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The Golden Retriever’s history as a gundog means the breed is popular as a guide dog, and also as a member of search and rescue teams because its soft mouth can pick up and carry things gently. Like all dogs, Golden Retrievers can develop masses (lumps and bumps) in the layers of fat, skin and muscle that cover their bodies. Like all dogs, Golden Retrievers are susceptible to various forms of skin problems, often involving the skin within the ear. Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make — plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise. Some dogs are simply easier than others: they take to training better and are fairly easygoing.
Some dogs will let a stern reprimand roll off their backs, while others take even a dirty look to heart. Some breeds bond very closely with their family and are more prone to worry or even panic when left alone by their owner.
Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold. Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blase attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog. Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things. Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with a wagging tail and a nuzzle; others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive. If you're going to share your home with a dog, you'll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house. Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello. Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs; others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy.
Due to poor breeding practices, some breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, such as hip dysplasia. Dogs come in all sizes, from the world's smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if he is compatible with you and your living space. Easy to train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word "sit"), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly.
Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. Common in most breeds during puppyhood and in retriever breeds at all ages, mouthiness means a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, fairly painless bite that doesn't puncture the skin).
Dogs that were bred to hunt, such as terriers, have an inborn desire to chase and sometimes kill other animals.
A vigorous dog may or may not be high-energy, but everything he does, he does with vigor: he strains on the leash (until you train him not to), tries to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps.
Some dogs are perpetual puppies -- always begging for a game -- while others are more serious and sedate.
It's no surprise that the Golden Retriever is one of the top ten most popular dogs in the U.S. Originally bred for the physically demanding job of retrieving ducks and other fowl for hunters, the Golden needs daily exercise: a walk or jog, free time in the yard, a run at the beach or lake (Goldens love water), or a game of fetch. As well as giving your Golden Retriever physical and mental exercise, you should also be prepared to include him in your family activities. Golden Retrievers are family dogs; they need to live indoors with their human "pack," and shouldn't spend hours alone in the backyard.
Although they're gentle and trustworthy with kids, Golden Retrievers are boisterous, large dogs that can accidentally knock over a small child.
Because the Golden Retriever is so popular, there are many people breeding Goldens who care more about making money out of the demand for puppies than in breeding happy, healthy dogs. HistoryFor many years, there was a legend that Golden Retrievers were descended from Russian sheepdogs bought from a circus. Tweedmouth, like many gentry of his day, bred animals of all kinds, trying to perfect different breeds.
Tweedmouth took Nous home to Scotland, and in 1868 and 1871, bred him to Belle, a Tweed Water Spaniel.
Nousand Belle's descendants were bred with Wavy- and Flat-coated retrievers, another Tweed Water Spaniel, and a red setter.
Not surprisingly, Tweedmouth's breed first attracted attention for their skills in the hunting field.
The Kennel Club in England officially recognized the Golden Retriever as a distinct breed in 1911. Like every dog, the Golden needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young. HealthGoldens are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. If you're buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy's parents. Allergies: Golden Retrievers can be allergic to a variety of substances, ranging from food to pollen. Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus: Commonly called bloat, this is a life-threatening condition that affects large, deep-chested dogs like Golden Retrievers, especially if they're fed one large meal a day, eat rapidly, or drink large amounts of water or exercise vigorously after eating. Osteosarcoma: Osteosarcoma is a malignant bone cancer that's common in large and giant breeds. Tiring them out with 20-30 minutes of vigorous exercise twice a day will keep your dog mellow when he's back inside.
Like other retriever breeds, Goldens are naturally "mouthy," and they're happiest when they have something to carry in their mouths: a ball, soft toy, newspaper, or best of all, a smelly sock. NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Keep your Golden in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. For more on feeding your Golden, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Coat Color And GroomingGolden Retrievers have a dense, water-repellent outer coat with a thick undercoat.
Golden Retrievers shed moderately in the winter and summer, and heavily in the spring and fall. Brush your Golden's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Fold-over ears create a warm, dark environment for bacteria or fungus to grow in, and breeds that have them — such as the Golden — are prone to ear infections. Children And Other PetsThe amiable Golden Retriever isn't bothered by the noise and commotion of kids — in fact, he thrives on it.
