Antibiotics for chest infection in baby uk,probiotic medication names uk,can probiotics treat acne scars - Step 2

A new study by researchers in the UCL Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology (CIDE) has shown that antibiotics are not justified to reduce the risk of complications after upper respiratory tract infection, sore throat, or ear infection. The paper, published by the British Medical Journal, does provide evidence that antibiotics do substantially cut the risk of pneumonia after chest infection, particularly in elderly people. Most antibiotics are prescribed by GPs, and mostly for common respiratory tract infections, such as tonsillitis, sinusitis and the common cold.
The research team, led by Dr Andrew Hayward, set out to find whether there was a higher rate of complications resulting in patients who had not been prescribed antibiotics, compared to those who had taken them.
The data was taken from 162 practices on the UK General Practice Research Database from 1991 to 2001.
Risk of serious complications in the month after diagnosis were recorded: mastoiditis – infection of the mastoid bone of the skull – after ear infection, quinsy – an abscess at the back of the throat – after sore throat, and pneumonia after upper respiratory tract infection and chest infection.
Serious complications were rare after upper respiratory tract infections, sore throat, and ear infection. In contrast, the risk of pneumonia after chest infection was high, particularly in elderly people, and was substantially reduced by antibiotic use.


The risks were not appreciably different in smokers, those with chronic respiratory disease, or those with cardiac disease. Dr Hayward concluded: “General practitioners should not base their prescribing for sore throat, ear infection, or upper respiratory tract infections on a fear of serious complications. Recommendations not to prescribe antibiotics for these conditions are based on concerns about the development of resistance and evidence of minimal benefit for the patient. They examined 3.36 million cases of respiratory tract infection to find out how many had suffered from serious complications. The team recorded how many cases developed serious complications of common respiratory tract infections comparing thosewho were prescribed antibiotics and those who were not. Without an antibiotic prescription, four per cent of patients aged 65 or over were diagnosed with pneumonia in the month after diagnosis, compared to 1.5 per cent of those who were treated with an antibiotic.
However, many chest infections in otherwise healthy people do not need antibiotic medicines and get better quite quickly. The continued high rate of antibiotic prescription may be put down to patient expectation and fear of complications arising from the infection.


If you feel very unwell then you should see a doctor urgently to see what treatment you need. The symptoms of acute bronchitis (infection of the large airways in the lungs (bronchi)) and pneumonia (a serious lung infection) may be similar, but pneumonia symptoms are usually more severe. Sometimes the bacterium that is causing the pneumonia (a serious lung infection) is resistant to the first antibiotic.
Some contain paracetamol, so be careful not to take more than the maximum safe dose of paracetamol if you are already taking paracetamol tablets. As bronchitis is usually caused by a virus, your recovery will rarely be helped by taking antibiotics. Taking antibiotics unnecessarily for bronchitis can cause side-effects and do more harm than good.




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