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Chicago a€“ With more than 86 million Americans living with prediabetes and nearly 90 percent of them unaware of it, the American Medical Association (AMA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are set to make a major announcement this week about their new joint effort aimed at preventing type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is one of our nationa€™s leading causes of suffering and deatha€”with one out of three people at risk of developing the disease in their lifetime.
In addition to information for the public, the AMA and CDCa€™s new national initiative will call on physicians, care teams and other stakeholders to join both organizations to take specific actions that will be outlined during a joint teleconference on Thursday, March 12. Obesity ProCon.org is a nonpartisan, nonprofit website that presents research, studies, and pro and con statements on questions related to whether or not obesity is a disease.
In 2013 the United States was the second most obese industrialized nation with 31.8% of Americans falling into the obese category. Obesity and obesity-related health conditions cost an estimated 10% of annual medical spending in the United States, totaling $147 billion in 2008. Obesity can be a genetic disorder such as sickle-cell anemia and Tay-Sachs, which are classified as diseases. Obesity is a preventable risk factor for other diseases and conditions, and is not a disease itself. People are usually identified as obese, which is defined as "having an excessive amount of body fat,” based on their Body Mass Index (BMI).
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported an "epidemic" of 72 million obese people in the United States in 2005-2006 [21] According to a 2011-2012 study published in JAMA, 34.9% of American adults and 17% of youth are obese. A 2009 study published in PLOS Medicine found obesity was the cause of 1 in 10 deaths in the United States. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) 2013 Fact Sheet "Obesity and Overweight,” obesity rates worldwide have almost doubled since 1980, accounting for over 200 million men and almost 300 million women.
Obesity and obesity-related health conditions cost almost ten percent of annual medical spending in the United States, totaling $147 billion in 2008.
The FDA, the American Medical Association (AMA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology, and the Obesity Society have stated that obesity is a disease.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American College of Physicians (ACP), Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), and American Nurses Association (ANA) do not have policy statements stating whether or not obesity is a disease, as of Apr. The American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) and Prevention magazine have teamed up once again to study the walkability of 100 of the country’s most populated cities, but this year there’s a new twist--fitness.
The top-ten list is featured in the April issue of Prevention, the annual Walking Issue, on newsstands today. Founded in 1912, the American Podiatric Medical Association represents the nation’s premier foot and ankle physicians. Reach out to the author: contact and available social following information is listed in the top-right of all news releases.
Dallas, TX – Resuscitation, cell regeneration, a new high blood pressure treatment and developments in devices for treating stroke are among the key scientific findings that make up this year’s top cardiovascular and stroke research identified by the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association.
The association has been compiling an annual list of the top 10 major advances in heart disease and stroke research since 1996. Myogenesis (methods for growing new heart muscle) is an emerging frontier, with promise that robust approaches can be found to replace heart muscle lost or injured in heart attacks or other disorders, or not appropriately formed as is the case with some types of congenital heart disease. Two studies showed methods for reprogramming readily available “non-beating” heart muscle cells (non-cardiomyocytes) into “beating” heart muscle cells (cardiomyocytes) that could be used to replace heart cells and repair scarring. Two human trials, each using different types of cells, showed that cells from heart biopsies could be purified and replaced into the patient’s own heart, improving heart function and reducing scarring.
Vink EE and Blankestijn PJ (2012) Evidence and consequences of the central role of the kidneys in the pathophysiology of sympathetic hyperactivity. A second study conducted in Japan identified a new and highly effective treatment to prevent coronary abnormalities in children suffering from Kawasaki disease — a rare but deadly autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and long-term damage to the blood vessels. Although we’ve known for years about the association between consuming sugar-sweetened beverages and overweight and obesity, two clinical trials this year provided definitive evidence.


