We learned from Study Guide 2 that a terrible conflict is in progress between God and the devil. The four beasts of Daniel 7 are depicted as part of Antichrist, or the beast, because the papacy incorporated pagan beliefs and practices from all four empires. To identify the dragon, we go to Revelation chapter 12, where God's end-time church is pictured as a pure woman. Answer:  God is saying in the texts above that He gave us His Sabbath as a glorious sign of His power to create and His power to sanctify (convert and save) us.
A great profit was made by the merchant ships that returned to the Italian port cities of Venice, Pisa, and Genoa filled with the greatly sought-after goods from Asia. In addition to Venice, Genoa developed into a major port city for ships that carried the new goods to the rest of Europe.
According to the accounts published years later by Marco Polo, son of Niccolo, arriving in China in 1265 A.D. They also brought back from the Khan a request to the pope for 100 Christian missionaries to teach the Chinese the Christian faith. In their travels along the Silk Road, the Polos saw many strange animals, heard numerous strange languages, tasted exotic foods, and experienced other sights in a long and difficult three-year trip eastward.
Whether or not Marco embellished his stories with exaggeration, he recorded that the Khan took a strong liking to the young Venetian and sent him on many official tours of his vast kingdom as his representative on commercial and political business.
They left China in an entourage of 14 ships and 600 people, most to serve the princess and to impress her new husband.
While in prison Marco dictated to another prisoner an account of his travels and experiences in the advanced civilization of the Yuan Dynasty. The account, published under the title, Il Milione, was widely read in Europe and stimulated an even greater interest in the wonders of the Far East. An extensive world of trade had existed in the Indian Ocean for centuries, to the virtual exclusion of Europe.
Although trade and travel between China and Europe existed even during the Roman Empire, the rise in power of the Ottoman and Persian empires from the 12th century on made travel and trade increasingly difficult for the Europeans. The Persians, as was the case also with the Ottomans, extracted heavy taxes from merchants traveling through their territories.
The Ottoman interference in the Mediterranean threatened the commercial survival of Venice, Genoa, and Milan. Of great concern was the increasing blockage of the important slave trade that existed between the Mongols in the Balkans and Eastern Europe who were shipping European slaves to Africa and the Middle East. A new religious fervor spread throughout Europe in reaction to the rapid expansion of Islam into North Africa and the Christian Balkans. A whole generation of young, highly trained soldiers in Spain, after the defeat of the Moors was completed in 1492, were looking for new campaigns.
New technology in ship building created faster, sleeker ships (the caravel), the sternpost rudder which made steering ships much more accurate and easy, arming of ships with the new canon, the magnetic compass, the astrolabe (which enabled captains to plot their travel using latitudinal and longitudinal readings), and more accurate charting methods drove the desire of Europeans to new areas of exploration.
The bankruptcy of Spain caused by the long campaign to drive the Moors from Spain, made exploration to find new routes to the Spice Islands and new deposits of gold and silver necessary. The loss of financial revenue in Portugal, the leading merchant fleet linking the Spice Islands to Europe, due to the new Ottoman dominance in the Indian Ocean forced new alternatives to be obtained. And when these factors resulted in two actual, successful trips to be achieved in 1429 A.D. They traded porcelain, lacquerware, silk, and cotton in exchange for gold, silver, and ivory. Had the Chinese emperors in the 15th century continued in their quest to develop world trade, the history of the world would be radically different. However, increasing pressure from the Mongols to the north diverted the attention of the emperors away from trade expansion to defense of the dynasty, and Chinese naval explorations inexplicably ceased.
The Ottoman Empire relied upon Greek sailors and captains from Ottoman-controlled Greece to conduct most of their sea trade during the 15th and 16th centuries.
They found something other than shipping to be much more profitable -- the capture of ships, crews, captains and cargo.
Their piracy continued on into the 18th century when the Barbary pirates were finally defeated by the fledgling navy of the United States under President Thomas Jefferson. From the 15th century onward ships sailed from Europe in search of not only new routes to Asia, but also to find the cities of gold that were featured in the fables of European sailors.
The Dutch sailed successfully around the tip of Africa into Asian waters and there they competed with the Portuguese and English for control of the spice trade. The Dutch also made a brief attempt to colonize North America where they founded New Amsterdam (now New York), but were soon driven out by the English. The Portuguese were the first to find a route around the tip of Africa to India and then to Asia. To settle the conflict between the two Catholic countries, Pope Alexander VI in May 1493 drew an imaginary line down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean 480 km (298.25 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands. At the time of Alexander’s initial intervention, little land in the Americas had been discovered or explored. The major sponsor and encourager of the Portuguese explorations was Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460), son of the Portuguese king. With Henry’s funding and encouragement over 50 expeditions were sent out, including Vasco da Gama, who in 1498 became the first European to sail around the tip of Africa to India.
Several enduring Portuguese colonies were established in Brazil (where the national language is still Portuguese), the Spice Islands (Portuguese East Timor), Macao (a neighbor of Hong Kong), the Portuguese Azores, and the African colonies of Portuguese Angola and Mozambique. England under Queen Elizabeth I developed an expansive trade and exploration campaign, supported by the world’s largest and most powerful navy.
One of Elizabeth’s favorites at the royal court was Sir Walter Raleigh, a daring sea captain who consistently thwarted and badgered the Spanish by seizing Spanish galleons filled with gold and silver on their way to Spain from the colonies in Peru and Bolivia. One hundred years earlier John Cabot, a Venetian seaman and explorer, sailed under the sponsorship of King Henry VII, Elizabeth’s grandfather. His son, Sebastian Cabot, was later commissioned to find a Northwest Passage through present-day Canada to the Orient.
Sir Francis Drake (1545-1596) was selected by Queen Elizabeth to lead a sailing expedition around the world. John Cook was a late 18th century English explorer and navigator who sailed three times to the Orient, was the first European to touch Australia’s eastern shore, discovered many Pacific islands, and was the first to sail around present-day New Zealand. During his travels, Cook created the first accurate maps of the Pacific Ocean and the first accurate maps of the coastlands of Europe.
Under Queen Elizabeth I and James I, the first English colonies in the New World were established.
Queen Elizabeth I also founded the East India Company in 1600 for the purpose of developing trade with the Dutch East Indies.
The Italian, da Verrazano, sailing under the French flag was the first European to locate the bay of New York, reaching it in 1524. In 1603 Samuel de Champlain explored the Saint Lawrence River, traveled south into New England, and in 1609 established the colony of Quebec in the newly formed New France. By the early 17th century French fur trappers and missionaries traveled as far west as Wyoming, established bases throughout the Great Lakes region, including present-day Chicago and Michigan, and conducted fur-trade along the Mississippi River as far south as present-day New Orleans, establishing there an important trade base and French colony. About a century later, France was defeated by Britain in the Seven Years’ War (1754-1763), known to Americans as the French and Indian War. The last chapter of the Reconquista was written in 1492 when the last of the Moors were driven from Grenada in southern Spain.
In 1492, six years before Vasco da Gama of Portugal made his historic trip around the tip of Africa to India, opening up a new sea route to Asia, a sea captain from Genoa, Italy, Christopher Columbus, was commissioned by the king and queen of Spain to explore a new route westward to the Spice Islands. From childhood he was fascinated by the sea and dreamed of becoming a sailor--maybe even one day becoming the captain of his own ship! When he was about twenty years of age, his dream of going to sea was finally realized and saw many different peoples and lands on his voyages around the Mediterranean. After escaping a pirate attack at sea, Columbus settled in the Portuguese city of Lisbon, Europe`s most important center of world navigation. After his marriage to a Portuguese woman, and fathering several children, Columbus became convinced he could reach Asia by sailing westward from Europe across the Atlantic Ocean.
