Basic Carpentry Wood Joints,Bird Whirligig Patterns,furniture woodworking plans - Downloads 2016

Joinery is a part of woodworking that involves joining together pieces of wood, to create furniture, structures, toys, and other items. The eight basic types of joints are: butt, dado, rabbet, lap, dovetail, mortise and tendon, miter, and tongue and groove. A dovetail joint is created by cutting a series of triangular-shaped sections (called tails) from the end of one piece of wood and matching sections (called pins) from the other piece of wood. Through mortise and tenon – To form this joint, a round or square hole (called a mortise) is cut through the side of one piece of wood. When undertaking woodworking projects you will encounter the different methods of jointing. A mitre joint is used at corners to hide the end grain and so that a moulded shape continues around a corner. Butt joints in framing may also be strengthened by fixing a nail plate or corrugated fastener over the outside, or a timber block may be fixed to the inside. Dowels should have a groove down the side to allow any extra adhesive to escape when the joint is assembled.
Some wood joints employ fasteners, bindings, or adhesives, while others use only wood elements. The end of the other piece of wood is cut to have a projection (the tenon) that matches the mortise.


Get to know these methods and how the different joints are applied in do-it-yourself projects. If the mitre is on the outside of a corner, the length is measured on the short face but allow for the thickness of the joint. If the joint is to be nailed, start the nails in both pieces by laying them flat and nailing through the external face until the point just comes through the mitred face. If you have a small gap because your mitre doesn't quite line up, rub over the open corner of the joint from both sides with the round shaft of a screwdriver.
To add strength to a mitre joint, you may glue a block on the inside as long as it is not seen. The characteristics of wooden joints – strength, flexibility, toughness,appearance, etc.
Dovetail joints are technically complex and are often used to create drawer boxes for furniture. Hold the work firmly against the back of the mitre box when cutting: if it slips it will result in an uneven cut and a poorly fitting joint. If appearance is important, a loose tongue placed inside the joint or veneer keys across the joint will give extra strength.
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Basic woodwind Joinery maltreat Pocket screws are upright for butt joints and miter joints. Mitre joints constructed using materials of different thicknesses are known as 'offset' or 'bastard' mitres. If the gap is too wide, however, you may have to recut the joint, or you can fill it with a putty.
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