Treating dogs with severe separation anxiety

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If you or members of your family are in physical danger or are fearful of the puppy, seek the help of an experienced Certified Dog Trainer or Applied Animal Behaviorist immediately. Next time the puppy plays, if she bites too hard and gets the same reaction, she begins to realize that her bites can actually hurt other puppies and people. In more extreme cases of correction, an adult dog will jump on a puppy and pin it down on its back to really teach her a lesson; in most cases, this should not be replicated by human owners unless under direction and supervision of an experienced trainer. Due to this natural progression, puppies generally learn from adult dogs that biting is unacceptable before they are old enough to cause harm to other dogs or people. If you have children, it is important that the puppy understands not to bite them, but it may not be appropriate for the children to participate in the training. If you are clicker training the puppy, click as soon as he withdraws her mouth from your hand or lets up the pressure.
Consider enrolling your puppy in a puppy training class, where your dog can learn essential skills while having fun. Spray the taste deterrent on your body and clothes (if it is fabric-safe) for at least two weeks.
If you are contemplating this sort of retaliation, you should contact a professional dog trainer or veterinary behaviorist for assistance. If your puppy seems unsure about the chew toy, try putting a little tuna juice or peanut butter on it to make it more enticing. Small breed dogs can inflict damaging bites as well; do not neglect to train your small breed puppy just because she will always be small. This version of How to Get Your Puppy to Stop Biting was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on April 13, 2015.
In general, no matter what words come out of your mouth, your puppy is only concerned with the fact that you are speaking to them. If your puppy is teething, give them an appropriate chew toy to encourage good chewing and biting habits. Look for warning signs before your puppy bites, which are always present prior to a dog bite.
Some subtle warning signs your dog can give, before a bite occurs, include but are not limited to, getting up and moving away from a person, turning their head from a person, giving you a pleading look, or yawning as someone approaches them. Sure, your dog is comfortable and friendly with you and your family, but that's because they are surrounded by you for much of their days and nights. Protective tendency triggers include situations when your dog is trying to protect you, a water or food dish, their personal space, or a favorite toy or treat.
Pain related bites can happen when your dog doesn't want to be touched for one of several reasons. Prey drive biting situations are usually triggered by anything that initiates a chase for your dog. Dogs of a herding breed or background may be prone to follow their natural instincts to herd people or animals by biting and nipping at legs and ankles. You can also give them a small, low-calorie treat when they are behaving the way you want them to.
Avoid direct eye contact and instruct anyone involved to stand at a slight angle to your dog, making each person a narrower target, while still keeping an eye on your dog. When a threat becomes a non-issue for your dog, they tend to lose interest and the situation becomes much more manageable. In these cases extreme action may need to be considered, such as re-homing your dog, surrendering them to a shelter, or in the most extreme situations, euthanasia.
This version of How to Discourage a Dog From Biting was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on August 28, 2015.
Allowing puppy biting to go unchecked can lead to behavioral problems in adult dogs; a cute nip in a 10-pound new puppy can turn into a serious bite in an 80-pound adolescent dog.
Young puppies often do not know how hard they are biting, and so they bite playfully without understanding how it affects others. Adult dogs tolerate the (sometimes naughty) behavior of young puppies reasonably well, but they become less tolerant as the puppy ages. When selecting a training technique for your puppy, keep in mind the amount of time you are able to spend on the training and the appropriateness of the training method for your situation. Jerking your hands back in pain, while certainly a natural response, may actually encourage your puppy to play harder and continue biting. If she starts to bite again, let out your yelp or stern rebuke and withdraw from playing again.

