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Medical history, your current and past these abnormalities include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hyperlipidemia because of the multifactorial nature.

26.02.2015

Depression signs in others, can tinnitus cause eye problems - For Begninners

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Depression in women is quite common, yet only about one-fifth of those who suffer will seek treatment. Prior to adolescence, the rate of depression is about the same for both boys and girls; however, with the onset of puberty, these statistics change dramatically.
Postpartum Depression (PPD): While many new mothers expect to experience some form of the “baby blues”, some people will have very severe and longer lasting symptoms that often require treatment. Perimenopause and Menopause: Research has shown that some women are at increased risk for depression during perimenopause, the period just prior to menopause.
Aside from specific life events that cause chemical or hormonal changes in the body, there are also other risk factors that have been found to contribute to depression in women. The criteria for diagnosing depression is the same for both men and women; however, women will often experience certain symptoms more or less frequently than men. Feelings of guilt, anxiety, and self-blame are also more prevalent among women, whereas men more often become angry and blame others for their feelings.
Since problems associated with the thyroid can often mimic the signs of major depression, any women experiencing symptoms should have tests done to eliminate this medical condition. Once a woman has been diagnosed with depression, treatment often depends on the reason for the problem.
Although this is not an exhaustive list, the questions are designed to help your doctor find the cause of your depression – whether hormonal, social, psychological, etc.
Stereotypes about depression and what a sufferer should sound like are pervasive in society. A feeling of sadness and depression is a normal and healthy response to stressful or tragic life events, but sometimes these negative feelings become chronic and can leave the sufferer with a feeling of isolation and hopelessness – this is depression. However, there are other types of depression, such as atypical depression, which can often be interpreted as laziness, or high-functioning depression, when the sufferer can function normally at work, at home, and in social situations, but is nevertheless feeling overwhelmed by negative emotions. Any type of depression can leave the victim feeling sad and prevent him or her from enjoying life, but symptoms can differ depending on the type of depression. When good news is received or positive events occur, the depression may seem to disappear, but it will often return later when the euphoria has subsided. As lack of appetite and weight loss is commonly associated with depression, it can be difficult for some people to see eating a lot as an indicator, with it often being interpreted as simply a lack of willpower.
It is tempting to think of yourself or others as depression-free if the stereotypes are not adhered to or you or the person is managing to function in daily life.
According to the World Health Organization, depression is considered a worldwide epidemic, affecting about 5% of the global population.
In fact, some people let their depression go so far that they actually have thoughts of self harm or even suicide. Before you can even begin to treat your depression, it is a good idea for you to gain a better understanding of it.
Depression is broken down into several different types, and you have to understand what type of depression you have if you want to treat it effectively.
Other times, you may be dealing with chronic depression, which is the most common type of depression.
If you don’t handle your depression in a timely manner, you may find that it can begin to take over your life, which will greatly reduce your overall quality of life and can even cause you to have other mental concerns that you must deal with.
The other major mood disorder is bipolar disorder, formerly called manic-depressive illness, which is characterized by periods of depression alternating with episodes of excessive energy and activity. In major, or acute, depression, at least five of the symptoms listed below must occur for a period of at least 2 weeks, and they must represent a change from previous behavior or mood. The symptoms listed above do not follow or accompany manic episodes (such as in bipolar disorder or other disorders). Dysthymia, or chronic depression, afflicts 3 - 6% of the general population and is characterized by many of the same symptoms that occur in major depression.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is characterized by annual episodes of depression during fall or winter that improve in the spring or summer.
Other neurotransmitters possibly involved in depression include acetylcholine and catecholamines, a group of neurotransmitters that consists of dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine (also called adrenaline).
The degree to which these chemical messengers are disturbed may be affected by other factors such as genetic susceptibility. Women, regardless of nationality, race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic level, have twice the rate of depression than men.
Depression is less reported in the male population, but this may be caused by male tendency to mask emotional disorders with behavior such as alcohol abuse.
Adolescents who have depression are at significantly higher risk for substance abuse, recurring depression, and other emotional and mental health problems in adulthood. Studies suggest that 3 - 5% of children and adolescents suffer from clinical depression, and 10 - 15% have some depressive symptoms. Any chronic or serious illness, such as diabetes, that is life-threatening or out of a person's control can lead to depression.
