For historical reasons, the full ordination for women has been unavailable to Theravada and Vajrayana practitioners, although recently the full ordination for women has been reintroduced to many areas: see ordination of women in Buddhism. In English literature before the mid-20th century, Buddhist monks were often referred to by the term bonze, particularly when describing monks from East Asia and French Indochina. The talapoin is a monkey named after Buddhist monks just as the capuchin monkey is named after the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (who also are the origin of the word cappuccino). Theravada monasticism is organized around the guidelines found within a division of the Pali Canon called the Vinaya Pitaka.
The robes of Tibetan novices and monks differ in various aspects, especially in the application of "holes" in the dress of monks. After the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, when Japan annexed Korea, Korean Buddhism underwent many changes. For those of you who are familiar with various traditions, know that the kind of Buddhism found in Japan is quite different from Thai and Tibetan Buddhism, but more on that in another post. So, after having spent a lot of time in monasteries working and meditating side by side with monks and nuns, I decided to take the step to ordain as a junior monk which in Buddhist terms is referred to as a samanera. In Thailand it's a tradition that your mother and father offer you the monk robes, the alms bowl and other necessities.
For someone who isn't the least familiar with Buddhist culture, it would only be natural to view monks as beggars and therefore a burden to society but according to Buddhist teachings generosity is a meritorious deed. So, by offering food to monks the giver gains merit which is believed to generate positive results in the future, that is what we call karma. The day starts early in the temple, at four in the morning the monks chant Buddhist texts and by dawn they set out on alms round. Monasticism is full of daily routines: Wake up, go to the toilet, chant four times a day, alms round, eat breakfast, sweep the monastery grounds, clean your room, do laundry, eat lunch, private meditation practice, Buddhist studies, take a shower, attend ceremonies and funerals. I was a junior monk for 46 days and I wholeheartedly recommend it to anyone who's interested in meditation.
Role of TBCM is to unite and promote understanding among Theravada organisations and followers in Malaysia. A Buddhist monk is supposed to be a renunciant practising the path to Enlightenment taught by the Buddha. From all the above, we can see very clearly that a monk should not be actively involved in partisan politics, which is within the sphere of lay people. If monks actively engage in partisan politics, it will endanger the Sangha (community of monks). There are ten contemplations a monk is instructed by the Buddha to consider thoughtfully every day in Anguttara Nikaya Sutta 10.48. In the Labhasakkara Samyutta the Buddha warned of the great danger of fame and material gains, which can cause the downfall of a monk. The largest Theravada Sangha in Malaysia comprises monks who are members of the Thai Sangha.


In Majjhima Nikaya Sutta 150 the Buddha said that monks who are not rid of lust, hate, and delusion, or who are not practicing to get rid of lust, hate, and delusion, should not be honored, revered and venerated. This term is derived Portuguese and French from the from Japanese bonso, meaning "priest, monk". He stipulated that monastics remain on Mount Hiei for twelve years of isolated training and follow the major themes of the 250 precepts: celibacy, non-harming, no intoxicants, vegetarian eating and reducing labor for gain.
Jodo Shinshu and Nichiren schools began sending missionaries to Korea under Japanese rule, and new sects formed there such as Won Buddhism.
The two sects of Korean Seon divided in 1970 over this issue; the Jogye Order is fully celibate while the Taego Order has both celibate monastics and non-celibate Japanese-style priests.
During those years I lived and practiced meditation as a layman in many monasteries round the world. Junior monks follow a set of 10 precepts or rules if you like, whereas a fully-ordained monk which is called bhikkhu observes 227 precepts.
I had been meditating for 14 years when I ordained in 2007 but my Thai-language skills were still basic, but living in the monastery proved to be an excellent way to practice the language. This offering is considered a highly meritorious deed since monks live according to the Buddha's teachings and meditate a lot, which purifies the mind and leads to enlightenment. During alms round the most senior monk walks in front and the rest of the monks follow in line. Full-time community practice makes for speedy progress, but remember that you don't have to be a monk or nun in order to benefit from your practice. The council will represent and safeguard the Theravada community in Malaysia, and work with the other national Buddhist federations to safeguard the overall interests of the Malaysian Buddhists. The Buddha instructed his monk disciples to live in seclusion and to arouse energy in practising the Noble Eightfold Path. At the most a monk may exercise his citizen’s right to vote wisely in the General Elections.
We have seen reports that monks actively involved in politics in Sri Lanka some years ago were rounded up at night for questioning and some were never seen again.
Buddhism has split into Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayana, each with their different sects, sub sects, etc. Monks of ethnic Thai descent mostly ordain into the Sangha which comes under The Malaysian Siamese Sangha Association. But we can see in busy metropolitan modern Bangkok with its teeming noisy traffic the beauty of monks walking serenely on almsround every morning. These full-time student members of the sangha became the community of ordained monastics who wandered from town to city throughout the year, living off alms and stopping in one place only for the Vassa, the rainy months of the monsoon season.
Whoever here (in the Dispensation) lives a holy life, transcending both merit and demerit, and walks with understanding in this world — he is truly called a monk.
Upasakas cannot wear the "cho-goo", a yellow tissue worn during teachings by both novices and full monks.


After twelve years, monastics would then use the Vinaya precepts as a provisional, or supplemental, guideline to conduct themselves by when serving in non-monastic communities.[13] Tendai monastics followed this practice.
Then in Myanmar several years ago, newspapers showed photos of corpses of monks in the river due to similar reasons.
To remind his monastic disciples of their low-calling the Buddha purposely called his monks ‘bhikkhu’, literally ‘beggar’. As for mundane attainments, it is alright for a monk to use commonly accepted titles like Thera, Mahathera, Nayaka Mahathera, Chaokhoon, Agga Maha Pandita, etc. So in Malaysia where there are many different sects of Buddhism, there is no ‘Chief Monk of Malaysia’.
Other Malaysian monks ordained in the Thai tradition generally do not come under any umbrella body. Even before daybreak faithful devotees have set up their table of food packets patiently waiting for monks to make their rounds. Ordaining gives you the chance to study and practice the Buddha's teachings and your parents get the opportunity to offer you the monk robes, alms bowl and other necessities. For example, in the forest monasteries they often only allow one meal per day and spend a lot of time meditating, whereas the city monasteries are known to emphasize Buddhist studies over meditation. So humility is the mark of a renunciant, and you can say that a benchmark of a monk’s progress is the measure of his humility. It is only because of his renunciation of worldly possessions and affairs that a monk receives veneration and homage from the laity.
A title like “Chief Sangha Nayaka of Malaysia” (Amarapura sect) means the Chief Monk of only the Amarapura sect of the Sri Lankan monks in Malaysia, which presently comprises not more than a handful of monks. Nonetheless, the Buddha was certainly aware that the rules he had laid down could not cover every situation at all times. On the other hand, during the political unrest in Bangkok many years ago, I remember seeing a striking front page photo of monks going on almsround in the morning unobstructed by soldiers guarding the streets during curfew hours.
Sri Lankan monks belong to either the Siam sect, Amarapura sect, Ramanna sect, or other smaller sects of Sri Lanka. Therefore, he gave a set of guidelines—called the Four Great Standards (cattaro mahapadesa) by the ancient compilers of the Vinaya texts—in order to apply to circumstances not directly covered by the rules. It is such practice “that makes the faithful even more faithful, and the faithless develop faith” in the monks.
So when monks are not involved actively in politics, they pose no threat to any political party and hence face no obstacles or danger in their daily life.



Appreciation gifts for husband
Meditation starting out