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08.05.2014

Depression dysthymia, tinnitus dizziness nausea headache - Try Out

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Dysthymia is usually experienced as a less severe, yet more chronic form of major depression.
More severe symptoms that mark major depression, to include, 'anhedonia,' or the inability to feel pleasure, thoughts of death or suicide, and psychomotor symptoms - especially agitation or lethargy, are many times absent in dysthymia. Chart presenting symptoms of dysthymiaWhile the exact cause remains unknown, dysthymia seems to have its roots in a combination of biochemical, genetic, psychological and environmental factors. As a person becomes older, dysthymia is more likely to be the result of medical illness, bereavement, cognitive decline, and physical disability. Brain imaging technologies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have shown that the brains of those who experience depression look different than the brains of people without depression.
As with major depression, dysthymia may be treated with supportive therapy that provides reassurance, advice, education and sympathy. As with other forms of depression, there are a number of medication options for people who experience dysthymia. Definition: DysthymiaDysthymiaAlso called neurotic depression, dysthymic disorder, or chronic depression, is a mood disorder consisting of the same cognitive and physical problems as in depression, with less severe but longer-lasting symptoms.
Current nosologies of depressive illnesses do not, however, do a very good job of categorizing chronic depression.
When the validity of these distinctions is examined, it becomes apparent that this multitude of diagnoses does not reflect the clinical reality of chronic depressive illnesses. The natural history of chronic depression was well described in the work of the NIH Collaborative Study on the Psychobiology of Depression. McCullough and colleagues4 compared 681 outpatients with chronic depression for a broad range of demographic, clinical, psychosocial, family history, and treatment response variables. Those who had suffered at least 2 major depressive episodes but without full interepisode recovery.
The symptoms of both Depression and Dysthymia are the same; the difference is in the degree of severity. One significant aspect of Dysthymia is that it usually develops early in life, in childhood or adolescence. Several different types of treatment exist for all forms of Depression, including Dysthymia. Dysthymia is often either a precursor to other disorders or it exists side by side with them.
If you're experiencing major depression, you may feel and see symptoms of extreme sadness, hopelessness, lack of energy, irritability, trouble concentrating, changes in sleep or eating habits, feelings of guilt, physical pain, and thoughts of death or suicide — and for an official diagnosis, your symptoms must last for more than two weeks. About 2 percent of the American population has a form of depression that's less severe than major depression, but is still very real — dysthymia.


Dysthymia is a type of depression that causes a low mood over a long period of time — perhaps for a year or more, explained Halaris.
This depression usually responds better to talk therapy than to medications, though some studies suggest that combining medication with talk therapy may lead to the greatest improvement. Postpartum depression is characterized by feelings of extreme sadness, fatigue, loneliness, hopelessness, suicidal thoughts, fears about hurting the baby, and feelings of disconnect from the child.
This depression usually starts in early winter and lifts in the spring, and it can be treated with light therapy or artificial light treatment. Psychosis — a mental state characterized by false beliefs, known as delusions, or false sights or sounds, known as hallucinations — doesn't typically get associated with depression.
If your periods of extreme lows are followed by periods of extreme highs, you could have bipolar disorder (sometimes called manic depressive disorder because symptoms can alternate between mania and depression). Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or PMDD, is a type of depression that affects women during the second half of their menstrual cycles. Also called adjustment disorder, situational depression is triggered by a stressful or life-changing event, such as job loss, the death of a loved one, trauma — even a bad breakup. Situational depression is about three times more common than major depression, and medications are rarely needed — that's because it tends to clear up over time once the event has ended.
Social circumstances, especially isolation and the unavailability of social support, contribute to dysthymia as well. In addition, the loss of a loved one, trauma, a difficult relationship, or any stressful situation might trigger a depressive episode.
DSM-IV's definition of dysthymia, it is a serious state of chronic depression, which persists for at least 2 years (1 year for children and adolescents); it is less acute and severe than major depressive disorder. The term "double depression" was introduced by Keller and colleagues3 in 1982 to describe patients with MDD and a preexisting chronic minor depression (now called dysthymic disorder). In some instances, a person might only experience one episode of major depression, but the condition tends to recur throughout a person's life.
In fact, it may be one of the most common types of depression — and some doctors even believe it is underdiagnosed. Unlike major depression, a common sign of atypical depression is a sense of heaviness in the arms and legs — like a form of paralysis.
But according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, about 20 percent of people with depression have episodes so severe that they see or hear things that are not really there.
Treatment may include a combination of depression drugs as well as talk and nutrition therapies. However, that doesn't mean it should be ignored: Symptoms of situational depression may include excessive sadness, worry, or nervousness, and if they don't go away, they may become warning signs of major depression.


For example; greater than 50% of those who experience dysthymia will experience at least one episode of major depression. The cause may be particularly debilitating considering that depression many times alienates people who are in a position to provide support, resulting in increased isolation and a worsening of symptoms.
A part of the problem is that people who experience dysthymia believe their symptoms are an inevitable part of life and living.
Certain types of psychotherapy including supportive therapy, psychodynamic therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT), may help to relieve dysthymia. Dysthymia has a number of typical characteristics: low energy and drive, low self-esteem, and a low capacity for pleasure in everyday life. Although this term appears commonly in the clinical literature and comes closest to reflecting the clinical reality of chronic depression, it is not a DSM diagnosis and must be captured in DSM-IV by assigning 2 diagnoses (MDD and dysthymia). And there's good news: An estimated 80 to 90 percent of people with major depression respond well to treatment.
This form of depression typically occurs in winter climates, likely due to the lessening of natural sunlight. However, a study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry (now known as JAMA Psychiatry) found that oversleeping and overeating are the two most important symptoms for diagnosing atypical depression. The word depression is actually just an umbrella term for a number of different forms, from major depression to atypical depression to dysthymia. Another review, however, found the combination of medications was more effective than either drug alone in treating psychotic depression. Dysthymia is nearly as common as major depression and affects approximately 6% of the population in America. Asking open-ended questions such as, 'How are things going at home' may help a doctor to start noticing the signs of dysthymia. Preliminary evidence from an ongoing study indicates that IPT in particular might hold promise in the treatment of dysthymia. For dysthymic disorder, symptoms must present for 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents) with no absence of symptoms lasting more than 2 months.
Also, there can be no major depressive episode during the first 2 years of the disturbance (1 year for children and adolescents).



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