Columbus took his plan to Henry VII of England, Francis I of Spain, to the king of Portugal, and was turned down by all three monarchs.
Three swift ships were purchased and stocked with supplies for the voyage -- the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. For the rest of his life Columbus believed that he had landed on perimeter islands of either India or “Cathay” (the 15th century name for China). Columbus on this first trip to the New World visited numerous nearby islands, including Cuba, which he made his main base of operations and center of the new colony established.
The “B” people, however, came to South America probably from Japan and the South Pacific islands via boats. And to complicate the matter further, a fifth haplogroup, labeled “X,” has been identified, and “X” is not found anywhere in Asia!
Recent finds in Oregon (2012) also have located a distinct, heretofore unknown, people who migrated into North America along land bridges that connected Siberia to North America during the Ice Age. Other finds also point to early arrivals in Latin America that pre-date the arrival of migratory peoples from Asia.
A skull was found in 1999 in South-Central Brazil by archeologists and numerous skeletons in a nearby burial site that seem to indicated that these were people with Negroid features. Therefore, the settling of North and South America probably was done in numerous waves of migration into the two continents and from different places in Asia and perhaps the South Pacific and even Europe.
If you are interested in DNA studies and current thinking about how and when the ancestors of the Native Americans came to the Americas, see the following articles and videos. Although his actually landings were few and brief, he later recounted his journeys to a friend, Lorenzo de Medici, who was so fascinated by the stories that he personally published what became very popular and widely-read accounts. The anti-Columbus authors point to the introduction of European diseases into the Americas that decimated whole populations of original inhabitants, that Columbus seized slaves, not only to work for the Spanish but were sent back to Spain for exhibit much as one would an animal, and that he ruled over the new colony as a despot. Furthermore, the argument goes, Columbus opened the door to centuries of ill-treatment of the Meso-Americans, as they were to be referred to rather than the supposedly demeaning term “Indian.” The ill-treatment continued not only through the later Spanish conquistadors, but also through the American settlement of the West and the disruption of the native American cultures. And so, his detractors maintain, Columbus stands for everything that went wrong as a result of the invasion by Europeans into the Americas. There were no existing university courses or books available on “how to best contact a foreign culture” or “how to best evangelize another people.” Columbus and the Spanish put into practice what was common to all European nations at the time. European diseases carried by explorers into the New World was hardly a planned attack on the native population, since there was no knowledge in that day about germs or how contagions developed. The Spanish and Columbus viewed themselves as possessors of a superior Christian culture who had an obligation to treat the native inhabitants more as children to be protected and instructed than as slaves. Columbus showed a great compassion for the peoples he encountered and saw his trips as designed by God for their evangelism. Columbus did sign an agreement with the monarchs of Spain which guaranteed him 10% of the profits from not only his own trips but for all those that followed. The entry of Columbus into the New World opened two continents to European and Asian cultures, civilizations, technologies, medicine, trade, and eventually united an entire southern American continent with one language.
The next morning, Friday, August 3, 1492, at dawn, the Santa Maria and its companion caravels caught the ebb tide and drifted toward the gulf. In that Ocean of Darkness, some feared, the water boiled and sea monsters gulped down sailors so foolish as to sail there. Commander Cristoforo Colombo (as he was known in his hometown of Genoa, Italy) was taller than most men; so tall, in fact, he couldn’t stand inside his cabin on the Santa Maria. The textbook answer, as any schoolchild could recite, is that Columbus wanted to find a trade route to the Orient. But only in the last 40 years—and particularly in the last 10 have scholars examined Columbus’s religious motivations. On September 23, the ship hit a calm, causing the seamen to complain they’d never be able to get back to Spain. At daylight, the wide-eyed Europeans saw people “as naked as their mother bore them” and many ponds, fruits, and green trees. Las Casas agreed that “Columbus showed the way to the discovery of immense territories” and many peoples “are now ready and prepared to be brought to the knowledge of their Creator and the faith.” As a sign of that work, on every island he explored, Columbus erected a large wooden cross. After ten weeks of exploring the coastline of Cuba and Hispaniola, continually trading trinkets for gold, Columbus and his men hit a problem. But what most would have viewed as a calamity, Columbus did not: “It was a great blessing and the express purpose of God” that his ship ran aground so he would leave some of his men. Although the words are recorded only indirectly, God spoke to Columbus and assured him that God would take him to safety. The next day Columbus’s men spotted an island in the Azores; less than three weeks later they landed triumphantly on the Iberian peninsula.
When Columbus anchored the Nina in Palos, seven months after he’d left, shops closed and church bells rang.
According to Las Casas, “The King and Queen heard [Columbus’s report] with profound attention and, raising their hands in prayer, sank to their knees in deep gratitude to God. Columbus thought that Ferdinand and Isabella were God’s chosen instruments to recapture Jerusalem and place the Holy City under Christian control. As soon as Columbus had returned to Spain, he told Ferdinand and Isabella he would provide 50,000 soldiers and 4,000 horses for them to free Christ’s Holy Tomb in Jerusalem. But much to Columbus’s disappointment, the longed-for crusade to recapture the Holy City was never undertaken. In 1499, he said, “When all had abandoned me, I was assailed by the Indians and the wicked Christians the Spanish settlers who were rebelling against his inept administration]. In 1518 Carlos of Spain, who was to become Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, signed an agreement to sponsor a journey by Magellan to seek a route around the world, but primarily a route to the Spice Islands in the East Indies from the Pacific side, so as to avoid the confrontations with Islamic pirates in the Mediterranean. His journey around the tip of South America and across the uncharted Pacific Ocean included many dangerous and threatening situations and his crew threatened mutiny on numerous occasions.
Several weeks later Magellan’s crew continued their trip west, eventually visited the Spice Islands, and then continued their journey westward to Europe. Ponce de Leon in 1513 explored the east coast of Florida for Spain in search for gold and what was rumored to be the fountain of youth. Vasco de Balboa in 1513 sailed along the northern coast of South America, and landed in present-day Central America. Hernan Cortes in 1519 landed on the coast of present-day Mexico with a small band of 600 men. The introduction of European diseases whcih wiped out a vast majority of the native people, the introduction of guns, and mounted soldiers on horseback with their war dogs, resulted in a speedy and complete conquest of the Aztec Empire and surrounding tribes. Francisco Pizarro in 1531 set out from Central America with only 200 soldiers to locate the rumored Inca Empire.
The gold and silver from Peru and Bolivia filled the Spanish treasuries with immense wealth and created the numerous routes between South America and Spain. De Soto traveled up the present-day Route US 10 to Tallahassee, Florida where he made camp for about a year. The survivors eventually decided to attempt to reach Mexico City, first by foot, and then, returning to the shores of the Mississippi, to build rafts to sail down the river, into the Gulf , and on to Mexico City. He then continued to the west until he reached the Mississippi River, the first European to reach that river. Viceroys: Spanish elite who were appointed by the monarchy to run the five separate regions of New Spain. Creoles: people born in the colonies to Spanish parents, and considered inferior or “hicks” by the colonists who came to the colonies from Spain. Native Americans: these people had little freedom or were forced into labor on plantations and in mines. Their appeals for change were heard by many, but the change that was instituted was not a response of Christian compassion and love for those they sought to convert, but was rather the decision to ease their work load by bringing into the colonies a larger work force.
