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07.11.2015
When I first sat down to research this story, I thought that America had no real enemy capable of using an Electro-Magnetic Pulse (EMP) weapon. The electromagnetic pulse contains enough energy to destroy anything and everything electronic. An electromagnetic pulse (EMP) weapon is far more dangerous and potentially more lethal than a nuclear bomb. Portions of a National Ground Intelligence Centerstudy on the lethal effects of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) and high-powered microwave (HPM) weapons revealed that the arms are part of China's so-called "assassin's mace" arsenal -- weapons that allow a technologically inferior China to defeat U.S. A declassified intelligence report, obtained by the private National Security Archive, provides details on China's EMP weapons and plans for their use. And, it goes without saying that countries, specifically the USA and Israel, have invested in this technology. North Korea's nuclear tests have been dismissed as failures by some analysts because of their low explosive yield.
The technology for producing a first generation implosion weapon has been around since 1945, and is thoroughly described in open source literature. In December 2012 Pyongyang announced plans to launch another rocket in a fresh attempt to send a "satellite" into orbit. Just two days after announcing that the launch window would be extended due to technical issues, a long-range rocket lifted off from a launch site on the west coast of North Korea.
I want to emphasize this: Unlike nuclear bombs that can destroy a large city like New York or Los Angeles, an EMP weapon is so effective that just one -- detonated over the central USA -- could knock out the entire mainland. Since a fusion reaction produces mostly neutrons, and very little radioactive debris, the concept of a 'clean' bomb has resulted: one having a small atomic trigger, a less fissionable tamper, and therefore less radioactive fallout.
Carrying this progression further would result in the suggested "neutron bomb", which would have a minimum trigger and a non-fissionable tamper. The theorized "cobalt bomb" is, on the contrary, a radioactively "dirty bomb" having a cobalt tamper. The half-life of Co-60 is just long enough so that airborne particles will settle and coat the earth's surface before significant decay has occurred, thus making it impractical to hide in shelters (unless one has supplies to last a decade or more). Such a doomsday device might be made and used as the ultimate threat in a political stand-off, effectively saying to the world, "Do as we say or we all die!" And it need not be put into the atmosphere.
No one spoke about it on the news, nothing was written -- it was "top secret" at the time -- but I later learned that it was the result of an atmospheric nuclear explosion. Scientists learned that nuclear explosions, in addition to the blast, heat and deadly gamma radiation, also produce a strong electromagnetic pulse that is capable of passing thousands of volts of electrical energy to just about anything that conducts electricity.
The pulse is generated by the interaction of gamma rays, released by a nuclear explosion, with the atmosphere and the Earth. Because our bodies do not conduct this current, the EMP does not directly harm humans or other living organisms. Most vulnerable to this high current of EMP are transistors, those small devices that are inside computer chips, radios, cellphones, ATM machines, automotive ingnition systems, the gas pumps, calculators, lights, clocks and just about everything that requires batteries. Imagine surviving an EMP only to find you cannot call your family to see if they are safe, cannot get cash from your ATM or bank (since they cannot access your records), cannot buy food at a supermarket (no scanners) or even drive your car (ignition destroyed). When you finally walk to your home, city water will not be pumped, lights will not come on, sewage treatment will be off-line, heat and air conditioning will be gone and the production, harvesting and transport of food will have come to a grinding halt. If an EMP device were detonated, most of the electronics that control our many nuclear energy plants would be destroyed. It is possible to shield electronic equipment from EMP radiation, but it is extremely difficult. John Kappenman, the chief science adviser to the US EMP commission, believes it would require just $1 billion to harden an estimated 5,000 power transformers around the country to shield them from the impact of an EMP-like event. Air Force One, the President's jet, and certain other strategic aircraft have been equipped with special shields to reduce the effects of the radiation. Areas of medium yield EMP destruction with a single burst over Kansas at 100, 300 and 500 km. The scientists describe three possible EMP effects, depending on the height of the detonation. Such an attack could easily be launched from a submarine, just off the coast, and need not be accurate. The House Armed Services Committee confirmed that these weapons do not need to be accurately targeted to destroy our infrastructure. An orbiting nuke could possibly already be poised, waiting to be used in a future conflict. Recently, scientists have developed a way to produce an EMP weapon without fissionable material. The resulting electromagnetic pulse has a wide spectrum of wavelengths, capable of energizing metallic objects of varied lengths, from hundreds of feet to a few inches. This type of non-nuclear apparatus is almost impossible to detect but is limited in scope and power by the size of the charging capacitors.
