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24.04.2015

Medical term meaning ringing in the ears, dry eye symptoms pain - Reviews

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Tinnitus (pronounced ti-ni-tis), or ringing in the ears, is the sensation of hearing ringing, buzzing, hissing, chirping, whistling, or other sounds.
Although tinnitus is often associated with hearing loss, it does not cause the loss, nor does a hearing loss cause tinnitus. Some instances of tinnitus are caused by infections or blockages in the ear, and the tinnitus can disappear once the underlying cause is treated.
Certain drugs -- most notably aspirin, several types of antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, sedatives, and antidepressants, as well as quinine medications; tinnitus is cited as a potential side effect for about 200 prescription and nonprescription drugs. Tinnitus can worsen in some people if they drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, drink caffeinated beverages, or eat certain foods.
Constant stress — whether from a traffic-choked daily commute, unhappy marriage, or heavy workload — can have real physical effects on the body. If you find daily tasks difficult to do because you suffer from stiffness, swelling, or pain in your hands, the right exercises can help get you back in motion. If a growth or mole looks like a melanoma, the doctor will take a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. Some people don't have a health care power of attorney or living will because they don't realize how important these documents are. When you think of risk factors for hearing loss, over-the-counter pain relievers probably aren't among them.
Erectile dysfunction (ED) becomes more common in men in middle age, but the range of treatments means most men can find something that works for them. A study found that one in 10 people who take protective aspirin may not really qualify, because the risk of heart attacks and strokes wasn't great enough to justify the risk of unwanted bleeding associated with aspirin. Constant noise in the head -- such as ringing in the ears -- rarely indicates a serious health problem, but it sure can be annoying.
Tinnitus (pronounced tih-NITE-us or TIN-ih-tus) is sound in the head with no external source.
While there's no cure for chronic tinnitus, it often becomes less noticeable and more manageable over time.
Sound waves travel through the ear canal to the middle and inner ear, where hair cells in part of the cochlea help transform sound waves into electrical signals that then travel to the brain's auditory cortex via the auditory nerve. Most people who seek medical help for tinnitus experience it as subjective, constant sound, and most have some degree of hearing loss. Tinnitus can arise anywhere along the auditory pathway, from the outer ear through the middle and inner ear to the brain's auditory cortex, where it's thought to be encoded (in a sense, imprinted).
Most tinnitus is "sensorineural," meaning that it's due to hearing loss at the cochlea or cochlear nerve level. Tinnitus that's continuous, steady, and high-pitched (the most common type) generally indicates a problem in the auditory system and requires hearing tests conducted by an audiologist. Your general health can affect the severity and impact of tinnitus, so this is also a good time to take stock of your diet, physical activity, sleep, and stress level — and take steps to improve them. If you're often exposed to loud noises at work or at home, it's important to reduce the risk of hearing loss (or further hearing loss) by using protectors such as earplugs or earmuff-like or custom-fitted devices.
In addition to treating associated problems (such as depression or insomnia), there are several strategies that can help make tinnitus less bothersome.
There is no FDA-approved drug treatment for tinnitus, and controlled trials have not found any drug, supplement, or herb to be any more effective than a placebo. The most effective approaches are behavioral strategies and sound-generating devices, often used in combination. Not all insurance companies cover tinnitus treatments in the same way, so be sure to check your coverage.
The medical term used for this condition is tinnitus and it is defined as a feeling or perception of sound in the ears without presence of external sound source. The tinnitus phenomenon is not yet explored well and there are a lot of doctors that suggest that tinnitus cannot be treated but that is completely wrong. We have mentioned that there are certain therapies that can help with tinnitus and it is worth mentioning that one particular therapy is getting really popular among patients suffering from tinnitus and that’s Tinnitus Retraining Therapy.
Sound Therapy or Tinnitus Retraining Therapy is based on the assumption that tinnitus is caused by abnormal neuronal activity.
The second part of the tinnitus retraining therapy is the sound therapy (sometimes the whole therapy is called like that). Tinnitus Retraining Therapy is relatively new method of curing tinnitus but it is also one of the fastest growing methods if we look at the number patients practicing it.
If you choose to take part in tinnitus retraining therapy and feel the positive effects you need to be determined and disciplined because this therapy requires following some strict rules. If you are experiencing a constant ringing in the ears, you may be one of the 50 million Americans who have tinnitus.
It often sounds like a high-pitched, constant ringing in the ears, either softly or loudly.
Unfortunately, prolonged exposure to loud sounds is not the only way that someone can hear ringing in the ears.
Twenty-six million Americans between the ages of 20 and 69 are reported to have high-frequency hearing loss, and many of those affected by ringing in the ears have occupations that require consistent exposure to loud sounds.
Men are more likely to suffer from ringing in the ears than women, and the national average indicates that adults 55 years of age and older are the majority of those who suffer from tinnitus.