The clergy fired back with accusations against the viceroys and peninsulares--that they could not care less about the souls of the native Americans and threw them aside when ill or dead as one would trash. Native Americans and African slaves both occupied the very bottom of the social chain in Spain’s Ecomienda. De Soto’s expedition contributed to the founding of what became known as the Columbian Exchange, the exchange of people, animals, foods, plants, and technology between Europe and the New Spain (the Americas).
From Europe and Africa pigs, horses, goats, sugar cane, paper, guns, and technology crossed the Atlantic to the America. The introduction of corn and potatoes into Europe produced a fairly rapid growth in population, which had declined because of the “Little Ice Age” that began around 1350 A.D. Sugar beets and sugar cane that came to the America from India with Columbus, soon became a huge industry in the Americas, especially in the Caribbean. Beyond a new commercial exchange between Europe and Africa and the Americas, the gold and silver flowing to Spain opened up new and expanded doors for trade across the Pacific with the Ming Dynasty in China (whose economic system was based on gold and silver) and with the Spice Islands of the Philippines and Indonesia. In Africa the Portuguese had established economic ties with strong African kings who provided the Portuguese with large numbers of conquered slaves.
As has been the case throughout human history, in general, the treatment of the native and African workers was brutal, harsh, and inhumane.
And Islam was presented with a major problem in Africa in a dispute between the Muslim missionaries and Muslim slave traders. Therefore, Islamic trade traders justified their behavior in Africa by declaring the tribal groups living south of an arbitrary line drawn across the African continent as sub-humans, pagans eligible for death or slavery! For this reason, today the continent of Africa is composed of a solidly Islamic north and a majority Christian south where the conversion rate to Christianity is progressing faster than the birth rate. The system of joint stock companies emerged, in which merchants and investors pooled their resources, sold stock in the new companies, reduced the risk to individual investors, and made available vast amounts of working capital for investments in mining and agriculture, as well as the many ships required to transport goods. A new population of middle class merchants arose, acting as middle men in the new system of trade. The Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the colonies planted at Plymouth and Jamestown were all made possible by joint stock companies, who expected a return on their investments through new trade for goods and natural resources with the native peoples and the colonists in those areas.
By 1510 50% of all silver from the mines in Bolivia were being shipped to India to purchase tea and cotton and to China for silk and porcelain. Contacts between Europe and Asia--especially China, the Spice Islands, and India--greatly increased in the late 13th century, producing important merchant cities in Venice, Milan, Genoa, Lisbon, and Madrid. Formerly most trade routes were overland, but beginning with the 13th century naval shipping became the major means of trade. The Persians, Ottomans, and North African Muslims, through harassment, heavy import and export taxes, and seizing of cargo forced Europeans to find new routes to Asia. Between 1450-1650 several countries became leaders in naval shipping: China, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, England, and France, and others, like India and Italy, served as middle men in the expanded trade.
New technologies in the construction of ships and navigation instruments made long sea journeys possible. The Treaty of Tordesilla in 1491 was negotiated by Pope Alexander VI between Portugal and Spain in an attempt to settle their growing dispute over creating trade routes to the Spice Islands. Prince Henry the Navigator encouraged and funding trade between Portugal and others countries and continents, leading to new routes to India and the Spice Islands, as well as opening the door to trafficking in slaves from Africa.
Queen Elizabeth and James I were English monarchs who sponsored a great growth in naval power, shipping, and establishing colonies in the New World. Christopher Columbus in 1492 was the first European to set foot in the New World since early attempts by the Norsemen in the 9th and 10th centuries. Columbus was commissioned by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1492 to find a new sea route westward to the Spice Islands.
Columbus was a Christian who desired to reach unknown people groups with the Gospel of Christ. The Americas were named for Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer who sailed six times to the east coast of South America and made fairly accurate maps of the coastline. Ferdinand Magella sailed for Portugal in 1519, successfully made his way around the tip of Africa, across the Pacific, and although he, himself, died in the Philippines, his crew continued the trip westward to Portugal, arriving in 1521, the first known humans to circle the earth by ship. Other Spanish explorers claimed vast areas of North and South America for Spain and established the Columbian Exchange between Europe, Africa, and New Spain. The rapid expansion of shipping, plantation building, and trade produced a new system of joint stock companies to fund the new ventures. Explain the reasons for and the success of the Ottoman Empire in restricting European trade with Asia. Describe the cultural and military collision between the Spanish and the Aztec and the Inca empires and analyze why these empires collapsed.
Explain the founding and organization of Spanish and Portuguese colonial empires in the Americas and assess the role of the Catholic Church in the colonial administration and policies regarding indigenous populations.
Assess ways in which the exchange of plants and animals around the world in the late 15th and the 16th centuries affected European, Asian, African, and American Indian societies and commerce.
Analyze why the introduction of new diseases in the Americas after 1492 had such devastating demographic and social effects on American Indian populations, not only in South America but also in Florida and the Caribbean.
Assess the effects that knowledge of the peoples, cultures, geography, and natural environment of the Americas had on European religious and intellectual life. What is not found in the textbook: the motivation of Ferdinand and Isabella to fund the voyage by Columbus during the two years prior to 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella has used all their resources to drive the remaining Islamic forces and citizens from Spain. Tell the story of what happened when Magellan with his remaining crew finally reached the Philippine Islands.
Tell the story of the miraculous healing of the chief of the island on which Magellan landed. This Study Guide, based on Daniel chapter 7, clearly and unmistakably identifies the Antichrist.
Answer:  The four heads represent the four kingdoms into which the empire of Alexander the Great was divided when he died.
In its catechisms, the papacy has omitted the second commandment against veneration of images and has shortened the fourth commandment from 94 words to eight and divided the tenth commandment into two commandments. Lest some should think that we are attacking fellow Christians by identifying this little-horn power, please keep in mind that the prophecy is aimed at a system and not individuals. Answer:  When a new Bible teaching is encountered, the only safe procedure is to compare it carefully with Scripture to see if it is in harmony with God's Word. Many momentous prophecies from the Bible books of Daniel and Revelation will be featured in upcoming Amazing Facts Study Guides. Key participants in the closing war between Jesus and Satan will appear repeatedly in these prophecies. Yes, there have been many antichrists down through history who have worked against the kingdom of God. Institute for Music and Neurologic Function - IMNF 13th Annual Music Has Power ® Awards Honors Board Chairman Edwin H.
The evening will celebrate the IMNF’s 20th anniversary, and its visionary spirit and pioneering mission to combine science and music to advance the field of music therapy. Karen Sherry, Executive Director, The ASCAP Foundation (1998-2015) is a former singer-songwriter who began her career with ASCAP in 1979 as head of public relations. Sherry became head of the ASCAP Foundation in 1998 and has worked to further its mission of identifying and nurturing new talent, promoting music education in the schools and expanding its humanitarian “Music Heals” Division. The Music Has Power gala follows a forum hosted by the IMNF in honor of the Institute’s 20th anniversary, entitled Celebrating the Science of Music and the Brain in Human Development, Health and Healing. Thanks to the Each One Counts Foundation, this year's workshop is offered at no charge to participants, except for a $50 nonrefundable registration fee to hold your seat. Bronx, New York – The Institute for Music and Neurologic Function, a member of CenterLight Health System, will offer a two-day workshop to enhance and increase the therapeutic applications of music in pediatric pain management. He added, “The IMNF understands the complexities of pain management and have successfully consulted with other organizations to expand their capabilities and make a positive difference in the lives of countless patients.
