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Summary: This DIY guide provides Information on how to wire and replace a light fitting in your home including safety tips, two and three way lighting and fitting ceiling lights. Warning: To complete electrical works you must comply with Electrical Regulations - Click here for more information. The first rule here is, when wiring a light fitting or chaging a light fitting, if you are in any doubt whatsoever, get an electrician – Electricity kills. Please remember when attempting any electrical installations at home that you are obliged to get the completed job tested by a fully qualified electrician and obtain a minor works certificate. See also, our lights and switches, our wiring in wall lights and also our electrical safety projects. The most common mistake made by people wishing to change their light fittings, eg bulbs for spotlights etc, is that they take down the existing light and ceiling rose without marking or taking note of where all the cables went. Not as big a deal to sort out, but first it is important to understand how the lights work in your house. When you have removed your existing fitting, you will need to know which wires go to the switch.
When the power is OFF and fuses out, turn off the light switch, ie make sure the switch is in the off position.
Ideally, your new light fitting will fit over your ceiling rose and there will be no need to take it apart.
Using the same numbers for the cables as above in the ceiling rose diagrams, this is how the junction box would be wired to replicate the circuit.
For regulations governing heights of sockets etc, please see our socket height information project.
A two way light switch can also be used instead of a single way light switch by connecting between wither Com and L1 or Com and L2.Hint, if the light switches off when the switch is in the on position, swop the wire from L1 to L2. Click here for non harmonized coloursNotes,Junction boxes need to be in an accessable location for inspection.Chock block for the light fitting must be enclosed in fitting or in a suitable enclosure above ceiling which is accessable for inspection. Click here for non harmonized coloursNotes,If a metal light switch is used, connect the earth wire to the earth terminal on the light switch and loop to the back box. Click here for non harmonized coloursNotes,Chock block must be enclosed in fitting or in a suitable enclosure above ceiling which is accessable for inspection. Click here for non harmonized coloursNotes, Chock block for the light fitting must be enclosed in fitting or in a suitable enclosure above ceiling which is accessable for inspection. This is a 2 way dimmer switch, it can be used as one way or 2 way If being used as one way you should use ~ (with arrow) and L1 when changing like for like The ~(with arrow) is the C terminal Also as this switch is metal you should connect an earth wire from the terminal on the PLATE (right hand side this picture) to the back box for the switch , ALONG with the earth wire that should already be there.
The drawing says it all, but the cable to the fcu MUST be the same size as that which it is connected to.
Go to my Switch Terminology Page where I discuss the terms used for the different types of home electrical switches. When wiring a 2-way switch circuit, all we want to do is to control the black wire (hot wire) to turn on and off the load.

All ground wires (bare copper) are all now connected (incoming ground, load ground and switch ground). Now by understanding the diagram above, go up to the top diagram and by using the concept shown here, just use your mouse pointer on that diagram and follow the flow from black wire (hot wire) to the load and return through the white wire (neutral). So now that you have a basic concept of wiring a 2-way switch, let's look at the following 2-way switch diagrams to see which type of circuit scenario you have. Failure to do this may render your house insurance invalid and you may have difficulty selling your home. The live terminal is fed from the consumer unit and in turn gives live power to the other cables in the circuit, in this case 1 supplies the live power from the source, where it is taken by cables 2 and 3.
Hopefully, as explained above, they will be labeled with either a piece of red tape on the black wire, or a small red sleeve. The live and neutral of the new fitting simply connect to the live and neutral the old fitting was removed from. We work with Checkatrade to ensure that we recommend only reliable and trustworthy tradesmen. The chock block must not exposed to heat from the lamp.If a metal light switch is used, connect the earth wire to the earth terminal on the light switch and loop to the back box. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission of DIYnot Limited is prohibited.
This simple diagram below will give you a better understanding of what this circuit is accomplishing. By wiring a 2-way switch, The circuit below shows the basic concept of electricity flow to the load. This should give you a good basic understanding how the 2-way switch circuit works and will help you in adding or changing a 2-way switch. After you have pulled your switch out from the wall, the wires in the box and connecting to the switch should look like one of the following.
You can also buy the tools and products you need for many electrical projects from the tools store below this project. Well, 99% of the time one of the black wires belongs to the switch cable that controls that light.
The neutrals of cables 1 and 2 are joined together in the neutral terminal block, this is where the neutral side of any light fitting will go. If you have no indication whatever of which three (red, black and earth) wires form the switch cable then you will need a circuit tester.
Hold the red and black terminals of your circuit tester to a red and a black wire that appear in the same cable. If this is not the case, then we will, need to adapt the rose connections to suit the fitting you have. First of all we need to go over a little terminology so you know exactly what is being discussed.

The Green screw on the 2-way switch is for the ground so all ground wires should be connected as seen below.
To use this device is not difficult but you must turn all the lighting power off first and take out the fuses so they cannot be turned on by accident. The easiest way to do that is by making all existing connections into cable connectors (minimum 5 amp) or a junction box, as shown below. The electricity flows from the hot wire (black) through the 2-way switch (shown in off position) and then to the light and returns through the neutral wire (white).
The black wire for the switch should have a little bit of red tape around it, or a little red sleeve on it. This fuse, in theory, allows up to 12 100W bulbs to be used on that circuit, in practice no more than 8 are normally fitted. As you can see more clearly from our diagram in lights and switches this cable interrupts the live flow with a switch. Then turn on the light switch (With all power off to the lighting circuits, there is no power to the switch). The live cables will be joined as they were in the ceiling rose, as will the neutrals, and finally, but very importantly, the earths. The cable runs from the consumer unit, to the first light fitting in the ceiling of that floor, it enters the ceiling rose where it is looped in and out to feed the next light, etc etc.
If you have connected to the switch cable, the circuit tester will indicate that you have completed a circuit. With these connections made, the live, neutral and earth from your new light fitting can be connected. At the same time a cable is connected into the ceiling rose to the switch that controls that light.
The red and black wire either side of the ceiling rose are coloured like this for clarity to show live and neutral. If not , it will not move and you try the next set of black and red wires that are in a cable together. The base of most modern light fittings is big enough to conceal these new connections but occasionally one has to make a larger hole in the ceiling to push the junction box into.
When you have identified the switch cable, mark the black with some insulating tape and even put a piece of tape around the cable sheath so there can be no mistake.
For two and three way lighting diagrams, which can be identified by additional yellow and blue wires within the lighting switch cables, follow the link.

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27.03.2015 admin

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