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14.03.2015
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Bmw 2-series coupe receives 1.5-liter 3-cylinder engine, Bmw has introduced a series of improvements for the 2-series coupe model. The Cook Islands established the world’s largest continuous shark sanctuary last month, enforcing heavy fines on violators who are found with any part of a shark on board their vessel in the 1.997 million sq. The sanctuary protects all sharks from targeted fishing and aims to prevent possession, sale, and trade of shark products. As many as one-third of all open ocean shark species face the threat of extinction, and the reduction in their numbers severely affect the ecosystem around them – especially since it often takes years for a shark to mature and since they have very few young.
In June 2012, there were reports that three tons of shark fins were found aboard an Asian fishing vessel in the Cook Islands, which led to a parliamentary debate over the extent of the problem. Jess Cramp, program manager at PICI, said her group’s campaign was difficult at first and struggled to garner support from Cook Island legislators. Cramp and PICI Founder Stephen Lyon spent 18 months meeting with fisheries, collecting scientific data, and gathering community support to make their case to the Ministry of Marine Resources.
Clinton appeared to be excited about the project, especially since she had just discussed wildlife protection with one of her staffers, Cramp said.
Posters made by Cook Island children, displayed at the PICI Pacific Leaders' Forum booth.
In the Cook Islands, sharks are revered as ‘guardians’, and emphasizing that part of the island’s culture was immensely effective in prompting others to support the cause. With the new regulations in place, Cook Islanders can rest assured that their ‘guardians’ will themselves be protected in the open ocean while sanctuary violators will be heavily prosecuted. Keep going and push for even higher penalties for the shark finners, but we also need to chnage the view is Asian nations that the fin is a delicacy.
It touches my heart to see that people from other countries are working very hard to protect my home’s wildlife. SO INSPIRING, Jess, and so very amazed, proud and not at all surprised to see the momentum here from your hard work.
It is so incredible to see the determination and focus of Jess Cramp and PICA come to a positive climax!
National Geographic VoicesResearchers, conservationists, and others share stories, insights and ideas about our living planet's rapidly changing geography. Fulbright-National GeographicThe Fulbright-National Geographic Digital Storytelling Fellowship provides a unique platform for U.S. Follow the links on the sidebar of any of the blog's pages for details and tips on how to apply for a Fellowship. Featured Research: Mushara Elephant ProjectCaitlin O'Connell and her husband, Tim Rodwell, started the Mushara Elephant Project in Namibia 24 years ago to better understand elephant social structure, communication and health in order to apply this knowledge to improved care in captivity and ultimately to elephant conservation in the wild.
Two years after being discovered deep in a South African cave, the 1,500 fossils excavated during the Rising Star Expedition have been identified as belonging to a previously unknown early human relative that National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Lee Berger and team have named Homo naledi.
With at least 15 individuals of all ages and both sexes represented, the find adds an unprecedented amount of information to our understanding of early human evolution in Africa. In addition, the absence of any other animal remains or large debris in the fossil chamber strongly suggests that these non-human beings intentionally deposited their dead within this cave. Support National GeographicWe've supported more than 11,000 grants to scientists and others in the field.Learn more about our work. Located in the middle of Western Europe, Switzerland is bordered by Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Liechtenstein.