IMNF’s two-day workshop aims to enhance the understanding of the science and psychology of pain perception.
The 2015 IMNF January Institute is approved by the Certification Board for Music Therapists (CBMT) for 12 Continuing Music Therapy Education credits. Improvisational music therapy used psychotherapeutically is an effective intervention to manage trauma for persons suffering from psychological or medical trauma. The course purpose is to instruct through best practices in music psychotherapeutic work with persons suffering from psychological or medical trauma. You may also register for the full Institute (2 sessions, 12 credits) at a discounted price of $240.00. The 2015 IMNF Winter Workshops is approved by the Certification Board for Music Therapists (CBMT) for 12 Continuing Music Therapy Education credits. This workshop will focus on the role of music in healing children and adults traumatized by war and violence.
Analytical music therapy and MBSR techniques can be effective treatment interventions for persons suffering from stress and pain arising from a variety of etiologies. CenterLight's Institute for Music and Neurologic Function will be holding our 14th Annual Music Has Power Awards on Monday, November 3, 2014. The 2014 IMNF Summer Institute is approved by the Certification Board for Music Therapists (CBMT) for 12 Continuing Music Therapy Education credits.
The purpose of this course is to learn professional techniques on the maracas, guiro, and the congas that can be applied to a wide variety of musical genres.
The 2014 IMNF July Institute is approved by the Certification Board for Music Therapists (CBMT) for 12 Continuing Music Therapy Education credits. This workshop provides training in music psychotherapy stress reduction techniques, based on the concept of being mindful towards self and others.
Taking CenterLight Health System's Institute for Music and Neurologic Function (IMNF) into its third decade of groundbreaking music therapy research and service, newly installed board chairman Jay Stark announced the appointment of noted pediatric ophthalmologist and eye surgeon Dr. In accepting the board chairmanship, Jay Stark pledged to advance "the extraordinary work and visionary mission that Edwin Stern began when he joined together with Dr. In part two, Rosemary Ellen Guiley joins us to talk about angels who make themselves known at Christmastime. The headline story this week is a terrifying recounting from a man who lives with a poltergeist.
As children lay snug in their beds, dreaming of sugarplums, or more likely, Xbox One and the newest Star Wars merchandise, Santa Claus prepares to make his way down the chimney and leave toys wrapped in bright paper under the tree.
Parents would threaten to take bad children in a sack to be dropped off with Krampus (Good Lord, no wonder so many kids end up in therapy!).
In the upper German region of the Alps exists another tradition of a pagan goddess of both good and bad, darkness and light, bodacious beauty and butt-ugly! CLICK HERE to check out The Haunted Housewife’s Holiday Gift Guide For The Paranormal Peeps On Your Shopping List! Italy celebrates the legend of the witch known as La Befana, who flies on her broomstick during the night of January 5 and fills stockings with toys and sweets for good children and lumps of coal for bad ones. Two of the more, well, interesting legends come to us from around Spain; the Catatonia legend of The Caganer, and the Spanish Tio de Nadal. Some scholars note that this story is highly symbolic of the act of fertilizing the earth to bring about new life. Here in the United States, we have a much less sinister legend in the making, involving a cute little elf that sits on a shelf. Over the course of the visits, Scrooge looks back at the error of his ways and begins to repent. Even Shakespeare understood the connection between the dark nights of winter and a good ghost story.
For just as we love telling ghost stories over campfires at night, or huddled as children under blanket forts, our ancestors loved a good ghost story during the cold, dark winter nights that went on forever. So while there may be a lot of ghost stories set during Christmas, and even told during Christmas, it most likely has much more to do with the symbolism of December 21st and the Winter Solstice as the darkest day of the year, than the idea that ghosts exist more abundantly over the holidays. The SeV company makes an entire line of vests, coats, and garments especial designed for travelers.
Although a number of stories of individuals with such strange abilities have been reported over the years, one incident does stand out among them. Within days of the incident with the lightbulb, her vacuum cleaner burned out as well, and a repairman who visited said he could find no cause for the apparent malfunction.


With time, Jacqueline actually began to consider that she was being haunted by the ghost of her dead husband. Eventually Jacqueline remarried to a man named Paul (rather ironically, Paul was an electrician), but even after moving in with him the strange and frightening phenomena continued to occur.
With time, Paul developed what he believed may be a solution to the problem: he believed Jacqueline was a likely candidate for a natural, but unusually high build-up of static electricity within her body, possibly due to an alkali-acid imbalance within her body that helped her to adapt to artificially retaining static charges. In the annals of folklore surrounding claims of the unusual, which range from ghosts and hauntings, to alleged UFO contact, many have similarly discussed the presence of strange electrical phenomenon. Micah Hanks is a writer, podcaster, and researcher whose interests include history, science, current events, cultural studies, technology, business, philosophy, unexplained phenomena, and ways the future of humankind may be influenced by science and innovation in the coming decades.
A time slip, a magical wine glass, a sinister snowboarding trip, a UFO encounter and more highlight this edition of the Campfire! I love my SCOTTeVEST, my System 8.0 and the entire line of their clothing and I think you should try their products.
The Air Force continued that one report which particularly stood out occurred in April 1947. Moving into 1948, the Air Force noted no shortage of high-quality encounters involving military personnel in that year, too.
Paranormal researcher Richard Estep takes us behind the scenes from exploring the Tower of London to investigating a haunted theater on this edition of The Paranormal Podcast. A horn of plenty (of new spooky stories) fill our Thanksgiving table on the Campfire this year. The Faraday Pouch was designed for use with the P-SB7 as an aid in blocking out unwanted radio signals.
The First Lady of the Paranormal, Rosemary Ellen Guiley along with Rick Fisher examine the myths and legends of the famous talking board. After more than 20 books on the occult and paranormal topics author, TV personality, and psychic medium Michelle Belanger tackles her first fictional series! Mind Wars: A History of Mind Control, Surveillance, and Social Engineering by the Government, Media, and Secret Societies by Marie D. Coast to Coast AM Insider – a small monthly fee gets you more of the paranormal programming you love, including access to past shows and live streaming.
Theresa Argie, The Haunted Housewife, is an experienced lecturer, educator, researcher and paranormal investigator and has had many years dealing with spirits, ghosts and paranormal activity. Imagine being trapped on top of a mountain in below-freezing temperatures, no food to eat, no help on the way, and the cold hard truth that death was right around the frigid corner. It is truly the stuff of nightmares when you are nestled in your warm bed with the covers drawn snuggly over your body and the room filled with a comfortable heat pumping from the furnace. It was January 25th when twenty-three year old Igor Dyatlov assembled the crew that consisted of three engineers and seven students. The rest of the team set up camp on a nearby mountain called Kholat Syakhl, or better known to the indigenous Mansi tribe; Mountain of the Dead.
Either way, the decision to set up in the forested area would prove disastrous as the days trickled by and no one, including Yudin, had heard anything from the team. It's one of the most misinterpreted prophecies in all of the Bible - yet it is so important to correctly understand this subject. It has raged through the centuries since Lucifer, heaven's most powerful angel, rebelled against God. Prophecies of Daniel and Revelation often cover the same ground as prior prophecies, but each time new features are added that help make the prophecies certain.
