Bearded dragons are reptiles and are closely related to iguanas and chameleons. In nature, as says here https://whatarereptiles.com/bearded-dragon/ bearded dragons are native only in Australia and are found there in eight subspecies. In Europe and North America, mainly offspring of the dwarf bearded dragon and the large striped headed bearded dragon are kept as terrarium animals. In nature, these animals inhabit semi-deserts and dry bush and grasslands. In the terrarium they are best kept on sand with artificial or natural rocks and wood for climbing. They have the name of a thighbush, which is especially pronounced in the large bearded dragons and represents a collection of high spiked scales that can be placed on excitement. The animals are up to 55cm long and are partially bred in bright colors. The attitude is relatively simple and even offspring are very common in captivity. In the diet is on variety, plenty of fresh greens and vegetables, live prey insects and especially on a sufficient supply of calcium and trace elements (feed lime for dusting of the feeding animals, lime peels of marine animals) to pay attention. However, these basically easy to keep reptiles can also fall ill with improper attitude or careless health care. For the most part, one recognizes health problems by symptoms such as reduced appetite, apathy, darker dandruff, pale mucous membranes (tongue) and reduced nutritional status.
Very often, parasites are found in the intestine of bearded dragons even in externally healthy appearing animals. In faeces samples (preferably a Sammelkotprobe of several animals over several days send in) eggs of Saugwürmern, tapeworms or roundworms are often found. Diseased animals are emaciated and have diarrhea. Once a stock has been affected, every single animal must always be treated by the veterinarian. Deworming solutions can usually enter the experienced pet owner with a syringe in the mouth. Very unpleasant are intestinal infections with certain unicellular organisms, the coccidia. The treatment of the animals is often tedious and the disinfection of the terrariums does not always result in the complete elimination of the parasites in the environment of the reptiles.
Dead body parts Necrosis is a process in which healthy tissue dries up and dies as a result of infection or circulatory disorders. Again and again, the shocked reptile owner reports the seemingly sudden and slowly progressive death and dying of toes, limbs or tail. As a cause, small injuries are suspected, some of which arise during ramming in the course of hunting for food animals, in turf wars or by abrasions with rapid movement on rough ground. These small wounds infect themselves and, as injured tissue, are obviously particularly attractive for healthy conspecifics: they bite into these already injured areas again. Also moulting problems, caused by too one-sided nutrition bearded dragons are in principle very variable omnivores or by a too dry environment during the moulting procedure can lead to the death at the tips of the toes or the tail tip to the death of these parts. It is important to consult a veterinarian at the first sign of injury or necrosis to treat the wounds or remove the necrotic tissue. Sometimes it is necessary to amputate a limb or part of the tail. Interestingly, the animals do not appear to be particularly affected by the eventual loss of toes, legs or tail tip. Unpleasant and therefore always worth treatment is certainly the painful path over the inflamed wound to necrosis.
Dark tint of the skin. When a case of bacterial pneumonia occurs in a bearded dragon group, caution should always be exercised. The symptoms usually begin gradually and appear harmless at the beginning. The animals cough occasionally and gag out mucus. Later, the animals eat less often and less and lose weight. In the final stage, when the agamas only breathe with their mouths open, and the mucous membranes become paler and the scales darker, it is often too late for successful treatment. Deceased or euthanized animals should always be sent to an autopsy to determine the exact cause of the disease. With that, you can possibly give the next animal a targeted and more successful therapy in time. This includes antibiotic therapy over several weeks, partially associated with forced feeding. Anti-inflammatory drugs are also used. In order to avoid further health-related problems, the animals should definitely be dewormed. Moldy plants or food remains must be removed from the terrarium, as well as fungal spores burden the weakened organism. In order to prevent the formation of dust, which could additionally irritate the lungs, a certain amount of ground moisture should nevertheless persist in the terrarium. Draft is always to be avoided; even if the animals pant in the midsummer through the open mouth like dogs, never a fan for cooling the terrarium should be used. In general, in case of unclear symptoms or already clear illnesses a competent veterinarian should be consulted.