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05.05.2015

What is tinnitus and how is it caused, how to stop sudden ear ringing - For Begninners

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Tinnitus (pronounced ti-ni-tis), or ringing in the ears, is the sensation of hearing ringing, buzzing, hissing, chirping, whistling, or other sounds. Although tinnitus is often associated with hearing loss, it does not cause the loss, nor does a hearing loss cause tinnitus.
Some instances of tinnitus are caused by infections or blockages in the ear, and the tinnitus can disappear once the underlying cause is treated. Certain drugs -- most notably aspirin, several types of antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, sedatives, and antidepressants, as well as quinine medications; tinnitus is cited as a potential side effect for about 200 prescription and nonprescription drugs. Tinnitus can worsen in some people if they drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, drink caffeinated beverages, or eat certain foods. Tinnitus, commonly called ringing in the ears, is the sensation of hearing a sound in the ears when no such sound exists. Health experts estimate that more than 30 million people in the United States have some form of tinnitus. Nearly everyone experiences a few brief episodes of ringing in the ears at some point in life, and usually these pass without medical treatment.
If you have persistent tinnitus, review your list of medications with your doctor or pharmacist to see if any may be contributing.
Even when standard medical treatments fail to relieve tinnitus, most people learn to tolerate the problem either by ignoring the sound or by using various strategies to mask the sound.
Tinnitus is the perception of an insistent, unpleasant ringing, buzzing or other consistent noise, located in or near the skull but without a definable external source. Tinnitus is often perceived as a ringing or persistent high tone very close to or within the ear. Tinnitus is often regarded as a symptom of auditory conditions, such as damage to the tissues in the ear that control the perception of tones and frequencies.
An increasing number of researchers argue that tinnitus is a disorder of the connections between the inner ear and certain areas of the brain.
Some scientists had developed a theory that tinnitus was associated with deficiencies in vitamin B12. Chronic inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media) may also be associated with some cases of tinnitus. Tinnitus related to otitis media may be improved by surgery to correct damage caused by this inflammation.


In fact, some people with tinnitus experience no difficulty hearing, and in a few cases they even become so acutely sensitive to sound (hyperacusis) that they must take steps to muffle or mask external noises. For reasons not yet entirely clear to researchers, stress and fatigue seem to worsen tinnitus. But ringing in the ears that does not get better or go away is an ear condition called tinnitus.
Your doctor will ask if you have been exposed to loud noise at work or home and will ask about medications you take, including all herbs and supplements.
Wear earplugs or ear muffs when working around loud equipment, such as chain saws, lawn mowers and high-speed power tools. People whose tinnitus is a side effect of a medication will improve when the medication is stopped or the dosage is decreased.
In people with tinnitus related to earwax buildup or medications, the condition usually will go away when the earwax is removed or the medication is stopped. In others, however, the persistent ringing affects their sense of wellness and adds to depressed mood or anxiety. Some scientists conclude that tinnitus is in fact related to damage of the nervous tissue in or around the auditory cortex of the brain. A recent study including 100 patients with tinnitus found that 63 of these had low vitamin B12 levels. As the natural molecule histamine is associated with the regulation of both inflammation and some auditory nervous tissue, drugs that block its receptors in the brain are currently proposed as treatments for tinnitus. Darius Kohan is renowned for his otology expertise and has been highlighted on several outlets such as a CBS spotlight on tinnitus and is often cited in WEB MD and other medical outlets. In severe cases, however, tinnitus can cause people to have difficulty concentrating and sleeping.
In such a case, other therapies -- both conventional and alternative -- may bring significant relief by either decreasing or covering up the unwanted sound. The noise causes permanent damage to the sound-sensitive cells of the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear. In people with tinnitus related to sudden, loud noise, tinnitus may improve gradually, although there may be some permanent noise-related hearing loss. Others have found associations between increased activity in further brain regions, age of tinnitus onset and distress caused by the syndrome.


However, treating this deficiency had no significant effects on the complaint in these patients. Other new and emerging treatments for tinnitus focus on the potential indicated by the studies into its links with abnormal brain activity, as mentioned earlier. It may eventually interfere with work and personal relationships, resulting in psychological distress. Carpenters, pilots, rock musicians, street-repair workers, and landscapers are among those whose jobs put them at risk, as are people who work with chain saws, guns, or other loud devices or who repeatedly listen to loud music. The sound may keep time with your heartbeat, it may keep pace with your breathing, it may be constant, or it may come and go. When tinnitus is caused by Meniere’s disease, the tinnitus usually remains even when the disease is treated.
Tinnitus may have a significant negative impact on the life quality of those affected by it. Different research groups have concluded that chronic tinnitus may be associated with an impaired connection between the cerebral cortex, which controls advanced functions such as memory, perception of the environment and cognition, and the thalamus, which supplies the cortex with sensory information. A recent study, including 974 patients, indicated that hearing aids were preferable and more effective in treating blast-related tinnitus compared to noise generators.
Presuming further research confirms the findings of these studies, deep brain stimulation (a form of implant placed in the brain to correct this activity) may be a viable option for severe treatment-resistant tinnitus. The most common cause of tinnitus is hearing loss that occurs with aging, but it can also be caused by living or working around loud noises. This syndrome may also have deleterious effects on the emotional, psychological and functional status of the patient. Hearing loss treatments depend on the cause and include hearing aids, sound-amplifying devices, and antibiotics if the cause is an infection. There are a variety of causes of hearing loss besides congenital hearing loss, including ear infections, genetic disorders, illnesses that trigger hearing loss, head injuries, medications, and more.




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