Hypothyroidism (a condition caused when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormone) can cause depression.
Studies have reported a strong association between depression and headaches, including chronic tension-type and migraine. There is a significant association between cigarette smoking and a susceptibility to depression. Children, adolescents, and young adults who are prescribed antidepressant medication should be carefully monitored by both their parents and doctor, especially during the first few months of treatment, for any worsening of depression symptoms or changes in behavior.
Major depression in the elderly or in people with serious illness may reduce survival rates, even independently of any accompanying illness. Data suggest that depression itself may be a risk factor for heart disease as well as its increased severity. While the evidence is less conclusive, studies also indicate that depression in healthy people may increase the risk for developing heart disease. Studies are now showing that depression may contribute to poor outcomes for patients with heart disease. Depression does not increase the risk for cancer, but cancer can physically trigger depression by affecting chemicals in the brain. Many people with major depression also have an alcohol use disorder or drug abuse problems. Depression is a well-known risk factor for smoking, and many people with major depression are nicotine dependent.
Individuals who have certain factors might ask their doctor if they should be screened for depression. Mental health professionals may administer a screening test such as the Beck Depression Inventory or the Hamilton Rating Scale, both of which consist of about 20 questions that assess the individual for depression. Symptoms of depression can vary depending on a person’s cultural and ethnic background, For example, people from non-Western countries are more apt to report physical symptoms (such as headache, constipation, weakness, or back pain) related to the depression, rather than mood-related symptoms.
Unfortunately, many Americans with major depression receive either inadequate treatment or no treatment at all. Brain stimulation techniques, such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), are options for treatment-resistant depression.
Patients with minor depression (fewer than five symptoms that persist for fewer than 2 years) may respond well to watchful waiting to see if antidepressants are necessary.
Depression can worsen many medical conditions and may even increase mortality rates from some disorders, such as heart attack and stroke. Treating depression in patients who abuse alcohol or drugs is important and can sometimes help patients quit. Most people with depression can be treated in an office setting by a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other therapist. Although other mental health professionals cannot prescribe drugs, most therapists have arrangements with a psychiatrist for providing medications to their patients.
Between 14 - 23% of women experience depressive symptoms during pregnancy, and some women develop full-blown postpartum depression following delivery.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that pregnant women with depression receive care from a multidisciplinary team that includes the patient’s obstetrician, primary care physician, and mental health clinician.
The use of antidepressants during pregnancy is controversial, especially for women with major depression who regularly take antidepressant medication. In terms of non-drug treatment of postpartum depression, doctors recommend that women with signs of postpartum depression receive intensive and individualized psychotherapy within a month after giving birth.
Studies suggest that when children or adolescents are treated for depression, a large majority recover. It is important to recognize that childhood depression differs from adult depression and that children may respond differently than adults to antidepressant medication. The pediatrician may want to monitor a child with mild depression for 6 - 8 weeks before deciding whether to prescribe psychotherapy, antidepressant medication, or a referral to a mental health professional. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry recommends an SSRI antidepressant for children and adolescents with very severe depression that does not respond to psychotherapy.
Patients with at least two episodes of major depression or major depression that lasts for 2 years or longer before initial treatment. Patients who continue to have low-level depression for 7 months after starting antidepressant treatments. No matter how well a drug treats depression, the ability of patients to tolerate its side effects strongly influences their compliance with therapy.
Virtually all antidepressants have complicated interactions with other drugs; some are very important. Selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are now the first-line treatment for major depression. At this time, fluoxetine and escitalopram are the only antidepressants approved for treatment of major depressive disorder in adolescents (ages 12 - 17).
SSRIs can interact with other antidepressants such as tricyclics and, in particular, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).
Cognitive problems, sleep disturbances, increase in depressive symptoms, and electric shock-like symptoms have been known to occur with sudden discontinuation of SSRIs. These antidepressants target other neurotransmitters, such as norepinephrine or dopamine, alone or in addition to serotonin. Some of these drugs may be helpful for additional problems -- such as insomnia, fibromyalgia and similar chronic pain syndromes, or smoking -- that affect some people with depression.
These drugs do share some side effects with other antidepressants, including dizziness and dry mouth.
