Global prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus,type 1 diabetes nice bites mi,diabetes type 2 you can reverse it naturally sandra cabot noosa,diabetes care journal impact factor 2013 2as - New On 2016

The World Health Organization predicts there will be 2.3 billion overweight adults in the world by 2015 and more than 700 million of them will be obese.
The increase of convenience foods, labour-saving devices, motorised transport and more sedentary jobs means people are getting fatter. The body mass index (BMI) is the most commonly-used way of classifying overweight and obesity in adult populations and individuals. Each BMI figure is classified within a range, eg 18-25 is ideal and over 30 is reckoned to be obese. According to a survey of bodyshapes conducted in the UK in 1951, a woman's average waist size was 70cm (27.5in). There was no comparative data for men in 1951, but the SizeUK survey showed the average man in 2004 had a waist of 94cm (37in) and a BMI of 25.2, technically just outside the ideal range. But obesity is not just a problem for adults - the spread of obesity among children is also alarming experts.
At least 20 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight globally in 2005, according to the WHO. Measuring children, aged 5 to 14 years, who are overweight or obese is challenging because there is not a standard definition of childhood obesity applied worldwide.
Experts are worried that the increase in obesity will lead to more health problems as people who are overweight have a higher risk of heart disease, Type II diabetes and other diseases including some cancers. As most data sources do not distinguish between Type I and II diabetes in adults, it is not possible to present the data separately. Even if the prevalence of obesity remains stable until 2030, the American Diabetes Association, says that the number of people with diabetes will more than double. It says the increase may be "considerably higher" than this if, as expected, the prevalence of obesity continues to rise around the world. Science, Technology and Medicine open access publisher.Publish, read and share novel research. The strikingly high prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in the American South can be partially traced to rapid economic growth between 1950 and 1980, new research suggests.
According to the hypothesis, children whose parents endured being poor were unprepared biologically to manage the riches of processed foods and the more sedentary life that accompanied higher incomes.
In the South, and particularly for African Americans, poverty was rampant for several generations until industrialization took hold in the 1950s and ’60s, leading to rapid economic growth. Steckel specializes in the study of slaves’ health, so he is an expert on the economics of the South.
In many areas of the South stretching from Oklahoma to West Virginia, more than 10.6 percent of the adult population had Type 2 diabetes in 2009, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Steckel obtained state per-capita income data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and diabetes figures from the CDC.
Diabetes is more common in African Americans than in whites, and blacks compose a large share of the Southern population, Steckel noted.
Under the hypothesis, pregnant women living in poverty influence fetal development by sending biological signals that adequate nutrition will be hard to come by in life. There is more to the prosperity than just income, which serves as a proxy for all kinds of ways household behavior changed with added wealth. This is why socioeconomic data could be useful during a physical exam, he said, in a way that could make preventive medicine more effective.
This research was supported in part by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
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The proportion of people with diagnosed diabetes generally increases with age (Figure 1-1). Pokemon Goes Far Toward Diabetes Prevention: Breaking up prolonged sitting with short bouts of standing or walking improves postprandial markers of cardiometabolic health in women at high risk for type 2 diabetes.