In the Bible, the words seal, sign, mark, and token are used interchangeably.7 God's sign, the Sabbath, represents His holy power to rule as Creator and Saviour. No one will have the mark of the beast until Sunday worship becomes an issue forced by law. Venice grew to become one of Europe’s largest and most prosperous cities, largely as a result of its trade in luxury goods from the Far East. Milan became a major trade center for goods that were carried by land over the Alps into central Europe. Arriving in China, the Polos were welcomed back by the Mongol troops of their old friend, the Khan. Finally, after nearly two decades in the service of the Khan, the Polos were permitted by the Khan to return home, if they would agree to accompany a Yuan princess who had been promised in marriage to a Persian king (probably to create stronger trade ties between Persia and the Yuan Dynasty). They traveled through Indonesia to Sri Lanka and India and then to their destination in the Persian Gulf. They arrived during a time of warfare between Genoa and Venice and, probably because they were viewed as possible spies, were imprisoned in Venice.
In it he described such Chinese inventions as the magnetic compass, movable type printing, paper making, and the use of paper currency. China, India, and the African kingdoms regularly trades silk, slaves, spices, gold, silver, metalwares, and ivory. The Ottomans controlled all trade in the Eastern Mediterranean Ocean, North Africa (most countries in North Africa by this time had converted to Islam), and the Spice Islands (Indonesia had also converted from Hinduism to Islam). The growing demand for silk, cotton, gold, silver, ivory, textiles, spices, and gun powder became a major concern for European rulers. The Mongol Empire traded European slaves and guns to Venice for trade with Africa for gold, silver, and ivory.
A new passion to “get there before the Muslims do” motivated exploration and discovery of new peoples.
The Chinese were poised technologically to sail around the tip of Africa and to sail westward in search of new trade centers.
Trading partnerships between Venice and the Ottomans established shipping lanes across the Adriatic Sea from Greece to Italy.
The semi-autonomous Ottoman states of Algiers, Morocco, Tunis, and Tripoli made sea traffic through the Mediterranean a dangerous business for European shipping. They also raided the coastal areas of Spain, Southern France, and East Africa to seize slaves for the slave markets in the Middle East. They colonized what became known as the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia) in the mid-16th century and held that colony until 1948. In 1609 an English explorer, Henry Hudson, who was under the employment of the Dutch Republic, reached the harbor of present-day New York, and sailed up the river that now bears his name. But when the Portuguese realized the great advantage Spain gained through Alexander’s arrangement in potential land in the Americas, they petitioned for an adjustment to Alexander’s solution.
Because the boundaries of Brazil were poorly defined, the Portuguese pushed for expanded borders without significant opposition from the Spanish. Henry was the prime mover in developing trade between Portugal and other countries and continents.
By 1452 the Portuguese had so successfully developed trade routes circumventing the Ottoman-controlled trade routes, that Portugal became the European trade center for gold and slaves.
They competed with the Dutch and the Portuguese for trade with the Orient, leading to their eventual colonization of India, and, in the 19th century, port cities in China.
Raleigh also forced Phillip II to postpone launching the Armada by raiding the coast of Spain and destroying the seasoned wood that was necessary to construct the water kegs needed by the sailors of the Armada.
In 1497 his ships landed in North America, the first Europeans to do so since the Vikings. Setting sail from Plymouth, England in December 1577 with six ships, Drake sailed to Brazil, then through the dangerous Magellan Straits at the southern tip of South America, up the coast to Panama, then reached as far, possibly, as California, or even Vancouver Island.
He later was the first European to discover Lake Champlain, Lake Huron, and Lake Ontario, all components of the Great Lakes.
Although best known as the year in which Columbus sailed to the New World, several other events also made 1492 A.D. In fact, Columbus had to use the port of Palos instead of the larger port of Cadiz because Cadiz was flooded with ships carrying thousands of Jewish refugees fleeing to the Middle East, North Africa, Italy, and Greece.
And with that voyage Columbus changed the world -- as the Europeans had known it --for all time. It is perhaps no accident that some of the foremost explorers of the late 1400s and early 1500s were Italians, men who were exposed to the far-reaching cultural awakening that was the Renaissance. He listened eagerly to tales told by seafarers who had sailed the length and breadth of the Mediterranean Sea, bringing back rich cargoes for Genoa`s wealthy merchants. At the age of twenty-five, he had the most exciting time of his life when he sailed aboard a ship that sailed out onto the immense Atlantic Ocean. Columbus spent eight years in Lisbon, working as a mapmaker and receiving the greater part of his education. His journals expressed his belief that God had chosen him to carry the Gospel of Christ to the people of Asia. The royal riches had been depleted by the military efforts to drive the Muslim Moors from Spain. The next day, October 12, 1492, Columbus was the first European to set foot on an island in the present-day Bahamas.
He immediately referred to the islands’ inhabitants as “Indians.” However, he also sent men inland on one larger island to look for the capitol city of “the Khan” (the term used in Spain for the Chinese emperor).
We now know from DNA test results that the Siberian people who settled and today live in South America are distinct from the Siberian people who settled and live today in North America. The “B” DNA is found today only in aboriginal people in Japan, Southeast Asia, Melanesia, and Polynesia.
A trawler in the North Atlantic pulled up a mastedon skeleton, and with it a stone spear head or cutting tool probably used to butcher the mastedon.
Speculation is that they may have been related to the early Aborigines of Australia who traveled across the Pacific.
And archeologists have long wondered at the great similarities between the pyramids of Egypt and those constructed in Central and South America. His major contribution to Europe’s knowledge of the New World were his very accurate maps, primarily of the eastern South American coast. In fact, on returning to Spain, the explorers, including Columbus’ crews and those that came after, carried back new diseases to Europe contracted in the Americas.
His diaries and letters written both before and after his historic trips contain personal compassion for the natives he encountered and his zeal to seek their conversion to Christ.
He had sailed the Mediterranean and traveled to parts of Africa, to Ireland, and probably even to Iceland. Writer Robert Hughes expressed the conventional wisdom: “Sometime between 1478 and 1484, the full plan of self-aggrandizement and discovery took shape in his mind. In 1501 Columbus wrote, “I am only a most unworthy sinner, but ever since I have cried out for grace and mercy from the Lord, they have covered me completely.
He died more than a decade before Martin Luther would post his 95 Theses protesting the abuse of indulgences.
Not until last year was his most important religious writing—the Libro de las profecias, or Book of Prophecies—translated into English. The voyage was immediately beset by calamities a broken rudder, leaks so bad they needed immediate repair, and threatened capture by the Portuguese.
But on October 11, the ship’s log records, they began seeing signs of shore: seabirds, bits of green plants, stacks that looked they had been carved, a small plank.
Columbus and his captains went ashore in an armed launch and unfurled the royal banner and two flags.
As he wrote to Ferdinand and Isabella late in his life, “I spent six years here at your royal court, disputing the case with so many people of great authority, learned in all the arts. So he called the Taino-speaking peoples of the Arawak tribes “Indians.” The name, though flatly wrong, stuck.
They had coarse black hair—“almost like the tail of a horse”—with “handsome bodies and good faces” painted with black, red, or white paint. In the wee hours of Christmas morning, a sailor decided to catch some sleep and left the tiller in the hands of a boy. Yes, the ship was wrecked beyond repair, but now he had lumber—lots of it—for building the necessary fort. On February 14th, Columbus gathered his crew on the heaving and rolling deck to pray and make vows.
