To understand ourselves it is important to understand our ancestors, and a part of them, and their heritage, lives on in us today. I want to give special thanks to my cousin, Mary Hilliard, for her assistance and encouragement in researching and preparing this book. Federations, as well as the individual tribes, were fluid organizations to the extent that the sachem was supported as long as he had the strength to maintain his position. Any member of the society who dishonored himself, in anyway, was no longer worthy of the respect of his people. In June of 1621, about three months after the signing of the treaty, a young boy from the Colony was lost in the woods.
Massasoit urged his guests to stay longer but they insisted they must return to Plymouth before the Sabbath. The second son of Massasoit was Pometacomet, (alias Pometacom, Metacom, Metacomet, Metacomo or Philip.) Philip was born in 1640, at least 16 years younger than Alexander. The third son, Sunconewhew, was sent by his Father to learn the white man's ways and to attend school at Harvard. The younger generation saw, in Alexander, a strong, new leader who could see the danger of catering to the English.
These place names are in Lincolnshire (Holdingham and Sleaford are the modern forms), and this Richard has been identified as one Richard de Bello, prebend of Lafford in Lincoln Cathedral about the year 1283, who later became an official of the Bishop of Hereford, and in 1305 was appointed prebend of Norton in Hereford Cathedral. Here, my dear Son, my bosom is whence you took flesh Here are my breasts from which you sought a Virgin’s milk. The geographical form and content of the Hereford map is derived from the writings of Pliny, Solinus, Augustine, Strabo, Jerome, the Antonine Itinerary, St.
EUROPE: When we turn to this area of the Hereford map we would expect to find some evidence of more contemporary 13th century knowledge and geographic accuracy than was seen in Africa or Asia, and, to some limited extent, this theory is true.
Norway and Sweden are shown as a peninsula, divided by an arm of the sea, though their size and position are misrepresented. On the other side of Europe, Iceland, the Faeroes, and Ultima Tile are shown grouped together north of Norway, perhaps because the restricting circular limits of the map did not permit them to be shown at a more correct distance. On the Hereford map, the areas retain their Latin names, Britannia insula and Hibernia, Scotia, Wallia, and Cornubia, and are neatly divided, usually by rivers, into compartments, North and South Ireland, Wales, Cornwall, England, and Scotland. 4.   For bibliographical information on these and other (including lost) cartographical exemplars, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p. 10.   For bibliographical information for editions and translations of the source texts, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p.
11.   More detailed analysis of these data can be found in my “Lessons from Legends on the Hereford Mappa Mundi,” Hereford Mappa Mundi Conference proceedings volume being edited by Barber and Harvey (see n. From the time when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography. FROM THE TIME when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography.
The Hereford World Map is the only complete surviving English example of a type of map which was primarily a visualization of all branches of knowledge in a Christian framework and only secondly a geographical object. A broad similarity in coastlines with the Hereford map is clear in the Anglo-Saxon [Cottonian] World Map, c.1000 (#210), but there are no illustrations of animals other than the lion (top left). A separate written text of an encyclopedic nature, probably written by the map's intellectual creator, however, was still intended to accompany many if not all these large maps and one may originally have accompanied the Hereford world map. The most striking novelty, however, was the vastly increased number of depictions of peoples, animals, and plants of the world copied from illustrations in contemporary handbooks on wildlife, commonly called bestiaries and herbals. The Hereford Mappamundi is the only full size survivor of these magnificent, encyclopedic English-inspired maps. Fortunately their grand-daughter, Elizabeth Buck Garlick (EBG), lived long enough to be listed in the 1880 US Federal census for Springville, Utah.
We should mention here that by this time the old Germanic family name had seen a number of changes that show up in many of the documents.