Because these drugs can have very severe side effects, they are usually prescribed only for severe depression or when other types of antidepressants do not help (treatment-resistant depression). In a major analysis, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) worked as well as antidepressants in treating severe depression for many patients.
Children of parents with the depression -- in this case, therapy should involve the whole family. First, the patient must learn to recognize depressive reactions and thoughts as they occur, usually by keeping a journal of feelings about, and reactions to, daily events. As the patient begins to understand the underlying falseness of the assumptions that cause depression, they can begin substituting new ways of coping.


Based in part on psychodynamic theory, interpersonal therapy acknowledges the childhood roots of depression, but focuses on symptoms and current issues that may be causing problems.
Studies report response rates of 35 - 46% in appropriate candidates with treatment-resistant depression. Some people report relief from depression by eating foods or diet supplements that boost levels of tryptophan, an amino acid involved in the production of serotonin. Some studies have suggested that an imbalance in the ratio of specific fatty acids (omega-6 to omega-3) may increase the risk for depression. Omega-3 fatty acids, found in oily fish and flaxseed and canola oils, may be beneficial to people with depression. Vitamin B-12 and calcium supplements may help reduce depression that occurs before menstruation. A strong network of social support is important for both prevention and recovery from depression. Statistics tell us that between 20-25% of women will experience some type of depression in their lifetime. Extreme fatigue, irritability, mood swings (including depression), and anxiety can often be debilitating and will usually require treatment. These rapid changes can contribute to depression, particularly in those who are already at high risk or have a history of depressive episodes.
Most doctors believe that PPD is caused primarily by hormonal fluctuations; however, they do not disregard other factors that may play a role in the development of the disorder such as feelings of stress and insecurity about caring for a newborn, an inability to lose “baby weight”, or the added fatigue of childbirth. This can create a sense of hopelessness, which may eventually lead to feelings of depression. In many cases, the media has created unrealistic expectations and feelings of inadequacy when it comes to body image, resulting in a significant connection between eating disorders and depression. Also, someone who struggled with depression as a teen is more likely to experience a recurrence during pregnancy than someone who has no previous history of depression. Postpartum depression can appear six months, and sometimes even up to a year after childbirth. The withdrawn, can't-get-out-of-bed, constantly glum-looking caricature tends to be associated with traditional depression, and this can make it harder for people with atypical or high-functioning depression to recognize the illness in themselves and be taken seriously by others.
It is impossible for the sufferer to simply snap out of it, and depression can leave the individual feeling exhausted after the simplest of tasks.
Atypical depression is more difficult to spot than melancholic depression, so it can end up being more isolating as the person is less likely to receive sympathy or help. If you find it difficult to keep your mood high in neutral situations, then it would be worthwhile to talk to a doctor and explain your concerns about atypical depression. However, if you find yourself overeating in response to emotional issues, this could be an indicator of depression. It is often seen as laziness or just not much of a problem, but oversleeping could be an indicator of depression or another illness. There are numerous causes for depression, and sometimes it is difficult to pinpoint exactly why you are depressed.
It is, however, important that you understand that depression isn’t your fault, and it is often times not something that you can get rid of on your own without the help of a professional.
Sometimes, you may find that you suffer from major depression, which is really a severe form of depression. Other types include atypical depression, bipolar depression, post partum depression, seasonal depression, and psychotic depression. Other people may have a chemical imbalance in their brain that causes them to be depressed. The primary subtypes are major depression, dysthymia (longstanding but milder depression), and atypical depression. Atypical depression refers to a subtype of depression characterized by mood reactivity, which is the ability to temporarily respond to positive experiences.
Other SAD symptoms include fatigue and a tendency to overeat (particularly carbohydrates) and oversleep in winter. The basic biologic causes of depression are strongly linked to abnormalities in the delivery of certain key neurotransmitters (chemical messengers in the brain). Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a stress hormone and neurotransmitter, may be involved in depression and anxiety disorders.
For example, researchers have identified a defect in the gene known as SERT, which regulates serotonin and has been linked to depression. Risk FactorsAccording to major surveys, major depressive disorder affects nearly 15 million Americans (nearly 7% of the adult population) in a given year. While both boys and girls have similar rates of depression before puberty, girls have twice the risk for depression once they reach puberty. PMDD is a specific psychiatric syndrome that includes severe depression, irritability, and tension before menstruation.