In his youth, he felt God had promised him that his name would be proclaimed throughout the world. Ferdinand and Isabella, who had just united their kingdoms, soundly defeated the Moors, signaling the end of an Islamic presence in Europe. A new country, militantly united behind Christianity, had arisen and would dominate the world for a hundred years. Zion will come from Spain.” For hundreds of years, the holy sites of Jerusalem had been held captive by the infidel Muslims. Augustine’s teaching, Columbus knew that all history fell into seven ages—and he was in the sixth, the next to last. Although Ferdinand and Isabella made military strikes into Muslim-held North Africa, they never mounted a grand crusade.
He took three more voyages across the Atlantic, each lasting several years and filled with harrowing storms, crew rebellions, illnesses (at one point his eyes bled), and encounters with native Americans.
In May 1493, he asked Ferdinand and Isabella to set aside 1 percent of all gold taken from the islands to pay for establishing churches and sending monks.
Columbus became absolutely wealthy, “a millionaire by any standard.” But he had driven such a hard bargain with the crown—hereditary titles and “the tenth part of the whole” of gold he found—that the monarchs continually had to limit his power and wealth.
I found myself in such a pass that in an attempt to escape death I took to the sea in a small caravel. Late in life, with the help of a friend, a monk, Columbus assembled excerpts from the Bible and medieval authors. But he wasn’t the first or last Christian to read his personal destiny into a Scripture verse. It was the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan who in 1519 embarked on a trip which would be the first to sail across the Pacific Ocean--and all the way around the world. He and his crew made a great friendship with their early contacts on the islands and were persuaded to stay several months to recuperate and replenish their supplies of food and water. Whether urged on by the now Christian chief or due to a threatened invasion, Magellan set sail for their island with 40 of his men. They had completed their journey around the world, proving once and for all that the earth was a sphere and that trade with Asia was possible via a route across the Pacific. In 1539 De Soto returned to the New World, this time as leader of an expedition of nine ships, 620 men, 220 horses, and numerous priests, craftsmen, engineers, and farmers who came from Cuba and various sections of Spain. Hearing of gold deposits in the north, in 1540 De Soto made his way north through Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Tennessee, seeking gold. They distributed land to the peninsulares, who, in turn, were expected to protect the native Americans as parents would their children, and instruct them in the Christian faith. Because not born in Spain, they were refused access to leadership positions in the government, but because born to Spanish parents, had full access to education and business.
They were at the bottom of the pecking order, and were especially mistreated by the creoles, mestizos, and mulattos. In many cases they were treated worse than animals, because they were replaceable while animals like horses were less so. What they had in mind was not more colonists from Spain, but, rather, the introduction of slave workers from Africa! The clergy were accused of attempting to create a Church-dominated kingdom with the clergy in charge of the kingdom. From the Americas corn, potatoes, yams, squash, beans, cocoa, peanuts, gold, and silver flowed to Europe.
The earlier supply of Islamic slaves from Spain and Christian slaves from Eastern Europe in the slave markets of Europe and the Middle East dried up after the fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the expulsion of the Moors from Spain in 1492. Increasingly African slaves were identified as descendants of Ham, one of the sons of Noah. In England the Muscovy Company for trade with Russia and the East India Company for trade with India were created.
The easy acquisition of silver and gold from Peru and Bolivia resulted in a major miscalculation that severely damaged the economic future of Spain. In the East Indies, now know as Indonesia, were spices, coffee, rubber and Portugal got there first. The four generals who headed these areas were: Cassander, Lysimachus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus.
We must identify it carefully because God takes more space describing it than the other four kingdoms combined. And even though some may find these truths from God's Word painful, we must be honest enough to accept them as His revealed will.
Thus, the little horn (Antichrist) was to have power over the saints for 1,260 prophetic days or 1,260 literal years.
This same period of persecution is mentioned in Matthew 24:21 as the worst period of persecution God's people will ever experience.
To believe an untruth about the Antichrist could easily cause a person to be deceived and lost.
The Bible is clear that all should have freedom to choose the direction they wish to go in matters of conscience (Joshua 24:15)--even if they choose to deny God and be atheists. However, there is only one entity that specifically fulfills all the prophesied characteristics of the Antichrist. Levitin, PhD and Music Industry Executive and Advocacy Champion Karen Sherry are the honorees of the 15th Annual Music Has Power® Awards.
An accomplished songwriter, producer and recording artist, Simpson is one half of the legendary duo Ashford & Simpson. Sherry has served as adviser to the ASCAP Board and her peers on the ASCAP executive leadership team, and has created many of ASCAP’s signature events, including ASCAP’s Awards Shows and the annual “We Write the Songs” concert at the Library of Congress, where she spearheaded the effort to house the prestigious ASCAP Collection at the Library. She grew the body from a local entity with limited resources to a national organization with a $10,000,000 fund balance that distributes over one million dollars annually to scholarships, grants, prizes and other programming.
Funded by a generous grant from The NAMM Foundation, this forum will explore the central theme of the IMNF’s work: how and why music affects brain development and healing.
Space is limited; we will not hold seats without full payment of the registration fee by check, money order or credit card. Within walking distance of the venue, you will find a variety of places you can go to for lunch, or you may bring your own.
Although there are pharmacological options, these do not address all aspects of the pain experience and can sometimes cause side effects that negatively impact a child's quality of life.
Presented July 13 -14, the symposium is made possible by a generous, $10,000 grant by Each One Counts Foundation, an organization dedicated to providing complementary pain management therapies for children.
A couple of years later, Brian’s close friends were given the devastating news that their 6-year-old was terminally ill.
Credits awarded by CBMT are accepted by the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC). The Instructor uses an integrative approach, working with the whole person: body, mind and spirit.
It will examine the difference between feelings and emotions from a neuroscience perspective and demonstrate how music can influence changes in self-regulation and other physiologic measures. Working as a music therapist with live improvised music to address stress and pain management requires knowledge about music, psychology, brain and body function.
In the afternoon, we will learn a rhythmic and chordal approach to the Suzuki Tone Chime Hand Bells that will encourage facilitator creative expression and maximize the aesthetic value of the program. Amir Arbisser, attorney and legal scholar Harry Ballan and veteran cultural radio and television broadcaster Midge Woolsey to the Institute's Board of Directors. Their stories over time are embellished and altered according to whomever is telling the story, which makes it hard to discern fact from fiction. He even has his own celebratory night, December 5th, one night before the Feast of Saint Nicholas, when he would appear to the public as a hairy devilish creature, sometimes alone, sometimes with his pal, St.
Of interest to the paranormal crowd, men dressed as the ugly Perchten in the 16th century would go from home to home to drive out demons and spirits. She has three heads, three eyes per head, ice blue eyes at the back of her head, long fingernails like talons, and goat horns.
I can buy that, especially with the belief that the Winter Solstice was symbolic of death and the return to light and the coming of spring. The holidays serve as a time when the sun shines less, there is more dark than light, and we often turn our thoughts to those we no longer have around, loved ones who have passed on. On Christmas morning, when he awakens, he is a new man with a big heart, ready to make amends for the sins of his past.
Other authors such as MR James, Henry James, Washington Irving, William Makepeace Thackeray, and even the likes of HP Lovecraft have all written spooky stories set at Yule time. Vest from the SCOTTeVEST company has definitely become an important and integral part of my paranormal tool box. Among the complaints of such individuals, common threads that appear include watches stopping, interference with televisions and radios, and certain appliances ceasing to work altogether.
Her radio would turn itself on and coast between stations, and her television would do the same thing without her intervention.
At last, at the advice of her new husband, Jacqueline agreed to meet with a Professor Roy Gough, who provided data about broken electric rings from one of the cookers Jacqueline had accidentally destroyed with her touch.
