Diabetes glaucoma treatment natural,type 2 diabetes risk evaluation template checklist,how do type 2 diabetes affect the body gratis,how often should you test your blood sugar with type 2 diabetes - How to DIY

All you can do is to live with it and bring the required changes in your life, to prevent the condition from worsening. The late stage of diabetes is very painful and can be extremely dangerous if proper care is not taken. In late stages of diabetes, the nerves and blood vessels running through kidneys are damaged due to excess blood glucose levels. This leads to delayed emptying of stomach, known as gastroparesis and can cause several problems, like bloating, heartburn, anorexia, abdominal pain, vomiting, and fullness of stomach. Severe damage may even cut off the blood circulation in feet, resulting into swollen and cold feet.
The high sugar levels present in the blood of diabetic patient’s damage the vessels supplying blood to retina, causing them to bulge and leak. Most of these complications are the result of infections caused by bacteria, fungus, virus and other microbes.
During the later stages of diabetes, the patient may also develop cardiovascular conditions. Primary open-angle glaucoma: This particular variety of glaucoma continues to advance without any serious sign or symptom until it has reached an advanced stage. Acute angle-closure glaucoma: It develops at a rapid pace due to sudden rise in the pressure in the eyeball. Further, both open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma have two divisions - primary or secondary. In case the internal pressure in the eye (medical term: intraocular pressure) remains higher than the normal, there is a risk of developing glaucoma.
Physical injuries: Physical injuries and severe trauma like being badly hit on the eyes increases the risk of glaucoma. Corticosteroid use: Use of corticosteroids for a long period exposes one to a higher risk of glaucoma. Abnormalities in the eye: Certain structural abnormalities of the eye exposes the person so affected to a higher risk of secondary glaucomacan.
Also known as a subconjunctival hemorrhage, a broken blood vessel on the front of the eye is typically a harmless condition (although see below) that clears up within one to three weeks. Subconjunctival is the term used to describe the space located just beneath the conjunctiva (the clear surface of your eye). Most people do not realize they have a broken blood vessel until someone tells them or they look in a mirror.
Besides the visible bleeding between the sclera (the white part of the eye) and conjunctiva, many people describe a scratchy or itchy feeling on the surface of the eye.
If you have noticed the appearance of blood in your eye, it may be advisable for you to seek medical attention. If you have a broken blood vessel on the front of your eye, you should contact your eye doctor and schedule an appointment. If the cause is unknown, however, your doctor may perform a series of tests to rule out other eye conditions that may be causing the hemorrhaging. If trauma is the cause, a more thorough examination will be performed to ensure that damage has not occurred to other structures in your eye. If you are experiencing recurrent subconjunctival hemorrhages, seek medical attention to rule out underlying blood-clotting conditions.
Diabetics also have a predisposition to get high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels in the blood, these in fact, could lead to heart diseases. Patients with diabetes are at a higher risk for developing eye conditions because a high blood sugar level can damage blood vessels in the eye.
It is important for patients with diabetes to have dilated eye exams once a year to detect any signs of diabetic eye disease as soon as possible. Diabetic retinopathy - the most common diabetic eye disease and is a leading cause of blindness in adults. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy - the most advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy, and is classified by the growth of new blood vessels on the retina. Macular edema - a serious condition that can occur at any stage of diabetic retinopathy and involves a buildup of fluid in the macula, the light-sensitive part of the retina that allows us to see objects with great detail. Eye exams should be performed at least once a year or as soon as any potential problems are detected in order to ensure early detection of any serious conditions. Contact our office to learn more about Eye Conditions that we treat or to make an appointment.
Ocular (eye) herpes is usually caused by the herpes simplex type 1 virus (HSV-1), the same virus that causes cold sores on the lips and mouth. More rarely, ocular herpes can be a complication of shingles, which is a reactivation of the Varicella zoster virus (the virus that causes chicken pox, which is also a member of the herpes family). In most people, eye herpes will only affect the topmost layer of the cornea, called the epithelium. The viral infection affects the retina (the light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye), causing acute retinal necrosis. If the infection is in the stroma, steroid drops may be used to decrease inflammation and promote healing. If the cornea has become scarred beyond repair, a corneal transplant may be necessary to restore vision. If you believe you may have ocular herpes, you should see your eye doctor as soon as possible to begin treatment and prevent scaring and vision problems. This condition is caused due to increased sugar levels in blood and leads to several other complications.
During the early stages, diabetic symptoms can be controlled with healthy diet and proper treatment, but as the diabetes progresses, symptoms become worse and cause several other complications.