In conjunction with the above mentioned tinnitus remedies, there are several forms of tinnitus treatments available to reduce ringing in the ears. For tinnitus suffers with hearing loss, hearing aids offer the possibility of returning ambient sounds that naturally cover the ringing of tinnitus. According to the American Tinnitus Association, cochlear implants are only recommended for patients with total or near deafness. Several tinnitus treatments utilize sound machines to assist in masking tinnitus through the use of white noise or running water. Of the 50 million Americans affected by tinnitus, 15 million annually seek medical attention from an Ear, Nose and Throat doctor (Otolaryngologist). In fact, some people with tinnitus experience no difficulty hearing, and in a few cases they even become so acutely sensitive to sound (hyperacusis) that they must take steps to muffle or mask external noises.
But ringing in the ears that does not get better or go away is an ear condition called tinnitus. For many, it's a ringing sound, while for others, it's whistling, buzzing, chirping, hissing, humming, roaring, or even shrieking. You can help ease the symptoms by educating yourself about the condition — for example, understanding that it's not dangerous. When hair cells are damaged — by loud noise or ototoxic drugs, for example — the circuits in the brain don't receive the signals they're expecting.
Things that cause hearing loss (and tinnitus) include loud noise, medications that damage the nerves in the ear (ototoxic drugs), impacted earwax, middle ear problems (such as infections and vascular tumors), and aging. One of the most common causes of tinnitus is damage to the hair cells in the cochlea (see "Auditory pathways and tinnitus").
She or he will take a medical history, give you a physical examination, and do a series of tests to try to find the source of the problem.
Pulsatile tinnitus calls for a thorough evaluation by an otolaryngologist (commonly called an ear, nose, and throat specialist, or ENT) or neurotologist, especially if the noise is frequent or constant. You may also be able to reduce the impact of tinnitus by treating depression, anxiety, insomnia, and pain with medications or psychotherapy.
CBT uses techniques such as cognitive restructuring and relaxation to change the way patients think about and respond to tinnitus.
Masking devices, worn like hearing aids, generate low-level white noise (a high-pitched hiss, for example) that can reduce the perception of tinnitus and sometimes also produce residual inhibition — less noticeable tinnitus for a short time after the masker is turned off.
Other treatments that have been studied for tinnitus include transcutaneous electrical stimulation of parts of the inner ear by way of electrodes placed on the skin or acupuncture needles, and stimulation of the brain using a powerful magnetic field (a technique called repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, or rTMS). However there are people who are experiencing this annoying constant buzzing in the ears during the whole day.
There are many remedies and therapies that you can find even online that can help tinnitus sufferers. This part involves playing low level broadband sounds and noises which gradually lowers the difference between tinnitus-caused sounds and local neuronal activity. Tinnitus is the medical term for ringing in the ears and is defined as hearing noises in your ears that have no outside source. Ringing in one ear is common, but tinnitus can also be experienced in both ears or inside the head. However, the most common cause of tinnitus is prolonged exposure to loud sounds such as music, gunshots or even landscaping equipment like chainsaws.
Such occupations often include musicians, construction and landscape workers, pilots or members of the military. Derived from natural botanical ingredients such as Zinc and Ginkgo biloba, these tinnitus supplements offer an effective and less invasive tinnitus treatment. The implant sends sound signals to the brain, and one study concluded that half of cochlear implant patients who had reported tinnitus before the implant experienced proven tinnitus relief. Unlike other tinnitus treatments that focus on the tinnitus itself, CBT works with patients to change their perception of the ringing in their ears. This treatment, in essence, is meant to retrain the brain to disregard ringing in the ears that is simulated by nerve signals. If ringing in the ears persists, worsens, it is recommended to seek medical treatment and diagnosis from a physician, specifically an ENT. In such a case, other therapies -- both conventional and alternative -- may bring significant relief by either decreasing or covering up the unwanted sound. The noise causes permanent damage to the sound-sensitive cells of the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear. Some medications (especially aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs taken in high doses) can cause tinnitus that goes away when the drug is discontinued. In about 10% of cases, the condition interferes with everyday life so much that medical help and psychotherapy are needed.
This stimulates abnormal activity in the neurons, which results in the illusion of sound, or tinnitus. Tinnitus can also be a symptom of Mnire's disease, a disorder of the balance mechanism in the inner ear.
She or he will also ask you to describe the noise you're hearing (including its pitch and sound quality, and whether it's constant or periodic, steady or pulsatile) and the times and places in which you hear it. The aim is to habituate the auditory system to the tinnitus signals, making them less noticeable or less bothersome.


