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If your dog is creating tension on the leash, it is important not to relieve them of the tension. Repeat a few times until the dog has the concept of moving or backing off of the pressure points. Once they back up to the proper position, give it a pat on its side and let him or her know what a good dog they are. There are five important commands that every dog should know: sit, stay, lay down, come, and heel. As you enforce the 'sit' command, the dog will learn that when it wants something, or you are busy, sitting and waiting is the right thing to do. The goal is for the dog to learn that when you give the 'sit' command, it is time to pay attention or calm down.
In order to see the treat, the dog will need to its head up, which will make its bum go down. Teach your dog to "stay." There are some commands that can literally save your dog's life and the "stay" command is one of them. Hold the dog's collar and say "[dog's name], stay!" You should do this while placing your open hand in front of, but not touching, your dog's face. You should also have a certain command to release your dog from the stay such as "okay!" or "come".
Like training other commands, if the dog does not follow the command or does something different, start again from the beginning.
Gently pull the dog towards you while saying "[dog's name], come!" You should do this in a more encouraging voice than you use for other commands, as you want the dog to want to come to you.
Your dog will probably naturally want to jog at a canter and sniff and veer off in many directions. Tell your dog to "heel." Say "[dog's name], heel!" while stepping forward with your left foot.
If things get a little to out of control, stop and place the dog in a sit position at your side once again, praise him or her, and start over. You should get your dog used to not feeling any tension on the lead unless you are making a correction, or the dog will get into the habit of pulling constantly.
Alternate stepping off with the left and using the heel command and then stepping off with the right and using the stay command. Keep your early training sessions indoors or outdoors on a lead and in a quiet place to avoid distractions. Do not ever let your dog off lead until she or he is performing these exercises correctly 100% of the time.
This version of How to Teach Your Dog Basic Commands was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on August 28, 2015. Most attack dogs are well trained and will not act in an aggressive way unless they are commanded to by their owner.
If you have a pure-bred dog that is not a typical guard dog breed, or if you have a mutt, it is still possible for you to train him to be an excellent guard dog. If your dog is an adult and you have already trained and socialized him, then he should be well on his way to becoming a good guard dog. Once your dog gets comfortable with the bark command while in the same area or spot, move him to different areas in your yard and in your house. Over time, you want to try to train your dog to bark at the sound of the doorbell or a knock at the door, rather than at your command.
If you want to turn your guard dog into an attack dog, sign him up for extensive training with a professional dog handler. This version of How to Train a Guard Dog was reviewed by Pippa Elliott, MRCVS on August 27, 2015. Teaching the turn will improve your luring skills and give you and your dog a sense of achievement.

