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A French political thinker named Montesquieu thought of the political idea of separation of powers. This picture show how the government of America works, a great example of separation of powers. The system of checks and balances makes sure one branch of our government isn't more powerful than another.
The legislative branch also has the power to remove a president or judge if they aren't doing the duties of their job right. A legislative branch was first established during the Constitutional Revolution that began in 1905, at the time eroding the absolute power of the monarch.
Iran's total population is estimated to be about 70 million, with a very high proportion of youth. Any Iranian citizen is eligible to vote during elections as long as they're over 18 years-old. Iran is formally an Islamic state, with religious tenets formally incorporated into the political system, such as in the leadership structure, eligibility criteria for political candidacy, and in the judicial system. In order for a vote in the majlis to be valid, two-thirds of the members of parliament must be in the session. The president is elected every four years, and can remain in power for a maximum of two consecutive terms. The president must be of Iranian origin, support the ideals of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and be Shia (of the Twelver sect).
The Assembly of Experts is composed of 86 Islamic scholars (mujtahid) who gain office through a popular election held every eight years.
The supreme leader is the most senior member of the political system's hierarchy, and the post was first established and held by Ayatollah Khomeini.
There is, in practice, a tension of power between the president and supreme leader, highlighting the differences between democratic principles and religious rule. This body's purpose is to resolve disputes between the Guardian Council and the majlis, should the Guardian Council veto a parliamentary bill and the majlis cannot come to a resolution after the veto.

This body is charged with responsibility over sovereignty and territorial integrity, coordinating policy on foreign affairs, defence, and security. An overall command regulates both branches of the armed forces: the regular forces and the Revolutionary Guard.
The Revolutionary Guard has grown in power since the war with Iraq, and now includes its own infantry, navy, and air force.
The head of the judiciary is appointed by the supreme leader and holds the position for a five year period. Instead of having one branch that does everything, it is much more productive having separate branches completing their different tasks. The executive branch chooses the judges and the legislative branch approves the executive branch's choice. All opinions belong to the writer; however, writers are expected to adhere to our guidelines.
His writings focus on international relations and the impact of philosophy on politics and art. The legislative, and of course the entire state structure, has undergone significant change in the 20th century, especially following the 1979 revolution that established the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Guardian Council is very significant in determining the course of politics within the country. This power is meant to ensure that legislation adheres to Islamic law and to the constitution.
The Expediency Council also advises the supreme leader regarding possible amendments to the constitution. All commanders are selected by the supreme leader and are directly and formally under his leadership. It also has control of a large number of reservists and volunteer militias, and has significant influence over the police and intelligence. Nima is also studying communication, philosophy and politics at the European Graduate School.

Of these voters, some 8 million of them are said to be born after the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
Recognized religious minorities - Zoroastrians, and Jews, as well as the Armenian, Chaldean, and Assyrian Christians - have a total of five seats reserved for them in the majlis. Bills that are drafted by the sitting government can only enter a review process if 15 members of the majlis consider it. If over half of votes are not picked up by any one individual, then the election enters a second round in which only the top two candidates are included.
The supreme leader has significant influence over ministries of foreign policy, defence and security. The council has ten days to deliberate but may request additional time if deemed necessary. Its members are the president, the head of the legislative, head of the judiciary, the top military commander, the officer for planning and budget affairs, two people nominated by the supreme leader, ministers of intelligence, interior, and foreign affairs, and any minister whose cabinet role relates to the issue being discussed. Both men and women can be elected into office though women have little direct representation. The executive branch has the power to veto any of those laws, making it hard for those laws to get passed.
The judicial branch can say the law is unconstitutional, making sure the law is not passed.
Apart from ministers, the cabinet includes a government spokesperson as well as head of the central bank.

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