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27.01.2014

What causes ear ringing noise, fighting depression naturally easy - Try Out

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Tinnitus (pronounced ti-ni-tis), or ringing in the ears, is the sensation of hearing ringing, buzzing, hissing, chirping, whistling, or other sounds.
Although tinnitus is often associated with hearing loss, it does not cause the loss, nor does a hearing loss cause tinnitus. Some instances of tinnitus are caused by infections or blockages in the ear, and the tinnitus can disappear once the underlying cause is treated. Constant noise in the head -- such as ringing in the ears -- rarely indicates a serious health problem, but it sure can be annoying. Almost everyone has had tinnitus for a short time after being exposed to extremely loud noise. Sound waves travel through the ear canal to the middle and inner ear, where hair cells in part of the cochlea help transform sound waves into electrical signals that then travel to the brain's auditory cortex via the auditory nerve. Tinnitus can arise anywhere along the auditory pathway, from the outer ear through the middle and inner ear to the brain's auditory cortex, where it's thought to be encoded (in a sense, imprinted). If you're often exposed to loud noises at work or at home, it's important to reduce the risk of hearing loss (or further hearing loss) by using protectors such as earplugs or earmuff-like or custom-fitted devices.
Tinnitus is the perception of an insistent, unpleasant ringing, buzzing or other consistent noise, located in or near the skull but without a definable external source.
Tinnitus is often perceived as a ringing or persistent high tone very close to or within the ear. Tinnitus is often regarded as a symptom of auditory conditions, such as damage to the tissues in the ear that control the perception of tones and frequencies.
An increasing number of researchers argue that tinnitus is a disorder of the connections between the inner ear and certain areas of the brain. Chronic inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media) may also be associated with some cases of tinnitus. Tinnitus related to otitis media may be improved by surgery to correct damage caused by this inflammation. If you are experiencing a constant ringing in the ears, you may be one of the 50 million Americans who have tinnitus.
It often sounds like a high-pitched, constant ringing in the ears, either softly or loudly. Approximately 90% of individuals with tinnitus have some level of hearing loss, which may have variable causes.
Unfortunately, prolonged exposure to loud sounds is not the only way that someone can hear ringing in the ears. Twenty-six million Americans between the ages of 20 and 69 are reported to have high-frequency hearing loss, and many of those affected by ringing in the ears have occupations that require consistent exposure to loud sounds.
Men are more likely to suffer from ringing in the ears than women, and the national average indicates that adults 55 years of age and older are the majority of those who suffer from tinnitus. In conjunction with the above mentioned tinnitus remedies, there are several forms of tinnitus treatments available to reduce ringing in the ears.
For tinnitus suffers with hearing loss, hearing aids offer the possibility of returning ambient sounds that naturally cover the ringing of tinnitus.


