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Map showing the location of the Canada School of Public Service’s office in the Library Square building at 300 Georgia Street West, Suite 400, Vancouver, British Columbia. While there is no cafeteria on site, a food court is available at the Public Library on the main level, and there are many food service establishments along the Robson Street side of the building. You must have a valid government ID card with you for entry into the building and at all times while on site. Map showing the location of the Canada School of Public Service’s office located in the P.L. You must have your valid government ID card with you for entry into the building and at all times while on site.
The evacuation plan is provided to all participants and instructors at the beginning of each course and written details are provided to the instructor along with a participant list which identifies those who may need assistance exiting the building and cannot use stairs. Map showing the location of the Canada School of Public Service’s office located in the Elijah Smith Building at 300 Main Street, Whitehorse, Yukon. The evacuation plan is posted on the Organizational Health and Safety wall and by the elevators.
Detailed site plan of the Canada School of Public Service’s office located in the Elijah Smith Building at 300 Main Street, Whitehorse, Yukon. Explore interactive online tools designed to improve oral and written comprehension and fluency in your second official language. Providing or seeking shelter is often a wilderness survivor’s first priority after removing themselves from immediate danger. Recently, myself and my fellow instructors set off on a self-imposed week away with very little kit and virtually no food with the intention of effectively practicing what we preach.
With no matches, lighter, fire steel or any other method of ignition other than constructing a bow drill (fire by friction) this task was going to take some time and a certain amount of energy expenditure. Once you have chosen a suitable site, ideally with a couple of suitable trees to act as supporting posts for your main ridge pole, you must consider the prevailing wind direction.
Take some time to properly measure your sleeping area and ensure that your shelter won’t be too small once it’s built.
If you’re up against a time deadline (usually the setting sun) it’s well worth spending what daylight you have left collecting and stockpiling building materials. With the main structure sound and completed, you can now start adding the thatching materials.
Assuming you have absolutely no sleeping equipment at all, you’ll need insulation from the warmth sapping ground and in cold conditions, external warmth in the form of a fire. A good fire in front of the shelter will provide warmth through the night as well as a means of cooking food, sterilizing water, lighting the darkness and keeping beasties away.
The beauty of the Lean To is it’s simplicity combined with it’s effectiveness as a survival shelter. Joe’s book ‘The Wilderness Survival Guide’ is available on Amazon and other well known book shops and fits nicely in your average Christmas stocking. Intro: Deer Fly TrapsMake inexpensive and effective traps that will attract and kill biting deer flies. Step 1: Personal protectionI wear one of these whenever I work outside, and they attract and hold whatever deer flies come to bite me. Step 3: Horse Pal trap hanging loopI used three lengths of plastic pipe to form a loop for hanging the trap. University field tests suggest that bright blue is the best color for lures, so I look for inexpensive disposable blue plastic items, then slather them with Tanglefoot or its generic equivalent. When I operate motorized yard equipment, I wear the protective muffs that have a blue Solo cup attached to its frame with wire bag ties through two holes above the cup's rim. Even elementary school children can build positive character traits like caring, citizenship, cooperation, courage, fairness, honesty, respect, and responsibility. GT 6" Cotton Elastic Bandage with Velcro Closure on both ends, 6 inches wide x (13 to 15 ft. There is another first aid kit by the earthquake survival kit cabinet located in the Student Lounge.
Pay parking is available in the underground parkade at the Bay Centre (across the street) or along Yates Street (500 Block). Each employee's desk is equipped with an earthquake kit and the classroom has 20 (maximum capacity of classroom) individual earthquake kits located underneath the instructor's teaching station. Each employee's desk and the classroom, is equipped with a personal earthquake survival kit. Many hill walkers and outdoors folk go equipped for an unexpected night out whenever venturing out into the wilds, carrying lightweight shelter systems, a heat source, warm clothing, energy giving snacks, simple lightweight cooking equipment and water. Personal challenges such as this are vital for proving, or dis-proving theories, gauging progress and highlighting any areas that need work or improvement. Note the use of dead wood only for ridge pole and rafters with green hazel withy bindings holding everything in place.
