FL Studio's Piano roll has the well deserved reputation as the best Piano roll in the business (with good reason). Source Channel - Click a Channel's name in the title bar to select another Channel to display in the Piano roll. NOTES: Beware the 'F10 > General Settings > Click-and-hold functions in piano roll' option on the General settings tab. Time Markers - When set to type Pattern length (Right-click a marker) Time Markers will define the length of the currently selected Pattern.
Main Menu - Includes: Edit, Tools, View, Snap, Select, Group, Zoom, Time Marker, Clip Source, Performance Mode, playhead and Detach options. Piano roll Snap - Snap determines how Notes will move and quantization aligns events relative to the background grid (Hold Alt to temporarily set snap to 'none').
Stamp tool - Add predefined chords selected from the menu that opens when this tool is clicked. Target Channel - Change instrument channels (of the current pattern) without leaving the Piano roll.
Portamento Toggle ( O) - When selected, notes added to the Piano roll will display a 'portamento flag' ( icon).
Slide Toggle ( S) - When selected, notes added to the Piano roll become 'slide notes' displaying the slide icon () that causes notes, above or below the slide-note, to slide to the pitch of the slide-note.
MIDI Control - Color groups appear to plugins as separate MIDI channels, so one Piano roll can control several MIDI channels in the associated plugin. Recording notes - To record incoming MIDI Channels from a controller or MIDI sequencer to the correct MIDI note colors, Right-click the instrument's Channel Rack button and activate the 'MIDI channel through' option. Horizontal & Vertical Zoom controls - To horizontally zoom the Piano roll click on the edge of the horizontal position slider and drag.
NOTE: Many of the movement and draw commands are constrained by the snap setting that controls how notes move relative to the Piano roll grid. Deleting notes - Right-click a note to erase it (alternatively switch to erase mode to erase with Left-clicks (). Add notes to selection - Hold (Ctrl+Shift) together while selecting to add notes to the existing selection. Remove notes from selection - (Ctrl+Shift) deselects individual notes from the existing selection of notes.
Select mode button - Instead of holding (Ctrl key), you can also switch Piano roll to select mode by clicking the select mode button (). Horizontal note positions can be adjusted by (Shift + mouse-wheel) by holding the cursor over a target note in the Piano roll. Edit Ghost notes - Use (Double Right-click or X1 button) on the Ghost notes to switch to the Ghost channel. Slice Tool - () allows you to split one or more notes in the direction of the cut through the Piano roll. Resize chords & splits - Hold (Left-Shift) click and drag on the slice point or right-side of the chord.
Play notes straddling the playback position marker - When stopping and starting you can play notes that cross the playback position by opening the Audio Options and selecting 'Play truncated notes'. Quick chords - Enter chords with one click using the Piano roll Menu > Tools > Stamp Tool . Note properties - Note velocity, panning, filter-cutoff, etc, are available from the Target control menu and appear in the Piano roll Event Editor.
Merging scores across Patterns - Place the Pattern Clips in the Playlist, with the Pattern Clip you want to receive the other scores at the top. Alternatively, hold (Right-Shift) key then click on the right-side of a note in the group and drag. Hold your mouse over the note and hold (Alt+Mouse Wheel) to change the currently selected note property.
The note properties editor gives you access to a number of per-note properties and event data velocity, pan, release, Mod X & Y (where supported), pitch etc. NOTE: To edit the properties of a note when it has the same start time as others, make a selection first, then edit the property for the note (as shown above in red).
Note events - When editing Automation Events the editor works in the same way as the Event Editor. Add a slide note - Click the slide switch and then click as normal to add a note to the Piano roll. When the slide note is reached the pitch of any overlapping notes will start sliding toward the slide note, reaching the same pitch at the end of the slide note event. NOTE: Slide events have all the usual note properties (velocity, panning, cutoff and resonance, etc). Editing - By creating color groups you can choose to edit the properties of only notes of the selected color. Levels - These controls allow changes to per note - panning (PAN), note on velocity (VEL), release velocity (REL), channel filter cutoff (MODX) and channel filter resonance (MODY). NOTE: If the note you double-click is a part of a selection, then the properties you set apply to all notes in that selection. This menu provides many important functions for working with the Piano roll, such as copying and pasting notes, converting color groups, etc. FIND OUT MOREDismissUnsupported browserThis site was designed for modern browsers and tested with Internet Explorer version 10 and later.
Start of by opening up a new project, right click on kick and replace it with a TS404 bassline synthesizer.
Now we're set up we need to create a melody in the piano roll to give us something to work with.
For our filter settings we need to move our CUT dial to left middle and we also need to make sure we have LP24 selected. LP12 short for Low Pass 12, LP24 short for Low Pass 24, HP short for High Pass and BP short for Band Pass are different types of filters.
Now we've finished configuring our TS404 synthesizer settings we are going to add some effects to really get things going. Although the Roland TB-303 sound has been around for some some time now, it still sounds great, especially in harder types of dance music. Master the piano roll in GarageBand to make changes to the parts of songs you’ve played or recorded. The beauty of creating music digitally is the option to continuously alter what you are putting down, which is a huge limitation of live recording.