The disorder is sometimes known as as High Voltage Syndrome (or HVS), and a number of similar cases have been documented.
Some have expressed skepticism of the incident; one Wikipedia editor, for instance, had recently argued over whether an entry for Jacqueline Priestman should be kept at all, based on what he perceived as doubt over whether it can be proven she existed (despite numerous photographs and interviews appearing in publications like the aforementioned New Straits Times article from 1985). With his writing, he has covered topics that include controversial themes such as artificial intelligence, government surveillance, unconventional aviation technologies, and the broadening of human knowledge through the reach of the Internet.
Indeed, the UFO records that have surfaced via FOIA are, at most, Secret in nature, with the majority of them having even lower levels of classification.
These disks were oval-shaped, about 100 feet long, flying at a speed estimated to be in excess of 500 mph. As the report shows, various theories were addressed to try and determine who, or what, was flying the UFOs. Otherwise, if it is firmly indicated that there is no domestic explanation, the objects are a threat and warrant more active efforts of identification and interception…It must be accepted that some type of flying objects have been observed, although their identification and origin are not discernible. The Trifled Natural EM Meter detects natural electromagnetic fields in the environment; working on the theory that changes could indicate the presence of ghosts. No worries, the K2 meter is an inexpensive alternative used to detect EMF fluctuations and spikes. Like many tools used in the paranormal field, the reviews have been mixed, with some reporting amazing results and others not so much.
There are lots of books on the subject but this one is well-written, concise, and full of logical information so you can make the most of your time in the woods. The Seek Reveal is a small, handheld device that works perfectly in paranormal applications at a fraction of the cost of the FLIR or similar cameras.
The proximity indicator works by detecting breaks or fluctuations in the energy field around the device. Say what you want about ouija boards, they are fascinating and often useful metaphysical devices – and great conversation pieces as well. Includes a thorough examination of the ouija phenomenon in popular culture and true encounters collected by Guiley and Fisher. Leonard Nimoy hosts and narrates the wildly popular series that inspired generations of paranormal and supernatural enthusiasts! Featuring the iconic TARDIS or the uber popular Weeping Angels, these ThinkGeek exclusives are the perfect gift for that pop culture lover on your list! Theresa has worked beside some of the most well-known experts in the paranormal field, and has been featured by countless media outlets.
But imagine, even worse, the thought that while trapped in this nightmare scenario, your eventual death would never truly be solved.
The students, highly athletic skiers from the Ural Polytechnic Institute, set off on a training expedition, preparing themselves for an even more ambitious trip to the Arctic regions in the coming months. The decision to set up camp here has remained questionable for some time now, many questioning why they hadn’t hiked about a mile more to a slightly warmer and less dangerous open space at the face of the mountain. The campsite boasted a large tent that the entire team presumably shared, that appeared to have been cut apart from within. But in studying the mark of the beast, we must address some very sensitive issues, naming names and being specific. With the angels who joined him, he attempted to overcome God and seize control of the universe. We encountered many of them earlier when we studied about the Antichrist in Daniel chapter 7. 88 of The Twentieth Century Encyclopedia of Catholicism (New York, Hawthorne Books, 1959), p. At that time (just ahead), those who decide to follow the false teachings of the beast and worship on Sunday (the beast's counterfeit holy day) will receive the mark of the beast.
It will be said, however, and with some show of triumph, that the Sabbath was transferred from the seventh to the first day of the week. However, the ships traveled back and forth between Europe ferrying the Crusaders to the Holy Land brought back to Europe many new and exciting products from Asia through the Middle East.
Silk, porcelain, and metalware from China, spices and coffee from Indonesia and the Philippines, tea and spices from India, and a variety of rare new woods never seen before in Europe, were but some of the goods that excited Europe. It was also a description of the cultural practices, the languages, and religious practices of China. It fueled the interest and imagination of soon-to-be explorers, including John Cabot of England and Christopher Columbus, a native of Genoa who would sail to the New World under the sponsorship of the king and queen of Spain. European industries that produced textiles, wool, and German metalware needed to find new routes to their customers in Africa and Asia. Genoa dominated trade in the Black Sea and Western Mediterranean areas, but were increasingly harassed by the Ottomans. Marco Polo described huge five-masted ships that regularly traded with Ceylon, India, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Because most of the raiders were from the Berber tribes of North Africa, the north coast of Africa was called the Barbary Coast and the Islamic raiders became known as the Barbary Pirates. Their raids were so frequent that parts of the coastal areas of southern Spain were abandoned by their original inhabitants. This enabled them to control the production and trade of three crucial spices: nutmeg, cloves, and mace, as well as controlling the exporting of precious woods from Indonesia. Spain had free access to all routes to the Americas, Asia, and India, and all previously unclaimed lands west of that line.
Thus, in June 1494 the line was re-negotiated westward to a new distance of 1,770 km (1,099.83 miles) through the Treaty of Tordesilla, so named for the Spanish town of Tordesilla where the treaty was signed. The company soon controlled the production and exportation of Indian cotton, indigo dye, saltpeter ( nitrate needed in the production of gunpowder), tea, and opium.
In 1629 he persuaded Cardinal Richelieu, French regent who served the young king Louis XIII, to encourage French nobility to fund the new colony of Quebec. In 1803, France also lost its land possessions west of the Mississippi River through a sale made by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte to the American President Thomas Jefferson.
Little by little the control of the Moors was eroding, beginning in the north of Spain where the Kingdom of Asturias was overthrown in 718 A.D.
So, there was evident confusion on Columbus’ part about where his ships had actually landed.
Original studies indicated that four distinct haplogroups migrated into North and Central America in waves across the Bering Sea bridge. It has been found, for instance, in the ancient ancestors of the Basque people in northern Spain.
The name stuck and the two continents have been known as the Americas from that point forward.


He urged the king and queen of Spain to send priests to work with the people and to instruct them in the Christian faith.
After all, he was the one who took the greatest of risks in making his initial trips across the Atlantic. Inside, in the cool quiet, knelt Cristobal Colon, captain general of three small ships anchored in the town’s inlet below. Their mission—the wild-eyed idea of their foreigner captain—was to sail west, away from all visible landmarks. There, in the land of the Great Khan, houses were roofed with gold, streets paved with marble.
He boasted later in life, “I have gone to every place that has heretofore been navigated.” He knew the Atlantic as well or better than anyone, and he probably knew more about how to read currents, winds, and surfaces of the sea than do sailors today. He would win glory, riches, and a title of nobility by opening a trade route to the untapped wealth of the Orient. He saw them as the fulfillment of a divine plan for his life—and for the soon-coming end of the world.
I have found the most delightful comfort in making it my whole aim in life to enjoy his marvelous presence.” He constantly associated with reform minded Franciscans and spent perhaps five months at the white-walled monastery of Santa Maria de La Rabida. A week after losing sight of the Canary Islands, the pilots discovered to their consternation that the compasses no longer worked right.
Each was white with a central bright green cross flanked by a green F and Y for “Ferdinand” and “Isabella.” Columbus declared that these obviously inhabited lands now belonged to the Catholic sovereigns. In a sense, he would be like the legendary giant Christopher, who carried Christ on his back across a wide river.