Diabetes Overlooked in Teens: More teens have diabetes than previously known, and many don’t know they have it. Dysglycemia Detection Often Misses the Mark: Researchers investigated the performance of the 2015 USPSTF screening recommendation for prediabetes and diabetes with a retrospective analysis of EHR data from 50,515 adult overweight or obese primary care patients. Call for Gender-specific Diabetes Treatment: Researchers suggest there are clinically important sex and gender differences in patients with type 2 diabetes.
High Hypoglycemia Hospitalization Rates Reflect Global Burden: Over 10 years, hospital admissions for hypoglycemia in England increased by 39%. Flu Vaccine Fights Cardiovascular Events: Rates of hospital admissions for certain cardiovascular events are reduced with influenza vaccination of patients with type 2 diabetes.
A 3-D survey carried out by SizeUK in 2004 found the average woman had a waist measurement of 86cm (34in) and a BMI of 24.4, just inside the ideal range. He investigated the relationship between state-based per-capita income growth and diabetes prevalence by state. He also said the research has health-care implications, suggesting that doctors should collect data on patients’ socioeconomic background at the same time they take medical histories. In the course of his work, he examined a map outlining Type 2 diabetes prevalence in the United States. Percentages were lower in all other states, except in select portions of several states in the West and in pockets of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and Pennsylvania. He constructed a statistical model to investigate the consequences of income change on diabetes prevalence, analyzing the ratio of per-capita income in 1980 to that in 1950 and those ratios’ relationship to the proportion of each state reporting Type 2 diabetes in 2009.
The growth rate of median income between 1953 and 2001 in the South was 191 percent for blacks and 84 percent for whites, compared to 97 percent and 54 percent, respectively, for the whole country. When children instead grow up under relatively prosperous conditions, their bodies can’t adjust. When the child then becomes obese and stresses these organs, this leads to metabolic syndrome among adults, and then diabetes,” he said. More food was available, and mothers entering the labor market were less likely to monitor children’s diet and physical activity. They found that targeted diabetes screening based on the new USPSTF criteria may detect only about half of adult community health center patients with undiagnosed dysglycemia, and fewer racial and ethnic minorities than whites.
The diagnosis is made at a lower age and body mass index in men, but the biggest risk factor, obesity, is more common in women. However, admissions for diabetes, length of hospital stay, mortality, and 1-month readmissions decreased. Vaccination was associated with significantly lower admission rates for stroke and heart failure, as well as pneumonia or influenza and all-cause death. The analysis indicated that the most dramatic improvements in household income from 1950 to 1980 were clearly associated with a higher prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, and Southern states topped both of those lists. Without a single word, the map told a story: Southern states have far higher percentages of people with this disease than do states to the north and west. With industrialization came mechanization, which lowered physical effort at work, while at the same time higher incomes reduced the need for such manual labor as chopping wood and farm chores around a home. Study authors suggested that playing Pokemon Go, the immensely popular reality game that involves walking long distances, could help remedy the physical inactivity associated with diabetes and obesity.
In a recent JAMA study, the prevalence was 0.8%—with 29% undiagnosed—and the prevalence of prediabetes was 18%. Women are at greater risk for cardiovascular risk, myocardial infarction, and stroke mortality, but when dialysis therapy is initiated, mortality is comparable. Given the continuous rise of diabetes prevalence, an aging population, and the associated costs, researchers suggested initiatives are needed to reduce the burden of hospital admissions for hypoglycemia. Authors suggest a need for improved screening among adolescents because diabetes in youth is associated with early onset of risk factors and complications. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes in Spain: PERCEDIME2 study.


Prevalence and risk factors for microalbuminuria in a referred cohort of type II diabetic patients: A global perspective. The burden of chronic kidney disease in Australian patients with type 2 diabetes (the NEFRON study). KDOQI clinical practice guidelines and clinical practice recommendations for diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Analisis epidemiologico del incremento de insuficiencia renal asociada a diabetes mellitus tipo 2.
Baseline characteristics of patients with chronic kidney disease stage 3 and stage 4 in Spain: The MERENA observational cohort study. Documento de consenso 2012 de diez sociedades cientificas sobre la enfermedad renal cronica [Accessed: Oct 4, 2013]. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: The JNC 7 report. 2007 guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension: The Task Force for the Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Albuminuria and kidney function independently predict cardiovascular and renal outcomes in diabetes. The nephropathy of non-insulin-dependent diabetes: Predictors of outcome relative to diverse patterns of renal injury.
Development and progression of nephropathy in type 2 diabetes: The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS 64). Chronic kidney disease: National clinical guideline for early identification and management in adults in primary and secondary care. Macroalbuminuria is a better risk marker than low estimated GFR to identify individuals at risk for accelerated GFR loss in population screening. The burden of cardiovascular risk in chronic kidney disease and dialysis patients (cardiorenal syndrome type 4). Treatment and blood pressure control in 47,964 people with diabetes and hypertension: A systematic review of observational studies. Abnormalities in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in hypertensive patients with diabetes. Study of Heart and Renal Protection (SHARP): Randomized trial to assess the effects of lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol among 9,438 patients with chronic kidney disease.
Effects of azotemia on results of the boronate-agarose affinity and ion-exchange methods for glycated hemoglobin. Kinetics of glycosylated haemoglobin in uraemia determined on ion-exchange and affinity chromatography: No increase in the rate of glycosylation. Glycaemic control in type 2 diabetic patients on chronic haemodialysis: Use of a continuous glucose monitoring system.
The relationship between glycemic control and morbidity and mortality for diabetics on dialysis. Decreased insulin requirement in relation to GFR in nephropathic type 1 and insulin-treated type 2 diabetic patients. Use of insulin and oral hypoglycemic medications in patients with diabetes mellitus and advanced kidney disease. Effect of intensive glucose lowering treatment on all cause mortality, cardiovascular death, and microvascular events in type 2 diabetes: Meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Intensive blood-glucose control with sulphonylureas or insulin compared with conventional treatment and risk of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 33).
Effects of a fixed combination of perindopril and indapamide on macrovascular and microvascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (the ADVANCE trial): A randomised controlled trial.



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