Thank you for visiting my Types of Roses page and I hope you find some information that is helpful to you. DRIFT: Landscape roses marketed through Conard Pyle (various hybridizers) and are a cross between groundcover and miniature roses. EARTH KIND®: Earth Kind is a registered trademark associated with rose cultivars that were field tested by the Texas AgriLife Extension Service. FLORIBUNDA: This is a modern rose, a cross between a hybrid tea and a polyantha, with each stem producing clusters of large blossoms. HARKNESS: Marketed in France and Germany as English Legend® these are a group of hardy shrub roses much in the vein of David Austin and Romantica roses created by the English company, Harkness, which has been in business since 1879. KNOCK OUT®: Introduced in 2000 by Bill Radler, Knock Out won the prestigious All American Rose Award the very first year of distribution, and has since sold by the millions and continues to do so. KORDESII: The original Kordesii (Kordes of Germany) rose was a cross between Rosa rugosa and a Rosa wichuraiana hybrid in 1940. MEIDILAND: These roses come from the famous French breeder, Meilland, and are defined as low-maintenance, rugged, repeat-blooming, etc. MINI FLORA: A term copyrighted by rose breeder Benjamin Williams to describe slightly larger than normal miniature roses. As many of you know already, the genesis for this page was a running list of notes that I had made up for myself to help me as I shopped for our garden. Species roses are typically large climbing or shrub-like roses with single, flat flowers blooming in late spring or early summer followed by hips (seeds) in autumn. Probably originated from the wild species rose, the white Rosa arvensis however there are some arguments that the original Ayrshire was raised in Scotland from an unidentified seed.
Named for La Reunion island (formerly known as Ile Bourbon) in the Indian ocean, these roses are probably a cross from a China and Damask which were growing on the island.
Griffith Buck, the hybridizer who made it his mission to create roses that could survive a harsh northern winter without any fuss or muss. China roses caused quite a sensation to the rose world when introduced to the west in the late 18th century. To receive the status of being an Earth Kind rose, they must demonstrate superior performance without chemical or physical interventions such as: drought and poor soil tolerance and pest and disease resistance.


Eurodesert’s inventory consisted of roses, many of them Hybrid Perpetuals, that were imported from Europe that could withstand the southern California high desert where the nursery was located, hence the name. Bred by Reinhard Noack of Germany, not all Flower Carpet roses share the same relations and therefore may not look anything like the other.
Incidentally, foetida roses also have a strong susceptibility to blackspot which was passed to other roses carrying the yellow trait. Just like David Austin’s English roses, Generosa roses exhibit old garden rose sensibilities with modern, repeat bloom. They are highly scented, large-flowered, in shades of pink and red with scattered repeat bloom and graceful form reminiscent of their Old Garden rose ancestors. They are incredibly reliable, hardy, disease resistant and a good gateway drug to growing other roses. Kordesii roses are used in hybridization for their winter hardiness, such as in the Explorer series of roses. Macrantha roses flower once in late spring on an arching or mounding shrub and are typically light pink to white. Usually miniature roses resemble diminutive Hybrid Tea or Floribundas but there are also some that appear similar to Old Rose blossoms with single-petaled, double and semi-double blossoms. Moss roses are so named for the mossy-like growth on their penduncles and sepals which give off a pine-resin scent when touched. The collection is so large that it has been separated into subgroups: English Alba Hybrids, English Musk Hybrids, Leander, and Old Rose Hybrids. A cold-hardy, vigorous rose (no doubt due to it’s parentage), Ayrshires can reach heights of 20-30 feet and covered with thousands of blossoms. Boursault roses are probably descended from Rosa pendulina and Rosa chinensis and are characterized as having fragrant purplish-red blossoms. Centifolia roses were bred by Dutch hybridizers in the 17th-19th century and were the subject of Dutch and Flemish flower painters of the 18th and 19th centuries including Redoute. Until then, the autumn repeat-blooming Damasks were the only roses known to have a second flush of blooms.
Climbing roses can include: Modern Large-Flowered, Pillar, Ramblers, Noisettes, Old Garden Roses, Ayrshires, Hybrid Moyesii, Hybrid Sempervirens and Hybrid Tea roses.


Damasks have uncertain parentage but are like descendants of a Gallica rose and a species rose. Gallica roses are fragrant and although once-blooming but put on quite a show when they do. They are the forerunners of our modern Hybrid Tea and English roses with the originals as crosses between Hybrid Chinas with Portlands and Bourbons. They are vigorous roses with shiny foliage and typically bright red, pink and sometimes white or yellow flowers.
Moss roses are a genetic mutation of a Centifolia (and possible Damask) and are available in a variety of colors.
Old Garden Roses include the following classes: Alba, Ayrshire, Bourbon, Boursault, Centifolia, China, Damask, Gallica, Hybrid Perpetual, Moss, Noisette, Portland, Ramblers and Tea. I’ve dabbled in growing many a David Austin rose, but, sadly, had to leave so many behind in former gardens. Modern Roses are a broad mix which include the following types: Climbing, Floribunda, Grandiflora, Hybrid Musk, Hybrid Rugosa, Hybrid Tea, Landscape (including Groundcover) or Shrub, Miniature, Mini-flora and Polyantha.
I think his roses are some of the most rewarding (and sometimes challenging) to grow and I hope to add more as we cultivate our newest rose garden. Cold-hardy but disliking hot, humid growing conditions, this rose can get quite large and may need support. Gallica roses bloom in shades of light pink to deep pink, to dark wine hues, and even striped colorations. In my experience, Bourbon roses are susceptible to fungal disease such as blackspot and mildew.
Empress Josephine was quite taken with Gallica roses and her garden at Malmaison was filled with them.



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