Hormonal fluctuations that occur during and after pregnancy, especially when combined with relationship stresses and anxiety, can contribute to depression.
Risk factors for depression in young people include having parents with depression, particularly if it is the mother who is depressed.
Fibromyalgia, arthritis, and other chronic pain syndromes are also associated with depression. Also, neurological conditions that impair movement or thinking are associated with depression.
Patients with heart failure or patients who have suffered a heart attack may also be at increased risk for depression. Sleep abnormalities are a hallmark of depressive disorders, with many depressed patients experiencing insomnia. People who are prone to depression face a 25% chance of becoming depressed when they quit smoking, and this increased risk persists for at least 6 months. Decreased physical activity and social involvement certainly play a role in the association between depression and illness severity. Conversely, obese people are about 25% more likely than non-obese people to develop depression or other mood disorders.
Depression in the elderly is associated with a decline in mental functioning, regardless of the presence of dementia.
Studies on the connections between alcohol dependence and depression have still not resolved whether one causes the other or if they both share some common biologic factor. Nicotine may stimulate receptors in the brain that improve mood in some people with depression. Guidelines now recommend that family doctors screen for depression adults and adolescents (ages 12 - 18), as long as these doctors have appropriate systems in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of their patients. However, most mental health professionals generally diagnose depression based on symptoms and other criteria.
Reasons may include treatment by providers who may not have sufficient information or training on dosages or specific drugs that would be best suited for individual cases, lack of recognition of depression symptoms by providers, poor access to health care services, lack of health insurance, and poor compliance with medications.
Although some people may feel better after taking antidepressants for a few weeks, most people need to take medication for at least 4 - 9 months to ensure a full response and to prevent depression from recurring. For patients with severe depression who are not helped by SSRIs or SNRIs, other types of antidepressants are available. If patients also suffer from anxiety, treating the depression first often relieves both problems. However, absence from substance abuse is considered essential for adequate treatment of depression. Although a mother's depression during and after pregnancy can have serious effects on her child, researchers are still trying to determine the best methods for preventing and treating pregnancy-related depression.
Any woman who has suicidal or psychotic symptoms during depression should immediately seek treatment from a psychiatrist. Women who have mild or no depressive symptoms for at least 6 months before becoming pregnant may be able to taper off or discontinue antidepressant medication, under supervision of their doctor. Still, up to a half of these young people have a recurrence of depression within 2 years of their first episode of depression. These drugs target neurotransmitters other than or in addition to serotonin, such as norepinephrine. MAOIs are the most effective antidepressants for atypical depression, but have some severe side effects and require restrictive dietary rules and care to avoid drug interactions. Patients who have had at least 2 episodes of depression may need to continue drug treatment for longer than 9 months. About a third of patients will relapse after a first episode within a year of ending treatment, and more than half will experience a recurring bout of depression at some point during their lives. In addition to depression, bupropion is also approved for treating seasonal affectiveness disorder (SAD) and, under the tradename Zyban, for smoking cessation.
Very dangerous side effects, such as serotonin syndrome, can occur from interactions with other antidepressants, including SSRIs. Ketamine, an anesthetic drug, may be helpful for patients with severe treatment-resistant depression. Others receive up to 15 treatments, followed by 6 - 12 additional treatments spaced every other week or longer for another 2 - 4 months.
VNS is approved by the FDA for long-term treatment of chronic depression in adults who have not responded to typical treatments for their major depressive episode. A variation of this procedure using MRI scans to guide the surgeon has been shown to produce long-term improvement in patients with severe intractable depression.
Although its efficacy has not been clearly shown, it may help some patients with mild-to-moderate depression. John's wort is believed to be helpful in relieving mild-to-moderate depression, but should only be taken under a doctor's supervision. Researchers are studying whether folate supplements may help enhance the effectiveness of SSRIs and other antidepressants. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of major depressive disorder: a comprehensive summary of safety experience from acute exposure, extended exposure, and during reintroduction treatment.
Continuation electroconvulsive therapy vs pharmacotherapy for relapse prevention in major depression: a multisite study from the Consortium for Research in Electroconvulsive Therapy (CORE). Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) Clinical guidelines for the management of major depressive disorder in adults.