The Swiss Confederation protects the population from excessive exposure to noise, harmful substances and organisms, non-ionising radiation and natural hazards through its environmental and resources policy.
In Switzerland, environment affairs are the responsibility of the Federal Department (Ministry) of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC).
Switzerland's environmental policy, and therefore the FOEN, covers four key topic areas: safety, health, natural diversity and means of production. Switzerland has a stable and modern economy, and one of the most globalised ones in the world. This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015.
The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing. We use cookies to record some preference settings and to analyse how visitors use our web site.
The animals are often killed to satisfy the high demand of shark fin soup, an Asian delicacy that sells upwards of $100 a bowl. There is no data on the number of sharks killed in the Cook Islands each year, which makes it difficult to estimate the severity of shark fishing.
Violators of the sanctuary’s regulations will be fined between $100,000 NZD ($84,000 USD) and $250,000 NZD ($210,550 USD). The group was met with heavy opposition until it began to get the island community involved. Once the international media picked up on the campaign, PICI received funding from groups including the Pew Environment Group. 12, 2012, Minister of Marine Resources Teina Bishop announced the Cabinet’s approval of the shark sanctuary, just days after French Polynesia included the mako shark as part of an 8-year moratorium on shark fishing.
The sharks are part of the ocean chain like the wolves are part of the wilderness chain and having champions for their cause is wonderful!
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Fulbright awardees to build awareness of transnational challenges, comparing and contrasting cross-border issues. O’Connell is on the faculty at Stanford University School of Medicine and CEO of the elephant-focused nonprofit, Utopia Scientific. It is generally temperate, but can vary greatly between localities, from glacial conditions on the mountaintops to the near Mediterranean climate at Switzerland's southern tip. At the same time it has a duty to conserve natural resources such as land, water, air, forest, climate and biodiversity for the future, applying the precautionary principle if necessary, and must rectify serious damage. The Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) is responsible for implementing environmental policy. According to the World Bank country classification, Switzerland belongs to the group of high-income OECD members with a gross national income per capita of 65 330 USD in 2008.
Fear of unemployment is currently one of the main concerns of the Swiss although unemployment is low in international comparison. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment. Sharks targeted for this purpose are often thrown back into the ocean after their fins have been cut off, making it impossible for them to survive. Although the Cook Islands have only identified 18 species of sharks in its water, the neighboring Polynesian islands have identified 40 species and the Cooks are thought to have the same number. The critically endangered oceanic whitetip sharks, blue sharks, hammerhead sharks, and whale sharks have all been found aboard fishing vessels and will now be safeguarded.
Explore the list alongside to dive deeper into some of the most popular categories of the National Geographic Society's conversation platform Voices.


A grantee of the National Geographic Society, she is also an award-winning author of six books about elephants. Read Caitlin's dispatches from Mushara. Summers tend to be warm and humid at times with periodic rainfall, so they are ideal for pastures and grazing. Other offices within DETEC a€“ such as the Federal Office for Spatial Development (ARE) and the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) a€“ handle some specific aspects of environmental policy. The Swiss franc remains one of the world's strongest currencies with the lowest inflation rate. Most of the people working in Switzerland are employed by small and medium-sized enterprises, which play an extremely important role in the Swiss economy.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited the Cook Islands in August, Cramp stopped her at the Pacific Leaders Forum and told her about the campaign for a shark sanctuary.
Meet the Fellows and follow their adventures across the world on the Fulbright-National Geographic Storytelling blog.
The section of the Bernese Alps above the deep glacial Lauterbrunnen valley, containing 72 waterfalls, is also well known for the Jungfrau (4158 m) and Eiger (3970 m), and for the many picturesque valleys in the region.
The winters in the mountains have alternating sunshine and snowfall (the permanent snow line is at 3600 m in the south of the Alpine region and 3000 m in the north), while the lower lands tend to be more cloudy and foggy in winter.
The Swiss economy is based on a highly qualified labour force performing highly skilled work. Among the high valleys of the Swiss Alps numerous glaciers are found, totalling an area of 3000 square kilometres.
In the southeast the long Engadin Valley, encompassing the St-Moritz area in canton GraubA?nden, is also well known; the highest peak in the neighbouring Bernina Alps is Piz Bernina (4049 m).
The Swiss population concentrates mostly on the Plateau, where the largest cities are to be found. The Swiss are concerned that economic activity should have as little impact as possible on the environment.
The more populous northern part of the country, the Central Plateau, has broader open and hilly landscapes.
Precipitation increases with altitude and is generally high, with an average of 1456 mm annually over the country as a whole.
Switzerland's energy, transport, agriculture and spatial planning policies aim to be environmentally friendly. Partly forested and partly with open pastures, usually with dairy farming or vegetables and fruit fields, the Central Plateau is still hilly. GraubA?nden also tends to be drier in climate and slightly colder, yet with plentiful snow in winter. The wettest conditions persist in the high Alps and in the Ticino canton which has much sun yet heavy bursts of rain. Eastern Switzerland tends to be colder than the western part of the country, yet in the high mountains cold spells can occur at any time of the year.
Precipitation tends to be spread evenly throughout the year, with minor variations across the seasons depending on locale.




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