25 Feb. 2012|
Suppliers wood pellets france,wood headboards designs,outside gazebo plans - Reviews
The final release of wood pellet buyers base from Europe for 2011 has been finished by Ukrainian Biofuel Portal marketing department. The offered wood pellet buyers base (raw material: wood waste) continues the bases for 2010 and 2009.
The base will be of use both for new wood pellet manufacturers and existing ones in the aspect of extending their distribution chain. The conditions are ripe for a massive increase in the production of wood pellets in the U.S. Based on the principle of densification of dried wood chips and sawdust, pellets offer better and more uniform heating properties per unit volume due to their low moisture content. During the past four years, the global wood pellets market has experienced a dramatic increase. The U.S South has the ability to supply pellets for the European market at a competitive price because of enhanced production capacity due to a sustainable wood source from plantations. In Georgia, RWE Innogy is building a factory with the capacity to produce 1 million tons of pellets per year. The process for making wood pellets is fairly simple, and has been well-established and developed.
1Every weight unit expressed in tons is referred to metric tons of pellets, at 10 percent moisture content. Adrian Pirraglia is a PhD candidate of wood products at North Carolina State University, Ronalds Gonzalez is a PhD candidate of paper science and engineering at NCSU, Daniel Saloni is an assistant professor in the Department of Wood and Paper Science at NCSU and Jeff Wright is an adjunct faculty member at NCSU. The inquiries from foreign companies and the partners for buying wood pellets in Ukraine were included in the database.
The wood industry has found itself on the verge of a revolution, however, because of the rapid increase in development and utilization of new wood-based solid and liquid fuels. Pellets burn cleaner, have reduced particulate emissions compared with coal, are more economical to transport due to increased bulk density and can be easily produced from wood waste and byproducts.
The main issues to take into consideration are moisture content and wood species used in the process, making manufacturing a process of finding the right "recipe" for production conditions rather than a technological upgrade.
Wood pellets represent an alternative to the use of coal, gas and even traditional wood logs and chips.
This provides new ways to divert wood waste from reaching landfills as well as to increase overall profit through an integral and more efficient use of the raw material. Germany has seen its pellet industry grow exponentially becoming an important exporter to neighboring countries. Wood pellet applications vary from household heating to large-scale industrial power generation. Leading countries in the consumption of pellets in Europe are Sweden, Austria and Finland, while Germany, France and Italy are experiencing the largest market growth in both capacity and consumption of pellets. This market will require special attention in order to grow, and a solution for pellet companies may rely on having several small factories rather than one single large facility, especially when accessibility to roads, railroads and storage space is limited. The key element for a pellet plant is having the criteria to choose the right equipment and capacities, especially when handling large production volumes, where typical investment levels can reach more than $30 million in equipment (for plants producing 200,000 tons per year).
Pellet size varies from one-fourth to one-third inches (6 to 8 millimeters) diameter and 1 to 1.5 inches (38 millimeters) in length, with a bulk density that is usually about 40 pounds per cubic feet (about two to three times the wood density of softwood). It is important to emphasize that wood pellets are not a new product, they have been utilized for decades, but it is only now that the world is experiencing a large demand increase, and wood pellet potential is still underestimated. In addition, countries such as Denmark, Belgium and Norway are experiencing the most significant increase of the region in pellet consumption. With an average price of $276 per ton as of November, pellets can be found for as low as $176 per ton, or as high as $600 per ton in the Northern U.S. Problems such as self-heating of the pellets while being stored, cooling of big volumes of pellets in the manufacturing process, utilization of local wood species with different properties that may affect production parameters and throughputs. The opening of such facilities redefines the term large-scale production in the wood pellet market. The quality, condensation and crumbling of pellets while being transported as well as pellets from mixed species and wood waste must be managed.
Production considerations for the pelletization of torrefied wood at an industrial level may represent great opportunities and technological advances that need to be addressed in order to ensure growth and sustainability of this market for the U.S.
As a final thought, the technical feasibility for pelletizing torrefied wood must be further developed, due to the promising results and enhanced heating value provided by this material. Warehouse costs may add around an additional $10 per ton, while ocean freight (which can be extremely volatile) adds $35 to $45 per ton to the price of pellets. The largest wood pellet facility in the world started operations in 2007 in Cottondale, Fla., mainly producing and shipping pellets to Sweden. States such as Florida, Georgia, South Carolina and Virginia, all have proximity to important ports, a railroad system and a sustainable source of plantation grown wood for production, resulting in lower transportation costs and minimized storage time.
This wood pellet commodity market could be developed using futures contracts as with lumber, oil and other products. Canada has dedicated more than 80 percent of its production for the export market, mainly to European countries, and is the largest exporter of wood pellets in the world. South's pellet industry has transformed from virtually nonexistent to producing 2 million tons in 2009. These countries may switch from their traditional Canadian supplier, depending on delivered prices and long-term supply agreements. Southern states will still lead the pellet market development, based on the number of facilities announced and in recent operational status.
South America, Africa and Asia are far behind in the race for market share and positioning in the pellet market.
With the availability of raw material, and well-established wood and paper industry, it will be a matter of time for Brazil to become a key player in the wood pellets market.