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People with diabetes often use a blood sugar monitoring device to help them test and control sugar levels. Diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, and Type 2 diabetes is the most common form. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease, and left untreated, it can cause serious health complications. Exactly why the body fails to respond to insulin, a phenomenon called insulin resistance, is not known, but risk factors include being overweight, inactive or older than 45. In contrast to Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas makes little or no insulin. According to the National Institutes of Health, early symptoms of Type 2 diabetes include increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, fatigue and more frequent or slow to heal infections, such as bladder, kidney and skin infections.
After many years, Type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health issues, including eye problems and blindness, nerve damage that causes pain, tingling and numbness, kidney damage and poor blood flow to the legs and feet, the NIH says. Some people learn they have diabetes through routine blood testing, such as when a doctor checks blood glucose levels during an annual exam, or for diabetes screening, Sood said. Normal blood sugar varies from person to person, but a normal range for fasting blood sugar (the amount of glucose in your blood six to eight hours after a meal) is between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter. People who have a family history of Type 2 diabetes should talk to their doctor about being screened for the condition, Sood said, because a family history of the disease increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. It is important for people with Type 2 diabetes to manage their weight and have a well-balanced diet. Physical activity is also important, and those with Type 2 diabetes should aim to exercise for at least 30 minutes at day. Weight loss surgery, or bariatric surgery, is also an option for very obese patients who have trouble managing their diabetes with diet, exercise and medications, the NIH says. Sood said she recommends people who are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes lose at least five to 10 percent of their current body weight. Type 2 diabetes has traditionally been seen as a progressive disease that is managed rather than cured. But recent studies have suggested that in some cases, Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with weight loss surgery, or by following an extreme diet that mimics surgery. Another study, published in 2011 in the journal Diabetologia, found that people with Type 2 diabetes who followed an extreme diet of extreme diet of just 600 calories a day saw their blood glucose levels return to normal in about a week, and most were still diabetes-free three months after they stopped the diet.
A 2012 study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that some people may be able to return their blood sugar levels to normal by following a diet and exercise program, although this is very rare.
It is easy to prevent diabetes by eating healthy, being physically active and managing your maintaining a healthy weight.
Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. If you find yourself rushing to the washroom frequently, especially at night, this could signal diabetes. So frequent trips to the washroom and thirst are two symptoms that show how your body tries to manage the high blood sugar. The kidneys, in the meantime, work overtime to get rid of the extra sugar and this results in a loss of calories, naturally harming the kidneys..
Those excessive pangs of hunger are a sign of diabetes and are caused by the extreme highs and lows in the blood sugar levels. If you have an infection, a cut, bruises, and other wounds that don’t seem to heal easily this is a classic sign of diabetes. When people suffer from high blood sugar levels, based on how long it has been, they can get used to not feeling well. The hands and feet feel numb or you experience a strange tingling along with burning and swelling.
Have seen my aunt struggle with Diabetes initially and then she adopted a healthy life style and managed it really well.
Disclaimer"Be Healthy, Be Happy", this blog, does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia). In 2013 it was estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world had diabetes (Williams textbook of endocrinology).
The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet. If you have Type 1 and follow a healthy eating plan, do adequate exercise, and take insulin, you can lead a normal life. As the risk of cardiovascular disease is much higher for a diabetic, it is crucial that blood pressure and cholesterol levels are monitored regularly. As smoking might have a serious effect on cardiovascular health, diabetics should stop smoking. Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life.
Between 2001 and 2009, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes among the under 20s in the USA rose 23%, according to SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth data issued by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance). Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight. Being overweight, physically inactive and eating the wrong foods all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Men whose testosterone levels are low have been found to have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. For more information on how type 1 and type 2 diabetes compare, see our article: the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet. Scientists from the National Institutes of Health and Harvard University found that women whose diets before becoming pregnant were high in animal fat and cholesterol had a higher risk for gestational diabetes, compared to their counterparts whose diets were low in cholesterol and animal fats. Studies have indicated that even at the prediabetes stage, some damage to the circulatory system and the heart may already have occurred. A person with diabetes has a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated (hyperglycemia). In 1675, Thomas Willis added mellitus to the term, although it is commonly referred to simply as diabetes.