Commercially sold shock wave generators [right] are capable of producing focused acoustic or electromagnetic energy that can break up objects such as kidney stones and other similar materials.


To equip the grenade, the player must double tap the switch weapon button on consoles or scroll through their acquired weapons on PC.
Black Ops II is revolutionary in the way that you are able to choose up to two perks from the same catergory with the use of wildcards. Ghost- Keeps you off of the UAV (not VSAT) as long as you are moving (at least crouch walking or ADS walking with an assault rifle with stock or better). Blind Eye- Hides the player from AI controlled killstreaks and makes it more difficult for player control streaks to see. Scavenger- Replenishes lethal and tactical grenades 1 at a time and 1 mag of ammo at a time for the weapon you are wielding. Fast Hands- Far quicker usage of lethal and tactical grenades and safe throwback of grenades. Cold blooded- You are not visible to Target Finders, player controlled streaks, sensor grenades, and the MMS scanner’s effectiveness is nerfed. Engineer- Allows players to see enemy equipment as red and through walls as well as being able to booby trap enemy care packages or re-roll for a new care package reward.
Dexterity- Allows layers to climb ladders and mantle objects much faster and quicker pulling up of the sights from a sprint.
Shock charge- Sticky device that can be stuck to different terrains and will remain there until triggered by an enemy, when it will temporarily shock and disable the enemy. Sensor grenade- Thrown devices that highlight enemies within it’s proximity as a red arrow. We known that the Russians have EMP weapons because of their published (an sometimes not) research and experiments with the technology. Annual Pentagon reports on China's military in the past made only passing references to the arms.
Peter Vincent Pry, a former CIA nuclear weapons analyst and president of EMPact America, a citizens lobbying group. Amid a chorus of international criticism, Pyongyang declared the mission a success and says a "satellite" was sent into orbit. There would be blast effects and a hail of lethal neutrons but almost no radioactive fallout. Instead of generating additional explosive force from fission of the uranium, the cobalt is transmuted into cobalt-60, which has a half-life of 5.26 years and produces energetic and highly lethal (and thus penetrating) gamma rays. This prompted physicist Leo Szilard to call it a doomsday device since it was capable of wiping out life on earth. A simple ground based detonation would be sufficient to blast the cobalt-60 into the atmosphere where prevailing winds would carry it around the globe, turning Earth into something like Mars. The 1.4 megaton detonation, called "Operation Starfish Prime" [right] occurred 250 miles above Johnston Island in the Pacific. Called the "Compton effect", the resulting pulse is like a radio signal and any metallic object acts like a receiving antenna. What's even worst is that the lack of radio and television news will keep most people from understanding what has happened or how to respond. With no way to control the fission reaction these nuclear plants would eventually run away, reach critical states and melt down, releasing nuclear material in explosions similar to those in Fukushima, Japan. Oddly, old radio equipment using vacuum tubes are less likely to be hurt by the radiation than transistor circuitry and many existing Russian aircraft still maintain these old systems for this reason.[Above] Special Air Force E-4 being tested for EMP shielding. The House Armed Services Committee issued its warning to Congress on July 10, 2008 citing the fact that the Russians have already tested small yield EMP weapons of 300 kilotons at altitudes of 60, 150 and 300 kilometers and produced the effects described above at distances up to 600 kilometers from the test site. Because the gamma rays travel in a line of sight path, the most dramatic effect comes from a high altitude blast. The altitude and coordinates of detonation can vary widely and the effects will be just as lethal to the electronics. A medium size nuke, detonated from between 150 and 500 miles anywhere over Kansas, would be enough to destroy a hundred years of technological development. If such a weapon is already up there, it is completely beyond our current capability to destroy it.
These non-nuclear devices are smaller than nuclear fueled pulse generators but their effect can be just as effective over a limited geographic area.