Luring is a great way to get a dog moving in a particular direction.  But we don’t want to become dependent on the lure. Losing the lure is an important part of lure training and this exercise will make sure you don’t get stuck using a lure and are able to progress smoothly from lure to hand signal, in just a session or two.
Before you begin, you need to think about what you are going to do.  It helps if you practice your hand movements without the dog to begin with. Decide which way you will turn the dog (clockwise or anti-clockwise) – you can teach him to turn the other way later. You will be holding a piece of food (lure) in one hand, and you’ll need some treats that are easily accessible to give your dog with your other (non lure) hand. It can be very useful when luring new behaviours, to include the use of an event marker.  This helps maintain the ‘lure following’ behaviour, and lets the dog know when he is on the right track. Bring him towards you (take a step back if necessary), across your body and start to curve your hand away from you in an arc as he passes in front. Mark at the three-quarter point the first time, just like you did the first time at Step Three.
If you try and go from the big sweeping arm to the tiny finger circle in one go, your dog will probably not get it.  Just gradually make the signal more and more understated until you have what your are looking for. It’s up to you what you call it of course, the dog won’t mind if you call it ‘twirl’ or ‘banana’.  It makes no difference to him. If the dog does not turn simply give the  hand signal, mark and reward the turn, and repeat from 1. These commands will help you communicate your wishes to your dog, essentially giving you a line of clear communication with your pet. As your dog learns the verbal command, stop assisting the action and begin to use an accompanying hand signal. When your dog is sitting, stand so that he or she is on your left side facing the same direction.
When your dog learns this command well, you can start to increase the length of time while gradually moving away during the stay.
As you say "[dog's name], down!," hold your left hand above your dog's head, palm toward the floor. Once you have shown your dog how to come and what command you will give, place a piece of dry dog food at your feet and point to it. Teaching your canine companion to heel will save your back, your shoulders, your dog's neck, and dignity for both of you (although, dignity may be low on the priority list for your dog).
Using the regular walking lead, put your dog in a "sit" position beside your left leg, facing the same direction as you.
You may gently praise your dog while he or she is heeling well, but keep it toned down so as not to distract it.
When your dog is consistently obeying the "heel" command properly, start unexpectedly starting of with the left foot and stopping without verbal commands or hand signals. After a while you can advance to randomly stepping of with either foot and reinforcing the appropriate "heel" or "stay" behavior.
For example, once your dog sits for the first time on his own, give him a treat, or rub his belly. After you have both learned the commands well, then start to have sessions in different places so your dog will learn to listen in spite of distractions. This will simply confuse and frighten your dog, making training sessions a negative experience for both of you. Even if the dog was being disobedient before it came, the fact that it obeyed your last command will be the only thing it connects with the disciplinary action.
The dog only has to disobey once and get out of your reach, in order for you to understand that you can't enforce what you can't catch. Contrary to what you might think, most guard dogs are not taught to attack.[1] Rather, they are taught non-confrontational techniques, such as how to stand guard and how to use their bark to alert you of a stranger or potential danger on your property.

A guard dog is trained to alert its owner of the presence of a stranger or intruder through barking or growling.
Though most dogs can be trained to be guard dogs, certain dog breeds are known to make good guard dogs. If he has the behavioral characteristics of a guard dog and is properly trained and socialized, then you could train him to guard and protect you. Contrary to popular belief, a good guard dog should not react out of fear or pure aggression. A confident dog is curious about a new person or a new area, and is not shy or timid around new people.[9] Your dog may already have this trait inherently, but proper socialization can also instill confidence in a dog. To train your dog to alert you when a stranger is at the door or on your property, you first need to establish a trigger word to act as a command.
Most dogs are natural barkers and do not need a command to bark at the sound of someone approaching or a sudden noise.
After repeating this several times, your dog should start to connect your praise of his bark with a reward.
After three to four repetitions, give your dog a break and let him do something else for about 45 minutes. Now that your dog has learned how to bark on cue, the next is to command him to stop barking.
As with all training activities, repetition is necessary to teach your dog to respond appropriately to your command every time that you give it.[38] Practice this command in short intervals and reward him with a treat each time that he gets it right.
Teaching a dog attack techniques properly is best left to professionals, as you do not want to train a dog incorrectly and end up with an overly aggressive dog.[39] Look for a professional dog trainer online, or ask your veterinarian for trainer recommendations.
If you give your dog a good training in the basic commands, you set the groundwork for future advanced training, as well as simply aiding in a conflict free relationship with your furry best friend. The goal is for the dog to connect the action, phrase, or word with the treat and the praise. With a treat in your right hand, lower your hand towards the floor slowly and relatively close to the dog's body. The goal is for your dog to follow your command no matter what it is doing when you give it.
Your dog will come to know that stopping on the left foot is the signal for him or her to stop and sit.
When you and your dog has learned this well, you will be able to function smoothly as a team no matter where you are.
If you become frustrated, move on or back to a command that your dog is better with and end your session on a positive note. Training your dog to be a guard dog will take some time and patience, but the result will be a dog that will not only protect you against a threat, but will also be comfortable and well behaved in non-threatening situations. Guard dogs are not typically trained to attack on command or to act overly aggressive towards a stranger.
When your dog starts barking in response to the ring, put a tasty treat in front of his nose. Your dog will want to start with you, so you use the "stay" command and walk around him back to the "place" position.
To begin, tie your dog up on his leash to a kitchen table leg or on a spot on your fence in your backyard.

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