This is also known as diabetic nephropathy and is one of main symptoms of late stage diabetes. Due to high blood sugar levels, the vagus nerve, responsible for signalling and initiating emptying of stomach gets damaged. Sores, infections, cuts and bruises may also occur on the feet and skin may become hairless and shiny.


Due to this, the retina is not able to get proper blood supply and so essential nutrients and oxygen also do not reach the retina. The symptoms include problems in getting erection or erectile dysfunction in men, and increased infections in vaginal area, decreased vaginal lubrications, fewer orgasms, and difficulty in arousal in women.
Due to high blood sugar levels of diabetic patients, the arteries become weak and the risk of getting heart attacks and strokes increases.
It manifests and affects in a variety of ways, and depending on a particular variety its signs ans symptoms also differ[1]. The increased pressure in the eyeball continues to damage the optic nerve and this damages peripheral vision, and damage to peripheral vision continues if left untreated.
In primary condition, the exact cause remains unknown while in the secondary condition, one or more causes may be identified. Likewise, certain ethnic groups are also more prone to developing glaucoma though exact reasons for the same are not ascertainable till now. Persons older than 60 are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma than the persons of younger age. Some other risk factors include detachment of retina, tumors in the eye, continued condition of severe eye inflammations, etc.
For instance, pigmentary glaucoma which is a form of secondary glaucoma is caused by pigment granules released from the back of the iris. As such, regular check up is required to detect it, monitor it, and ensure proper treatment. Pain is generally non-existent or minimal, and there is no change in vision, although there may be some discomfort. These blood vessels (which are barely visible until they become inflamed and enlarged) are fragile, and their walls can easily break. There are several factors that can increase the risk of a broken blood vessel on the front of the eye.
John’s wort, ginkgo biloba, ginger, and cayenne can also increase one’s risk if taken in high doses. While a subconjunctival hemorrhage is seldom dangerous, hyphema (blood in the front chamber of the eye, between the cornea and the iris) is potentially a more serious condition, with more serious consequences.
In most cases, a simple eye exam is enough for an eye doctor to properly diagnose a subconjunctival hemorrhage.
Your eye doctor will ask you about your medical history (medications included), and about any activities that may have induced the rupture. If you are experiencing pain or discomfort, over-the-counter pain medications such as Tylenol may be recommended. Those who take aspirin or anticoagulants for a medical condition should talk with their eye doctor to determine whether it is safe to continue using these during the healing process. If the subconjunctival hemorrhage is due to trauma, other treatment may be necessary to promote healing. To avoid eye injuries, wear protective eyewear during athletic events or whenever you are exposed to environments that involve flying particles (such as dust) or bright sunlight. Treatment of an underlying medical condition can prevent symptoms such as broken blood vessels. Always seek the advice of an eye doctor, physician or other qualified health care professional for diagnosis and answers to your medical questions.
Diabetes needs to be managed carefully and the blood glucose levels need to be kept well under control to prevent complications. Atherosclerosis or thickening of the blood vessels of the heart occurs as a complication of diabetes.
Thus, a diabetic should always be aware of this and go for check ups as soon as they notice any untoward symptoms.
Diabetic neuropathy could cause erectile dysfunction, muscular weakness, difficulty in speech or swallowing, drooping of eyelids, involuntary urination etc. Over 40 percent of patients diagnosed with diabetes develop some form of eye disease as a result.
You can also minimize your risk of developing diabetic eye disease by keeping your blood sugar and blood pressure under control, eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Diabetic retinopathy develops as a result of changes in blood sugar levels or simply the presence of long-term diabetes.
These blood vessels are abnormal and fragile, and are susceptible to leaking blood and fluid onto the retina, which can cause severe vision loss and even blindness. Macular edema can cause difficulty reading or doing close work, and can often greatly affect a patient's quality of life by interfering with regular activities. A comprehensive eye exam involves a visual acuity test to measure vision at various distances, and a dilated eye exam to examine the structures of the eye for any signs of disease. To enhance your browsing experience, please upgrade to a more current browser such as Firefox, Safari or update to Internet Explorer 9. However, steroids can suppress the body's immune response, and in some people may aggravate the condition, leading to future flare-ups. Once diagnosed with this condition, it is not possible to reverse the process and get back to being normal. It is important that you take care of your body to delay the appearance of these symptoms, but once they start appearing, fix a regular appointment with your healthcare provider.
These symptoms are also often accompanied by chills, back pain and fever. The condition can further worsen to result into kidney failure and the person may be required to go on dialysis to remove wastes. This can also lead to the development of ulcers, which can eventually become gangrenes, as the patient cannot feel much of pain and sensation due to numbness in feet.
