generator propeller can be very dangerous when mounted within reach. Many wind generators come with some kind of over-speed governing device or brake to protect the unit against damage in very high winds.
Water generators can be a valuable addition to the cruising sailor’s integrated energy system. Many wind generators readily convert to water generators, propelled by the cable and prop method. Like the wind generator, the water generator can be shut off when your batteries are topped off.
The alternate energy sources we’ve discussed so far are all important ingredients in the integrated energy system.
Most marine diesel engines come standard with too small an alternator to cope with the large capacity battery bank of the liveaboard cruising sailboat. A variable rheostat can replace this on-off switch, allowing you to increase or decrease the field current and, therefore, the charging rate. Today’s solution is solid state electronics and high output alternators with self-governing regulators, such as the series made by Balmar Products of Seattle, Washington.
Mounting a non-standard regulator may require some minor customizing of the engine brackets. When you upgrade your boat’s alternator, leave the original unit mounted in place, if possible, to facilitate a temporary switchover if the big one ever fails. If you need more battery charge than you’re getting from the sun, wind, and water generators, there is a diesel powered alternative to running the engine. Installation isn’t too difficult, but the Power Charger really needs a water cooled (and muffled) exhaust system to be tolerable, not the dry exhaust offered as standard. While a 12-volt DC electrical system satisfies most of the needs of most cruising boats, there are certainly occasions when 120-volt AC power is desirable. Before buying, make a detailed list of all electrical appliances aboard and the number of watts consumed. For many small boat cruisers, fossil-fueled portable generators provide all the intermittent AC required. Larger boats with electric stoves, air conditioning and other luxury appliances have little choice but to permanently install a gen-set. An inverter is an electrical device that changes DC from the ship’s batteries to AC and boosts voltage from 12 to 120. While a gen-set is merely an AC generator directly geared to an internal combustion engine, the engine-driven AC generator just uses the main engine instead of an auxiliary, dedicated one. For our purposes, the 125-volt, AC electricity brought aboard through the dockside power cable needs to be converted or rectified into Direct Current at 12 volts.
Remember to shut down any alternate energy sources, like solar and wind, which aren’t self- regulating. The first consideration for the battery bank in a successful energy system is its capacity. Off-grid, on-grid, battery backup, and smart-grids are these buzz-words that popup quite often when you read about energy. To shed some light on this topic I will explain what it is and how you can benefit from it.
For most citizens living on the grid and not using renewable energy electricity simply comes out of the wall-socket and for the past century nobody was worrying about how it got there and what the costs were.
Besides massive disasters there is the more frequent problem of black-outs in many areas around the world. Living off-grid is hard to accomplish because our modern life is based on excessive use of energy in many forms: oil, gas and electricity.
There is a new product that has been developed to combine a UPS with solar energy: a solar powered UPS. This approach also makes solar power available for many people who do not qualify for big rooftop solar installations: if your energy bill is less than $50 a month you are not profitable for solar installers and they will turn you down.
Furthermore the solar UPS does not require any permits because you are not feeding energy back to the power grid.
If you have a south-facing wall then free standing solar panels are an alternative to roof mount.
All parts you need can be found in may stores and the price tag on a complete system is less than a thousand dollar.
I have a system installed at my house for 2 years and I never have to fear loosing my food in the fridge again. If you would love to decrease your carbon footprint and be more prepared for a power outage, sign up for this blog, Twitter feed or facebook page and stay informed to not miss the launch of this product. It is a very interesting subject and I am passionate, I would like to receive more information about it. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website.
The ez-Loo Solar is a self-contained composting toilet system designed for use where running water and regular electric current are not readily accessible. BioLet will repair or replace any parts that are defective in material or workmanship due to normal noncommercial use in accordance with the owner's manual supplied by BioLet.
In addition to the limited lifetime parts warranty described above, BioLet will replace unit body parts (top, base, bin, lid & tray) which are defective in material or workmanship due to normal noncommercial use in accordance with the owner's manual supplied by BioLet for the lifetime of the original owner. It has to produce whatever energy is required to operate the various electrical and electronic accessories aboard. The energy we need is available from the sun, wind, and water, and from more efficient fossil-fueled engines.
The four components of this optimum yacht electrical power system are the sources, the storage batteries, the distribution, and the monitors. The photovoltaic cell is an effective method for converting solar light energy into electrical energy.
Their function is to continuously and silently recharge the ship’s batteries during hours of sunlight.
So it’s a good idea to mount them in a manner that enables you to adjust the direction they face.
Manufacturers tend to advertise absolute maximum amperage output of their products based on perfect, controlled conditions where blazing, unobstructed, perpendicular sunrays strike flat panels. A boat in Florida was seen to have eight 33-watt flexible solar panels mounted on the sun awning. The wires pass inside the boat through a watertight fitting available at most marine stores. With a wind generator, you can convert wind’s kinetic energy into DC current for around-the-clock battery charging.