As with every breed, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. The mini golden retriever is a cross breed of three different dog breeds: Golden retriever, Poodle and Cocker Spaniel. Before we take deeper look at the comfort golden retriever, let us first take a brief view of the three dog breed types from which mini golden retriever is bred. This clearly shows that they are intelligent retrievers and for this reason they were referred to as the retriever. The golden retriever is one of the parent breeds of the comfort retrieverThis breed has a thick inner coat that is overlaid by an outer coat that repels water. Because of their level of calmness, sociability and a desire to please and to learn, they easily do well as guide dogs used by the blind and in search and rescue work.
The most common health issue in golden retrievers is cancer, accounting for more than 60% of death in the United States in 1998. Cocker spaniel is one of the parent breeds of the comfort retrieverIt is also easy to train and adapts well to its social environment. Miniature golden retriever is not a purebred and like all cross breeds or designer dogs, their traits cannot be precisely predetermined.
When purebreds are crossed to produce designer dogs like the miniature golden retriever, the resulting dogs may vary from one to another even among pups of the same litter. To effectively care for designer dogs, one must study the different parent breeds of the designer dog and apply the solution that work for the parent breed to the designer dog in the areas where the parent breed is dominant in the designer dog. The table that follows provides a side by side comparison of the comfort golden retriever and the parent breeds. FeedingGood nutrition is very important but this breed has a tendency to become overweightNutritious high quality food. Now that we have a brief knowledge of the 3 dog breeds from which the petite golden retriever is bred, we can now better appreciate this wonderful breed of golden retriever. An obvious thing that stands out from the mini retriever parent breeds is that these are all very intelligent and loving dog breeds. Therefore you can always expect that your comfort retriever will always be an intelligent dog because of the genetic makeup of its parent breeds.

You should also expect that your comfort golden retriever puppy may display any of the traits present in any of its parent breeds. A petite golden retriever must be spitting image of its larger version in temperament and in look and feel. The comfort golden retriever should not weigh more than 50lbs and no more than 18 inches tall.
Utmost care must be taken to ensure that healthy lineage is chosen in order to eliminate or greatly reduce health related issue associated with the parent breed.
There is a dog breed (also a retriever) that looks like the mini golden retriever (and sometimes mistaken for it) and recognized by the AKC in the sporting group. These small sized golden retrievers are not purebred so be wary of pet stores or breeders claiming to have purebred mini golden retrievers.
A petite golden retriever retains the strong qualities of a golden retriever while at the same time not exhibiting the weakness of a golden retriever e.g. A secondary reason for breeding a small sized golden retriever like all selective breeding is to produce a designer dog with fewer allergies. Also in line with it larger sized version, they are often very eager to please their handlers coupled with a great intelligence this make the petite golden retriever very easy to train. Mini retrievers are very loyal, affectionate, sociable and friendly even to strangers and other pets. Mini golden retrievers shed far lesser than the larger breed version but this also means that they will require more grooming. Small sized golden retrievers are not aggressive: this will be out of character for a breed that possesses some of the genetic makeup of a golden retriever.
Like most retrievers with a natural instinct to retrieve items with their mouth, a petite golden retriever is mouthy i.e. From the traits of its parent breed, the comfort golden retriever is also an energetic dog that requires lots of activities but they need to be monitored to ensure that they do not over work themselves. You can expect your mini retriever to retain its love for water just like its larger sized version.
The mini golden retriever temperament which is similar to that of its larger version makes the comfort retriever an excellent dog not just for the family but also for little children. The bottom line is that a miniature golden retriever is largely everything you want in a golden retriever but in a small size. It has the additional benefit of being a healthier version of the larger sized retriever if the miniature golden retriever breeders have done a good job of it. Therefore everything that works for the golden retriever is will work for the petite retriever both in terms of food, training etc. The German shepherd and the Rottweiler are two of the most popular dog breeds in the world and both breeds have a great reputation in the dog world.
Blue nose pitbulls has become one of the most popular coat and nose color variation of the breed. Chihuahua poodle mix is not a purebred dog and like most designer dogs, it is generally referred to by the portmanteau name of Chipoo. Color:The coat color of a Golden can range from a light cream color, into the yellows, or even into darker golden or copper shades. Living Area:The Golden Retriever does well in different living situations as long as their family takes the time to make sure they are well exercised.
This highly intelligent and social dog has a history that traces back to the late 1800s, where written records indicate that Lord Tweedmouth of developed them. Some of the most common Health Problems found in Golden Retrievers are:hip dysplasia Cataracts elbow dysplasia. While a youthful Golden Retriever is not as prone to weight issues as other breeds, it can still be a concern for older dogs as they become less active. With a friendly, fun-loving temperament and a willingness to please, Golden Retrievers make reliable family pets and are very easy to train. Epilepsy is a brain disorder that results in seizures or fitting, which may begin in dogs as young as six months old.