Today, the term TRT is being used to describe modified versions of this therapy, and the variations make accurate assessment of its effectiveness difficult. A specialized device isn't always necessary for masking; often, playing music or having a radio, fan, or white-noise machine on in the background is enough.
According to some researchers there are over 10% of adults that are suffering from some form of tinnitus and the most vulnerable categories are older people and male population.
The thing is that not all people develop tinnitus for the same reasons so maybe some of these treatments are more effective for certain group of people while they are not that successful for other group of people. This practice over time decreases the effects of tinnitus and it helps the body stop the tinnitus signals thanks to our sub consciousness. Most tinnitus suffers are aware of the ringing in their ears but tend to find it worse when trying to fall asleep, or when they are sitting in a quiet room or background noise is fairly low. These high-volume sounds often cause permanent damage to the cochlea hair cells, which are sound sensitive cells found in the spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear. In fact, the most frequent disability of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars is tinnitus and hearing loss, with 60% of veterans returning home with these conditions. Department of Health and Human Services suggest that hearing problems among 45- to 64-year-olds increased 26% over a 30-year period from 1971 to 1990, indicating the average age of a tinnitus suffer is on the rise.
While there is no cure for tinnitus, a doctor should be able to help ascertain the causes behind ringing in the ears and assist you in determining the proper method of remedies and tinnitus treatments to take. Carpenters, pilots, rock musicians, street-repair workers, and landscapers are among those whose jobs put them at risk, as are people who work with chain saws, guns, or other loud devices or who repeatedly listen to loud music. The sound may keep time with your heartbeat, it may keep pace with your breathing, it may be constant, or it may come and go. Many people can hear their heartbeat — a phenomenon called pulsatile tinnitus — especially as they grow older, because blood flow tends to be more turbulent in arteries whose walls have stiffened with age.
If the auditory pathways or circuits in the brain don't receive the signals they're expecting from the cochlea, the brain in effect "turns up the gain" on those pathways in an effort to detect the signal — in much the same way that you turn up the volume on a car radio when you're trying to find a station's signal. Your clinician will review your medical history, your current and past exposure to noise, and any medications or supplements you're taking. The main components of TRT are individual counseling (to explain the auditory system, how tinnitus develops, and how TRT can help) and sound therapy. Although there's not enough evidence from randomized trials to draw any conclusions about the effectiveness of masking, hearing experts often recommend a trial of simple masking strategies (such as setting a radio at low volume between stations) before they turn to more expensive options. Electrodes attached to the skin feed information about physiological processes such as pulse, skin temperature, and muscle tension into a computer, which displays the output on a monitor. In two small trials, rTMS compared with a sham procedure helped improve the perception of tinnitus in a few patients. One thing is for sure – people suffering from tinnitus have troubles ignoring the problem, because it distracts their thoughts, their focus and sleep and they will do anything to get rid of that awful feeling. This means that the person performing this therapy explains the patient how the therapy works. The most common cause of tinnitus is hearing loss that occurs with aging, but it can also be caused by living or working around loud noises. As many as 50 to 60 million people in the United States suffer from this condition; it's especially common in people over age 55 and strongly associated with hearing loss.
Pulsatile tinnitus may be more noticeable at night, when you're lying in bed, because more blood is reaching your head, and there are fewer external sounds to mask the tinnitus. The resulting electrical noise takes the form of tinnitus — a sound that is high-pitched if hearing loss is in the high-frequency range and low-pitched if it's in the low-frequency range.
Tinnitus can be a side effect of many medications, especially when taken at higher doses (see "Some drugs that can cause or worsen tinnitus"). A 2010 review of six studies by the Cochrane Collaboration (an international group of health authorities who evaluate randomized trials) found that after CBT, the sound was no less loud, but it was significantly less bothersome, and patients' quality of life improved.
A device is inserted in the ear to generate low-level noise and environmental sounds that match the pitch, volume, and quality of the patient's tinnitus. In a Cochrane review of the one randomized trial that followed Jastreboff's protocol and met the organization's standards, TRT was much more effective in reducing tinnitus severity and disability than a technique called masking (see below).
Patients learn how to alter these processes and reduce the body's stress response by changing their thoughts and feelings. Many people worry that tinnitus is a sign that they are going deaf or have another serious medical problem, but it rarely is. This kind of tinnitus resembles phantom limb pain in an amputee — the brain is producing abnormal nerve signals to compensate for missing input. It is very important for the patient to understand what the cause of this problem is in order to fix it.
Hearing loss treatments depend on the cause and include hearing aids, sound-amplifying devices, and antibiotics if the cause is an infection. There are a variety of causes of hearing loss besides congenital hearing loss, including ear infections, genetic disorders, illnesses that trigger hearing loss, head injuries, medications, and more.



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