Martin’s oldest daughter, Catherine grew up in Pennsylvania and moved with her parents to Maryland when she was about 25 years old. While we are talking about close family members showing up in the temple records, there is one more that we should discuss at this point. In 1808 there was another tax list which shows David with 247 acres in Providence Twp, with 1 horse and 2 cows. We don’t know how long Catherine Cashman Buck lived after the death of her husband but it appears she was still alive during the 1820 census as discussed above. The oldest child of our David Buck and Catherine Cashman (after her Bumgardner children) was Thomas Buck. Very nearby lived the family of Michael Blue, who had a daughter, Elizabeth Blue, born 30 March 1788, in Providence Twp, making her just about two years older than Thomas. Shortly after the birth of their youngest child the family moved to Van Buren, Pulaski Co., Indiana, where they were living in the 1860 census, and where Thomas died on 27 Feb.
We are not sure when Susannah was born, but her father’s will makes it clear that she was younger than Elizabeth (who was born in 1795—according to her own record) and older than Mary, who was born in 1800 (as found in several census records). 50 years old (making him about 12-13 years younger than Susannah, and his wife, “Susan” was five years younger than Solomon—born about 1815. Whether Susannah died young, or married and changed her last name, is unknown to us at this time. In the 1870 census we do find David Jr.’s daughter, Catherine Buck living in Providence with her Aunt Mary Buck (both of her parents had died prior to that year). In the 1860 census, we find Sarah’s mother, Mary Buck, living with her son-in-law and his two little girls—Mary’s grand-daughters. Within the next decade (per the 1870 census) Jacob Foore had remarried and begun an additional family, so Mary moved into a home of her own and also took in her niece, Catherine Buck, with her little daughter, Amanda, who we have discussed above. Yours truly, write to me again and tell me all the news and I will give you all the news then.
It is with pleasure that I drop you a few lines to inform you we are all well at the present time and hope and trust these few lines may find you the same. I must tell you where we live, we live near Gapsvill and I thought I would write a few lines to you all. Times is very dull here now all though there is plenty of everything but fruit, there is none at tale, only what is shipped here. One of my boys married a girl here and they have gone to keeping house here, so if my letter does not come to hand in time he can lift it and remail. I am boarding, I don't keep house anymore and I received your picture and I thought I had thanked you for it in my letter long ago, if not I am very much obliged to you for it. I did not see Dasey Garlick when I was East, she was away from home the day I went to see her and I had so many places t go I did not get around again.
I seen Telitha (Catharine) Garlick two but only to speak to her as met her on the road one day she is married to Wesley Clark, one of Elias Clark's boys. She was very fond of her Grandmother, Freelove, knew all about her and stated on several occasions that Freelove's Mother was Sarah Mauwee, daughter of Joseph Mauwee, Sachem of Choosetown, and not Tabitha Rubbards (Roberts).
Show pity, as you said you would, on all Who their devotion paid to me for you made me Savioress. The upper-left corner of the Hereford Map, showing north and east Asia (compare to the contents on Chart 3).


1), however, call attention to a remarkable degree of accuracy in the relationship of toponyms—for cities, rivers, and mountains—both in EMM and in Hereford Map legends.  On the Asia Minor littoral, for example, one passage in EMM links 39 place-names in a running series, 23 of which are found in Chart 4 (and visible, in almost exactly parallel order, on Fig. Some, often oriented to the north, attempted to show the whole world in zones, with the inhabited earth occupying the zone between the equator and the frozen north. In most, if not all of these maps, the strange peoples or 'Marvels of the East' are shown occupying Ethiopia on the right (southern) edge, as on the Hereford map.
Lincoln had a considerable intellectual reputation in the 13th century that Hereford could not match, and it is known from a surviving library list to have possessed at least one earlier world map.
And since the times have got so hard in the West I am glad I did not go, but I will come and see you all yet if all goes right but I can't say when. John Buck told me I could write a piece in his letter and I am very thankful to write with him as we have not your address. I would have answered before now but was still thinking of being closer to you before this time but am about fixing to move back again to the old home place in Pennsylvania.
She obtained her copy of Zerviah Newcomb's Chronical from Zerviah's original diary, in the hands of Josiah 3rd himself.
Flint, “The Hereford Map:  Its Author(s), Two Scenes and a Border,” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser. In the eyes of some (but by no means all) theologians, a fourth inhabited continent, the Antipodes, would implicitly have denied the descent of mankind from Noah, and the depiction of such a continent was deemed to be heretical by them. Most of the maps, however, like the Hereford Mappamundi, depicted only that part of the world that was known in classical times to be inhabited and they were oriented with east at the top.
