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Diabetic Ketoacidosis - What is Diabetic Ketoacidosis?Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in patients with diabetes mellitus. Even though diabetic ketoacidosis can occur in people with gestational diabetes or type 2 diabetes, but it usually occurs in people with type 1 diabetes. High ketone level in the urine and high blood sugar level are some of the more specific signs of diabetic ketoacidosis that can be detected through home urine and blood testing kits.
The main source of energy for the cells that make up a person’s muscles are other tissues is sugar. An episode of diabetic ketoacidosis may be triggered due to the presence of too little insulin in a person’s system as a result of missed insulin treatments or inadequate insulin therapy. Certain hormones such as adrenaline may be produced by the body due to an infection including urinary tract infections or pneumonia, or some other illness. Fluids, electrolytes, and insulin are the basic elements in treating diabetic ketoacidosis.
A person’s potassium level may drop too low due to the effect of the fluids that are used in treating diabetic ketoacidosis.
Swelling in the brain may be the result of adjusting a person’s blood sugar level too quickly.

A person’s risks will be much greater in case diabetic ketoacidosis is left untreated. A person diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis will probably be treated in the emergency room or be admitted to the hospital. The minerals in the blood that carry an electric charge, such as potassium, sodium and chloride, are called electrolytes. The doctor will start considering what may have triggered the episode of diabetic ketoacidosis once the patient’s body chemistry returns to normal. Disclaimer : This site does not endorse or recommend any medical treatment, pharmaceuticals or brand names. These hormones may sometimes trigger an episode of diabetic ketoacidosis because they work against insulin. The activities or the muscles, nerves and heart may be impaired due to a low potassium level. Children, particularly those who have been recently diagnosed with diabetes, experience this complication more commonly.
The patient will receive insulin therapy, usually intravenously, along with fluids and electrolytes.

People who have diabetic ketoacidosis or those that are at risk of this condition should know when to seek emergency care and learn the warning sign of this condition.
For instance, the doctor will help the patient in creating a diabetes treatment plan in case the patient has undiagnosed diabetes.
Loss of consciousness may result if diabetic ketoacidosis is left untreated, and eventually, it may be fatal.
On the other hand, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics in case a bacterial infection is suspected.
The doctor may also recommend further evaluation of the patient’s heart in case a heart attack seems possible.

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