Non fiction wilderness survival books,organic food label meaning,cure edge of the deep - .

04.01.2015
Here's the story: A twelve year-old boy from Rye, New York is stranded on Mount Katahadin, Maine's highest mountain, for nine days in 1939.
For decades school children across the state of Maine have learned about Donn Fendler's harrowing tale of survival as they read Lost on a Mountain in Maine by Joseph Egan & Don Fendler.
Lost Trail begins before the hiking trip to Mount Katahdin as twelve year-old Donn, his father, brothers and cousins pack up the family car and head out to Baxter State Park for a weekend of camping, fishing and hiking. Plourde spent a great deal of time talking with Donn about his memories from 1939, and she uses her gift of storytelling and Donn's own words to piece together an exciting tale.
The story doesn't end with the rescue; it goes on to describe what happened to Donn after his ordeal (parades, a book, and a visit to the White House).
Lost Trail will capture the attention of middle grade readers and it's sure to engage reluctant readers. Jordan Fisher Smith worked as a park and wilderness ranger in California, Wyoming, Idaho, and Alaska for 21 years. In his new book, Engineering Eden, Smith goes back again to this idea of humans domesticating the world – a notion whose hubris has bothered him for quite a while. I grew up on Mount Tamalpais along the boundary of Muir Woods [National Monument in northern California].
So I think I came early into the knowledge that there were things still alive around me in nature that were older than any government on earth and it gave me a sense of perspective. The other starting place was a fascination with a character, Starker Leopold, who was the eldest son of Aldo Leopold and by all accounts the closest of the children to his father and his father’s work. And then, finally, round the time that the second assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change came out, I began to see scientists who worked in wilderness areas in national parks sort of befuddled.
This was around late 2007 and that was the moment when I began thinking about writing a book that had to do with the question of what makes a place natural.
I think the questions I’ve raised in this book have never been conclusively answered. A great many of the worst things that I’ve seen happen with science were done in an atmosphere that lacked a critical faculty, which I would say is doubt. But even prior to the existence of parks and preserves, Native Americans had been actively managing the land for thousands of years, right? And as such if you know what to look for when you walk around Yellowstone, you can see these successive managerial regimes written on the land.
So when you fix a previous, faulty, managerial regime, nature sometimes doesn’t turn on a dime. You mention in your book the competing roles of national parks as tourist resorts and nature refuges? An example of this is the fantastic job that Yellowstone National Park has done with its grizzlies.
National parks sort of started out without anybody having really thought about, well, what are you going to do when you throw grizzly bears and people in the same place? Raina’s life was miserable after she took a bad fall that damage her two front teeth.  Bad enough that she has to have on-again and off-again braces, use head-gear, have surgery and even a retainer with fake teeth!