When the wind spins the prop fast enough, the unit produces a trickle charge ranging from an amp or two, up to 10 or 15 amps, depending on wind speed and the propeller and generator size. It can be hoisted into the foretriangle area by a jib halyard while at anchor, positioned by guys.
A pole mounted wind generator, normally located at the stern, can pivot to face any wind shift as your boat sails back and forth at anchor or lies to a current. The installation is often strongest if stepped through the deck onto a block or plate secured to the hull below.


In moderate conditions, it’s a whooshing sound that passes as unnoticed background noise. They are the least common alternate energy source, perhaps because of the inevitable drag created by towing that extra propeller in the water – 25 to 35 lbs.
In fact, wind and water generators are much the same in terms of cost and maintenance, being the same machine with different drives. They will greatly reduce, if not entirely eliminate, the need to run the engine in order to charge batteries.
It may well be that with solar, wind, and water energy sources, you often won’t need more than a small alternator.
One of the functions the regulator is to control the voltage output of the alternator or generator by regulating the current in the field coil. These units measure the condition of each battery and automatically regulate charge according to the ideal charging curve, a more efficient and much safer alternative to the old manual control methods.
It’s possible that the increased side load on the fan belt may cause bearings to wear rapidly. Otherwise, clean the old one, spray it thoroughly with light oil, wrap it in plastic, and store it away in a dry locker.
Balmar Products markets the Power Charger, comprised of a four-horsepower Yanmar diesel engine that drives a large (100-amp or 140-amp) Balmar alternator.
Until a water-cooled exhaust system is made available, installing one yourself is a complex custom job. It’s handy for operating hand tools such as drills and saber saws, galley appliances such as microwave ovens, blenders, and coffee makers.
A fifth type, seldom if ever seen on boats, is the emergency standby generator system that operates on LPG or LNG. Numerous manufacturers such as Honda, Yamaha, Tanaka and Nissan sell small, lightweight (20 pounds and up) and inexpensive ($350 and up) generators to the RV market. Because electrical equipment in the United States is designed to operate with a fixed frequency of 60 Hz, the frequency output of the generator must be fixed at 1200, 1800, or 3600 rpm. In any case, it must be ventilated, sealed from the living cabins, convenient for fuel and raw-water hook-ups, and mounted on sturdy structural members.
Unlike some older models, the sophisticated modern inverter, such as the Heart Interface Power Inverter, produces a smooth sine wave suitable for running TV’s and computers.
Engine-driven AC generators such as those made by Auto-Gen mount on or near the main propulsion engine and are driven by belts and pulleys.
The AC electric generator uses battery power to run a small electric motor, which then turns the generator. Just as an integration of two or more 12-volt solar, wind and water generators helps to meet the varying conditions found under way and at anchor, a combination of AC power sources offers versatility. This differs from an ordinary automotive battery charger in two important ways: (1) The design ensures electrical isolation between the 125- volt AC circuit and the battery circuit, which prevents stray currents that pose shock hazards aboard a boat and could set up corrosive electricity in the surrounding water, and (2) The converter produces a non-trickle type charge delivery, which avoids the risk of damaging batteries by overcharging. My family was out of power for 4 days in the winter of 2011 after a storm destroyed the power lines of the electricity provider. The DIY solar UPS setup in a box: Inverter, charge controller, solar UPS controller, batteries. Everyone wants to be connected, warm, and on-line 24 hours a day for every day of the week. During the day it provides free energy from the sun and at night it uses energy from the utility grid. My savings are not big (about $10 a month) but it is a contribution to make the transition to distributed energy production and a way become more independent. The built-in 12V fan increases air-flow within the system and generates enhanced evaporation capacity. Proof of date of purchase may be required by BioLet either in the form of a warranty registration card on file or copy of original invoice. In the event the exact replacement part is not available BioLet will supply the customer with modifiable parts or issue a credit equal to the value of the part to be deducted from the purchase of a new unit.
When combined in an integrated energy system, these contemporary sources can relieve the engine of double duty as a generator by providing 12-volt power for operating on board equipment, including refrigeration. Multiple photocells (or solar cells) are laminated onto sheets of paper-thin stainless steel (for marine-grade solar panels) and sealed with a clear, protective coating of space-age polymers to form solar panels. They’re usually between ? and 1? inches thick and come framed in many rectangular sizes, the handiest being anywhere from one to three feet wide, and from two to four feet long.
At anchor, you could simply lean and lash a panel wherever it will get the most direct sunlight. Their chief advantage over rigid panels is their ability to mount smoothly on curved or flexible surfaces such as a cabin trunk, a cambered deck, or a Bimini top. Also, on board a boat the electricity must travel some distance through wiring and diodes before it trickles into the battery, further reducing amperage received.
