31 Mar. 1990|
Pergola designs with columns,how to setup a file cabinet,cat stairs for bed plans - Try Out
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The column wraps on this open-roof pergola have a foam treatment with a limestone slurry painted on, which gives them the look of cast concrete or stone. Clamshells, or column wraps, are a great way of matching the columns on your pergola with the styling of your home.
Columns and cross beams are an integral part of your pergola design, affecting sturdiness, appearance, and how much light it screens out. When considering the aesthetics of the design, Aakre starts by analyzing the home and surrounding landscape to see if there are any existing elements he can incorporate into the pergola (see Landscape Design Styles). Rustic or farmhouse landscapes mesh well with rough-hewn wooden posts and beams, either naturally weathered or stained. Colonial or Cape Cod homes call for elegant columns as pergola posts to match the entry design.
The columns, beams, rafters and stringers also play a functional role in screening out the light.
Biedenweg also points out that the size of the structure itself will factor into the choice of columns and cross beams. Overall, a pergola is an attractive way of inviting you and your family outdoors, since it evens the effects of extreme heat and creates a haven from which to enjoy the outdoors in comfort. Columns run vertically and hold up the cross beams, which run horizontally across the roof.
The key thing to remember is to start your design by looking elsewhere in the home or landscape and drawing on themes already present on the property.
While the beams, rafters and stringers cast shade from above, the columns play a part by screening the sun from the sides.
By Patricia Poore This massive 1904 pergola has been restored at a residence once part of the Rose Valley Arts & Crafts colony. There are many options for how to style and finish the pergola, ranging from rough-hewn beams that look good with a rustic country farmhouse to elegant white columns for a more classic style. You’ll join thousands of design-conscious readers to get gardening inspiration and innovative design solutions for enjoying outdoor spaces.
For large projects, an engineer may need to be involved to make sure the columns and cross beams can hold the weight of the structure without sagging.
In fact, judging from photos in the period’s home journals, some architects appeared to have pergola-mania. Elephantine columns (in wood, stone, or brick) supported elaborate beam-and-rafter assemblies that carried masses of vining and flowering plants. Whether as a promenade, a covered terrace, or a freestanding garden feature, a pergola is a bold statement worth making, with practical advantages as a sunscreen and as a support for plants. Aside from filling it with beautiful plants and other features, you can also place a structure. Shading the carriage doors, a narrow pergola-sunscreen is a softening feature on many new garages.
There’s a pergola for every style, from formal Italian to Adirondack, California, and Prairie School.Precedent suggests, though, that the pergola does not have to match the style of the house. Beaux Arts classicism vied with rustic styles (even pole pergolas made of woodlot saplings). Neo-Georgian colonnades were affixed to rambling Shingle Style and vernacular American Foursquare homes; elsewhere, rustic “twig” pergolas sat behind symmetrical Colonial Revivals. These days, there are different designs of pergola especially that usage of new materials are also emerging. Many pergolas were non-historical, neither classical nor rustic: Look for round supports that have no capitals or plinths (bases). So, aside from seeing wooden pergolas, you’ll also get to see vinyl, aluminum and others as materials in its construction. A “true pergola” attached to the house is carried by one row of columns in design #1018 from Chadsworth Columns.In the Midwest, many of these exterior structures show the influence of the Prairie School, with robust masonry.
In the Northeast, pergolas are suitably quaint when supported by stone or brick; alternately, they carry delicate latticework and are painted colonial white. A Japanese influence predominated on the West Coast, where pergolas featured fancy-cut rafter tails, brackets, and framing with graceful Asian motifs. Originally the construction was a wood projection carried by a single row of columns from a masonry wall—the definition of the Latin word pergula.
Similar garden structures were revived during the Italian Renaissance of the 16th century, and eventually they spread with the Classical Revival to England.The modern pergola developed from the “covert walks” of the great English gardens of the 17th and 18th centuries.
During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, pergolas were touted by English landscape greats, including Gertrude Jekyll.
If you were pleased to see these pergolas, you will also be equally happy to see a Collection of Outdoor Kitchen Designs which you can also integrate in your home’s pergola.
They are evident in photos of the great country houses by such early 20th-century architects as McKim, Mead & White, and in the landscape designs of the Olmsted firm. It has been her big dream to own a home with the touch of Green Architecture and the simple elegance of Modern Minimalist Interiors.
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During the winter, the open roof permits low-slanting sunlight to enter—especially important for bungalows with their dark, overhanging eaves. Pergola-porches could extend across the front of the house, like a veranda, or be added to the side as a sun parlor or an outdoor dining room.Pergolas were especially popular for houses built along the coast.
Eager to bring back the old gardens and heirloom roses of their 1915 landscape, one family who inherited the original pergola has the wood structure repaired, scraped, and painted as needed—every year.New materials have entered the mix. Columns are now available in manmade stone—a weatherproof matrix of resin, fibers, and stone dust. Building a pergola from a combination of modern materials and wood may be the best choice, offering longevity for structural parts along with traditional elements that will weather attractively.Built to LastA pergola’s one-with-nature construction is its appeal and its downfall.
Wood columns must be anchored to the footing, typically with tie-rods running inside the column shaft to a steel plate in the cap. Flash caps or capitals before installing beams or plates.Horizontal plates (parallel 2x6s or 3x8s) are usually bolted to the column or, for piers, into an anchor plate mortared into the masonry.
Companies that manufacture and install traditional wood fences do pergolas, too.A pergola has pleasing proportions when its width does not exceed its height, and when its rafter ends have a sense of uplift.
Common plants for pergolas include roses, wisteria (which will eventually tear apart all but the sturdiest structure), honeysuckle, grapevine, ivy, and morning glory.