Several tinnitus treatments utilize sound machines to assist in masking tinnitus through the use of white noise or running water.
Of the 50 million Americans affected by tinnitus, 15 million annually seek medical attention from an Ear, Nose and Throat doctor (Otolaryngologist). In fact, some people with tinnitus experience no difficulty hearing, and in a few cases they even become so acutely sensitive to sound (hyperacusis) that they must take steps to muffle or mask external noises. But ringing in the ears that does not get better or go away is an ear condition called tinnitus. For many, it's a ringing sound, while for others, it's whistling, buzzing, chirping, hissing, humming, roaring, or even shrieking. When hair cells are damaged — by loud noise or ototoxic drugs, for example — the circuits in the brain don't receive the signals they're expecting.
Things that cause hearing loss (and tinnitus) include loud noise, medications that damage the nerves in the ear (ototoxic drugs), impacted earwax, middle ear problems (such as infections and vascular tumors), and aging.
One of the most common causes of tinnitus is damage to the hair cells in the cochlea (see "Auditory pathways and tinnitus").
Pulsatile tinnitus calls for a thorough evaluation by an otolaryngologist (commonly called an ear, nose, and throat specialist, or ENT) or neurotologist, especially if the noise is frequent or constant. No single approach works for everyone, and you may need to try various combinations of techniques before you find what works for you. Masking devices, worn like hearing aids, generate low-level white noise (a high-pitched hiss, for example) that can reduce the perception of tinnitus and sometimes also produce residual inhibition — less noticeable tinnitus for a short time after the masker is turned off.
Other treatments that have been studied for tinnitus include transcutaneous electrical stimulation of parts of the inner ear by way of electrodes placed on the skin or acupuncture needles, and stimulation of the brain using a powerful magnetic field (a technique called repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, or rTMS). Age-related hearing impairments, or disorders of the circulatory system around the ear, may also be related to this complaint. Tinnitus is the medical term for ringing in the ears and is defined as hearing noises in your ears that have no outside source. Ringing in one ear is common, but tinnitus can also be experienced in both ears or inside the head. However, the most common cause of tinnitus is prolonged exposure to loud sounds such as music, gunshots or even landscaping equipment like chainsaws. Unlike other tinnitus treatments that focus on the tinnitus itself, CBT works with patients to change their perception of the ringing in their ears. This treatment, in essence, is meant to retrain the brain to disregard ringing in the ears that is simulated by nerve signals. If ringing in the ears persists, worsens, it is recommended to seek medical treatment and diagnosis from a physician, specifically an ENT.
It is often worse when background noise is low, so you may be most aware of it at night when you're trying to fall asleep in a quiet room. In severe cases, however, tinnitus can cause people to have difficulty concentrating and sleeping.
The noise causes permanent damage to the sound-sensitive cells of the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear.


Some medications (especially aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs taken in high doses) can cause tinnitus that goes away when the drug is discontinued.
Tinnitus can also be a symptom of Mnire's disease, a disorder of the balance mechanism in the inner ear. She or he will also ask you to describe the noise you're hearing (including its pitch and sound quality, and whether it's constant or periodic, steady or pulsatile) and the times and places in which you hear it.
Other cases may be related to exposure to very loud or destructive levels of noise, such as from an explosion, industrial equipment or farming equipment. Others have found associations between increased activity in further brain regions, age of tinnitus onset and distress caused by the syndrome. Other new and emerging treatments for tinnitus focus on the potential indicated by the studies into its links with abnormal brain activity, as mentioned earlier.
Most tinnitus suffers are aware of the ringing in their ears but tend to find it worse when trying to fall asleep, or when they are sitting in a quiet room or background noise is fairly low. These high-volume sounds often cause permanent damage to the cochlea hair cells, which are sound sensitive cells found in the spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear.
While there is no cure for tinnitus, a doctor should be able to help ascertain the causes behind ringing in the ears and assist you in determining the proper method of remedies and tinnitus treatments to take. Your clinician will review your medical history, your current and past exposure to noise, and any medications or supplements you're taking.
A recent study, including 974 patients, indicated that hearing aids were preferable and more effective in treating blast-related tinnitus compared to noise generators. The most common cause of tinnitus is hearing loss that occurs with aging, but it can also be caused by living or working around loud noises.
The resulting electrical noise takes the form of tinnitus — a sound that is high-pitched if hearing loss is in the high-frequency range and low-pitched if it's in the low-frequency range. Tinnitus can be a side effect of many medications, especially when taken at higher doses (see "Some drugs that can cause or worsen tinnitus"). A device is inserted in the ear to generate low-level noise and environmental sounds that match the pitch, volume, and quality of the patient's tinnitus.
Hearing loss treatments depend on the cause and include hearing aids, sound-amplifying devices, and antibiotics if the cause is an infection. There are a variety of causes of hearing loss besides congenital hearing loss, including ear infections, genetic disorders, illnesses that trigger hearing loss, head injuries, medications, and more. Some children may develop hearing loss because of listening to loud music or other loud noises.



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