That’s 8 panels X 2 amps (approximate average output) = 16 amps X 5 (bright sun) hours per day = about 80 amp hours.
Some solar panels have a built in diode, a device that allows current to flow in one direction only.
Of course, this is a more productive energy source in regions of steady breezes, such as the trade wind belt. A full-size ship’s wind generator in the Virgin Islands, where the trade winds maintain a steady 15-knots much of the time, can easily produce 6 or 7 amps continuously, well over 100 amp-hours per day. For DC current to be accepted and stored, the source voltage must be higher than the voltage in the receiving battery. Some European designs are smaller in size, weight, and blade diameter, with multiple-bladed props. With a little planning, pole mount assemblies can be engineered to disassemble by unbolting. There are four basic ways to set this up, and then there are variations of these: (1) by trailing a propeller astern on a cable or braided line.
Because the fluid coupling between water and propeller is much greater than between wind and propeller, water propulsion yields about double the amps per knot of speed, generating about 5 amps at 6 knots of boat speed. Generators are more rugged than alternators; alternators are the more efficient of the two. But in harbor conditions of overcast skies and light winds, the alternator becomes your only means of recharging the batteries away from the dock.
Before increasing the size of your alternator, consult the engine manufacturer for approval. It is always wise for a cruising sailboat to carry a spare alternator, as well as replacement brushes and bearings for both units aboard.
On large boats the conveniences of air conditioning, washers, dryers and water makers may be considered important. Manufactured by Winco in 5,000- and 8,000-watt models, prices are about $3,400 and $4,100, available from the Hamilton Ferris Company. Electric motors (circular saws, air compressors) may require up to five times their normal operating wattage during start-up; this is called surge and must be factored into your calculations.
Yanmar makes a line of portable diesel generators, starting at two kilowatts and 127 pounds. Unless you’re very knowledgeable about such installations, this is a job best left to professionals.
It is a good method of obtaining intermittent AC power, but of course it is limited by the capacity of the battery bank – the more ampere-hours in the bank, the longer the inverter can be run. For example, if the gen-set is operated only when the main engine is shut off, an inverter or engine-driven AC generator can provide AC under way. The marine charger automatically shuts itself off when batteries are fully charged, and switches itself back on when battery voltage drops. Deep cycle batteries are built more heavily than standard batteries, which are designed to deliver lots of amps in brief bursts such as for starting an engine. This is a small electrical apparatus that provides emergency power when the main power source fails – but a regular UPS does only consume power and never generates it. The backup batteries are only used during a blackout or if you take it on a trip to an off-grid cabin. After assessment by an authorized BioLet service technician, BioLet will ship replacement parts and instructions for replacement to the customer. Exclusions and Exceptions of Incidental or Consequential Damage: Neither the manufacturer, its agents, nor dealers accept responsibility, legal or otherwise for incidental or consequential damage to property or persons resulting from the use of its products. Flat, lightweight, and durable, many of today’s solar panels are well suited to use aboard boats. It’s a valuable, virtually maintenance-free source of energy in an integrated energy system. If yours doesn’t, then solder a diode in series in either wire somewhere before the positive and negative wires connect to the corresponding battery bus terminals.


A wind generator may well be generating current in light airs, but at only 9, 10 or 11 volts. These are less productive in light breezes, but unlike the large models, they can be left running in very high wind conditions. But it must be taken down and stowed somewhere every time you want to get underway, so this installation is more practical aboard a vessel that tends to remain anchored for long periods of time. When sailing close hauled, a stern pole-mounted unit is especially well powered, getting strong apparent wind funneled into it by the mainsail. This will be necessary for boats whose cruising itinerary includes the canals of Europe, for example, where masts are unstepped and the vessel’s height clearance becomes critical. Some pole-mounted wind generators shudder momentarily when they pivot to track an apparent wind shift, though a new generation of balanced epoxy props has eliminated this vibration on at least one popular brand, the Windbugger. Or perhaps it’s because most boats spend the majority of their time in anchorages rather than under sail. The passing water spins the prop, which twists the cable and the cable turns the generator mounted on the stern rail. When you over-ride this function, the alternator can pump full charge into the batteries without automatically tapering off as the battery becomes charged. The chief danger, however, is that you only have to forget just once to switch back to automatic regulation and your batteries will be boiled and permanently damaged. Here’s an overview of several different ways to obtain 120-volt AC power aboard your boat.
While most are not made of marine-grade materials, common-sense maintenance and weather protection enable them to survive at sea for many years. Many of the major manufacturers, including Norther Lights, Onan, Kohler, Westerbeke and Medalist Universal Motors, publish useful manuals to help size, select, install and maintain their products.
