Treating dogs with severe separation anxiety

Personal protection puppy training
When people bring a new puppy home they are often confronted by problems that were never expected. To understand how to solve the problem of a biting puppy you must first understand why a pup is biting. When pups first move into a human environment it takes a period of time, usually a week or so for them to recognize their human family is now their new pack members. Puppies need to learn how to live with their new human pack members and it's the humans who need to educate them. People that are involved in dog sports or people who want to do more advanced obedience and protection training need to preserve and build prey drive.
Once you get a pup to redirect onto a toy you are on the road towards teaching that puppy that there are more interesting prey items than your hands and legs.
Pet owners are often mistakenly told “YOU SHOULD NEVER PLAY TUG GAMES WITH YOUR PET” because it makes your dog (puppy) possessive and aggressive.This is simply not true. To increase the value of your toys the dog need to understand that all toys are YOUR TOYS and not HIS TOYS.
This training is all covered in the DVD I produced titled The Power of Playing Tug with Your Dog. Take advantage of the free 85 page eBook I wrote titled The Power of Training Dogs with Markers and the DVD by the same name. For questions related to training, you can check our extensive Q&A section or contact Cindy if your question has not been asked.
If you or your friends have a dog that still nips or bites inappropriately during play then you may have a “Bite School Drop Out” on your hands.  Because most dogs are adopted into our homes as 8 week old puppies we take them from the “bite school” of their mother and siblings before they have learned important “bite inhibition” skills. Puppies explore the whole world with their mouths, they learn about sizes, shapes, textures and the pain they can inflict when they bite too hard. But puppies need to bite and chew, especially when teething, so we must provide them with the correct things to bite and chew on.  For example, it is not a good idea to give your puppy one of your old shoes to chew on. The following are simple guidelines for owners when they have a puppy that is biting during petting or restraint. During play with the puppy if the puppy bites, applies pressure with their teeth, then you stop petting them. If ‘ouch’ does not do the job then you will have to create some false pain and associated noises. Use the level, tone and pitch appropriate to get results, do not traumatize the puppy as this will make them hand shy.
Playing with a puppy that has a soft mouth is an important part of their development; they need to train their mouths to have bite inhibition.
When puppy is only mouthing then we can teach them an ‘off’ or ‘leave it’ command to remove their mouth from us completely.  That way they can mouth when they play but we can stop them if necessary. This teaches the puppy that mouthing is ok if we allow it and it teaches them that if they “off or leave” they will gain access to the treat. It is not acceptable for puppies to bite people, or other animals, unless they are in true physical danger and need to defend themselves.

If a puppy is removed from its mother too early, he probably hasn't learned when biting has gone too far. There are many techniques available for managing biting because not all dogs or people respond to the same method. If you notice real aggression in your pup, consult your veterinarian, who will check if there is a medical reason for your pup's behavior. This version of How to Train a Puppy Not to Bite was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on June 30, 2015.
This play involves physical activity games; they push each other around and bite one another. Puppies think they are playing with new friends and humans think the puppy is being aggressive. When puppies chase balls or run after sticks or bite your pant legs this is an example of prey drive not aggression. It's our job to show the puppy an alternative behavior that satisfies the puppies drives to bite.
When the game of tug is done correctly it becomes a tool that can be used in obedience training or agility training or one of the biting sports.
In fact they are never off leash until they are old enough to be trained to come when called in the face of distractions.
Puppy mouthing is cute when they have little pincers but when they reach 80 pounds and have big teeth even mouthing should not be acceptable.
And we won’t try to completely stop them from doing both right off the bat because then they may not learn about bite pressure if we do.   It is more important and critical to their development that they learn what mouth pressure is acceptable and what is unacceptable. If we scare or punish them into stopping any mouth contact at all then we have not done our jobs in teaching them and enabling them to develop good mouth control. Before you start playing with your puppy, spray a taste deterrent on areas of your body and clothes that your puppy likes to play rough with.
If you allow puppy biting, it may get out of control and your puppy will not learn to control his bite. Do not ignore puppy biting when you have a small breed dog by thinking that it does not matter because they are small.
If you or other members of your family are in physical danger or fearful of the puppy, seek the help of an experienced Certified Dog Trainer or Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist (a veterinary specialist) immediately.[15][16]The longer the behavior continues unchecked, the greater the chance of escalation and injury.
They bite, they chew-on family members, they chase human family members just as they did with their littermates. When a handler takes the dogs collar and tries to force it into a dog crate and the dog turns and tries to bite - this is aggression - either fear based or something else. The problem with this is this can often squishes the pups prey drive (which we use in training) and damage the bond between the dog and the owner. So there are times a human screaming is enough to teach the pup that what they are doing is unacceptable. The toys I use to redirect the pup from biting me are not the same toys that I leave in the exercise-pen with him during the day.

Once you learn the game of tug you will also learn how to teach the dog to OUT the tug when you want it back. As I said, dogs and puppies need to learn to SPIT OUT the toy when told to do so and they need to learn to bring the toy back to you when you throw it. It will be hard to explain to friends that your 80 pound German Shepherd that puts its teeth on their daughter is ok because “our dog will not bite”. One of the best ways for puppies to learn bite inhibition is to enroll them in a well run, safe puppy class where they can play and learn the fight and play rituals with their own kind. While we address the biting the puppy can mouth, have a soft mouth, but they must not apply any pressure or cause pain.
When your puppy starts biting you, stop moving and wait for him to react to the taste deterrent. Usually, they learn about not biting from other members of their pack, including adult dogs. Your puppy will quickly learn to stop nipping or biting with the help of the muzzle, but muzzling is not recommended if you don't have a clear understanding of the training approach and goals.
Most recently, she’s been working on editing How to Tell if a Cow or Heifer Is Pregnant to make some improvements based on reader feedback and questions. The DVD The Power of Playing Tug with Your Dog teaches you how to show the dog that the only time a toy is fun is when he plays with you and the toy.
These are trained behaviors that are extremely important because it eliminates the dog becoming possessive of the toys. The DVD titled The Power of Training with Food trains dog owners the correct to use food to develop a level of communication that builds the bond with a new dog.
All dogs can bite and if pushed or threatened they will defend themselves by fleeing or biting. As soon as we have a good soft mouth then we can work toward eliminating the play mouthing with a leave it or off command.  The goal is to teach the puppy that they cannot use their teeth to grasp, manipulate or gain control over a human hand or in fact any other item other than their toys. Once you train your puppy not to bite, you can move on to more fun things, like teaching him tricks. Social isolation and time outs can be an effective form of punishment for a pack animal.[1] You can also yelp when your puppy bites too hard. Puppies learn by playing with other pack mates about when to avoid causing serious damaging through biting. A dog that has learned appropriate bite inhibition however will cause little or no damage even if pushed to the extreme of biting. It might seem silly but puppies in a litter will cry out if a sibling accidentally bites too hard. You just want to startle the puppy, not harm him.[9] Be aware that the puppy will associate the water spray with you, and this could make him wary of you at other times.

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