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17.10.2014

Ringing sound in the ears symptoms, what causes a hissing noise in the ear - How to DIY

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Tinnitus (pronounced ti-ni-tis), or ringing in the ears, is the sensation of hearing ringing, buzzing, hissing, chirping, whistling, or other sounds.
Although tinnitus is often associated with hearing loss, it does not cause the loss, nor does a hearing loss cause tinnitus. Some instances of tinnitus are caused by infections or blockages in the ear, and the tinnitus can disappear once the underlying cause is treated. Tinnitus can worsen in some people if they drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, drink caffeinated beverages, or eat certain foods.
Tinnitus is the perception of an insistent, unpleasant ringing, buzzing or other consistent noise, located in or near the skull but without a definable external source. Tinnitus is often perceived as a ringing or persistent high tone very close to or within the ear.
Tinnitus is often regarded as a symptom of auditory conditions, such as damage to the tissues in the ear that control the perception of tones and frequencies.
An increasing number of researchers argue that tinnitus is a disorder of the connections between the inner ear and certain areas of the brain.
Some scientists had developed a theory that tinnitus was associated with deficiencies in vitamin B12. Chronic inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media) may also be associated with some cases of tinnitus. These conditions can include ear infections, an obstruction of the ear canal (either wax or foreign objects like earwigs), age-related hearing loss, stress, nasal infections, abnormal growth of the ear bones, blood vessel disorders, a wide variety of neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis or Meniere's disease.
The most common cause, though, is prolonged exposure to excessive noice (above 70 dB; think vacuum cleaner and louder) without sufficient hearing protection.
Your inner ear's cochlea is lined with thousands of fine, hair-like cells that vibrate when exposed to sound waves.
Quinine and some of the other anti-malarial drugs can occasionally cause damage to the ear when given in high or prolonged doses, such as in the treatment of malaria. Outside of avoiding ototoxic medications and quinine, the best treatment for tinnitus is prevention. For those that already suffer from Tinnitus, there is no FDA-approved medication available to treat it, though treating the underlying cause often relieves the ringing. Tinnitus, commonly called ringing in the ears, is the sensation of hearing a sound in the ears when no such sound exists.
Health experts estimate that more than 30 million people in the United States have some form of tinnitus. Nearly everyone experiences a few brief episodes of ringing in the ears at some point in life, and usually these pass without medical treatment. If you notice a consistent pattern of ear ringing, make an appointment for an ear exam with your doctor. Even when standard medical treatments fail to relieve tinnitus, most people learn to tolerate the problem either by ignoring the sound or by using various strategies to mask the sound.


The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. In fact, some people with tinnitus experience no difficulty hearing, and in a few cases they even become so acutely sensitive to sound (hyperacusis) that they must take steps to muffle or mask external noises. But ringing in the ears that does not get better or go away is an ear condition called tinnitus. It is not considered to be a condition in its own right, but a syndrome or symptom related to many forms of auditory damage or disorder. Age-related hearing impairments, or disorders of the circulatory system around the ear, may also be related to this complaint.
Some scientists conclude that tinnitus is in fact related to damage of the nervous tissue in or around the auditory cortex of the brain. A recent study including 100 patients with tinnitus found that 63 of these had low vitamin B12 levels. As the natural molecule histamine is associated with the regulation of both inflammation and some auditory nervous tissue, drugs that block its receptors in the brain are currently proposed as treatments for tinnitus. These vibrations are then converted to electrical signals by cells at the hair's base, form a neural feedback loop which is regulated by the brain. This damage can cause hearing loss and a small number of the affected people develop tinnitus as a consequence of this hearing loss.
This sound, which comes from inside the head, typically is described as a ringing, but it also can take the form of an annoying hiss, whistle or buzz. People whose tinnitus is a side effect of a medication will improve when the medication is stopped or the dosage is decreased. In people with tinnitus related to earwax buildup or medications, the condition usually will go away when the earwax is removed or the medication is stopped. In others, however, the persistent ringing affects their sense of wellness and adds to depressed mood or anxiety. In such a case, other therapies -- both conventional and alternative -- may bring significant relief by either decreasing or covering up the unwanted sound.
The noise causes permanent damage to the sound-sensitive cells of the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear. Others have found associations between increased activity in further brain regions, age of tinnitus onset and distress caused by the syndrome.
However, treating this deficiency had no significant effects on the complaint in these patients. Other new and emerging treatments for tinnitus focus on the potential indicated by the studies into its links with abnormal brain activity, as mentioned earlier. Tinnitus is not a disease itself, but rather typically a symptom of an underlying condition. This neural loop normally allows us to pick up very faint and distant sounds by detecting subtle changes in the vibrations of various hairs.


In the rare cases where people on these low doses of quinine do report tinnitus it is temporary and ceases as soon as they discontinue the medication.
This group is known as the aminoglycoside antibiotics and includes streptomycin and gentamicin (Selimoglu 2007). He or she may look in your ears to see if you have wax blockage or if the eardrum appears abnormal. In people with tinnitus related to sudden, loud noise, tinnitus may improve gradually, although there may be some permanent noise-related hearing loss. Carpenters, pilots, rock musicians, street-repair workers, and landscapers are among those whose jobs put them at risk, as are people who work with chain saws, guns, or other loud devices or who repeatedly listen to loud music. The sound may keep time with your heartbeat, it may keep pace with your breathing, it may be constant, or it may come and go.
Tinnitus may have a significant negative impact on the life quality of those affected by it.
Different research groups have concluded that chronic tinnitus may be associated with an impaired connection between the cerebral cortex, which controls advanced functions such as memory, perception of the environment and cognition, and the thalamus, which supplies the cortex with sensory information. Presuming further research confirms the findings of these studies, deep brain stimulation (a form of implant placed in the brain to correct this activity) may be a viable option for severe treatment-resistant tinnitus.
But when these hairs are damaged or killed by repeated loud noise exposure, the underlying neurons remain active, sending a false signal to the brain that there is incoming sound when there really isn't.
These drugs are not available as tablets, syrups or other oral preparations and are generally given by injection in hospital for severe, life threatening infections.
If your hearing is affected, then your doctor may have you undergo a hearing test called an audiogram to measure your hearing ability in each ear.
When tinnitus is caused by Meniere's disease, the tinnitus usually remains even when the disease is treated. The most common cause of tinnitus is hearing loss that occurs with aging, but it can also be caused by living or working around loud noises. This syndrome may also have deleterious effects on the emotional, psychological and functional status of the patient. Hearing loss treatments depend on the cause and include hearing aids, sound-amplifying devices, and antibiotics if the cause is an infection.
There are a variety of causes of hearing loss besides congenital hearing loss, including ear infections, genetic disorders, illnesses that trigger hearing loss, head injuries, medications, and more.



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