Author: admin, 05.11.2014Dog skin infection can be a major source of frustration for dog owners and their dogs; dog skin infection manifest in many different forms and is usually caused by fungal, bacteria, parasites and sometimes dog allergies play a part. Dog skin infection.Some skin problems in dogs may also result in dog skin infection since it causes inflammation that makes the dog to scratch which may result in open sores.
If you know that your dog has a skin infection which is confined to a small part of the body and he seems OK, then you may treat the skin infection at home rather than visiting the vet.
Bacteria on dog skins at some early stages serve a healthy function of getting rid of parasites and some other related agents but at later stages the bacteria may result in skin related infections in dogs. Lots of skin infections in dogs are caused when microorganisms that reside on a dog’s skin grow beyond the normal. While the second area is located at those parts of the body that is easily ruptured or bruised like the tail, elbow, belly and toes which makes it very easy for infections to penetrate beyond the surface of the skin. Dog skin infection may look like inflammation that is caused by allergies, fleas, cancerous growth or hormonal imbalance, it is very essential that they are correctly diagnosed by your vet.
In the remaining part of this article we are going to take a detail look at the major causes of dog skin infection.
Skin infection that is caused by bacteria is popularly referred to as pyoderma; it has its root in the Greek words “PYO” which means pus and “DERMA” meaning skin. Bacteria dog skin infection.A dog’s skin will normally contain a certain level of bacteria but pyoderma occurs when this measure reaches abnormal levels resulting in the inflammation of the dog’s skin.
Pyoderma may be limited to a specific area on the dog’s skin or it may be wide spread in addition it may either occur on the surface of the dog’s skin or it may run deep beneath the skin. The likelihood of a dog having a bacteria skin infection increases in situations when the dog has some other skin infection that has not been brought under control or when it has a cut in the skin.
Diagnosis of a bacteria dog skin infection can be done by the vet; it could be easily identified if it occurs on the surface of the skin but it will require medical examination if it runs deeper than the surface. Pyoderma responds very well to medical treatment and the first thing to be done is to ensure that the wound is always kept clean.
The most common type of bacteria dog skin infection is bacterial folliculitis which occurs on the surface of the dog’s skin and it can be visibly seen on short haired dogs as bumps and sores. Impetigo is another bacteria dog skin infection that afflicts puppies mostly in the abdomen; it is usually not very serious and in some case impetigo will resolve by itself.
Impetigo is usually limited to a specific area of the dog’s skin but in some few instances the infection may spread to other parts of the dog’s body; it usually contain pus that will eventually bust and form crusts on the dog’s skin. Trichophyton and Microsporum are fungi species that are responsible for the fungal dog skin infection popularly called ringworm. Fungus dog skin infection.Certain dog breeds such as cocker spaniels, poodles, dachshunds, etc. A dog’s skin may experience an uncontrollable growth of yeast when the dog’s immune system is compromised or suppressed by a drug that is being administered for a different purpose. There are some other factors besides the immune system that may enhance yeast infection in dogs such as allergies to food and fleas, hormonal imbalance, excessive use of antibiotics, parasites, cancer etc. Signs of yeast infection in dogs are easily visible when the ears are also afflicted; the dog can also be seen scratching at his ears or rubbing them against the walls or the floor. A topical antifungal cream will be ideal if the yeast infection is on the surface of the ears however, if the infection is in the middle of the ear then injections or tablets will likely be the prescription but in some extreme cases it may result in surgery.
Depending on the seriousness of the ringworm infection, the treatment may be as simple as using a medicated shampoo or the application of oral medication.
Fleas and mites are two of the most common dog skin infection caused by parasites; ticks and lice are the other parasites found on dogs. Ear mites: these extremely tiny parasites can be a source of intense itching as the mite feeds inside the dog’s ear canal.
The symptoms exhibited by a dog suffering from flea are similar to those seen in dogs suffering from lice infestation such as relentless nibbling, scratching and biting of different areas of the skin.
Fleas, ticks and lice can be eradicated from the dog and its environment with the use of insecticides. Seborrhea is a dog skin infection in which the dog’s skin sheds dry or oily flaky dead skin that is very similar to dandruff; the dry flaky dead skin is easily brushed off while the greasy or oily flaky tends to stick to the dog’s hair. Seborrhea is more commonly seen in certain dog breeds like Irish setters, Labrador retriever, American cocker spaniels, Chinese Shar-Pei, Basset Hounds etc.
A dog suffering from seborrhea may be as a result of hormonal problems, genetics or allergic reactions. Treatment for seborrhea generally involves the use of shampoos and anti-seborrhea products. Mange (dog skin disease caused by mite) is one of the main causes of alopecia; other causes include trauma, infection and immune disease. Hot spots are a dog skin condition in which an area of the dog’s skin becomes inflamed, moist and red; it is commonly seen around the dog’s hips, head and chest.
