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18.03.2014

Ear maskers for tinnitus, how to download ebook for free on a computer - PDF Review

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The British Tinnitus Association (BTA) is a world leader, with a trained team of friendly and experienced advisers for anyone who experiences tinnitus or those simply seeking guidance or information about the condition. The aim of this article is to describe what maskers are and how they might or might not help with tinnitus.
The term masking describes a sense of relief from tension or stress caused by tinnitus through the use of broadband sound. Masking tinnitus using a generated sound was noted by Vernon (1977) who used an electronic ear level device (masker) to provide white noise or broadband noise to the ear. Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) as advocated by Jastreboff and Hazell (2004) makes use of the same instruments as described above, but the devices have been given the new name of sound generators and are used in a different way.
The psychological model of tinnitus as suggested by Hallam (Hallam, Rachman and Hinchcliffe, 1984) suggests that altering a patients reaction to tinnitus is key to providing relief.


New technology in the form of open fit and digital hearing aids has allowed the prescription of hearing aids for much milder hearing losses than was previously appropriate. Combination instruments (hearing aids that provide amplification for hearing loss and sound generation for tinnitus) have been around for some time and are now available in some NHS audiology departments. Used appropriately, maskers or sound generators may provide some relief for some patients, but as is always the case, take the advice of your local tinnitus professional in the audiology clinic, who will be able to provide you with the best help after diagnostic testing and taking a history of your symptoms.
Peter Byrom leads the Tinnitus Clinic at Rotherham NHS Audiology Department and is also registered with the Health Professions Council as a hearing aid dispenser.
Often the term has been misunderstood to mean purely the drowning out or masking of tinnitus by the use of another noise. Some of the advanced maskers were able to be adjusted to reduce the level of noise in the frequency area for speech to try and overcome any problems with the masking noise reducing hearing.


Where patients had some relief from tinnitus by using maskers, this benefit tended to carry on for a short time following the removal of the masker, but then the relief would wear off. Their neurophysiological theory suggests that the brain needs to habituate to the sound of tinnitus and the use of a sound generator at a volume just below the perceived loudness of the tinnitus helps with this.
Although there is little good quality research to provide clinical guidance for these devices, they are likely to be well used by tinnitus clinics. For some people the greatest benefit may come from drowning out the tinnitus, for others, the best relief may be when there is some partial or even no drowning out of the perceived tinnitus at all.



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