Gold has been discovered in Klondike and those seeking wealth and glory are traveling their to find both!  The Lone Prospector (Charlie Chaplin) is one of those men hoping to go from nothing to wealth beyond belief.  When the Prospector is trapped for the winter with Big Jim (Mack Swain) after the discovery of a big payload, the Lone Prospector’s dreams could come true…but the wilderness is rough and even survival could be difficult.
Being from New York, Donn is not as familiar with the Maine outdoors as his cousins.Yet, Donn is excited about the camping trip. The drawings of wind, sleet and expression on Donn's face depict the severity of the storm on the mountain that scared Donn and made him decide to leave his cousin Henry to go in search of his father. During the nine days, Donn injured his toe, was plagued by black flies, fought off hunger, and encountered a black bear. Based on the last 14 years of his career as a ranger in California’s Auburn State Recreation Area, the book chronicles his encounters with violent drug users, amateur miners, and dead bodies, and reveals the darker side of what goes on in some of our parklands. They liked to climb up in the Sierras and I grew up doing that kind of stuff and being outdoors and I just bonded with this whole idea of these places like Yosemite.
Many years ago as I started working as a ranger, I was involved briefly in trapping, tranquilizing, and moving troublesome bears at Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. These two men were so close and their work was so much contiguous that it’s almost impossible to pick their work out as separate individuals. What was getting to them was the sense that with the full implications of climate change and the largest extinction of other life since at least the Pleistocene or probably since 65 million years ago, they weren’t sure what they were supposed to be doing anymore.
So sometimes the truth that Native Americans managed the land is subverted into the point of view that therefore, we, with all our numbers and our modern technology and our power, ought to take control and manage the land like they did. Given your long association with the Park Service, could you tell us if there has been any change in the way it does this?
That’s from the late nineteenth and the early twentieth century, when it was believed that killing off wolves and mountain lions would benefit nature, so there were a lot of elk in the park. The work of people like Yellowstone biologist Kerry Gunther is really quite magnificent in terms of reducing the problems between human beings and grizzlies when there are people crawling all over the place.
Considering this, it’s a rather unlikely idea that we would allow people to walk around in the middle of these predators. What will characterize this time is this largest [species] extinction for millions of years, the advent of climate change, and the collision between human beings and nature. Children's book author, Lynn Plourde, and Donn Fendler have collaborated to create Lost Trail: Nine Days Alone in the Wilderness, a new nonfiction graphic novel based on Donn's experiences. Readers gain a sense of the loneliness Donn faced in the wilderness through the text and illustrations. So I grew up in this place where we were surrounded by nature and we had no basketball hoop, no baseball field, and no place to buy a soda. There was something about this business of handling wild animals and doing things to them that both fascinated and troubled me for long time.
But for some reason Starker Leopold, who was incredibly influential and quite famous during his life, has been all but forgotten by history since his death in 1983.
Or is it the fact that it’s the one place on earth that you don’t mess around with?
They are more useful as questions we should always ask ourselves when we undertake these kinds of interventions.


We should be asking ourselves these sorts of questions about the moral right and the practicality of engineering nature. It is common knowledge now that prior to the Euro-American conquest, Native Americans managed the land.
The story of the National Park Service encompasses the development of the science of ecology. But in general I think the Park Service does a magnificent job of managing the sheer numbers of people who come to the parks and in some way reducing their impact. So there are some sort of agonizing decisions to be made about whether you want to ration use of the national parks in the same way that wilderness is rationed. So if you are a ranger, you need to be ready to teach people about what there is here and how precious it is. The graphic novel format which is ideal for conveying the emotions and adventure of Donn's story. Newspaper clippings from The Bangor Daily News are interspersed effectively throughout the story to provide readers with a window into the rescue efforts and how Donn's family and the outside world reacted to the tragedy. As time went on, I became a rock climber and back-country skier and so on and then I decided I wanted to make a living outdoors and being a ranger was sort of my highest aspiration. Many years later I went back and went through the handling records of every bear that I ever touched and every bear I ever knew, and without exception they had all come to a bad end of one kind or another, most of them very soon after they were moved.
I became fascinated with the question of how much we should intervene in the ecology of these protected areas.
In other words, how much right do you give yourself to control and manipulate and engineer nature in order to save it or improve it?
I think we have to be a little careful about how this applies to us now, because [this fact] is used also by people who say, therefore, we also ought to manage the land. If you look at the management polices of the national parks and wilderness areas and even the enabling language, it basically says that you the minders, you the rangers, will keep this place in natural condition. You know, you have to get a wilderness permit to go in many places, and as we know from some of the more popular wilderness areas like the Sierra Nevada, sometimes you can’t get a permit to get in and I think those kinds of things are more difficult to talk about.
The rangers at Muir Woods had a slice of ancient sequoia displayed next to the Visitors Center that I remember very well because I put my hands on it as a kid.
I pursued with an energy that was …(laughs) I mean, I just really wanted to be a ranger! The science of ecology emerges so very late in history, about the same time as nuclear physics. They are trying to document as much as they can what’s there now and what was there, so that they can track things.
There are a number of people around now who really think it’s time for us to step in and be in charge.



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