Hot spots can be caused by anything thing that irritates a dog such as insect bites, allergic reactions, poor or lack of grooming, persistent chewing or licking and other dog skin infections.
Treatment of hot spot involves identifying and getting rid of the underlying cause; treatment may also involve the use of antibiotics, medication for the treatments of parasites, cleansing with non irritation solution etc. An effective use of home remedy for dog skin infection could ensure that expensive medications are not administered.
Providone iodine can be use in treating minor cuts, hot spots and just about any dog skin infection; it is harmless to the dog even if he licks it on his skin and it does not cause irritation.
Now use the soaked cloth to wipe the dog’s skin paying extra attention to the affected areas.
Rinse out the cloth and repeat the process of applying the solution to the dog’s skin all over again. When applying the soaked cloth on the dog, do so gently because the intention is not to wash the dog’s skin free of bacteria but rather to treat or prevent the disease.
A visit to the vet will help to resolve the dog skin infection but home remedy for dog skin infection is an effective and inexpensive way to keep your pooch’s skin in a healthy condition. Dog skin cancer is the most common type of cancer found in dogs but full blown skin cancer does not appear suddenly on a dog’s skin, it usually starts out as a bump, lump etc. Canine Liver Disease Foundation says that liver disease in dogs is one of the top 5 causes of non accidental deaths of dogs. Gone are the very terrible days of limited or zero options when it comes to dog cancer treatment, these days there are quite a handful of options for treating cancer in dogs. If your vet has a medical laser, it's wonderful at reducing the pain, inflammation, and swollen tissue inside the ear.It's also helpful for killing yeast and speeding healing. Exposure to water when swimming or getting a bath is NOT a major factor.However, breeds of dogs that we associated with loving the water are often prone to ear infections for other reasons.
This has nothing much to do with treating ear infections, but you might enjoy or page in tribute to Dr Harvey Cushing.
Some dog skin infections impacts only the surface of the skin while other skin infections may penetrate deep into the tissues. Anti parasites, antibiotics and anti fungicides agents can be used to treat skin infections in dog. Because dog skin allergic reactions may seem like a skin infection, it is therefore imperative to visit the vet for proper diagnosis. This may result in a disruption of the balance between the resident fungal and bacteria population on the dog’s skin and the skin’s natural protective measures thereby leading to skin infection. Surface dog skin infection is characterized by redness, inflammation, hair loss and small bumps but skin infection that penetrate the skin may result is severe pain. Identifying and getting rid of the allergens is the ideal treatment to this sort of dog skin infection. Pyoderma therefore means a pus-emitting skin infection that is caused by bacteria which is quite common in dogs. In the case of a cut in the skin, it is the bacteria the normally reside on the dog’s skin that are likely to trigger pyoderma.
Besides certain dog breeds such as Boxers, Doberman Pinschers and the Bulldogs which may experience impetigo beyond puppyhood, most other dog breeds will usually out grow the disease as puppy. Fungus and yeast are normally present in certain amount on the skin and ears of dogs but their abnormal growth can result in the inflammation of the skin and they are known to be a major cause both ear and skin infection in dogs. At this point the harmless population of resident yeast on the dog’s skin takes a pathogenic form and becomes a problem to the dog. The dog’s skin will produce more oil as a result of the abnormal growth of yeast resulting in an increase in itching which may lead to sore as the dog scratches.
The diet of a dog suffering from yeast overgrowth may either be promoting the growth of the yeast or enhancing the immune system to fight it. A yeasty dog’s diet should be thorough supervised to ensure that sugar is taken out; even honey should be left out as well.
If the ringworm infection is severe then it may involve the application of oral and topical treatment; the treatment for ringworm infection must not be discontinued earlier than recommended by the vet even if when it is obvious that the infection has cleared up.
Parasites on dog skin cause severe irritation and it may lead to self mutilation as the dog scratches and bite at the infected areas. A very common behavior of a dog suffering from ear mite is excessive shaking of the head and a relentless scratching of the ears; dark flecks inside the dog’s ears are signs that the dog is suffering from ear mite infestation. But because lice are a far less common cause of skin irritation in dogs you should pay closer attention to ascertain what you are dealing with. Hot spots can be very painful and very itchy causing the dog to scratch and lick the affected areas which will increase the rate at which it spreads. Providone iodine (powdery substance that is used as an antiseptic) can be used to treat most dog skin infections and when used at the earlier stages of a dog skin infection there will be no need to resort to vet prescribed medication like antibiotics. This sort of diet will help the dog to maintain a balanced and healthy flora (bacteria) level.
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