Traces of the maps' classical origins could regularly be seen in, for instance, the continued depiction of the provincial boundaries of the Roman Empire (which are partly visible on the Hereford map) and for many centuries by the island of Delos which had been sacred to the early Greeks being the centre of the inhabited world. God dominates the world and the 'Marvels of the East' occupy the lower right edge of the map, as they do on the Hereford map. The Hereford map, as an inscription at the lower left corner tells us, was certainly intended for use as a visual encyclopedia, to be 'heard, read and seen' by onlookers. A Latin legend in the bottom right corner of the Hereford map refers to the 5th century Christian propagandist Orosius as the main source for the map, but as we have already seen, it incorporates information from numerous ancient and thirteenth century sources and adds its own interpretations of them.
The depiction of Lincoln Cathedral on its hill on the Hereford Mappa Mundi must have been based on direct observation. Conventionally holds a mirror in one hand, combing lovely hair with the other According to myth created by Ea, Babylonian water god.
The large city at the top edge is Babylon (its description is the map's longest legend [§181). Most medieval mapmakers seem to have accepted this constraint, but world maps showing four continents are not uncommon: notably the world maps created by Beatus of Liebana (#207) in the late 8th century to illustrate his Commentary on the Apocalypse of St. It may have incorporated information from an earlier survey commissioned by Julius Caesar and, to judge from some early references, it may originally have shown four continents. These texts owed much to classical writers, particularly Pliny the Elder (23-79), who himself derived much of his information from still earlier writers such as the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus.
Many were purely schematic and symbolic, showing a T, representing the Mediterranean, the Don and the Nile, surrounded by an 0, for the great ocean encircling the world, sometimes with a fourth continent being added.
It was only from about 1120 that Jerusalem took Oclos' place as the focal point of the map, as it does on the Hereford Mappamundi. It is difficult to account otherwise for the striking similarities in detailed arrangement and content between the Psalter world map, the recently discovered 'Duchy of Cornwall' fragment (probably commissioned in about 1285 by a cousin of Edward I for his foundation, Ashridge College in Hertfordshire) and the Aslake world map fragments of about 1360. 1325), a church administrator and prebendary of Haldingham and Sleaford (now Holdingham and Lafford) in Lincolnshire from 1276 to 1283 who later served with the Bishop of Salisbury and as prebendary of Norton in Hereford Cathedral in 1305. Buck a visit now, so must bring these few lines to a close by asking you to please write soon as this reaches you. Bearce's Great-aunt, Mary Caroline, lived with Josiah III and Freelove Canfield Bearce for several years, listened to their ancestral stories, and made her own personal copy of Zerviah's diary supplement. Lawrence to what is now known as Lake Champlain where his party killed several Mohawks in a show of European strength and musketry. At the right edge, a looping line shows the route of the wandering Israelites in their Exodus from Egypt; it crosses the Jordan to the left of a naked woman who looks over her shoulder at the sinking cities of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Dead Sea (she is Lot's wife, turned into a pillar of salt [§254].
The medievalized depiction on the bottom left corner of the Hereford world map of 'Caesar Augustus' commissioning a survey of the world from three surveyors representing the three corners of the world may be based on a muddled - and religiously acceptable - memory of these classical events.
Far larger than the Hereford Word Map and much more colorful, it was probably created under the guidance of the itinerant English lawyer, teacher and diplomat, Gervase of Tilbury. Corn up here, the folks that has corn is just pulling the ears off leaving the foder so that stops the work from off the farms hands so there is no work to do. Maybe you can mind old Peter Weaverling that used to live east of my father, it is one of his boys she married, sister to Daisy Garlick. Also for their continued help and support of Minnie's medical expenses for her Rare stage 4 Sarcoma cancer treatments.
Gautier Dalche (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes [IVe Section], Paris) for permitting me to use his scrupulous edition of EMM, with a learned introduction, here and in my book.