Rheumatic heart disease is a major global health problem, especially in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, affecting more than 15 million people. This year marked several important developments in the use of medical devices for treating stroke. Two notable studies this year highlighted the huge impact lifestyle factors can have in lowering heart disease and stroke risk and in helping people extend their lives. A large clinical trial found that patients with diabetes who had multiple clogged heart arteries fared significantly better when treated with bypass surgery vs. 2013, the US Surgeon General reported an estimated 300,000 deaths per year may be attributed to obesity.
The American Medical Association's 2013 "Council on Science and Public Health Report" identified three criteria to define disease: 1. People who are obese have excess adipose (or fat) tissue that causes the overproduction of leptin (a molecule that regulates food intake and energy expenditure) and other food intake and energy mediators in the body, which leads to abnormal regulation of food intake and energy expenditure.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the American Heart Association, the American College of Cardiology, and the Obesity Society, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), and the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) have identified obesity as a disease.
Like smoking is a preventable risk factor for lung cancer and drinking is a preventable risk factor for alcoholism, obesity is a preventable risk factor for coronary heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, cancers (like endometrial, breast, and colon), high cholesterol, high levels of triglycerides, liver and gallbladder disease, incontinence, increased surgical risk, sleep apnea, respiratory problems (like asthma), osteoarthritis, infertility and other reproductive complications, complications during pregnancy and birth defects, and mental health conditions. Obesity can be caused by hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, arthritis, increased insulin levels (from carbohydrate-heavy diets or diabetes treatments) and depression. A 2013 Lancet article noted that as many as one third of obese people are "healthy obese," meaning that despite being significantly overweight they have normal cholesterol and blood pressure levels, and no sign of diabetes.
The suggested daily caloric intake for 31-50-year-olds is 1,800 calories for women and 2,200 calories for men.
Compared to 40 years ago, people today spend more time commuting, sitting in front of a computer, watching television, playing video games, and generally exercising less.
3962, "Affordable Health Care for America Act” approved by the House of Representatives on Oct. Madison, WI, tops the list as the Best Fitness-Walking City in America, followed by Austin, TX, and San Francisco, CA.
Newark, NJ: Has a high crime rate, few parks, and few people who take mass transit—as well as the third smallest percentage of people who walk for exercise. Hialeah, FL: Very few parks and schools per square mile and had the second to last number of people who walk for health.
Detroit, MI: With a high rate of pedestrian fatalities and high crime rates, is it any wonder Motor City had the smallest percentage of people who walk for health?
A study of hospitals using the Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation quality improvement program found survival was higher for cardiac arrest patients who received CPR for a longer amount of time. Cardiac stem cells in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (SCIPIO): initial results of a randomized phase 1 trial. Intracoronary cardiosphere-derived cells for heart regeneration after myocardial infarction (CADUCEUS): a prospective, randomized phase 1 trial. A hyperactive sympathetic nervous system is believed to be a major contributor to hypertension. Symplicity Clinical Trial Catheter-Based Renal Sympathetic Denervation for Resistant Hypertension Durability of Blood Pressure Reduction Out to 24 Months. Effects of renal sympathetic denervation on heart rate and atrioventricular conduction in patients with resistant hypertension. Both independently concluded that reducing the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages reduces weight gain in children and adolescents. A clinical trial done in Ugandan children showed that an echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart) is highly effective at screening for rheumatic heart disease — an inflammation of the heart valves that occurs as a result of certain types of Streptococcus infections.
The SOLITAIRE and TREVO devices were found to more effectively clear blocked blood vessels in the brain than the MERCI device, benefitting a significantly greater percentage of patients.
Solitaire flow restoration device versus the Merci Retriever in patients with acute ischaemic stroke (SWIFT): a randomised, parallel-group, non-inferiority trial.


Trevo versus Merci retrievers for thrombectomy revascularisation of large vessel occlusions in acute ischaemic stroke (TREVO 2): a randomised trial.
People with “ideal cardiovascular health,” as measured by seven components — health behaviors (not smoking, regular exercise and healthy diet) and health factors (ideal body mass index, cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose) had the lowest risk. Ideal Cardiovascular Health and Mortality From All Causes and Diseases of the Circulatory System Among Adults in the United States. 2014 Duke Global Health Institute and Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School researchers found the lifetime medical costs for obese 10-year-olds alone will be $14 billion. 29, 2009 (but later abandoned in favor of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; also called the PPACA or Obamacare), being overweight or obese was not classified as a disease but as a "behavioral risk factor" along with alcohol and drug use, tobacco, poor nutrition, physical inactivity, untreated mental health problems, and risky sexual behavior.
Patients at hospitals with the longest median duration of 25 minutes for resuscitation efforts had a 12 percent higher likelihood of being revived compared with patients at hospitals with the shortest median time of 16 minutes. Now, four studies conclude that renal denervation — a procedure that reduces the functional connection between the sympathetic nervous system and the kidneys — is safe and effective at lowering high blood pressure resistant to other treatments. Efficacy of immunoglobulin plus prednisolone for prevention of coronary artery abnormalities in severe Kawasaki disease (RAISE study): a randomised, open-label, blinded-endpoints trial.
The studies are the first-ever randomized controlled trials showing that calories from sugar-sweetened beverages can harm children’s health.
A Randomized Trial of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Adolescent Body Weight September 21st, 2012, at NEJM.org. In this largest-ever screening trial of African children, the echocardiogram detected three times as many cases of rheumatic heart disease as the traditional use of the stethoscope only.
On the other hand, the CLOSURE trial found that devices that closed small holes between the upper chambers of the heart (patent foramen ovale) in certain stroke patients did not prevent subsequent strokes any better than standard medical treatment.
These patients were less likely to die or have a heart attack within five years if they underwent bypass surgery compared to treatment with drug-coated stents. Patients who survived after longer efforts did not appear to have substantially worse neurological function vs. Surgery is not required; instead a catheter delivers small bursts of radiofrequency energy to ablate, or reduce, part of the sympathetic nervous system’s connection to the kidneys. Traditionally, these children would have been placed on ECMO, an external device that helps deliver oxygen-rich blood through the body when the heart is unable to.
Patients like the ones studied represent about a quarter of all patients undergoing heart procedures in catheterization labs.
The authors calculated that one in five premature deaths in North America could be avoided if obese people were normal BMI weights. BMI does not take into account the overall health of the individual and can identify fit, muscular people as obese because muscle weighs more than fat. But a smaller device called VAD (ventricular assist device) may buy time for children awaiting transplant. Funding: Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development, the Netherlands Heart Foundation and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. The study suggests that bypass surgery should be considered an important treatment option for such patients. The CDC recommends reducing consumption of sugar drinks (like sodas) and high-energy-dense foods to prevent and reduce obesity. This study’s unique findings raise critical questions about resuscitation duration and have the potential to change medical practice. Some people, such as muscle-heavy athletes, may have "overweight” or "obese” BMIs but may not have excess body fat.



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