If left until later in the day, or even the following day, energy levels would be much lower and success looking a bit less of a certainty. If you have a choice then you should aim to have the wind hitting the back of your shelter rather than blowing straight in the open front. In miserable weather you may need to use it’s cover to shelter during the day too while you cook and carry out other tasks so adequate room to work, as well as sleep is important.
Then if night falls annoyingly fast as is usually the case in the woods, you can still cobble something together in semi darkness that should provide adequate protection for the night. In wild, un-managed woodlands you should have a certain amount of standing or fallen deadwood of all shapes and sizes minimizing the need for a cutting tool (just push them over like a bear then slot them between two sturdy trees and bend, eventually snapping them to the desired length).
Expect this job to take almost as long as the structural phase, if you want your roof to shed the rain that is (which is sort of the point).
Ground insulation can be as simple as deep layer of springy twigs held in place by a single log acting as a retaining wall, then covered with a good thickness of soft, dry plant material.
A fire radiates heat out in every direction so box it in by building a simple stacked log wall on the far side to bounce most of the radiated heat back towards the shelter. Once the basic principles have been absorbed and understood they can be applied to many other circumstances. Courses are also available in Wiltshire covering everything from foraging and fire lighting to making buckskin clothing and flint tools.
The bag's plastic ties are tied together loosely to keep the bag from riding up over the bottom of the wire cage.
If there is a mammal (human) available as the lure, I believe the color of the sticky patch is not terribly important.

The true stories, inspiring quotations, thought-provoking dilemmas, and activities in this book help kids grow into capable, moral teens and adults. In her years doing this, she has tried many products and seen many more she liked the looks of. Each employee's desk and each classroom are equipped with a personal earthquake survival kit. However, if you were unlucky enough to be faced with a night out at the mercy of the elements without any emergency kit then having previously considered a sound strategy, prioritizing your essential needs would be time well spent.
Our basic kit consisted of the clothes we stood up in (no Gore-Tex waterproof jackets though), a small belt knife, folding saw, metal cooking pot, 2 metres of strong cord, a cloth bag for filtering water and a small amount of venison.
No fire would mean very cold nights with minimal sleep, no way of making the stream water safe to drink, no cooked food..
If you have the means and ability to light a fire then it’s a good idea to angle the shelter slightly to have the wind coming from side on but still from the rear. This seemingly over enthusiastic safety precaution allows for the combined weight of your rafters, your thatching materials, the added weight of the thatch when rain soaked or covered in several feet of snow and also the force of the wind against your makeshift structure. If you’re lucky enough to have plenty of long, straight timbers then these can be placed almost touching side by side to provide a good, solid roof but when building materials are in short supply, opt for a strong rafter every 30cm and fill the gaps with smaller section stuff.
The basic rule of thumb here is that if your thatching material doesn’t look particularly water resistant then aim for a steeper pitch angle of between 55 – 70 degrees when placing your rafters. Firewood and dry kindling can be kept under the lee of the shelter or in the dry, warm space under your long pole bed. Two Lean To’s facing each other with a fire between them provide a very warm and weatherproof set up for two people. For many of us, the only shelter improvements necessary were to minimize heat loss by building better, fully enclosed log wall fire reflectors.
My traps can catch those that want to bite me, however, which is the best that can be expected.
Deer flies are attracted to any large, dark, warm, moving object (bonus, carbon dioxide exhalations), and the best lure I have available is myself.
Deer flies attracted to me will perch anyhwere on my clothing regardless of its color, will keep taking off and landing, working their way toward the head, until they encounter the sticky trap on top. Previously titled Being Your Best, this award-winning book has a fresh new cover and updated resources.