This triggers abnormal growth of blood vessels, which again get damaged and the vision is hampered. Also, in diabetes, the nerves are damaged due to high blood sugar levels, which can cause several skin complications. The healing of wounds also becomes extremely slow and skin becomes very prone to external infections.
These problems are caused due to damage of the nerves and blood vessels in the associated organs.


It becomes even difficult to lay down and sit up, as it may cause dizziness, weakness and vision changes. You need to be specially aware of these symptoms of late stage diabetes and take proper care of your health.
Glaucoma is not a single disease or complication of the eye - it is a group of them with a common feature - the common feature being damage to the optic nerve. In an advanced stage, tunnel vision develops and ultimately vision may be affected very adversely including the loss of vision. As a thumb rule, for persons between the ages of 40 and 65, comprehensive eye examination every four year has been suggested while it should be done every year or alternate year for persons older than 65. For example, medications and supplements such as warfarin, aspirin, Plavix, and high doses of vitamin E can thin the blood and make it easier for hemorrhages to occur. Occasionally, blood vessels on the front of the eye will break due to conjunctivitis (eye infection) and high blood pressure. DiGirolamo, MD “The Big Book of Family Eye Care” (Basic Health Publications, 2011) 174-176J. Diabetes requires strict lifestyle changes, exercise and medications to keep it under control.
These conditions can cause blood or fluid to leak from the retina or new blood vessels to grow on the surface of the retina which can lead to significant damages to your vision and overall quality of life. Most patients don't develop this condition until they have had diabetes for at least 10 years. During this test, your doctor can examine the retina and optic nerve with a special magnifying lens.
This is known as diabetic retinopathy and can lead to cataract or glaucoma and also in extreme cases, complete loss of vision or blindness. At the initial state, open-angle glaucoma affects both eyes though serious or complete loss of vision occur in one eye only. Generally, it occurs during evenings or in a relatively dark room or place "when the light is dim" and "pupils have become relatively dilated".
Typically, the condition clears up on its own within two or three weeks, without long-term problems. In fact diabetes is one of the cause for silent cardiac arrests, where cardiac arrest occur suddenly without much outward symptoms. If high blood sugar levels cause blood vessels in the retina to leak blood or fluid, the retina may become swollen and form deposits.
Tonometry may also be performed during a comprehensive eye exam to measure the pressure inside the eye with a special instrument. All adults aged over 35-40 should have a regular eye check which includes measurement of their eye pressure.
The optic nerve consists of more than a million nerve fibers at the back of the eye, carrying impulses of the image to the brain.
The medical advances have resulted into very good treatment of glaucoma if detected at an early stage. However, if left untreated or poorly treated, glaucoma may lead to deterioration in the vision and may result into partial or complete loss of vision. The term open angle refers to the angle between the iris and sclera which is normal, in contrast to: Acute angle-closure glaucoma where the angle is narrowed. The reason why the trabecular meshwork becomes blocked and does not drain well is not fully understood. The aqueous humour builds up if the drainage is faulty and this increases the pressure within your eye.
The increased pressure in your eye can damage the optic nerve (the main nerve of sight) and the nerve fibres running towards it from the retina. Other factors, such as a poor blood supply, may make the optic nerve sensitive even to modest pressure.
A special lens may also be used to examine the drainage area (or trabecular meshwork area) of your eye. As mentioned above, in glaucoma, it is usually the periphery (outside) of your field of vision that is affected first.
If your eye pressure is lowered, further damage to the optic nerve is likely to be prevented or delayed. They work either to: Reduce the amount of aqueous humour that you make (betablockers are the common drops used).
Preservative-free eye drops are available if you are allergic to preservatives added to the drops. If you are unsure whether you are using your drops correctly, ask for advice from your doctor or practice nurse. An eye specialist will keep a regular check on your eye pressures, optic nerves, and field of vision. A laser can burn the trabecular meshwork which improves the drainage of the aqueous humour. You may feel a pricking sensation and notice some flashing lights but the procedure is usually well tolerated. This involves creating a channel from just inside the front of your eye to just under your conjunctiva. Surgery may be advised if a trial of eye drops has failed to achieve target eye pressures, especially in younger people, or if you have very high eye pressures. This is usually because some scar tissue forms at the site of the channel and prevents it working to drain the aqueous humour. Rarely, a different operation is used to insert a tiny drainage tube into your eye to drain the aqueous humour. This is usually only carried out if trabeculectomy has been tried a number of times and has been unsuccessful.
However, in order to preserve your sight, it is very important that you follow the treatment plan outlined by your doctor.



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