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Metabolic syndrome describes a group of conditions that increases your risk for developing heart disease, diabetes, stroke and other health problems.
A person who has metabolic syndrome has a combination of risk factors that make him prone to develop certain diseases. The association between cardiovascular disease and various metabolic disorders has long been studied.
Other risk factors that have been linked to metabolic syndrome include menopause, smoking, consuming a diet high in carbohydrates, and physical inactivity regardless of weight.
Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose, also called blood sugar, resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream where it is used by cells for growth and energy.
When we eat, the pancreas automatically produces the right amount of insulin to move glucose from blood into our cells. At present, scientists do not know exactly what causes the body's immune system to attack the beta cells, but they believe that autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors, possibly viruses, are involved.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop over a short period, although beta cell destruction can begin years earlier. When type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the pancreas is usually producing enough insulin, but for unknown reasons, the body cannot use the insulin effectively, a condition called insulin resistance. Diabetes can lead to serious complications, such as blindness, kidney damage, cardiovascular disease, and lower-limb amputations, but people with diabetes can lower the occurrence of these and other diabetes complications by controlling blood glucose, blood pressure, and blood lipids. Many people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose by following a healthy meal plan and exercise program, losing excess weight, and taking oral medication. To survive, people with type 1 diabetes must have insulin delivered by injection or a pump. Many people with diabetes also need to take medications to control their cholesterol and blood pressure. Self-management education or training is a key step in improving health outcomes and quality of life. Pre-diabetes is a condition in which individuals have blood glucose levels higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. People with pre-diabetes have impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). In the Diabetes Prevention Program, a large prevention study of people at high risk for diabetes, lifestyle intervention reduced the development of diabetes by 58 percent over 3 years. Interventions to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in individuals with pre-diabetes can be feasible and cost-effective. The estimates on diabetes in this fact sheet were derived from various data systems of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the outpatient database of the Indian Health Service (IHS), the U.S.
Sufficient data are not available to derive prevalence estimates of both diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes for all minority populations.
Data from the 2005 IHS user population database indicate that 14.2 percent of the American Indians and Alaska Natives aged 20 years or older who received care from IHS had diagnosed diabetes. A total of 1.6 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in people aged 20 years or older in 2007. Based on 2002 to 2003 data, 15,000 youth in the United States were newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes annually, and about 3,700 youth were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes annually. Among non-Hispanic white youth aged 10 to 19 years, the rate of new cases of type 1 diabetes was higher than for type 2 diabetes. Overall, the risk for death among people with diabetes is about twice that of people without diabetes of similar age.
In 2004, heart disease was noted on 68 percent of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older. In 2004, stroke was noted on 16 percent of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older. Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about two to four times higher than adults without diabetes.
Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20 to 74 years.
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44 percent of new cases in 2005. In 2005, 46,739 people with diabetes began treatment for end-stage kidney disease in the United States and Puerto Rico.
In 2005, a total of 178,689 people with end-stage kidney disease due to diabetes were living on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant in the United States and Puerto Rico. About 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage. Almost 30 percent of people with diabetes aged 40 years or older have impaired sensation in the feet—for example, at least one area that lacks feeling. Severe forms of diabetic nerve disease are a major contributing cause of lower-extremity amputations. More than 60 percent of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations occur in people with diabetes. In 2004, about 71,000 nontraumatic lower-limb amputations were performed in people with diabetes. Persons with poorly controlled diabetes (A1C > 9 percent) were nearly three times more likely to have severe periodontitis than those without diabetes. Almost one-third of people with diabetes have severe periodontal disease with loss of attachment of the gums to the teeth measuring 5 millimeters or more. Poorly controlled diabetes before conception and during the first trimester of pregnancy among women with type 1 diabetes can cause major birth defects in 5 to 10 percent of pregnancies and spontaneous abortions in 15 to 20 percent of pregnancies.
Poorly controlled diabetes during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy can result in excessively large babies, posing a risk to both mother and child.
Uncontrolled diabetes often leads to biochemical imbalances that can cause acute life-threatening events, such as diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar, or nonketotic, coma.
