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Type 1 diabetes symptoms pathophysiology,injection for type 2 diabetes,safe diet pills for diabetes type 2 - PDF Review

It has been a really common knowledge when it comes to the realization of symptoms of type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes happens to mostly kids and teenagers, though it is not closing the possibility that men between 30 to 40 ages also tend to suffer this illness. Patients with type 1 of diabetes are normally showing these symptoms below, thought they do not occur to some of patients too. If you have diabetes watch for these warning signs that something is amiss a€“ and make sure you know how to respond#1.
Sign up for our FREE DiabeticLifestyle eNewsletter, and receive diabetes-friendly recipes, news, treatment updates, lifestyle tips on managing your diabetes, and more. The condition of gangrene is a serious one, primarily marked by loss of adequate supply of blood to the tissues of the body, ultimately resulting in its necrosis or death.
Injury to the tissues, infection (mostly of bacterial origin) and presence of any underlying health ailment that inflicts damage to the blood carrying vessel structure form the three key underlying mechanisms that are responsible for initiation and development of irreversible tissue damage and life threatening condition of gangrene. As already explained, one of the causes of gangrene in the toes and fingers is linked with damaged blood vessels.
High level of blood glucose associated with diabetes mellitus also damages the nerves (known as peripheral neuropathy), especially the nerves in the lower extremities. The dullness or lack of sensation puts diabetic individuals at an increased risk of injuring the skin of their fingers or feet without having any realization (it mostly goes unnoticed in the feet region). The sore or foot ulcer formed takes an extended time to heal because of both, poor circulation of blood through the injured area as well as lesser number of defence cells.
Bacterial infection also forms another causative factor that makes the diabetic individual more prone to developing gangrene. Such type of infection is marked by noticeable skin discolouration and dryness along with the formation of skin blisters. The weakened immune system (seen in diabetes) further raises the risk of incurring serious infection, which later develops, into gangrene.
Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels, disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from either insulin secretion and or insulin action. The International Diabetes Federation predicts that there will be 334 million diabetics by 2025.
The classical symptoms of diabetes mellitus are Polydypsia, Polyphagia, Polyuria and unexplained weight loss. By increased frequency of urination (Polyuria) the body tries to remove the dangerously elevated levels of glucose in the blood and excretes it through urine, hence diabetes mellitus commonly was referred to as sweet urine disease in the earlier times.
Increased appetite (Polyphagia) in a diabetic is a result of the body cells inability to take up nutrients and glucose (due to inefficient insulin secretion and or insulin action) and also because the unused glucose comes out of body through urine.
As the body needs energy and is unable to use glucose (due to inefficient insulin secretion and or insulin action), it converts fat into free fatty acids for energy leading to weight loss despite a normal appetite. Due to the high blood glucose levels, some of it is taken up by lens leading to a distorted blurred vision. Recurrent skin infections is often seen in diabetics as the glucose provide a rich environment for the micro organisms to grow.


The feeling of fatigue is a common symptom as the cells are unable to use glucose to produce energy. Breath that smells sweet and like nail polish remover needs immediate medical attention as it is probably due to diabetes ketoacidosis which is a deadly complication. This may be accompanied by feelings of nausea, weakness, rapid heartbeats, abdominal pain and deep and rapid breaths. In hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) the diabetic experiences weakness, fainting spells, rapid heartbeat, excessive sweating, trembling, irritability, hunger or suddenly drowsiness.
People with Type – I diabetes mellitus develop symptoms over a short period of time whereas type – II diabetes mellitus symptoms are often not as noticeable as in Type – I. Another form is the Gestational diabetes mellitus which occurs only in pregnancy and disappears after the birth of the child.
The unhealthy lifestyle will lead us to the increase of fatigue, nausea, or even other diseases. Blurry vision.Vision changes may mean your blood sugar is high, says endocrinologist Alan L. The information and recipes on this site, although as accurate and timely as feasibly possible, should not be considered as medical advice, nor as a substitute for the same.
Death of cell and tissue may target any part of the body, however, it has been typically observed in the extremities, such as the toes, fingers and hands.
In both, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the raised level of sugar is capable of causing damage to the blood vessels and reducing blood supply. Owing to the nerve damage, the transmission of sensation, particularly those of pain to the brain gets impaired. A notorious bacterial organism, Clostridium perfringes is often linked with gas gangrene; after it attacks the site of injury or sometimes, surgical wound.
In Type-I either the body have stopped making insulin or the amount of insulin produced is less whereas in Type –II there may be decreased or nil insulin levels and or the insulin levels may be normal but it is not being utilized by the body (Insulin resistance). Symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person and are related to elevated blood glucose levels.
Excessive thirst(Polydypsia)is due to dehydration resulting from excessive urination and sweating. This is a temporary change and the vision improves as the blood sugar level returns to normal.
Slowly healing ulcers, sores, wounds cuts are due to decreased immunity and blood circulation to the wound. Diabetics are usually irritable and or depressed due to decreased glucose supply and nutrition to the brain.
One should be given a carbohydrate snack or a glucose drink quickly to avoid more serious complications.


Realize it or not, the days are getting busier, and we are getting sloppier in managing our own daily needs for our body. The low drastic sugar level will also cause a person to get faint, and even entering a stage of coma, being unconscious for certain times. Type 1 of diabetes mellitus has been acknowledged as an illness with the high risk of treatment, as well as the small number of patients getting cured. Rubin, MD, author of Diabetes for Dummies, Type 1 Diabetes for Dummies and other health books in the a€?Dummiesa€? series.
In the absence of a continuous supply of nutrient and oxygen rich blood, the cells within the body begin to fail in carrying out their normal function and finally give up. As a result of restricted blood circulation to the extremities, such as the feet, the area becomes deprived of those cells (white blood cells) which aid in fighting off any infection. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes will surely develop in its own way, in weeks, months, especially for kids and teenagers with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Swelling and inflammation resulting from the infection causes the local temperature of the area involved to be slightly elevated, and also leads to pain. When we are in the middle of something at office, we tend to ignore lunch, or even breakfast; or we may not skip it, but we just go grab something fast to eat and go.
So from now on, we can start to ask ourselves and might ask our kids too about “do I have diabetes?”. This will trigger other diseases related to internal organ in each body; and that does sound terrifying. Eyesight changes may be caused by an easy-to-fix problem like dry eyes, be a side effect of some medications or even computer eye strain.
But it can also be a warning sign of diabetic retinopathy a€“ when tiny blood vessels at the back of the eye swell and leak.
It could also be a sign of other vision issues like glaucoma or age-related macular degeneration. Unusual thirst and feeling extra-tired.High blood sugar is usually the culprit, according to the American Diabetes Association. This condition, called Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, is more common in older adults with type 2 and may be triggered by an illness or infection.
Other symptoms include a high fever, warm skin without perspiration, confusion, vision problems and even hallucinations.



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