Treatment of popliteal pain running,alternative medicine courses in malaysia,journal of chinese modern medicine - Easy Way


The popliteus is a small muscle which is present at the posterior region of the knee joint almost crossing horizontally the back of the joint.
If the popliteus is significantly tightened, then full knee extension may be absent or uncomfortable. The injury should be assessed by a sports specialist and imaging should be done if required. Patient should enroll into a rehabilitation program in order to strengthen both the quadriceps and the hamstrings. RunnersĀ or athletes should wrap their knees before undertaking any strenuous activities in order to keep their popliteus stable and thus reducing the chances of injury. Damage to the popliteal artery can cause a partial or complete blockage of blood flow to the foot and lower leg.
This illustration of the back of the knee shows the popliteus muscle and tendon from which the popliteal region derives its name. The space within the knee joint is lined by cells that secrete lubricating fluid (synovial fluid). The popliteus tendon is sensitive to overuse activity and may become inflamed (tendinitis) causing pain at the back of the knee, aggravated during deep squats. Another cause of popliteal pain is a disruption at the back of the lateral meniscus, in the region known as the 'posterior horn'. If we consider just the bit at the back of the knee - the posterior horn - of the lateral meniscus, there may be a tear of the meniscus itself, or there may be a disruption in the fibres that frequently attach the rim of the posterior horn to the popliteus tendon as it sweeps along the back of the meniscus. Inflammation of the biceps femoris tendon as it sweeps along the back of the knee may give rise to pain in this area.
The other tendon inflammation that may cause pain at the back of the knee is gastrocnemius tendinitis.

A popliteal aneurysm is a defect of the popliteal artery where the wall of the artery loses its elasticity and the artery bulges out into a spindle shape. The bulging of the aneurysm can cause local compression and pain, but more important symptoms may be the result of clots forming on the walls and shooting down to the lower leg, obstructing the blood supply initally causing claudication (pain in the calf and foot on walking) and later more advanced arterial obstruction and a cold white foot (a medical emergency).
The posterolateral corner is the region on the outer aspect of the back of the knee where several structures contribute to stability in the knee. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here.
This muscle is used for internal rotation of the shin bone and for unlocking the knee joint when an individual bends the knee from a completely straight position.
This is a fluid-filled lump at the back of the knee caused by fluid which has built up under pressure within the knee cavity in response to an inflammatory problem within the knee and not directly related to the lump itself. The illustration on the left shows a bird's-eye view of the menisci sitting on the top of the tibia. This condition usually occurs in older people and the cause is usually age-related loss of elasticity and hardening of the artery wall. There is always a story of a significant injury followed by feelings of knee instability accompanying the pain.
We strongly encourage users to consult with a physician or qualified health care professional for answers to personal health questions. Arteries are blood vessels that bring oxygen rich blood from the heart to various tissues in the body. In the popliteal region of the knee there is an anatomical connection between the main joint cavity and a lubricating 'pocket' at the back of the knee (the gastrocnemio-semimembranous bursa). Popliteus tendinitis pain can often be elicited by bending the knee and resting the ankle onto the shin of the other leg in a figure-of-4 position.

You can see that the lateral meniscus is a different shape from the medial meniscus in being more 'O'-shaped rather than 'C'-shaped, and in having a recess at the point where the popliteal tendon passes up to the femur bone. It may become damaged via overuse during a repetitive activity such as running or cycling, where the tendon abrades over the bone of the femur at the back of the knee.
Injury to the popliteus muscle is usually an overuse injury resulting in increased tone or tightness in the muscle.
When the fluid builds up under pressure, synovial fluid can leak into the popliteal bursa to form a cystic swelling known as a Baker's cyst (or popliteal cyst). If you look at the second illustration, where the knee capsule has been sketched in, you can see that the popliteus tendon actually passes through the capsule of the knee and into the knee joint itself, where it attaches to the outer side of the femur.In doing so, it runs behind the lateral meniscus and in close proximity to it. Sitting on a table with the lower legs dangling, pain may also be elicited when an examiner rotates the foot and tibia outwards. The presence of the popliteus means that the lateral meniscus is not tethered at its outer rim as well as the medial meniscus, and it is consequently more mobile.
The cyst may be obvious to the eye or it may be palpable as a tense 'balloon-like' swelling on the inner (medial) aspect of the back of the knee.
A fall or a tackle during sports where the knee is over-straightened results in tear of the popliteus muscle.

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