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Note: There are other types of diabetes such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LATA). The world population had reached 7 billion, and approximately 382 million are suffering from the effects and long term complications of diabetes mellitus. The WHO (World Health Organization) has predicted that by the year 2030, the 7th leading cause of death worldwide will be diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is 1 of 4 top non-communicable diseases (the others are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke and ischaemic heart disease) which kill people globally.
In New Zealand there is an estimated number of more than 240,000 people living with diagnosed diabetes. For this article, we’ll be focusing our attention on DM type 2 because we can prevent it unlike DM type 1. Note: The classic triad of symptoms of diabetes are excessive urination, excessive thirst, and excessive hunger. However if your cells become insulin resistant the insulin has a hard time unlocking the door to let the glucose into your cells. Hyperglycaemia caused by long term (years) insulin resistance leads to the complications of diabetes mellitus type 2.
Hopefully this has convinced you that improving your diet, lifestyle and overall health are much easier and definitely the preferred option. We are a team of people - passionate about health & researching the latest information for you! Diabetes mellitus is a disorder wherein there occurs a deficiency in the production of insulin hormone resulting in the increase of blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes may be caused due to the increase in blood pressure and blood triglyceride levels. Insulin resistance in type 2 can be seen in conditions like obesity, pregnancy, infections and stress. The history of the patient to find any of the hereditary aspects of the disease is carefully analyzed at the first stage. The complications that correspond the diabetic condition include diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma and diabetic ketoacidosis. Keeping the body weight under control and maintaining a healthy lifestyle might prevent type 2 diabetes.
However, a regular check up of blood glucose level and taking right doses of medicine of insulin can reduce its severity.
Type 1 diabetes can affect many important organs in your body, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. The kidneys contain millions of tiny clusters of blood vessels that filter waste from your blood. Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina (diabetic retinopathy), potentially leading to blindness.
Nerve damage in the feet or poor circulation in the feet, increases the risk of various foot complications. Diabetes may leave you more susceptible to skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections.
Diabetes can cause a decrease in the normal bone mineral density, increasing your risk of osteoporosis. No, it’s not something you can prevent by putting on a protective suit or by taking antiviral drugs. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic debilitating disease that happens when an organ inside your body called the pancreas doesn’t produce sufficient amounts of insulin OR when your body doesn’t know how to handle the insulin it makes.
Type 2 diabetes is predominantly caused by lifestyle factors and isn’t simply something you can blame on your bad genes.

The signs and symptoms of DM type 2 can be gradual making it hard for you to detect if you have it. But this triad is seen more often among diabetics who don’t manager their blood glucose levels well and also in type 1 diabetics.
Insulin simply does its best to escort the glucose in your blood into your cells where its either used as fuel or stored as fat.
So the glucose stays in your blood causing your blood glucose levels to increase (hyperglycaemia). The infographic below shows you that DM type 2 doesn’t paint a pretty future for you if you choose to let it overcome your health. This simply measures the level of glucose in your blood after you have fasted (not eaten) for 8 to 10 hours.
You don’t want to become just another number in the history of the diabetes pandemic do you?
Diabetes mellitus type-2 is one such disease relating to high blood glucose due to insulin resistance. Consumption of fatty foods and alcohol intake at a higher level would also result in such disease.
Insulin treatment with a syringe of insulin pump and oral medicines decrease the levels of blood sugar.
Long term complications include coronary artery disease, diabetic neuropathy, hypertension, skin infections, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and atherosclerosis. Low alcohol consumption and quit smoking would ideally be suggested as the best preventive measures. Keep your levels close to blood sugar to normal over time can significantly reduce the risk of many complications. The earlier you develop diabetes - and the less controlled your blood sugar - the higher the risk of complications.
Diabetes greatly increases your risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and high blood pressure.
This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward. Gum infections can also be a concern, especially if you have a history of poor dental hygiene. If you have excess adipose tissue in your body (aka visceral and subcutaneous fat), you’ll also have an excess of hormones called adipocytokines.
We are spending more and more time sitting on our butts staring at our various gadgets, computers and TV’s. A diet rich in carbohydrates (grains, starches and sugars) will seal the deal for you when it comes to developing diabetes.
This can occur especially at night to the point that it keeps you up all night because of frequent trips to the loo. Your cells aren’t able to get enough energy (glucose) because insulin is not doing its job properly. HbA1c is important because it tells you how well you are managing your blood glucose levels (i.e.
Food products which contains zinc are split peas, egg yolk, beef liver, lima beans, almonds, walnuts and buckwheat. In fact, about 65 percent of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes die of some type of heart disease or vascular disease, according to the American Heart Association.
Poorly controlled blood sugar can make you end up losing all sense of feeling in the affected limbs.
Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage renal disease, requiring dialysis or a kidney transplant.

The risk of miscarriage, stillbirth defects and birth are increased when diabetes is not well controlled. Take note of your lifestyle and dietary habits that could be contributing to you developing DM type 2. Some of which are thought to make your tissues become resistant to insulin so that the actions of insulin are ignored. If you accumulate fat in the abdomen (apple shaped) compared to accumulating it in your thighs, buttocks and hips (pear shaped), then you’re at a higher risk for developing DM type 2.
If you smoke, it’s time to add smoking cessation to the top 3 of your bucket list, ASAP. Some people may not experience any symptoms at all until a late complication develops (such as a wound that won’t heal on the toe or even a stroke).
If your triglycerides are high your risk for developing both DM type 2 and heart disease is greatly increased. Though you don’t have to have diabetes to start making better dietary and lifestyle choices. Type 2 diabetes is popularly called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin- dependent diabetes.
Apart from medications reducing obesity and following a diabetic food plan is also suggested for such disease. Washing the feet and checking blisters or infection on the feet would be some of the methods of prevention.
Damage to the nerves that affect the gastrointestinal tract can cause problems with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. For the mother, diabetes increases the risk of diabetic eye problems, pregnancy-induced hypertension. As you can see obesity and diabetes go hand in hand.The WHO predicts that by 2015, 700 million adults worldwide will be obese or overweight, that’s next year!New Zealand isn’t spared from obesity. Exposure of the foetus to diabetes during pregnancy is thought to be a contributing factor to the increase in type 2 diabetes in children. Usual complications like eye and nerve damage, stroke, heart disease and kidney problems will be kept to a minimum if you do your best to keep your glucose levels on track and within the normal range. You can use the glucometer just before a meal and 1-2 hours after a meal to find out how the meal has affected your blood glucose levels. Lookout for part two of this article with secrets to preventing diabetes or maybe even reversing it if you already have type 2 diabetes. You can then adjust your diet to foods that do not send your blood glucose levels through the roof.
Your doctor will probably request another test called an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to confirm whether you have pre-diabetes or diabetes. You will be able to work out which foods are best for you personally and which to steer clear of.
Getting a diagnosis of pre-diabetes should make you even more proactive to making the necessary dietary and lifestyle changes to prevent yourself from developing full blown diabetes.
In some cases emotional disturbance might cause increase in blood pressure leading to the disease ultimately.
Measuring your blood glucose after you eat will give you a different reading than the one you took before the meal.

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