With the right warm and weatherproof clothing, additional improvised shelter might be all that you require but in very cold conditions with inadequate clothing to see you through the night, a quick and effective shelter design requiring minimal energy investment that also allows for additional warming via a campfire would be the order of the day. Therefore providing effective shelter and warmth using only these few tools and the surrounding natural resources before night fell became an absolute priority. This should carry the campfire smoke away and prevent a billowing ‘eddy’ of smoke being blown straight back at you all night long. As already mentioned, your lean to will be much more stable if the two main posts are comprised of existing, well rooted trees – far sturdier than two forked sticks dug into the ground. Contrary to popular belief, each and every rafter does not need to be lashed or woven into place. The more water resistant your chosen thatch, the less steep your pitch needs to be but regardless of what materials you have available, work to a minimum pitch of 45 degrees or you’ll be asking for trouble when the soggy stuff hits. Or if you have enough time and cutting equipment an initial platform of long poles sitting on top of a large log at each end will lift you up off the ground, allowing warm air from the fire to circulate underneath you and providing a comfy ‘bench’ to take the weight off your feet during the day. Choose your firewood carefully so as to get good, steady heat through the night and ensure you have a good stash close to hand so when you get woken by the cold during the night, all you need to do is reach out and plonk a couple of good logs on with a handful of smaller kindling then drift off to sleep again, warm and cosy. Build the roof on the prevailing wind side higher to over sail the opposite shelter and you have a ‘cowl’ like effect where the fire is protected from the rain but smoke can still escape easily. Opting for a Lean To shelter meant that we had taken care of that need immediately needing no further time spent making something bigger or more fancy. When I patrol the perimeter of my lot each morning and pick up trash along our nearby highway, I wear the salad bowl ($1). To add a further element of difficulty to the proceedings, we were all to complete the week alone increasing the initial workload and raising a whole load more personal challenges. So, although we had all day to provide the essentials, with the need for a fire ranking so highly plus the fact that we were working completely alone, this made the need for a quick but effective shelter all the more important.
Any further away and you’ll need a bigger fire to warm you (which just means collecting more firewood) and any closer and you’ll roast, probably along with the shelter thatch.
Look for two correctly spaced trees with sturdy branches jutting out from the trunks at about chest height, facing into the prevailing wind.
Use the hooks and protrusions found on most natural materials to your advantage in ‘locking’ the structure together and make sure all rafters over sail the ridge pole by a good margin to avoid collapse when under strain. Thatching materials vary greatly depending on location but are always laid on at ground level and built upwards to allow each layer to overlap the previous one, similar to roof tiles. This long pole bed will still need a good thickness of dry foliage on top for comfort and insulation. Several Lean To’s in a circle all facing inwards make a group shelter providing almost complete protection from the elements. Instead we were able to begin crafting primitive hunting weapons, make clay bowls, weave food gathering baskets…but that’s another story.
It is drilled in two places and attached by two plastic zip ties to a plastic hard hat that has had its crown cut out. I should point out at this stage, that this was a controlled experiment and we all had provisions within reach in the event of an emergency.
Your ridge pole can sit atop these branches with the weight of the shelter rafters and thatching material pushing it snugly against the trunk.
Large leaves, turfs, reeds, bark slabs, spruce and fir boughs, brash wood and leaf litter or a thatching cocktail of all of the above should do the trick. Group shelters allow weaker and more vulnerable group members to be easily observed and catered for. My recollection of the historical sequence is that deep woods workers found that smearing sticky oil on their hardhats would trap the flies (that were attracted to the workers themselves). It’s quick and easy to build (around 90 mins to two hours if you choose the right location), suits many different environments and materials, can be safely heated by a campfire, can often be built without the need for a cutting tool and easily added to if your particular situation requires a larger shelter as the days go on.
If time allows, continue bringing the rafters around both sides to stop wind whistling through your bed chamber. The fully enclosed fire draws much more efficiently sending the smoke straight up out through the smoke hole. I used my vehicles black plastic bumpers and mirror housings also and painted them with tanglefoot.

Although there are many other shelter designs which look ‘prettier’ the Lean To ticks all the boxes for a shelter to match your survival strategy. It’s very easy to reach a point where your shelter looks complete from the outside however, an experienced shelter builder judges a weatherproof roof from the inside. Less fuel is used and everyone benefits from the heat of that one fire, thereby sharing the firewood collection.
When other people found out, they attached sticky tabs to their hats, choosing yellow because it had worked for the lumberjacks and oil explorers.
If your chosen trees don’t have convenient supporting branches then you may need to lash your ridge pole in place with strong cordage or improvised bindings such as flexible coniferous tree roots, strips of willow bark or twisted ‘withies’ of green hazel. The sticky traps proved so successful when nothing else did, that University field tests were performed to try to find best color.