When your puppy bites you, yelp loudly and remove your hand to signal that playing has stopped.
If you begin communicating that hard bites are unacceptable, your puppy may try giving softer bites. This process can take quite a long time, particularly with puppies that have a high prey drive.
Take out a toy or bone and let her bite on it.[5] This will teach her that her teeth belong on a toy or bone instead of on your skin. Playing rough with your hands is plenty fun, but it might be giving your puppy the wrong idea. Before you start playing with your dog, spray a taste deterrent on areas of your body and clothes that you dog likes to play rough with.[7] When your dog starts biting you, stop all movement and wait for her to react to the taste deterrent. After two weeks, your puppy will likely have developed a strong distaste for your hands and ankles. A well-exercised puppy (exercised to the point of being tired) will not be as rough when playing with you.
It's sometimes tempting to want to physically punish your puppy by slapping, hitting, or waving your fingers in her face. You might not enjoy being bitten every time you go out to play with your puppy, but you do want to forge a real bond between you and your puppy, and playing is partly how you do this. Though an adult dog correction can look harsh to humans, adult dogs are quite adept at teaching puppies appropriate behavior.
It is especially common while they are learning their place within your family or going through the natural teething process. While puppies are young, they are constantly learning their place in the pecking order of their litter or new family.
Stay away from playing games that involve waving your hands around their face or on the floor in front of them, and also from games that encourage aggression, such as tug-o-war. This means that you are paying them attention, which may encourage them to continue the behavior that originally caused them to get this reaction from you. When puppies are very young and still with their mothers and littermates, they learn when a nip or bite is too hard by the reaction that they get.
This can also help, even if they are not teething, by showing them what things are OK for them to chew on. Different attitudes or body language that you display to your puppy or dog could be reinforcing good or bad behaviors. New, unfamiliar people and animals tend to come in and out of their lives more sporadically, which usually triggers fear in your dog. Respect the space, and handling, of a new mom and her pups during times when human involvement is necessary. This gives you the chance to expose your dog to situations that may cause it to be fearful, only at small levels that it is most likely to tolerate. When training your dog with a "new, unfamiliar person", have your helper ignore any fearful behavior your dog displays and look at you instead. The second method involves training your dog to replace their fearful behavior with something fun and more appropriate.
Positive reinforcement goes a long way when training your puppy or dog, regardless of the desired behavior. Teaching your dog basic commands with a reward-based method, not only sets your dog up for success, but teaches them to look for you for guidance in many situations. If you ever find yourself in a situation where your dog may bite you or someone near it, remind yourself or the target person to stay calm. This behavior lets your dog know that you are not a threat to their space or safety at that moment.
Be mindful of this as you play with your dog, introduce them to new people, places, or animals, and when you are enjoying their company from the comfort of your living room sofa. Puppies usually learn that they're biting hard by playing with other puppies or adult dogs.
She should be rewarded and encouraged to offer positive feedback that does not involve biting. Encourage other forms of play that don't involve your puppy nipping at your fingers, hands, ankles, and toes. The problem is that these responses can do one of two things: they can encourage your puppy to continue playing rough, or they can encourage your puppy to act out with real aggression.

Puppies use their mouth a lot when playing so it's safe to assume that their first reaction to a hand or finger during playtime will to be bite it.
While the mother may scold them, sometimes physically, if they bite a littermate too hard the usual reaction is a loud cry and they immediately stop playing. As with teaching your pup any new behavior, you must always be consistent to get consistent results. Looking at or talking to them, while they are barking to get your attention, are examples of some actions that reinforce bad behavior.
Make sure the stranger is prepared with a supply of tasty treats that they can offer up rapidly and frequently to keep your dog's mind on the good part of this situation. Make sure to praise them when they are chewing on appropriate toys and when they play without biting you. If you dedicate yourself to training you dog, you may be surprised how fast they learn to make positive associations in scary situations. This instills a peaceful mindset in your dog that lets it know that it get much more love and affection from you when it is being calm and playing nice with others. Puppies will nip and bite each other playfully until one puppy or dog is nipped too hard and gives out a high-pitched yelp. Stand up to stop playing with the puppy to further reinforce that her paper was not acceptable.
Physical isolation from the pack sends a strong message to the puppy that she has acted incorrectly.[3] If the puppy bites you again, get up and leave for 20 seconds. Continue discouraging your puppy's next-hardest bites, and so on, until she can play with your hands gently and control the pressure of her bite. Teaching her the difference between right and wrong, not abandoning play altogether, will be best for both of you.
As an adult, biting is a much more serious issue and should be handled in an extremely different manner than when discouraging a puppy. The reaction they get from whatever they bite tells them a lot about what is, and is not, acceptable in their world. This will show your puppy that they get no attention at all when they exhibit this particular behavior.
Paying them attention and speaking to them when they are calm and playing nicely are examples of actions that reinforce good behavior. An example of this is a dog that has tolerated a rough child, for a period of time, before surprising everyone and biting them. The fear, itself, stems from inadequate socialization as your dog went from being a puppy to an adult. So instead of focusing on and being fearful or reactive to the situation, it is focused on you and the special treat or toy you have for it. If they give your dog the treats too slowly, this may give your dog enough time to decide that this is a scary situation again. The goal of this type of training is to refocus your dog's attention onto you by following a basic command, such as heeling, sitting, or lying down. As your dog progresses in their training, gradually expose them to different, potentially scary situations while using the described methods to refocus their attention. If you find yourself at a loss, and not making any headway in your training endeavors, consult a professional trainer or canine behaviorist before making any decisions you can't take back. The victim will stop playing, and the puppy that bit the victim is taken aback and also stops playing momentarily.
The overall goal for this method is to help your dog understand that they can having a positive state-of-mind even in strange or scary situations. Of course, remind your helper not to move too fast or in a threatening manner, or make any loud noises, so as not to spook your dog. These are reward based commands that will usually result in a tasty treat or love and affection from you when they complete the task. Physical punishment could injure a dog, but it could also ruin the relationship that you have with your puppy or dog.

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