Unlike the generator, it is not a power source, but simply a means of changing electrical current from one form to another. It really depends on the number and type of appliances installed aboard your boat, and how you use them. Boats with refrigeration, whether 12-volt or mechanical, run engines as much as two hours every day to keep the fridge and batteries topped off.
Best of all, they can drape over a curved dodger top or lash, snap or zip onto a sun awning. If a panel yields 2 amps for 5 hours a day, the batteries have absorbed 10 amp-hours – enough to play the radio and power your cabin lights that evening. Some skippers mount their wind generator permanently on the forward side of a mizzenmast, which eliminates the set-up and tear-down hassle, but will not allow the wind generator to pivot or face anything but a head wind. The ability to operate underway makes the pole mount most valuable to cruising sailors, who need to keep their batteries charged during long offshore passages.
Poles (or bi- poles) can be either stainless steel, or schedule 40 aluminum, the latter being lighter and less expensive.
It may be worthwhile to wire your wind generator through a regulator to prevent overcharging of the batteries.
On some models the prop is attached to the generator and a cable tows the entire unit; (2) by mounting a style of water generator that looks like a small outboard motor. For a sailboat making an ocean passage, running down the trades at 6 knots plus, there’s an extra 120 daily amp hours for the taking! For boats with large power consumption devices like DC refrigeration and microwave oven, the Power Charger may be a valuable part of an integrated, ample charging system. Though you probably won’t run all appliances at the same time, the power rating of your AC source (inverter, gen-set, and so on) should exceed by a safe margin the number of watts you expect to use. It makes sense to use the same fuel (gas or diesel) and exhaust type (air- or water-cooled) as the main engine. By adding our optional solar panel battery charger you don't have to worry about recharging the battery. In the event the customer is unable to service the unit themselves they may elect, at their expense, to completely sanitize the unit and return it to BioLet for repair.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may have other rights which may vary from area to area. To the long distance or liveaboard sailor, this translates into considerable fuel consumption and engine wear over the years. Installing reflectors to direct more sunlight onto the panel surface can enhance solar panel performance.
Most of the large-bladed wind generators don’t actually do much charging until the wind exceeds 10 knots.
A bow pulpit mount is also rigid, with the added disadvantages of being vulnerable to damage and dangerous to crew. Also, they need a diode, either installed in line or built into the unit itself, to prevent battery discharge in calm winds. On a cloudy day, on a dead run with little apparent wind, when the solar and wind energy just isn’t coming through, the water generator will run everything aboard as long as you keep sailing.
Even with an automatic shut-off wired in, the variable rheostat is, at best, an old fashioned, partial solution in our quest for more efficient battery charging. They are perhaps most useful for powering hand tools and as emergency back-ups for battery charging. Increased air-flow combined with microbiological activity establish ideal conditions for efficient break-down of the contents and guarantee completely odor-free operation.
Any unit received by BioLet for service that is not sanitized will be refused and returned at the customer's expense. This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties either expressed or implied and no person is authorized to enlarge our warranty responsibility, which is limited to the terms of this certificate. Running a large diesel engine without sufficient load on it will shorten its useful life, not to mention the noise it creates. For safety, you should install both an in line fuse and an on-off switch between the solar panel and the distribution panel. The small bladed, European style units need a good deal more wind than that to produce energy. Periodically, the brushes and bearings in the generator need replacing, just as in an automobile alternator.
There is an optimum charging curve which demands precisely decreasing current at specific battery levels during the charging cycle.
Balmar offers an optional water desalinator that runs off this unit, producing 20 gallons of fresh water per hour while you charge your batteries and fridge! A power inverter is a convenient addition to the integrated energy system on a cruising boat. An appealing design and simplicity of use make the ez-Loo Solar a great choice for any location. No unit may be returned to BioLet for repair without an authorized Return Material Authorization (RMA). The company reserves the right to change, improve or modify its products without obligation to install these improvements on equipment previously manufactured. You can wire in an ammeter to monitor the amount of solar energy flowing into your batteries.
Looking something like a football goal post on the stern of the boat, one pole supports the wind generator; the other, a radar dome or antennae dish. But for the most part, wind generators just keep on working, night and day, to keep your ship’s batteries charged. Human control, even devoting full attention during the process, is going to be less than perfect. The aerobic decomposition and evaporation functions reduce human waste to a hygienically-safe material that can be recycled back to nature without polluting the environment. Any returns received without a proper Return Material Authorization (RMA) will be refused and returned at the customer's expense. After the initial cost of purchase, usually ranging from $800 to $1100, your ship’s electrical energy is as free as the wind.
This warranty extends to the replacement of defective parts only; any additional costs are the responsibility of the customer. The structure is stiffened by struts running from each pole to the boat’s rail, either fore or aft, and by one post-to-post diagonal bar that creates the triangulation necessary for absolute strength on the athwartship plane.




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