Double-click on the portion of music you want to edit and the piano roll will spring to life at the bottom of the interface.

Our provides the latest breaking apple news, reviews, tutorials and downloads online and our fan page is the best place to communicate with other iCreate fans. Hey great tips, but I was wondering if it was possible to change the velocity of multiple notes. Jon, to do that, you would drag to select multiple notes, or cmd and click each note, which would then allow you to manipulate the notes length and velocities as a group rather than individually. The FL Studio desktop is based on a number of windows, most of these are movable (with overlap), resizable, zoomable and switchable so if a window isn't visible open it using the Shortcut toolbar (or the function keys as noted in brackets).
The Browser (Alt+F8) is used to access audio files, plugins & presets (see the File setting options for adding folders elsewhere on your computer to the Browser). Once you have mastered the FL Studio interface, the next step is to learn the procedure for creating music - the FL Studio 'workflow'.
The Channel Rack holds instruments (plugins) that create sound and internal generators that control automation. Instruments - Instrument plugins make the sounds used in a song and are loaded in the Channel Rack. Load plugins from the plugin picker - Open the Plugin Picker (F8) then drag-and-drop a plugin on the desired Mixer track.
Replace an existing instrument channel - Right-click on a Channel button and select 'Replace >' from the pop-up context menu. In the case of samples & loops you can also drag these from the Browser to the Playlist (see below). When editing patterns, make sure you are in Pattern Mode so that when you press play the currently selected pattern is played.
To the right of each instrument button in the Channel window is either a step-sequencer display (rows of squares) or a mini-preview of a Piano roll (green lines).
Step-sequencer 'steps' are activated by by Left-clicking the squares to turn them on, or Right-clicking to turn them off (great for percussion programming).
Pattern '1' consists of a Harmor Channel being played by a Piano roll and a Step Sequence Hat Channel. In the example below Pattern 2 consists only of step-sequence data playing the Kick & Hat channels.
The length of each pattern can vary and is determined by the number of bars spanned by the longest data in any one of the channels. Automation Clips (control movements) - Automation Clips move knobs and controls on the FL Studio interface and plugins. To create an Automation Clip Right-click on an interface control and select 'Create automation clip'. An alternative Clip selection method is to Right-click a tab of the Playlist Clip Focus selector to show Clips of the desired category.
Once a Clip is selected, select Draw (Pencil) or Paint (Brush) mode Left-click on a blank area of the Playlist. Once placed, Pattern Clips can be clicked + dragged around (horizontally or vertically) by the name-bar that runs along the top of the clip. You can place any Pattern Clip in any Clip Track, or any number of different clips in the same track.
Playback - Make sure you are in Song Mode so that the patterns are played from the Playlist. FL Studio is not limited to pattern-based sequencing, you can also enter an unused Pattern Clip into the Playlist and play song-length data (patterns). Mixing - Sound from the instrument channels is routed to the Mixer using the Channel settings Mixer TRACK send (as shown above). Almost all aspects of mixing are automatable, so fader movements and knob changes become part of the overall performance. The Piano roll's purpose is to send note and automation data to plugin instruments loaded on the Piano roll's Channel. Glue notes: Place the cursor between 2 neighbor notes, so the resize cursor appears, then click and hold to glue them. NOTE: Deselect 'Only one' at the top of the menu to avoid the tool reverting to single note mode after the first stamp. Right-click and hold on the background to open the slice tool (F10 > General settings > Click and hold functions on). This can include parameters such as note properties (Panning, Velocity, etc.) or automation events. The portamento flag causes a short slide in pitch from the end of one note to the note with the portamento flag.
Select events to edit from the Target Control selector or Right-click the area at the front of the editor as shown above. Combined with the Piano roll menu you will find the possibilities are endless and (after practice) effortless.
Move your mouse pointer in a loop that encloses the notes you want to select (no clicking required, it's 'magic' remember). Pitch, (Ctrl+Left-click) the Preview Keyboard to select a range of notes with the same pitch (dragging vertically on the Keyboard will select notes in the vertical pitch range). Grouping functions so that an action on any note in the Group will affect all other notes in the same way.
Note properties can be adjusted by mouse-wheel (Alt+mouse-wheel) by holding the cursor over a target note in the 'Note event window'. Slide & Porta: Click and hold when adding a note to cycle through slide, portamento event mode. The right-facing tail allows you to see the independent values of notes with the same start time.
The Time section is not available in that case, because the selected notes might have different length or start point.
As we won't need the Clap, Hat and Snare it's probably best if we delete these from the step sequencer to avoid any kind of confusion. But, before we do this, it might be a good idea for us to now save our TS404 settings as a new preset. To do this we click the arrow in the top left hand corner of our TS404 settings panel and then select assign free mixer track. Like Overdrive, Fast Dist is a distortion effect which I'm using to give our 303 a nice gritty feel. Below I've created a small loop with a kick drum, snare, hats and a pad to show you how our 303 sounds within a track. Even if you want to record each part using a keyboard, or MIDI drum kit, you needn’t worry about being perfectly in time as you can always jump into the part and alter any errors.