In ancient China people observed that ants would be attracted to some people's urine, because it was sweet. Researchers from the Mayo Clinic Arizona in Scottsdale showed that gastric bypass surgery can reverse type 2 diabetes in a high proportion of patients. Patients with type 1 are treated with regular insulin injections, as well as a special diet and exercise. Patients with Type 2 diabetes are usually treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections are also required.
If diabetes is not adequately controlled the patient has a significantly higher risk of developing complications.
Ketoacidosis - a combination of ketosis and acidosis; accumulation of ketone bodies and acidity in the blood. Neuropathy - diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage which can lead to several different problems.
HHNS (Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome) - blood glucose levels shoot up too high, and there are no ketones present in the blood or urine.
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Learn all about diabetes, a lifelong metabolism disorder that causes high blood sugar levels. Learn all about type 1 and type 2 diabetes and the differences between the two conditions in our article about the diabetes mellitus metabolism disorder. Diabetes is an endocrine disorder which means that there is some problem in the way the body uses digested food for energy.
Natural Medicine for Gastric Problems (aff) * Warning: Consult your doctor before taking any medicine. Now instead of sugar getting converted into energy and transported into your cells, it builds up in your blood stream. Recent studies have shown that variants of TCF7L2 gene can increase the susceptibility of Type 2 diabetes. People who are genetically susceptible to Type 2 diabetes are more vulnerable when there is physical inactivity and obesity in them. There is another type of diabetes known as gestational diabetes which occurs during pregnancy.
Normally, your pancreas responds by producing enough extra insulin to overcome this resistance. Disclaimer: Health Dummy website is designed for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as medical advice. An Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) may be done by your doctor to test for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes. If you are a pregnant woman being tested for gestational diabetes, the liquid you must drink will have less sugar (glucose) dissolved in water.
More than 29 million Americans have diabetes (the majority of which are Type 2), but 8 million don't know they have it, according to a 2014 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. When the body's cells fail to respond properly to insulin, sugar builds up in the bloodstream, eventually leading to Type 2 diabetes.
This is mostly done through the kidneys, and the body also gets rid of water along with the sugar, Sood said. People with Type 2 diabetes should consult with their doctor about how often they should check their blood sugar levels, which is done with a device called a glucose meter, according to the NIH. While some people can control Type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise alone, others may need to take medications, such as metformin, according to Mayo. Just because a patient can stop taking diabetes medications does not mean their diabetes is cured, the NIH says.
A 2011 study in the journal Science Translational Medicine said that about 50 to 80 percent of patients who have gastric bypass surgery (a type of weight-loss surgery) see a reduction in their blood glucose levels that's enough for them to be considered free of Type 2 diabetes. However, the study was small, with just 11 people, and experts say that such an extreme diet would be hard to keep up, and it's not clear how long diabetes will remain in remission after the diet is stopped.
In the study, which involved 4,500 people with Type 2 diabetes, 1.3 percent were able to achieve normal blood sugar levels with diet and exercise.
She has a masters degree in journalism from New York University's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting Program.
What happens is this: the kidneys work overtime to get rid of the extra glucose cruising through the blood.
Very high blood sugar levels cause rapid weight loss – like 10-20 pounds in two three months. When blood sugar levels dive, the body thinks it hasn’t been fed and craves more of the glucose that our cells need, to function efficiently. Other skin conditions include acanthosis nigricans where the skin darkens around the neck or arm pit area. This happens because the blood vessels are being damaged by the overdose of glucose in the veins and arteries. Diabetes is considered an immuno-supressed state and this opens you up to a number of infections, although the most common are yeast or candida and other fungal infections.
If your blood sugar has been really high, it is when it is brought down that you realize how bad you felt.
Its important to know what’s happening to our bodies and even the smallest of irregularities causes problems on a larger scale! The fact that we can prevent it by appropriate lifestyle modifications is what we can be thankful for. A lot of people are suffering from diabetes and the main cause is overweight, so it’s quite crucial to control your body weight.
