26 Aug. 2014|
Plans for wooden wheelchair ramp,how to make wood oars,custom woodworking signs - .
Wheelchair ramps are typically built in order to improve home accessibility for people who can't use stairs or need a gentler, less stressful way to enter or leave their home.
There are critical elements that must be considered prior to hammering the first nail, such as the specific point of entry to your home, the available area for ramp creation, the slope of the ramp based on the height of the level that the wheelchair must get to and local building codes. The choice of the door to place the ramp on will be influenced by several issues including, ease of access from the points within the house to the doorway, the width of the doorways and if a ramp can easily be accommodated to any existing features of the doorway, such as stairs, platforms or porches. Many aspects of the design of a ramp are limited by the space available and obstacles (such as trees, buildings and walkways) that affect where it can be located. The angle of the ramp surfaces and the length or run of the ramp is a critical project consideration. The minimum, inside clear width of the opening between the opposing handrails must be at least 36 inches to accommodate a wheelchair. If a ramp run has a rise greater than 6 inches or is longer than 72 inches, then it's recommended to have handrails on both sides of the ramp.
The actual material used for the ramp surface can be selected based on personal preference but should be stable, firm and slip-resistant in all weather circumstances. Now that you know the total run distance, or ramp length needed, select a ramp configuration that will work for your house. Start at the upper landing by locating the landing platform along the desired edge of the house or deck.
Once you've selected the exact location of your landing, place a reference nail 1 ¾ inches in on both corners of your landing.
Locate batterboards approximately 7 feet perpendicular from the house edge where you placed your reference nails.
Tie one end of the cord to the reference nail marking the left edge of the platform, and attach the other end to the batterboard.
Now measure 3 feet along the house edge that the landing platform will attach to and mark that spot.
Assuming a 60-inch landing platform, measure 58 ¼ inches from the wall along the cords on the left and right edges of the platform and mark them. Using the determined slope and run, and following the steps above, either construct another landing platform and continue the ramp or place the posts at the end of the ramp. At the end of the ramp, a landing should be constructed either of the same materials as the ramp, or you may choose to use concrete.
A successful home accessibility project requires careful planning in order to be certain that the ramp meets the home occupant's needs, complies with local building requirements, is safe and sturdy, and is safe for use in all types of weather.
By constructing a U-shaped ramp, more ramp distance can be accommodated in a smaller space.
The ramp slope will impact the layout requirements, the expense involved and the ramp's ultimate usefulness.
After rising 30 inches in elevation, a flat rest platform should be provided before the ramp continues. Also, although these aren't legal requirements for homeowners, the ADA Standards for Accessible Design establishes practices for commercial ramps that may be useful for you to review and may be applicable or expected for home construction.
Talk to your local municipality to determine if a building permit, inspections and any other relevant information are needed to build a safe wheelchair ramp. You can use Google Earth to get an overhead view of your property and to precisely position your ramp plan around obstacles. This distance, and assuming a 1:12 slope, will provide you with the information needed to determine the total ramp length needed to safely construct the ramp and provide safe home access.
If the finished height of your porch is 24 inches from ground level, you'll need 24 feet of ramp.
This can be done by cutting a piece of mason's cord approximately 2 feet longer than the proposed landing platform.
The cord should intersect the marks you made for the proposed ramp width on each of the first two cords. We recommend using a tubular concrete form (Sonotube), or pour the concrete directly into the holes. The corner posts will be used as structural support for the ramp surface as well as the railing post. The landing platform size should be at least as wide as the ramp and a minimum of 60 inches long.A well-constructed ramp will make your home more wheelchair-accessible and greatly enhance the quality of life for those who need it. A flat landing must be at the top and bottom of all ramps, and landings should always be at least as wide as the ramp itself and a minimum of 60 inches in length. These products meet the ADA’s guidelines for slip resistance even in wet weather and are low-maintenance. The steps outlined below will guide you through the general process for building a wooden ramp for a private home.
This can be best accommodated by an L-shaped ramp with a landing or a U-shaped ramp with a landing.
Some codes may require the bottom of a footing be wider than the top or may require gravel at the bottom of the hole for drainage. If the run of any single ramp exceeds 8 feet, additional support posts or larger dimensional wood may be needed. The ADA requirements for railings detail the overall railing height, hand-hold specifications, spindle placement and other safety issues associated with railing construction.
Those who depend on a wheelchair ramp to preserve an independent lifestyle often don't have the mobility or strength to strip and refinish the ramp on a regular basis. This information is of a general nature and shouldn't be assumed to be accurate for your specific project needs.
The specific configuration and ramp lengths are a function of what will best accommodate your home. Follow the manufacturer’s installation guidelines for proper gapping between the boards for drainage as well as selecting a board that will accommodate the joist spacing.
Although not required for residential construction, it's recommended that these guidelines be followed. For this reason, easy-maintenance handrail materials, such as Trex Transcend®, should also be considered to provide years of comfortable use. Check your municipal building codes for specific local requirements and any necessary permits. This means that if your porch height is 24 inches off the ground, you'll need a 24-foot ramp to safely accommodate wheelchair access. If you plan on deviating from this standard, you should check your local building codes to be certain you're in compliance.
And a curb or crutch stop should be placed along both sides of the ramp to prevent wheels from leaving the ramp.