With larger piano parts this is advisable as there’s no way to zoom in on the depth of a track or its corresponding piano roll part. FL Studio allows you to load instruments and samples, play these live or manually enter the note data, record external sounds (from a microphone for example) and play the whole mix back through the mixer (adding effects).
NOTE: If you ever need to reset the position of all windows to their default use (Ctrl+Shift+H) or see the View menu options. Instruments generally fall into two types, software synthesizers that create audio using an internal 'synthesis engine' or sample players that play back 'audio recordings' such as drum loops, percussion samples or instrument samples. Alternatively you can Right-click the sample in the Browser and 'send' it to one of the instruments in the pop-up list. The 'LCD' window showing '--' in the top left corner of the Channel window changes the number of Steps in the pattern (4 to 64 are possible). The Playlist window is a stack of multi-purpose 'Clip Tracks' that can host Patterns Clips, Audio Clips and Automation Clips. The length of a Pattern Clip will be determined by the length of the data in it, you are not restricted. These functions are accessed by Right-clicking on the Name area at the start of each track. The audio from each Channel is sent to one of the Mixer Tracks for effects processing and level mixing. Use the Mixer to set levels and add Effects (FX) such as reverberation (reverb), chorus and delay. Left or Right-click the Channel Selector LED's to the right side of each Instrument Channel you want to route (Right-clicking allows multiple selections). Right-click the target Mixer track and select 'Link selected channels > to this track' from the pop-up menu. To edit Ghost notes (Double Right-click or X1 button) on the notes to switch to the Ghost channel.
Chords - If notes are overlapping so they form part of a chord, the topmost note is used as the reference for the pitch offset (see picture below). Reducing PPQ mid-song will reposition any notes not falling on an exact Bar or Step boundary. To do this we click the little arrow in the top left hand corner, select save channel state as, type our desired name and then click save. Next we click the arrow on slot 1 and add Fruity Blood Overdrive which is used as a distortion effect. Check out Envato Studio's servicesGrow your online music business with audio players, album management, event landing pages and more!
What’s more, you can also alter elements like the velocity of a keystroke and the modulation used, and you can even see what the part looks like on a musical score. Now let’s say I want to have all of those notes at 65 – is there a way I can do that all at once, or must I do it individually? You can also double-click an instrument plugin in the Picker OR drag it to the Channel Rack and the instrument will be routed to the Master Mixer track. You can also drop it on the Channel Rack and the instrument will be routed to the Master Mixer track. Unlike most other sequencers, the Playlist tracks are not bound to any one instrument, audio recording or even Clip type.
There are a number of useful tools that aid complex score editing and other manipulations as described below. NOTE: There is an option on the Right-click main transport Stop button Remember seek time for the start position to be remembered. Piano roll menu > Editable ghosts (Ctrl+Alt+V) - Allows direct interaction with Ghost Notes as per normal notes. You can use the image below to copy my pattern, download the score file from below or you can create your own.
The image below shows us the settings I decided on using but I'd recommend you having a little play too.
I've made our original melody less complicated, side-chained it to the kick drum and I've automated a fruity free filter to it so it slowly builds up.
This may sound incredibly technical, but fear not: GarageBand has a fantastic way of making even the most complex programming techniques really simple. The same selector is also available from the Instrument Channel Settings under the Channel Settings icon.
If you're creating your own pattern try to use a variety of notes, it's good to see how our 303 will sound if we change from C4 to D#4 in the piano roll.
Next we need to do the same for the release, turn it off by turning the REL dial all the way down. Everything is done within the same familiar interface and these techniques, once learned, will become a staple of every track, mix or project you complete using the software. This is the exact principle as paper 'Piano rolls' used to automate player-pianos in former times. Modifier keys: (Shift) - Monophonic paint allows vertical movement while painting AND replaces existing (or selected) notes to create a monophonic score. Here is a quick guide to accessing the piano roll, what each part does and how to get the best from it.
The resolution of the grid is user-selectable (zoomable) and allows the composition of songs with unlimited complexity. Click-and-hold functions in piano roll - Click and hold when adding a note to cycle through slide, portamento note mode. The Step Sequencer, ( Video Here) is a pattern-based grid sequencer ideal for creating drum loops when Channels are loaded with the native Sampler, that holds a single percussion sample per Channel.
For example, a single Pattern Clip on a single Playlist track, could trigger every Channel Rack instrument, and so all Mixer tracks if they were routed accordingly. Note data can be entered manually with the editing tools or recorded in from 'live' MIDI controllers, then edited to fix mistakes or make changes. If you want to simulate 'traditional' sequencer workflow: Route each Instrument to a separate Mixer track.
Use one Instrument Channel per Pattern Clip and use one song-length Pattern Clip per Playlist track.

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