Atypical antipsychotic augmentation in major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of placebo-controlled randomized trials. Screening for depression in adult patients in primary care settings: a systematic evidence review. Using second-generation antidepressants to treat depressive disorders: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Screening and treatment for major depressive disorder in children and adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Screening for child and adolescent depression in primary care settings: a systematic evidence review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. The management of depression during pregnancy: a report from the American Psychiatric Association and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.


Combine this with the fact that women respond much differently to stressful or emotional situations than men, and you can see why depression may look far different in females than in their male counterparts.
In addition, the physiological and emotional challenges associated with such things as miscarriage, infertility, or fertility treatments can also cause the onset of depression. This drop in hormone levels can cause both physical and emotional responses, often leading to depression, even in women who have had no previous history of depressive episodes.
Women feel fatigued and apathetic, while men become restless and agitated.For example, women are much more likely to have Seasonal Affective Disorder, a form of depression that appears during the winter months due to lack of sunlight. Since depression in women is often cyclical, feelings of suicide can “come and go”, causing many people to assume that any talk about death is simply “drama” or a “false alarm”. Sometimes hormone replacement therapy is effective, whereas other women may require antidepressants. The most common type of depression comes with symptoms that are commonly associated with the disorder and are relatively easy to spot; these include insomnia, withdrawal from social contact, lack of motivation, or loss of appetite and weight. Bearing in mind unusual signs that are linked to depression could help you or a loved one recognize depression before the condition completely takes over.
It is also sometimes difficult to really understand depression, because it doesn’t actually have much rhyme or reason sometimes. However, when sadness persists and impairs daily life, it may be an indication of a depressive disorder. Other depressive disorders include premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PDD or PMDD) and seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Living in a northern country with long winter nights does not guarantee a higher risk for depression. Studies have found that close relatives of patients with depression are two to six times more likely to develop the problem than individuals without a family history.
Imbalances in the brain’s serotonin levels can trigger depression and other mood disorders. These medications include certain types of drugs used for acne, high blood pressure, contraception, Parkinson’s disease, inflammation, gastrointestinal relief, and other conditions.
While depression is an illness that can afflict anyone at any time in their life, the average age of onset is 32 (although adults age 49 - 54 years are the age group with the highest rates of depression.).
In addition to hormonal factors, sociocultural factors may also affect the development of depression in girls in this age group.
Post-partum depression is a severe depression (sometimes accompanied by psychosis) that occurs within the first year after giving birth. Early negative experiences and exposure to stress, neglect, or abuse also pose a risk for depression.
Depression also occurs in some elderly people who require home healthcare or hospitalization.
Likewise, insomnia or other changes in waking and sleeping patterns can have significant effects on a person's mood, and perhaps worsen or draw out an underlying depression.
About a third of patients with a single episode of major depression will have another episode within 1 year after discontinuing treatment, and more than half will have a recurrence at some point in their lives. Suicide is most commonly associated with depression in young people but it is also linked with anxiety, psychosis, substance abuse, or impulsivity.
Feeling connected with parents and family can help protect young people with depression from suicide. Sometimes an atypical antipsychotic drug may be given in combination with an antidepressant for patients with severe major depressive disorder.
But, women with depression who stop taking antidepressants during pregnancy may be likely to have a relapse of depression, which can have negative consequences for prenatal care and subsequent mother-child bonding.
Stopping medication may be more difficult for women with a history of severe recurrent depression.
Medication may need to be continued for 1 year after the symptoms have resolved, and the doctor should continue to monitor the child on a monthly basis for 6 months after full remission of depression. While depression is itself the major risk factor for suicide, and antidepressant medication may revitalize suicidal attempts in patients who were too despondent before treatment to make the effort, evidence suggests that in some cases the medication itself can cause suicidal thoughts and behavior (suicidality). A skin patch form of selegiline (Emsam) is also available for treatment of major depressive disorder in adults.
Two atypical antipsychotics, aripiprazole (Abilify) and quetiapine (Seroquel), are currently approved in combination with antidepressant therapy for treatment of adults with major depressive disorder. In a small preliminary study, a single intravenous dose of ketamine helped patients quickly recover from depression within 2 hours, and some patients sustained benefits for up to a week.
These perceptions, known as schemas, are negative assumptions developed in childhood that can precipitate and prolong depression. The therapist seeks to redirect the patient's attention, which has been distorted by depression, toward the daily details of social and family interaction.