Its images and decoration have been examined from a stylistic standpoint by Nigel Morgan and put into the context of their time, while the late Wilma George examined the animals in the light of her own zoological knowledge [2] The chance discoveries of fragments of other English medieval world maps in recent years [3] have expanded the context within which the Hereford World Map can be examined, and the Royal Academy exhibition, 'The Age of Chivalry' of 1987 enabled the map to be displayed in the company of other non-cartographic artifacts of its own time. Christ would, for instance, be shown dominating the world, or the world might even be depicted as the actual body of Christ. The world was shown as the body of Christ and much space was devoted to the political situation in northern Germany: an area of particular concern to the Duke who may have commissioned it.
Because of this, space devoted to the author or patron's homeland was often much exaggerated when judged by modern standards, as in the case of England, Wales and Ireland on the Hereford Mappa Mundi.
Crone demonstrated, the Hereford also contains sequences of the more important place names along some major thirteenth century commercial and pilgrimage routes. If you are having a wedding in the future we ask that you support the many wonderful people who have helped them. In the Hereford map they could revel in this pictorial description of the outside world, which taught natural history, classical legends, explained the winds and reinforced their religious beliefs.
He further told them that Massasoit, the Great Sachem of the Wampanoags, was at Nemasket (a distance of about 15 miles) with many of his Counselors. Leslie Falerios for posting the Go fund me for Minnie's medical expenses and Mary Legaspi for posting the go fund me for Minnie's dream wedding before her treatments. He saved us for His purposes in life and gave us a gift that day.            Some years later one of those young men committed suicide.
You will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and you will name him Jesus            Before Mary ever thought of being pregnant, God knew she would be and what her baby’s name and purpose would be. Every dog & puppy is important to us whether they reside here or have their new forever families, they are always welcome back at Shamrock Rose Aussies.
Sometimes that other road will bring you back to your original path and sometimes it will take you farther away from it. Also your puppy raiser Nancy who did a great job teaching and socializing you and taking you everywhere with her. Or, maybe just maybe a smile or a kind word from you to a stranger may just prevent them from going home and ending their own life and their grandson will some day save the world. Teddy does have a contract for someone and is a sweet smiling dog that makes it hard to be sad when you are with him. Throw your troubled waters out of your boat and paddle on down that river of life with Him at your side.


To see their past puppies individually mouse over the Momma's name and a menu of names will pop up click on the puppy name whose personal page you would like to view. It sounds more complicated then it is.    Shamrock Rose with some of the babies from both litters. BRIANNA New name FREYA is well loved by the Lockwood family!
She will also have a Border Collie sibling Bella to run around with at the doggy park and at home where hopefully she will love to swim too. Just show others how you believe in His salvation and forgiveness and tell them of His Word. Life here is just a temporary setback, trial and test to see if we are worthy of everlasting life sharing in His love -- or without it in a very dark place.
So accept His Son as your Lord and claim the only real promise that He made to us --- Forgiveness and Salvation.
Her favorite by far is soccer :) The kids just love her, and she is getting along great with our Shih Tzu, Nutmeg. I meant to send photos earlier, but here are a few as I'm sure you're curious to see how she is growing! You can see it for a short time, but then it goes away.            So the next time a Pastor, friend, relative or acquaintance tells you, “Its all in God’s timing, it wasn’t meant to be, the Lord has bigger or better plans for you.” Tell them, “Nonsense! She has a really sweet new Momma and several children to love and play with and keep them busy.
For a good Christian Patriotic song, go to my Song Pageand listen to a newer song by Matt Maher called “Woke Up In America”.=======================================================  ***    If you have been watching the news lately and listening to the Chick-fil-A articles, let me say this about that -------- whether you feel like the President of that company or you disagree ---- he was just exercising his right to free speech. However, if you would like to see my opinion on the subject of homosexuality, see Pastor’s sermon Volume 2, #2.
He's already a great swimmer as well!I did give your number to a few different people on the beach, as they thought he was gorgeous and we're hoping for one of his brothers or sisters. I hope all is well, we're happy here.
You can view more pictures of CHAOS on his personal page under Shamrock Roses past puppies. You can see Jake on his personal page as well if you'd like under Laoise Rose's past puppies.   CHAOS with his new brother  past puppy JAKE!
