15 Aug. 2003|
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The Billboard Top 100 list was my closest companion during this hardwood floor restoration process so I’m going to give you the billboard chart of hardwood floor sanding and staining tips and tricks! You can also just leave the applicator in the mineral spirits between applications and you don’t have to clean it off at all. Even after you clean up the dust, I wiped it all down with a mineral spirit soaked rag, it will dry and look like that picture above again. On a sidenote, we just had our hardwood floors redone (due to a water main leak) and I have a recommendation from the pros: Do not put an area rug down for approximately 10 days after the last poly coat went down.
I loved the tip by the professional to start with a finer grit sandpaper to get the feel for it. Hi Karah, I found your blog recently while researching information on floor sanding and staining. The process of hardwood floor sanding and refinishing may present a certain level of uncertainty for anyone who has not had first hand experience with it. There are many steps involved in sanding and preparing newly installed or pre-existing hardwood floors. Our well trained craftsmen begin by determining the proper grit sandpaper required and number of sanding passes necessary for each specific work site. Newly installed unfinished hardwood floors will need to be sanded as well, due to slight milling imperfections and minor board edge unevenness.
We utilize the flooring sandpaper grit grades of 12, 16, 20, 30, 36, 40, 60, 80, 100, and 120.
The floor is then vacuumed, and tacked (passed over with a dampened towel) to remove any dust, prior to stain or finishing polyurethane being applied. Between polyurethane coating layers the hardwood floor is abraded with a sanding screen as well. After the floor sanding process has been completed, there are three basic finishing procedures available.
Polyurethane is applied to the edges of the rooms by a hand brush, whereas a lambs wool pad (applicator) mounted on a 16" wooden block is used to apply finish to the center of the floor. With this process a wood stain is applied to the floor, and hand wiped, prior to any protective polyurethane coatings. A floor with a white-wash style look can be achieved with or without the use of wood bleach.
If a pure and exclusively white floor color is desired, a wood bleach is applied to the floor surface before the pickling white stain is applied. Some of our past customers have even requested floor color shadings of gray in dens, red in dining rooms, and blue or green in children’s rooms. Several years after a hardwood floor is completely sanded and finished a maintenance coat will be needed to sustain the floor's performance and cosmetic appeal. A 'screening' of the original polyurethane coat, with a silicon carbide sanding screen on an upright floor buffing machine [animated right], will remove any light scuffs and surface dirt. Please note that If your hardwood floor has ever been cleaned with an unapproved hardwood polyurethane floor cleaner or wax had ever been applied (liquid or paste) to your wood floor this topcoat procedure generally CAN NOT be performed.
There's debate over which finish is harder, but some experts maintain that hardness isn't necessarily a good attribute of a floor finish.
I couldn’t make it through staining grout on my floor without chiropractic intervention.
The weight and density of the rug can suffocate the wood and deprive it of needed oxygen while curing and it can actually alter the coloring of the floor in that spot. I looked downward at my hardwood floors a few days ago and saw what I consideration was apparent tape stick up on the floor. Moreover, the refinishing process itself will present several possible options to achieve the results desired for your home's specific interior design concept. The main areas of the floor are sanded with a large professional drum sander, while the perimeter is completed with a circular edge sander.
The image below displays general representations of what your floor may look like when polyurethane is applied to your hardwood floor.
The possibilities of color are quite broad, while still allowing the beauty of the floor’s wood grain to be radiate through. This recoating procedure, commonly called a 'topcoat', will return a hardwood floor to its newly refinished condition - provided it was performed within the ample period of time required.
The screening process does not remove much of the existing coatings, nor does it expose the bare wood as in the full sanding procedure.
Polyurethane does not adhere to certain chemicals or cleaners that leave a film or wax on the floor. I started out in the living and dining room by just hand tightening the wing nuts that hold the polyurethane applicator pad onto it.
I’ve always steered clear of the drum sander (seen too many gouged out floors) and just poured more blood, sweat, tears, and time($$$$ and sandpaper!) into the square buff.
The following is a walkthrough provided by Inter County Floor Sanding as to the various steps necessary to complete a hardwood floor service project. Unfortunately, Inter-County Floor Sanding cannot 100% guarantee that a topcoat will have absolute cohesion with an existing floor finish due to fact that we have zero control over what may or may not be on an existing finished floor. They won't give wood the rich glow that oil-based polys impart; some even consider them cold looking. I’m glad I learned this prior to dragging my huge area rugs onto our new gorgeously stained floors. The dried polyurethane simply requires a 'screening', so the floor will be made smooth prior to cleaning and recoating again. They'll slightly accent the character of your wood without giving it the amber tint of an oil-based poly. When I applied waterborne poly recently, I found that it went on so clear I had to use a bottle cap to mark each 8-in. Curing time for recoating, replacement of furniture, or allowing other remodeling work traffic will require skipping a day before such activities may resume. Curing time for replacement of furniture, or allowing other remodeling work traffic will often require waiting until the following day before such activities may resume.
The oil-modified polyurethane itself generally has a transparent amber appearance and has a viscosity similar to new motor oil. The waterbased polyurethane itself generally has milky white appearance and has a viscosity similar to heavy cream. When applied to an unstained bare wood the floor it will continue to retain this golden color. It requires a minimum of two coats to protect a floor, but three is the industry standard for sustained durability.