Hyperglycemia - when blood glucose is too high - can also have a bad effect on the patient. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease - it gradually gets worse - and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form. People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk. Drinking just one can of (non-diet) soda per day can raise our risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%, researchers from Imperial College London reported in the journal Diabetologia.
Experts are not completely sure why, but say that as we age we tend to put on weight and become less physically active.
Researchers from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, say that low testosterone levels are linked to insulin resistance. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.


Between 10% to 20% of them will need to take some kind of blood-glucose-controlling medications. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells, as soon as glucose enters the cells blood-glucose levels drop.
This is because the body either does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces. Mel in Latin means "honey"; the urine and blood of people with diabetes has excess glucose, and glucose is sweet like honey. They added that within three to five years the disease recurs in approximately 21% of them. The materials contained within this guide do not constitute medical or pharmaceutical advice, which should be sought from qualified medical and pharmaceutical advisers. But on the contrary in Type 1 Diabetics, the immune system attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The main causes for Type 1 Diabetes are a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors.
Having certain genes or a set of genes may increase or decrease a person’s risk of getting that disease. People who inherit 2 variants of this gene are 80% more susceptible than those who do not carry this gene variant.
During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to sustain your pregnancy. These hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin.
The information provided on this site should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. This symptom can sometimes be confusing to patients, because diabetes is associated with obesity and too much weight gain, Sood said. Keeping track of your glucose levels will let you and your doctor know if changes need to be made to your diet, activity or medications. She also holds a Bachelor of Science in molecular biology and a Master of Science in biology from the University of California, San Diego.
I am stunned to learn that more than 62 million in India are diabetic and 1 in 2 of them don’t know they have it. People with this symptom already have an insulin resistance process happening, even though their blood sugar may not be high.
This makes it difficult for blood, which promotes healing, to reach different areas of the body. Imagine getting up so many times to go to the washroom at night – this would make just about anyone tired, right? Of course, it goes without saying that both of us have to be careful about what we eat, anyway. This way you’ll be able to reduce the chances of having diabetes plus other health issues as well. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. The scientists believe that the impact of sugary soft drinks on diabetes risk may be a direct one, rather than simply an influence on body weight. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth.
However, glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present - insulin makes it possible for our cells to take in the glucose. Yessica Ramos, MD., said "The recurrence rate was mainly influenced by a longstanding history of Type 2 diabetes before the surgery.
For example gestational, Type-1, Type-2, LADA, Juvenile, Steroid Induced are some of the forms. One of the major risk factors for diabetes is central obesity in which a person has excess abdominal fat. When this happens, too little glucose gets into your cells and too much stays in your blood. By 2025 this number is expected to escalate to 80 million when India will be crowned Diabetes Capital of the World.
And all the extra effort your body has to make to compensate for the glucose deficiency can drive strong people nuts. But like vision if the blood sugar is unchecked and ignored, neuropathy or nerve damage can become permanent. One is the fasting plasma glucose test that checks your blood sugar after a night or eight hours of fasting. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood - it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies. The role of genes in causing diabetes can be inferred from the fact that a high rate of Type 2 diabetes can be found in families with identical twins and prevalence by ethnicity. If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, you should consult your health care provider.
Over the next few hours, your doctor will test the sugar in your blood again and check your numbers against standard numbers.
It triggers a lot of health issues like kidney trouble, high blood pressure, which in turn start of other health issues – and then sits back and watches the fun. The insulin hormone cannot get glucose into the blood cells where it should be used as energy. Luckily the symptom is reversible once blood sugar levels are back to normal or near normal. So, even though the blood has plenty of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and growth requirements.
But if blood sugar is unchecked for long periods, the glucose can cause permanent damage and maybe even blindness. In my opinion, Natural Remedies, Diet, Exercise and Herbal Supplements play a key role in long-term recovery of acidity, bloating and gas. It is a hereditary disease but can definitely be controlled through food habits and exercise.
As a result the insulin level reduces in the concerned organ.\r\n\r\nNow instead of sugar getting converted into energy and transported into your cells, it builds up in your blood stream. But its still not clear what those factors are.\r\n\r\n Genes also play a major role in causing Type 2 diabetes.
Having certain genes or a set of genes may increase or decrease a person\'s risk of getting that disease.



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