24 Jun. 2009|
Pergola with columns floor plans,wood fired pizza oven plans better homes and gardens,wood cutting jigsaw machine,free adirondack side table plans - Reviews
By Patricia Poore This massive 1904 pergola has been restored at a residence once part of the Rose Valley Arts & Crafts colony. In fact, judging from photos in the period’s home journals, some architects appeared to have pergola-mania. Elephantine columns (in wood, stone, or brick) supported elaborate beam-and-rafter assemblies that carried masses of vining and flowering plants.
Whether as a promenade, a covered terrace, or a freestanding garden feature, a pergola is a bold statement worth making, with practical advantages as a sunscreen and as a support for plants. Shading the carriage doors, a narrow pergola-sunscreen is a softening feature on many new garages. There’s a pergola for every style, from formal Italian to Adirondack, California, and Prairie School.Precedent suggests, though, that the pergola does not have to match the style of the house.
Beaux Arts classicism vied with rustic styles (even pole pergolas made of woodlot saplings).
Neo-Georgian colonnades were affixed to rambling Shingle Style and vernacular American Foursquare homes; elsewhere, rustic “twig” pergolas sat behind symmetrical Colonial Revivals. Many pergolas were non-historical, neither classical nor rustic: Look for round supports that have no capitals or plinths (bases).
A “true pergola” attached to the house is carried by one row of columns in design #1018 from Chadsworth Columns.In the Midwest, many of these exterior structures show the influence of the Prairie School, with robust masonry. In the Northeast, pergolas are suitably quaint when supported by stone or brick; alternately, they carry delicate latticework and are painted colonial white.
A Japanese influence predominated on the West Coast, where pergolas featured fancy-cut rafter tails, brackets, and framing with graceful Asian motifs. Originally the construction was a wood projection carried by a single row of columns from a masonry wall—the definition of the Latin word pergula.
Similar garden structures were revived during the Italian Renaissance of the 16th century, and eventually they spread with the Classical Revival to England.The modern pergola developed from the “covert walks” of the great English gardens of the 17th and 18th centuries. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, pergolas were touted by English landscape greats, including Gertrude Jekyll. During the winter, the open roof permits low-slanting sunlight to enter—especially important for bungalows with their dark, overhanging eaves. Pergola-porches could extend across the front of the house, like a veranda, or be added to the side as a sun parlor or an outdoor dining room.Pergolas were especially popular for houses built along the coast. Eager to bring back the old gardens and heirloom roses of their 1915 landscape, one family who inherited the original pergola has the wood structure repaired, scraped, and painted as needed—every year.New materials have entered the mix.
Columns are now available in manmade stone—a weatherproof matrix of resin, fibers, and stone dust. Building a pergola from a combination of modern materials and wood may be the best choice, offering longevity for structural parts along with traditional elements that will weather attractively.Built to LastA pergola’s one-with-nature construction is its appeal and its downfall. Wood columns must be anchored to the footing, typically with tie-rods running inside the column shaft to a steel plate in the cap.
Flash caps or capitals before installing beams or plates.Horizontal plates (parallel 2x6s or 3x8s) are usually bolted to the column or, for piers, into an anchor plate mortared into the masonry. Companies that manufacture and install traditional wood fences do pergolas, too.A pergola has pleasing proportions when its width does not exceed its height, and when its rafter ends have a sense of uplift. Common plants for pergolas include roses, wisteria (which will eventually tear apart all but the sturdiest structure), honeysuckle, grapevine, ivy, and morning glory.