The breed's friendly, tolerant attitude makes him a fabulous family pet, and his intelligence makes him a highly capable working dog. Being quiet, low energy, fairly calm indoors, and polite with the other residents, are all good qualities in an apartment dog.
Low-sensitivity dogs, also called "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," and even "thick-skinned," can better handle a noisy, chaotic household, a louder or more assertive owner, and an inconsistent or variable routine.
An anxious dog can be very destructive, barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem.
Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks. So are breeds with short noses, like Bulldogs or Pugs, since they can't pant as well to cool themselves off.
Breed isn't the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily. Our ratings are generalizations, and they're not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave. However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult. However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds: Some dogs shed year-round, some "blow" seasonally -- produce a snowstorm of loose hair -- some do both, and some shed hardly at all. If you've got a laid-back attitude toward slobber, fine; but if you're a neatnik, you may want to choose a dog who rates low in the drool department. Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog that needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it.
This doesn't mean that every dog of that breed will develop those diseases; it just means that they're at an increased risk. Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or "herd" their human family members, and they need training to learn that it's fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes — with barks or howls — and how often. Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they'll take off after anything that catches their interest. Originally bred to perform a canine job of some sort, such as retrieving game for hunters or herding livestock, they have the stamina to put in a full workday.
Others need daily, vigorous exercise -- especially those that were originally bred for physically demanding jobs, such as herding or hunting. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog. The Golden is slow to mature and retains the silly, playful personality of a puppy until three to four years of age, which can be both delightful and annoying. And like other intelligent breeds who were bred to work, they need to have a job to do, such as retrieving the paper, waking up family members, or competing in dog sports. The Golden Retriever is a family dog, and he needs to be with his "pack." Don't consider getting a Golden unless you're willing to have him in the house with you, underfoot, every day. They thrive on obedience training, agility classes, and other canine activities, which are a great way to give your dog physical and mental exercise. Limit treats, measure out your dog's daily kibble, and feed him in regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time. To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store.
In fact, the breed was developed in Scotland, at the highland estate of Sir Dudley Majoribanks, later known as Lord Tweedmouth. Tweedmouth's breeding records from 1835 to 1890 show what he was aiming for with the Golden: A talented retriever — Tweedmouth was an ardent waterfowl hunter — with a superb nose, who would be more attentive to his human hunting companion than the setters and spaniels used at the time for retrieving. Tweed Water Spaniels (now extinct) were known for being eager retrievers in the hunting field, and exceptionally calm and loyal in the home — characteristics you'll find in today's Golden Retrievers. Tweedmouth kept mostly the yellow puppies to continue his breeding program, and gave others away to friends and relatives.
One of the most well-known was Don of Gerwyn, a liver-coated descendent of one of Tweedmouth's dogs, who won the International Gundog League trial in 1904. At that time, they were classified as "Retriever — Yellow or Golden." In 1920, the breed name was officially changed to Golden Retriever.
Not all Goldens will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. Some dogs show pain and lameness on one or both rear legs, but you may not notice any signs of discomfort in a dog with hip dysplasia. It's thought to be caused by different growth rates of the three bones that make up the dog's elbow, causing joint laxity. It causes a painful stiffening of the joint, to the point that the dog is unable to bend his elbow. If your Golden is licking his paws or rubbing his face a great deal, have him checked by your vet.

These dogs grow very rapidly between the age of four and seven months, making them susceptible to bone disorders. Some breeders have begun selling "rare white Goldens," but the American Kennel Club does not recognize white as a coat color for the breed. If you live with a Golden, you'll need to adapt to a certain amount of dog hair in your house and on your clothes. Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's eating or sleeping or to try to take the dog's food away. He enjoys the companionship of other dogs, and with proper introductions and training, can be trusted with cats, rabbits, and other animals. It is referred to in different names such as comfort golden retriever, petite golden retriever and mini retriever. These large sized dogs with a strong built, were primarily bred as bird or gun dogs (dogs used for retrieving games) for locating and retrieving shot games intact. Purebreds on the other hand are dogs that have been bred over time and their traits are well known and predictable. This is largely influenced by the dominant genes of the parent breed(s) in the particular offspring.