Either way, it’s vital to ensure that your main ridge pole is placed on the correct side of the trunk so as to allow the shelter’s weight to push the ridge pole against the trees rather than push it away, thereby putting all the strain on your lashing. There are many short and long term shelter variations all based on the humble Lean To principles. Plastic flower pots, of different colors and made sticky, were mounted on short masts and driven around on an ATV through a field rank with deer flies.
Leave a good overhang at each end to eliminate any danger of your ridge pole slipping out of it’s mountings.
I’ve always felt that it’s better to learn a handful of useful skills and truly master them than a whole truck load of skills that you haven’t had the time to test and can’t possibly remember.
Any protruding rafters will catch the rain and channel droplets down the underside to drip onto you all night long. My Internet search yielded no scientific reports from lumberjacks and fishermen, so I went with the University guys. I could not figure out an easy way to grip the large balls, and at the end of the season I would end up with a sticky ball covered with flies, to either try to clean or to throw away.
A black balloon trap might last longer outdoors if you did not fill the balloon with air, but could find something like styrofoam beads to fill it. I found the spray-on Tanglefoot brand adhesive to not be as effective as the smear-on version. It would take a little time to make the hanging traps described in the Instructable, that use a black plastic bag as the lure, but they can be taken apart for off-season storage and reused year after year, except that I discard the sticky blue plastic bowls, which sell two for U.S.
It is not a simple task, but most libraries have books about attracting these useful birds. I used the Tangelfoot brand paste, sold in a tub, for several years, and it was very effective. I switched to the Tanglefoot squeeze tube (sold as bird repellent at TruValue in their pest control section) when the tub was no longer available in my area, and that worked just as well.
For two years I have used JT Eaton's Bird Repellent which is clear and available in a caulking-gun tube, because it is less messy to apply, and it also has been effective.
The fly paper may be effective because it contains a chemical lure, which tanglefoot does not. The flies arrived early this year, probably because of a warm winter, and my personal and hanging traps are both catching lots of flies. They depend on sunlight warming the plastic bag, and the flies may just prefer certain locations. A blue bowl slathered in Tanglefoot might be even more effective by adding just a tab of the flypaper to improve the lure. It would be useful to know if your flypaper is actually catching biting flies, such as deer flies, or if it is catching ordinary houseflies, the target of the flypaper's chemical lure.
I was thinking the can of paint-on, not spray might be clear versus the thick tan paste in tub. I saw the cans of paint on, on Amazon and thought, if it's clear, I might have better luck. Will appreciate your expertise, thank you!Bugged, the blue color is a preference, but not a necessity, especially for traps where you serve as the lure. The flies usually land on my clothing, find they cannot bite me there, then work their way up to the head, especially if it is sweaty. Effective personal traps have been made by smearing thick machinery grease, which has color, onto yellow hard hats. There is also a commercial hanging trap that is a sheet of very sticky black plastic that is formed into a cylinder and hung from a string.
Make sure you do not have any residual insect repellent on yourself, hair, clothing or gloves. Switch the personal trap bowl gobbed with tanglefoot with the hanging trap bowl now using the stick-on strips. See if the tanglefoot works on the hanging trap and the Blk flag strips work on your personal trap.
I have not used the brush-on version of tanglefoot, but the squeeze-tube had the same color as that sold in the tub, and I smeared both onto blue bowls fairly thickly, and both caught many deer flies.
Thank you so much for your help!Unclesam, I'm not sure if this page is still active but I have a question if it is.
The hat trap provides personal protection (I haven't been bitten in years, even though there are still flies in the neighborhood), but if you do not want to wear the funny hat, you could erect the larger hanging traps, to try to reduce the neighborhood population. By the way, you will have better luck if you could get your neighbors to join you in a program of reduction or eradication. You could collect some by attaching a short length of duct-tape, sticky side out, to a hat.
Biting flies may spread diseases, such as bird flu, so the health department will usually be interested. If the flies live an early stage in water, then you should make sure the spring water does not stagnate.
You might introduce frogs or fish in the stream during the fly season, even though these predators may not live through your winters. A colony established within your entire neighborhood could wipe out the fly problem, there are a number of books on this subject, often at the public library. If the stream is the only nearby breeding spot, and the stream is not a favorite landscaping feature, you might consider running the stream under the ground in a pipe.

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