The piano is a unique instrument, with the largest range of pitches of any musical acoustic device.
But this is no simple relationship, like that of a vibrating tuning fork touched to your dining room table. The Musician's Guide to Acoustics, by Murray Campbell and Clive Greated, Dent and Sons l987 (ISBN 0-460- 04664-6), pp. I mention this technical study here, because there are so many factors which affect tuning of the instrument, more in fact that a proper tuning can deal with. Now I want to talk about the dilemma which confronts every piano student or professional pianist. To repeat: The pianists faces the dilemma of operating a very complicated instrument with a complex musical program, and often must divert attention to the score and away from the final sound output.
Most of us have our piano tuned twice a year, roughly when the house heating system goes on, and when it goes off. This may sound very obvious, but one of the main functions of sheet music is simply to tell the reader how high or low a note is.
Try playing an octave of notes starting at C and ending at the C above – try this on a piano or keyboard or Click Here to open this cool FREE online keyboard.
Clearly, the 1st basic thing that you want to learn when reading music is what note to play. Staff notation is built on a series of 5 lines called a staff (or stave) and is the foundation upon which music is written.
Obviously music uses a lot more than just the 9 notes of a stave (5 lines and 4 spaces), so we need some way of being able to represent these extra notes. Ledger Lines are additional lines which can be put above or below the staves to extend the pitch range of the stave. Our music is going to look very confusing if we just keep adding ledger lines above and below the stave. For example if we put a Treble Clef at the start of a stave then Middle C will be on a ledger line below the stave…. This means that if we put a Treble Clef at the start of the stave then we can write lots of noes above Middle without needing to use any ledger lines.
You’ll also get a FREE wall chart to help you learn the notes and various tasks that are going to get you reading and PLAYING the notes of the Treble Clef straight away. Sign up below for your instant FREE Video Lessons Starter Pack and get reading and playing straight away.


The Logitech Bluetooth Illuminated Keyboard K810 is an upcoming addition to the PC accessory company's keyboard lineup. Logitech also designed the Bluetooth Illuminated Keyboard K810 with real brushed aluminum so that it would match any modern PC, tablet or smartphone. I have a Logitech K340.My questions on the K810 are:1) Is the keyboard quiet when you type such as a rubber type keyboard? This keyboard is obviously for the upcoming Microsoft Surface and similar units about to be released. Holy hell that keyboard looks horrible, looks like it fell out of a cheap laptop and left to rot.I don't imagine that it would be to comfortable to type on either! I bought an HP mini bluetooth keyboard, the one they designed for their tablet, i use it with my pc and htpc and aside from lacking a mouse, it is absolutely fantastic, one of the best purchases i've made in the past couple of years.
Please wait until the picture has finished uploading.Navigating away from this page will cancel your upload. In the early l9 th century the use of the cast-iron frame for stringing was introduced in the US, which stabilized much of the force of the steel strings, as compared to previous pianos which were plagued by the expansion and contraction of wood members under compression. The instrument itself involves an action with several thousand moving parts, a wood soundboard supported by ribs connecting to a rigid case, and the soundboard itself which under pressure from strings resting on two separate bridges, resounds and transmits the sound to the elastic air medium. Some of the factors affecting the final sound are inherent in the strings, case and soundboard, others are related to the human hearing apparatus, and many of the characteristics of piano sound are inexorably tied to the qualities of the individual instrument. It seems hardly necessary to mention this, but the wrest plank changes its hold on the pins so slowly over the years, that the gradual loosening may not be immediately apparent. If you are a light user the action may outlast you, actions are generally well built and very strong, and the occasional sticking key can be dealt with without much trouble. If you ask your tuner how long his tuning will stay correct, he may tell you till next spring or fall, and in a general sense that is right.
If you practice long hours daily on a mis-tuned piano, even one slightly off from a fine tuned instrument, you are accustoming your hearing to hearing mis-tuned sounds and intervals as normal.
In this situation he or she (and she actually hears more acutely) ignores the tuning, and fails to rejoice in the lovely sound of a properly tuned instrument. The only background knowledge you need when learning how to read music is a basic understanding of the fact that some notes sound higher than others – this difference is called pitch.
Instead of writing out letters on a page, the universal way of communicating which notes are to be played is via the staff.
It allows consumers to connect their smartphone, tablet or PC to it all at one time, and switch between each device with the push of a button.


I've Logitech mouse and now keyboard and they have NEVER let me down so far, so I don't see why this particular keyboard would.
I think this keyboard looks great, and the backlighting is a nice touch.The only problem is the $99 asking price.
Iron made tuning much more stable, but the case and soundboard have all the propensities of wood to change in response to changes in heating and the seasonal humidities. Tuning can only do so much, even when resorting to intentional mis-tuning of certain tones to avoid annoying overtones in the harmonic series.
But in sheer honestly, he should tell you that a week later there will be changes, and in a month it would not be suitable for a concert or a recording. No violinist faces this problem, in an unfretted instrument or with the human voice the mind makes things sound right even as they are made, intervals automatically true themselves, even beyond the compromises of Equal Temperament.
Most of us have had to play the piano just as it stands, ignoring ringing sounds until they cross the threshold of tolerance, or until the tuner comes on his schedule. Illumination in the dark for keys is what I like since I have to use my screen to see the keys on the keyboard that I'm tying with now, and it can be used with just about any device you can type with as long as it has Bluetooth, yep major upgrade in my book!!
So it is usual for pianists who are concerned with keeping their instrument in relative tune to have the piano tuned twice a year, first when in spring the air becomes more humid, and again in the fall when the effect of a heating system starts to shrink wood parts. Compared with this necessary attention to detail of sound, the pianist tends to become a rough and crude listener. With this in mind, I’ve got some practical tasks for you to try out in my FREE Starter Pack Video Lesson Series.
That will be a very different piano from the piano he has been practicing on while preparing for the concert, it will sound clearer and cleaner, the harmonies will be the best that Equal Temperament can offer, and the sound will be better to his ears. Raising the level of acoustic attention and pleasure should be the aim of any musical endeavor. Hence the remark of a professional pianist that the only piano he play on which is properly tuned is the one at his concert.



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