All of the artificial "antennae" then become charged with enormous electrical currents which burn and render their components useless.
In fact, a simple search of the internet yields plans and specifications for constructing small EMP devices from readily available components such as the megatrons from industrial microwave ovens, rated at 800 to 1200 watts, and several automotive batteries. EMP generators can produce pulses of electromagnetic energy that can destroy the sensitive electronics in computers and microprocessors. It is to make you aware that the technology is very real and that we are currently extremely vulnerable to the effects of this type of weapon.
Well, I know some people who have stopped putting their money in banks and have started storing food and water.
If the player holds down the fire button, they will cook the grenade, but if held too long, it will explode in the player's hands, unlike the flash bang grenade.


Sure, I know that the Sun can cause this type of energy burst, but could a nation develop such a horrific weapon? Pry believes they bore the "signature" of the Russian-designed "super-EMP" weapon, capable of emitting more gamma radiation than a 25-megaton nuclear weapon. This theoretically would cause minimal physical damage to buildings, equipment and infrastructure but would be highly effective at killing most living things. I remember one summer in 1962 when I thought my receiver was broken; I even bought new tubes for it.
Not only did the explosion shut down short wave radio communications in America, but it also overloaded and blew out over 300 streetlights in Oahu, Hawaii -- some 740 miles away! Whereas a radio signal might produce a thousandth of a volt or less in a receiving antenna, an EMP pulse produces thousands of volts. You probably also depend on a cellphone and, most likely, you have a car to get you from home to work or to the market.
At such a high altitude, it could happen in the blink of an eye and might not be immediately associated with any type of explosion or blast. Even a small hole will allow the radiation to enter and any wires extending outside the shield will defeat the protection. Here, the gamma rays can travel further and the Earth's magnetic field deflects the pulse back to the surface. If several are launched, the chances of one reaching its optimum height is almost guaranteed. By comparison, the space shuttle and space station orbit about 110 to 150 miles above Earth, well below the optimal detonation of a potential EMP weapon.
Once it is detonated, our remaining electronic defense systems would be relatively useless. This vulnerability, if left unaddressed, could have grave, societal altering consequences."--Rep.
These devices are said to be able, with the addition of a parabolic reflector, to disable the electronics of a modern car or truck within 200 meters. Destabilized LCR circuits can produce multi megawatt pulses by using an explosive wire disruptive switch to achieve an effect similar to larger EMP devices.
Nations, like the US and Russia, have already developed these weapons on a scale capable of devastating our modern, technological dependent civilization. Alcatraz or the player's multiplayer character will then throw the grenade strongly, landing around 25 meters away, depending on the player's direction of throwing and the terrain. However, the timer must be accounted for, so cooking the grenade is recommended for targets at closer ranges.
But even if your cellphone, radio or computer was still somehow working, there would be no electrical power in the grid -- for a long time. On every band, on every frequency, there was a loud and annoying hiss that lasted for a couple of days. Antennae, pipelines, underground gas and water pipes, metal fences, iron railroad tracks, power lines, telephone wires, electric cables -- all suddenly act like antennae and become the recipient of huge currents, starting fires, explosions and frying all forms of circuitry beyond repair.
Once the EMP has been discharged, the circuitry of subsequent missile eletronics will be useless, leaving the victims vulnerable to more attacks. Then an explosive charge begins at one end of the coil, shorting the coil by compressing it against the metallic shield. Some are even exercising more, getting ready for long walks along deserted highways and roads. The grenades will bounce off of hard surfaces and roll on the ground for a while before detonating. More troubling is that all of our defensive systems are designed to target a potential warhead as it re-enters.
The explosion releases certain energies that spread out and radiate a large area underneath it.
The effect changes the inductance of the coil, essentially shortening the field as the explosion advances down the tube. The Frag Grenade is useful for flushing snipers out of locations and for finding cloaked opponents. The higher up it happens, the more the radiation can extend beyond the curve of the horizon.
THE TROOPS SEAT BACK TO BACK WHICH ENABLES THEM TO FIRE OVER THE ARMOR ON THE SIDES OF THE BED.
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