People with diabetes are more susceptible to many other illnesses and, once they acquire these illnesses, often have worse prognoses. Persons with diabetes aged 60 years or older are two to three times more likely to report an inability to walk a quarter of a mile, climb stairs, do housework, or use a mobility aid compared with persons without diabetes in the same age group.

Diabetes can affect many parts of the body and can lead to serious complications such as blindness, kidney damage, and lower-limb amputations. Studies in the United States and abroad have found that improved glycemic control benefits people with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes. In patients with type 1 diabetes, intensive insulin therapy has long-term beneficial effects on the risk of cardiovascular disease.
In general, for every 10 mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure, the risk for any complication related to diabetes is reduced by 12 percent. Improved control of LDL cholesterol can reduce cardiovascular complications by 20 to 50 percent.
Detecting and treating diabetic eye disease with laser therapy can reduce the development of severe vision loss by an estimated 50 to 60 percent.
Detecting and treating early diabetic kidney disease by lowering blood pressure can reduce the decline in kidney function by 30 to 70 percent. In addition to lowering blood pressure, ARBs reduce proteinuria, a risk factor for developing kidney disease, by 35 percent—similar to the reduction achieved by ACE inhibitors.
After adjusting for population age and sex differences, average medical expenditures among people with diagnosed diabetes were 2.3 times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes. This presentation will give you the basic facts about diabetes with pictures and diagrams to help you understand the disease. The Personal Health Manager—when you want real-time answers for your real life condition.
This information is provided by The University of Texas System, Office of Employee Benefits and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider. This information is provided by The University of Texas System, Office of Employee Benefits and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider.
It is an autoimmune disorder in which body starts to destroy its own cell (beta cells of pancreas that makes insulin). 2 main factors: genetics and the environment (certain viruses, toxins which can trigger autoimmune response).
It can be managed with Exercise and change in diet but in some cases medicine or Insulin injections are needed. It will need further evaluation under guidance of child specialist or Pediatric endocrinologist. Maintain the blood sugar level as close to normal as possible at all times to avoid complications.
Growth and Development should not be affected and child should be able to live a healthy life. This entry was posted in acutely ill child, child growth and development, child nutrition, genetic and metabolic disorders and tagged Best Pediatrician in Indirapuram, best pediatrician vasundhara, Blood sugar in children, child specialist in ghaziabad, child specialist in indirapuram, child specialist in vaishali, child specialist in vasundhara, Diabetes in children, dr. Recent Commentsrahulvarma on How long will this diarrhea (or loose motions) last in my child?sarjeet on How long will this diarrhea (or loose motions) last in my child?rahulvarma on Can my child have thyroid related problem at birth?
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Studies estimate that more than 30% of the US population has metabolic syndrome, and about 85% of people who have diabetes also have it. These factors include high blood pressure, insulin resistance, high cholesterol and a tendency for blood clotting abnormalities. If you have metabolic syndrome, you have a high risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Metabolic disorders, when uncontrolled, can lead to insulin resistance, which makes your glucose levels continue to rise. Persistently high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure may lead to buildup of cholesterol deposits or plaques in your blood vessels (arteries). The body normally uses sugar (glucose) from food with the help of a hormone called insulin to produce energy. Studies show that consuming a diet that is high in fats and sugar while not getting enough exercise is associated with metabolic disorders. Certain conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome can lead to hormonal imbalance and increase your risk for metabolic syndrome.
Having at least three of these risk factors will make you get a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome.
Having a large waistline or an apple-shaped body means you have excess belly fat, which is linked to heart disease and diabetes.
Triglycerides are harmful fats that accumulate in the blood and increase your risk for chronic disease.
As the force of blood flow pushing against the walls of the arteries increases, your heart pumps harder to push blood. In men, this is defined as having a waist circumference of at least 40 inches, while in women it is at least 35 inches. Choose nutrient-dense but low calorie foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meat, fish, and fat-free or low-fat dairy products. Experts recommend doing at least 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per week. Studies show that smoking is linked to metabolic syndrome and various chronic diseases, so youa€™d better quit smoking to avoid getting metabolic syndrome. Your doctor may prescribe medications to improve your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels if lifestyle modifications alone are not enough to lower your risk of developing metabolic syndrome. You may have a health risk factor for type 2 diabetes if you are overweight, are over 45 years of age, or habitually inactive, if you have metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance), high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels, a history of gestational diabetes, polycystic ovary disease, habitually inactive, or have a history of vascular disease (such as stroke or have a family history of diabetes). Diabetes can lead to serious complications and premature death, but people with diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower the risk of complications.