This is because designer dogs like the miniature golden retriever will end up having any combination of the different characteristics of the parent breeds. By ensuring that the percentage of the golden retriever is more than the combined percentage of the poodle and the cocker spaniel. So what you get is the same breed of golden retriever with the same temperament but in a petite size. And this is about the most important thing about this dog: it is not referred to as a mix because the overwhelming percentage of its genetic makeup is that of the golden retriever in order to achieve the primary goal of breeding the golden retriever in a small body. Mast cells are normal skin cells that help dogs respond to trauma and damage by releasing histamine. Golden Retreivers can also suffer from cruciate disease, wherein the cruciate ligament, which crosses inside the knee joint, slowly frays and gets weaker. Golden Retrievers excel at retrieving game for hunters, tracking, sniffing out drugs, and as therapy and assistance dogs.
Dogs who are highly sensitive, independent thinking, or assertive may be harder for a first-time owner to manage.
These breeds do best when a family member is home during the day or if you can take the dog to work. If you want a heat-sensitive breed, the dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you'll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat. Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. Breed isn't the only factor; dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least 6 to 8 weeks of age, and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills. If you're a neatnik you'll need to either pick a low-shedding breed, or relax your standards. If you're buying a puppy, it's a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you're interested in, so you can ask the breeder about the physical health of your potential pup's parents and other relatives.
If you pick a breed that's prone to packing on pounds, you'll need to limit treats, make sure he gets enough exercise, and measure out his daily kibble in regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time.
Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue.
Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a chew toy that's been stuffed with kibble and treats. Dogs that like to chase need to be leashed or kept in a fenced area when outdoors, and you'll need a high, secure fence in your yard.
Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, such as barking, chewing, and digging. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments. Golden Retrievers usually reach their full height by one year of age, and their mature weight by two. Though hard-wired with a good disposition, like all dogs the Golden must be well-raised and well-trained to make the most of his heritage. Breeding dogs should be examined by a board-certified veterinary ophthamologist to be certified as free of hereditary eye disease before they're bred. The dog is unable to belch or vomit to rid himself of the excess air in his stomach, and blood flow to the heart is impeded. And if you feel like tossing a ball in the backyard, they'd be more than happy to join you; true to their name, Goldens love to retrieve. Don't let your Golden puppy run and play on very hard surfaces such as pavement until he's at least two years old and his joints are fully formed.
It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. Your Golden will also need a bath at least once a month, often more frequently, to keep him looking and smelling clean. This throws in a unique and interesting twist regarding the petite golden retriever: while it is not a purebred you can however predict to certain extent the traits of an unborn mini retriever pup to be the same as that of the golden retriever as long as the breeder ensures that that the genetic makeup of the pup is largely that of the golden retriever. Another disorder that Golden Retrievers can suffer from is Horner’s syndrome, wherein the cranial nerves that supply the eye (which connect directly to the brain) are damaged. It causes an intense itch, leading the dog to shake its head, flap its ears and scratch them using its back paws. It can be managed effectively with thyroid hormone replacement tablets, which are required for the rest of the dog’s life.
Like all dogs, they can develop arthritis from these conditions, and long-term treatment or surgery is required to keep them active. Petplan's trading address is: Great West House (GW2), Great West Road, Brentford, Middlesex TW8 9DX.
They're also natural athletes, and do well in dog sports such as agility and competitive obedience. You'll get your best match if you take your dog-owning experience into account as you choose your new pooch. No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances. These breeds generally aren't a good fit for homes with smaller pets that can look like prey, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs. Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility. Many dogs adapt to limited or complete vision loss very well, as long as their surroundings remain the same. There is no cure, and a blood transfusion from the blood of normal dogs is currently the only treatment.
The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. Dog toenails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding — and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them out with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to help prevent infections. If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Golden rescue. Depending on the severity, epilepsy and Horner’s syndrome may need to be controlled with medication for the dog’s entire life to ensure a happy, normal existence. Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period. Breeds that were originally used for bird hunting, on the other hand, generally won't chase, but you'll probably have a hard time getting their attention when there are birds flying by.
When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you'll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying. Without immediate medical attention, the dog can die.Suspect bloat if your dog has a distended abdomen, is drooling excessively, and retching without throwing up. You have to observe each pup individually to determine which of the parent breed genes is dominate and this can be different for even pups of the same litter. If you're buying a puppy, ask the breeder for proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are free of problems. Recent studies and surveys have indicated that cancer is rapidly becoming the most common cause of death for Goldens, the most common types being hemangiosarcoma and Lymphosarcoma.

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