We all went for a buggy ride and as you can see from this picture I hope you get it you made an old man happy.
We are so proud of them all!!   Teddy was carefully chosen to be a service dog for a young girl named Autumn with PTSD.  He still needs extensive training for this etc. You can read all in detail when you click the link below to help Teddy become Autumn's service dog. You can see Teddy on his personal page in Laoise Rose past puppies. We are asking if you could help in any way at all every dollar will help.
If you cannot help in this way we ask that you please help by sharing the link on your Facebook pages.
She will be starting her medical training for seizures very soon and will be graduating within the next few months. She has been a little delayed in her training due to an injury she got while at the groomers. Almost as wonderful as being a Grandma :) I would love to share some of them here on our site on their personal pages for their updates, pictures and videos for others to enjoy as well. XO  Please scroll down to see each litter of puppies individually as they grow each week!  "EXCITING NEWS" Our Lovely  Bit O' Heaven Shining Down LAOISE (Leesha) Rose & Shamrock Roses' Pot O' Gold BIG ED! He loves to greet you as soon as he sees you being the smallest in this litter isn't a problem for him he uses it to his advantage & wiggles through his siblings or climbs over them to get to you and give kisses.
I introduced him to our vet today, who was very impressed with him and all the extra work that you did prior to me receiving Jake. She has seizures and Louise I believe has what it takes and will be a great service dog and help her tremendously. Caitlyn and her family icluding her brother Cameron and sister Cassidy all love her so much! Their son had a fun time playing with all the puppies too who were successfully escaping out of their new outside pen.  Lilly also will share her Birthday with 1 of her new family members. We are very impressed by her as a loving, caring person with a big heart doing great things for many people. They always say he is the perfect dog and they love him so much.They are thriiled with adding Silver Blue to their family. She has silver running underneath the black color of her coat which gives her a beautiful chocolate appearance. We are always proud of our Shamrock Rose Aussies and love showing them off!  Reilly Quinn   A huge thank you from Shamrock Rose Aussies to ALL who helped us in donating & supporting all the displaced, sick and injured animals in my hometown where I grew up in New York due to the wrath of hurricane Sandy. The devastation up there and so many areas was very real but thanks to you, many animals were helped.
I now more than ever strongly believe in microchipping and this is one of the reasons Shamrock Rose Aussies microchips every puppy with a prepaid microchip before they ever leave here.
They are shown basic commands, fetch and sometimes introduced to a harness & leash and swimming if they are here with us during that season and old enough. Thank you Kristen, Shane, Grady & Sugar for loving 2 of our Aussie boys!  He is very smart & going to be a great big boy!! XO                Rose: Red tri girl "Holding " for Sammie, Zach & Angel( No, I didn't name her I swear her new family did!!
We had to switch to several different pens because she kept out smarting us with her buddy Jewels. She is highly intelligent like her Momma Shamrock Rose & very alert like her Daddy Mister Twister. He will be well  loved and cared for by his very sweet & friendly new family.  Way to go Rudy!! I especially love his very light freckles on his nose :) They have np problems playing with the big dogs or our mini Ausssies either.
He is a great listener and has caught on to potty training very well with only a few mistakes here and there. His new family are experienced with Aussies, maybe he will even play frisbee :)If you aren't gonna let us go swimming today!
It just seemed easier for people to view them there.  This wasn't something I expected and clearly we love Sparky very much. After I met Rex and Gayle and saw how much they loved him and Sparky seemed to feel the same way. For that I thank them very much.  Sparky not only has Gayle and Rex to love him he also has their daughter and her family to love him and play with him daily which also includes a little boy who adores him and 2 dogs and cats as well.
He is truly loving his new family too. Thank you, Rex and Gayle for loving Sparky and giving him a wonderful life and family! Also for their continued help and support of Minnie's medical expenses for her Rare stage 4 Sarcoma cancer treatments.
To see their past puppies individually mouse over the Momma's name and a menu of names will pop up click on the puppy name whose personal page you would like to view.



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