Since its introduction in the 1930s, ECT has been significantly refined, and is now considered an effective and safe treatment for severe depression in the appropriate situation.
Patients, (especially those who are elderly), who have high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, asthma, or other heart or lung problems may be at increased risk for heart-related side effects. Patients who use VNS may continue to show improvement in both their depression symptoms and quality of life. If no improvement is experienced after that, depressive symptoms will be unlikely to respond to phototherapy. This herb may also interact with other types of medications and increase or decrease their potency. Researchers are studying whether eating fish or taking fish oil supplements can reduce depression.
Dramatic hormonal changes can also affect other systems within the body, including a drop in the production of a neurotransmitter known as Serotonin, which plays an important role in such things as mood, sleep, appetite, and anxiety.
Single parenting and the difficulty balancing the desire or need for a career with the responsibility of raising children can also contribute to depression. Just because a woman is not in a depressive episode does not mean that suicide is no longer a risk.
With all this in mind, it is not surprising that one in every four women will experience depression at some point in time.
Severity, duration, and the presence of other symptoms are the factors that distinguish normal sadness from clinical depression.
Possibly because of the duration of the symptoms, patients who suffer from chronic minor depression do not exhibit marked changes in mood or in daily functioning, although they have low energy, a general negativity, and a sense of dissatisfaction and hopelessness. Other major risk factors for depression include being female, being African-American, and living in poverty. The rapid decline of reproductive hormones that accompany childbirth may play the major role in postpartum depression in susceptible women, particularly first-time mothers. In addition, older people often have to contend with significant stressful life changes such as the loss of a spouse.
Smokers with a history of depression are not encouraged to continue smoking, but rather to keep a close watch on recurrence of depressive symptoms if they do stop smoking. Depression is more likely to recur if the first episode was severe or prolonged, or if there have been prior recurrences.
In general, the treatment choice depends on the degree and type of depression and other accompanying conditions. In general, the more treatment strategies that patients need, the less likely they are to recover completely from depression. The risks for negative outcomes are highest when depression occurs during the late second or early third trimester. For psychotherapy, cognitive therapy may be the best approach for children and adolescents with depression. In general, the fewer drug treatment strategies required, the better a patient's chances of recovering completely from depression. There do not appear to be significant differences among SSRI brands in effectiveness for treating major depressive disorder, although individual drugs may have different side effects or benefits for specific patients. Some of the newer SSRIs or other antidepressants may cause less severe impairment of sexual function. CBT works on the principle that these schemas can be recognized and altered, thereby changing the response and eliminating the depression.
It is especially effective for patients with severe depression who experience delusions and hallucinations.
Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Depression and menopause often go hand-in-hand, but treatments are usually quite simple and effective.
In this case, rather than the “typical” symptoms of sleeping less, eating less, and weight loss, they will experience the opposite or “atypical” signs of excessive sleep, overeating, and weight gain. Women, more than men, find it helpful to talk about their feelings with other people who are experiencing similar symptoms and understand what they are going through. Studies suggest that women who are more sensitive to hormone fluctuations are at greater risk for postpartum depression if they have a personal or family history of depression.
To date, even newer antidepressants have failed to achieve permanent remission in many patients with major depression, although the standard medications are very effective in treating and preventing acute episodes. Depression during pregnancy may also increase the risk of developing postpartum depression. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be an option for pregnant women with severe depression. Other types of psychotherapy, such as family therapy and supportive therapy, may also be effective. Pregnant women who are being treated for major depression should not stop taking antidepressants without first talking to their doctors. Signs of liver damage include itching, dark urine, yellowing of skin and eyes (jaundice), and fatigue. Among the forms of depression best served by IPT are those caused by distorted or delayed mourning, unexpressed conflicts with people in close relationships, major life changes, and isolation. Recent research has also indicated that the Mediterranean Diet, which is high in omega-3 rich foods as well as vegetables and fruit and low in saturated fats from meat, may help reduce the risk of developing depression. But, the truth is – depression is a highly treatable condition and the sooner you seek treatment, the quicker your recovery can begin.
MAOIs can have serious interactions with other drugs as well, including some common over-the-counter cough medications.
It is important that patients discuss with their doctors any other medications they are taking.



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Comments to “Depression signs in others”

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