In people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin that is produced. An autoimmune disease results when the body's system for fighting infection (the immune system) turns against a part of the body. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5 to 10 percent of diagnosed diabetes in the United States. Symptoms include increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme fatigue. Like type 2 diabetes, it occurs more often in African Americans, American Indians, Hispanic Americans, and among women with a family history of diabetes.
It focuses on self-care behaviors, such as healthy eating, being active, and monitoring blood glucose.
People with pre-diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Research has found that lifestyle interventions are more cost-effective than medications. For example, national survey data cannot provide reliable estimates for the Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander population. While still infrequent, rates were greater among youth aged 10 to 19 years compared with younger children, with higher rates among U.S. Studies have found that only about 35 to 40 percent of decedents with diabetes had it listed anywhere on the death certificate and only about 10 to 15 percent had it listed as the underlying cause of death.
The results of such damage include impaired sensation or pain in the feet or hands, slowed digestion of food in the stomach, carpal tunnel syndrome, erectile dysfunction, or other nerve problems. Among young adults, those with diabetes have about twice the risk of those without diabetes. For example, they are more likely to die with pneumonia or influenza than people who do not have diabetes. Now you can find personalized help and support with the Personal Health Manager at Blue Access® for Members. However, although we encourage you to click on those ads that interest you, providing ad space for the sake of revenue is by no means an endorsement of any product or service, unless the endorsement is specifically stated.
These can cause narrowing and hardening of your arteries, which can increase your risk for stroke or heart attack.
People who develop insulin resistance are not able to use sugar, thus it accumulates in the blood. So, people who have excess abdominal fat increase their risk of developing metabolic syndrome. Of those, 13 million have been diagnosed, and about 5.2 million people have not yet been diagnosed.
In diabetes, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. If not diagnosed and treated with insulin, a person with type 1 diabetes can lapse into a life-threatening diabetic coma, also known as diabetic ketoacidosis. This form of diabetes is associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity, and ethnicity.
The result is the same as for type 1 diabetes--glucose builds up in the blood and the body cannot make efficient use of its main source of fuel. Symptoms may include fatigue or nausea, frequent urination, unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections, and slow healing of wounds or sores. Women who have had gestational diabetes have a 20 to 50 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.
It is a collaborative process in which diabetes educators help people with or at risk for diabetes gain the knowledge and problem-solving and coping skills needed to successfully self-manage the disease and its related conditions. However, national estimates of diagnosed diabetes for certain minority groups are available from national survey data and from the IHS user population database, which includes data for approximately 1.4 million American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States who receive health care from the IHS.
Among African American and Hispanic youth aged 10 to 19 years, the rates of new cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes were similar.
This ranking is based on the 72,507 death certificates in 2006 in which diabetes was listed as the underlying cause of death. When our members decide to make positive lifestyle changes by managing their weight, we’re ready with resources to help make the journey successful! Since it is striking people at a younger and younger age, it seems to be a good idea to provide straightforward diabetes information, including about healthy eating, to help those who have it, and those whose loved ones have been diagnosed with it. Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided with the understanding that the author and publisher are not providing medical or nutritional counseling, and that it in no way replaces consultation with a health care professional. In the US, it has been found that Mexican Americans and people who are over 60 years old are most likely to be affected.
Metabolic syndrome is sometimes called Syndrome X, dysmetabolic syndrome, orinsulin resistance syndrome. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.
Because most minority populations are younger and tend to develop diabetes at earlier ages than the non-Hispanic white population, it is important to control for population age differences when making race and ethnic comparisons. According to death certificate reports, diabetes contributed to a total of 233,619 deaths in 2005, the latest year for which data on contributing causes of death are available. Many of the estimated numbers and percentages of people with diabetes were derived by applying diabetes prevalence estimates from health surveys of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population to the most recent 2007 resident population estimates. These estimates have some variability due to the limits of the measurements and estimation procedures.
Deviations from these assumptions may result in over- or under-estimated numbers and percentages.

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