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25 Nov. 1977

Pine wood staining tips,blanket chest plans furniture,lowes baltic birch plywood,how to clean an old rocking horse - For Outdoors

Woods like cherry, pine and birch can become blotchy and unattractive when stained, unless you use a sealer before staining. Wood is unpredictable.Those three words account for the vast majority of the problems we encounter while attempting to change the color of a board using stains. When we are fortunate, the piece of wood we are staining is of the same species as that we are matching, such as when we bring home an unfinished oak dresser to match a finished oak bed.
Minwax® offers a variety of easy-to-use products to help clean and repair wood that is chipped, cracked, scratched, even decayed, to its original beauty.
Natural and synthetic bristle brushes specifically designed for use with Minwax® wood finishing products. Wood finishing expert Bruce Johnson shares basic wood staining tips and offers advice on how to stain some of the more popular wood species. While wood in its natural state can provide breathtaking beauty, it doesn't always match the other colours or wood tones in our home.
Since wood is a product of nature, it can vary from tree to tree, even in the same wood species. This thick-bodied stain is ideal for vertical application and works on both wood and non-wood surfaces.
Sand bare or stripped wood lightly with #150, #180 or #220-grit sandpaper to open the pores in preparation for staining. Pay attention to how long you leave the stain on the wood before wiping off any unabsorbed liquid.
Remove the last of any unabsorbed stain with a dry cloth wiped only in the direction of the grain of the wood. When staining vertical surfaces, such as unfinished paneling or doors, try Minwax® Gel Stain.
All woods have two characteristics that play important roles in determining their final appearance: their natural colour and the size of their pores. In addition to their natural colour, each species of wood has unique properties that will also affect the staining results.
As its name implies, hard maple is an extremely dense, tight-pored wood that does not absorb much stain.


Always prepare the wood with a light sanding and an application of Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner (see Wood Preparation for other tips). Attempt to obtain a darker colour by allowing any unabsorbed stain to dry on top of the wood, as this will later peel off.
Wood is made up of millions of cells we rely on to absorb pigments and dyes - the absorption rate and capacity of which are affected by an astonishing number of factors - which is why, when it comes to staining, wood is unpredictable. Very often, the color is in another piece of wood, but sometimes the inspiration comes from fabric, draperies, upholstery, even artwork. When we are not as fortunate, the piece being brought home is of a different species or, worse yet, consists of more than one species of wood. Wood which is extremely dry is naturally going to be able to absorb more dyes and pigments than one which has a higher percentage of moisture. While the photography utilized in reproducing the colors of our stains is of the highest possible quality, wood remains unpredictable. Minwax® preparation products are the first step to ensure your wood surfaces show their most beautiful colors and smoothest finishes. Turn to Minwax® to add rich color and durable protection to your wood project in a single step. For the best results, select a pre-stain wood conditioner, stain and finish with the same solvent. Applying stain over a finished surface, such as lacquered kitchen cabinets, will not change the colour of the wood. On woods with large, open pores, such as oak, mahogany and ash, increase your pressure to work the stain into the pores. Once the stain has dried, apply a clear finish to protect both the stain and the wood — and to make the final results look even more beautiful. Unlike paint, both water-based and oil-based stains are absorbed into the wood rather than laying on top of it. The solvent in the finish will activate the damp stain, allowing your brush or cloth to pull it out of the pores of the wood. Most furniture grade woods are kiln dried until the moisture level is stabilized at 6%-8%, but since wood shares many of the same attributes as a dry sponge, that percentage of moisture can change dramatically in direct proportion to the conditions in which it is stored.


The first is to realize that you should not apply any stain to your wood until you have tested it on either scraps of the same wood or in an inconspicuous spot, such as the underside of an unfinished chair seat or portion of flooring which will be covered by the piano.
For that reason, the natural wood colour will blend with the colour of the stain you choose. To help reduce blotchiness when staining, first apply a liberal coat of a pre-stain wood conditioner. When staining, first apply a pre-stain wood conditioner, then select stains lighter in colour. Always apply a liberal coat of Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner prior to staining and even then select light to medium colours. Since the Minwax® stains we apply are intended to reveal, not disguise the natural grain of the wood, the inherent color of the pores is going to affect the final color after we have applied our stain. It is this grain pattern, combined with the natural color of the wood, which enables us to distinguish oak from maple or cherry from mahogany. For it to be effective, the test has to take place on the identical -- not just similar -- piece of wood. Learning about the qualities of wood, meticulous staining experimentation and some creativity are the keys to success. Never allow any excess stain to dry on wood surface—it will cause all sorts of adhesion and other issues. In order to accurately predict the final colour of your project, always test any stain you select on an inconspicuous place on the wood first. To insure that any stain penetrates and fills oak's deep pores, apply a liberal amount of stain to the wood, then work it into the pores using a cloth in a swirling motion. The most well-known example is American cherry, a wood which has been favored by cabinetmakers and homeowners for centuries.


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