Waves broke over the ships, sails had to be lowered, and soon they were driven by the wind until they were wildly lost. They put chick-peas in a cap and had sailors draw to see which one picked the chick-pea with a cross cut into it. Columbus had used the port of Palos, in fact, because the larger Cadiz was flooded with thousands of fleeing Jewish refugees. The Crusaders’ Book of Secrets, written in the early fourteenth century, said it would take 210,000 gold florins to mount a crusade. They instructed him “to win over the peoples of the said islands and mainland by all ways and means to our Holy Catholic Faith” and sent 13 religious workers on his second voyage.
As a colonial governor, he ruled the farmers and settlers with such a heavy hand they rebelled. Then the Lord came to help, saying, ‘O man of little faith, be not afraid, I am with thee.’ And he scattered my enemies and showed me the way to fulfill my promises. The unfinished work, titled Book of Prophecies, uses Scriptures to show that God had ordained his voyages of discovery and that God would be doing further wonderful things for the church. Although their commander, Magellan, died in battle in the Philippines, a handful of survivors of Magellan`s well-planned voyage returned home in 1522 after three grueling years at sea.
The Christian chief pleaded with Magellan to accompany him with his warriors, but Magellan refused, stating that if God could raise one chief from the death bed, he could deliver Magellan and prove His power.
The intention was to explore the west coast of Florida and the middle of the newly discovered continent. De Soto took male slaves from each area and forced them to carry cargo until they could continue no longer. Frustrated with the results, the expedition headed south to meet two supply ships in the Gulf of Mexico, but they were attacked by the Mobila tribe (present-day Mobile, Alabama). Those who did remain were introduced to European feudalism by means of the Spanish Encomienda System. This caused Catholic missionaries to complain to the viceroys, the monarchy, and even to the Pope in Rome, requesting intervention to make life more humane for the native Americans. The viceroys and peninsulares dismissed the complaints brought by the clergy as coming from biased, self-seeking opponents. Increasingly Spain depended on native American slaves to work the gold and silver mines and to serve on the sugar plantations. The Dutch East India Company funded and controlled shipping to the Spice Islands (Indonesia) and led to the colonization of Indonesia by the Dutch.
Because of the new wealth Spain did not engage in new methods of production as did other nations in Europe, relying instead on its wealth to purchase the goods demanded by its people. Daniel 8:20 specifically names Medo-Persia as the kingdom that precedes the rough goat, or Greece, of verse 21.
The four wings (instead of two like the lion) represent super-speed, which was true of Alexander's conquests (Jeremiah 4:11-13). Seven of those 10 tribes developed into the countries of modern Western Europe, while three were uprooted and destroyed. His true people (no matter what their faith) will always humbly accept the correction of the Lord and will not shut their ears and hearts against Him by self-defensiveness. Jesus repeats and expands His messages from the prophets to make certain His warnings of love and protection come through with clarity and certainty.
In Daniel chapters 7 and 8 and in Revelation chapter 13, you will find at least 10 identifying traits of the Antichrist.
The event, which will take place on November 9, 2015, supports the work and mission of the Institute for Music and Neurologic Function (IMNF), a member of CenterLight Health System.
Their chart-busting hits stretch over four decades and include "Ain't No Mountain High Enough," "You're All I Need To Get By," "Let's Go Get Stoned," "I'm Every Woman," "Reach Out And Touch Somebody's Hand," "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing," "Your Precious Love" and "Solid." Soulful supergroup The Funx will serve as the opening act.
The event will feature a reception and dinner, followed by the awards presentation and live musical entertainment. Sherry also established ASCAP’s grass-roots advocacy network and produced the celebrations for ASCAP’s 70th, 75th, and 100th year anniversaries. Witnessing their anguish at being helpless in alleviating their child’s pain, he sought to find organizations that could help provide complementary therapies and found none that were dedicated solely to pediatric pain management. The IMNF, #P-120, maintains responsibility for program quality and adherence to CBMT policies and criteria. Participants will have the opportunity to share music through an experiential exercise at the close of the workshop.
In-workshop music will combine live improvised instrumental and vocal music played and sung by the participants and the music therapist instructor. Oliver Sacks to found the IMNF 19 years ago." Stark is only the third board chairman since the IMNF's founding in 1995 and the successor to Stern's 13-year tenure in the role. Often in the case of pagan traditions, newer religions tack on their own traditions or obliterate the original pagan symbols, creating a mash-up character such as Santa Claus. She would gut the children by slitting their stomachs open and take out their guts, replacing them with straw and rocks.
And if you sing to it and burn it in the fireplace, you might even get better gifts than trail mix.
They got the idea over a cup of tea and self published the book in 2004, which quickly became a sensation, spawning more holiday memes than Charlie Brown or Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer. It tells the story of one grinchy, grouchy Ebenezer Scrooge, a businessman in London whose partner Jacob Marley had died exactly seven years ago. Recorders, flashlight, glasses, phone, batteries, thermometer, K2-Meter, lasers light, camcorder, tablet, camera, notebook, pens, walkie-talkie, tissues, lip balm, and even a bottle of water! Vest allows me to carry my wallet, ID, passport, travel documents, tissues, candy, water, camera, tablet, iPOD, phone, make-up, and other essentials – eliminating the need for a purse. Some consider this to be an unusual natural phenomenon, while others believe that the ability to affect electrical appliances might represent something else, and perhaps even otherworldly. Her stove, like the vacuum cleaner, burned out, and often when she would touch appliances, she would receive a jolting shock.
At least one may date back as far as 1837, as Fortean researcher Mark Pilkington noted in The Guardian in 2004. Micah lives in the heart of Appalachia near Asheville, North Carolina, where he makes a living as a writer and musician.
On the same day, William Rhoads of Phoenix, Arizona allegedly saw a disk circling his locality during sunset and took two photographs. Make sure everyone is happy this holiday season by stuffing the stockings and packing the tree with gifts they really want. The kit includes some basics such as an EMF meter, motion sensor, EVP recorder, thermometer, mini-geo-phone, and a handy case. For serious investigators looking to add a powerful tool to their paranormal armory, the Seek Reveal is a great choice. The new Ovilus V is smaller, more powerful, and has more useful functions then previous models including wifi capability.
Treat the ghost, monster, or UFO hunter on your list with these well made and highly rated binoculars. A few days off course was typical for such expeditions, but when more than a week slipped by with not a single telegram or distress call, family members demanded a search and rescue operation by the Ural Polytechnic Institute be put into action. One of the members of the Polytechnic Institute, Mikhail Sharavin, accompanied the investigators. This is not a popular thing today, but we must be firm because God loves His people and He wants them to know the truth.
Study Guide 22 explains Revelation chapters 17 and 18, where fallen churches are symbolized by a fallen mother and her fallen daughters.) The pure woman is portrayed as pregnant and about to deliver. In three different ways: In her catechisms she has (1) omitted the second commandment against veneration of images, and (2) shortened the fourth (Sabbath) commandment from 94 words to just eight. A person will be marked in the hand by working on God's holy Sabbath or by going along with Sunday laws for practical reasons (job, family, etc.).
The people who--today and for eternity--follow where Jesus leads, trusting Him fully in everything (Revelation 14:4). Further, following Him and keeping His Sabbath will put God's mark on our foreheads and protect us from the dreadful plagues (Psalms 91:10) that will fall upon the disobedient (Revelation chapter 16). Genoa provided the sailors, ship captains, and the know-how for the later Portuguese and Spanish explorations.
Food that was spoiled or even rotten became palatable when the rich spices of the Orient were added. They were four to five times larger than European ships and possessed a technology not known to Europeans. At other times they extorted large payments in order to allow merchant ships to pass through their waters. He was especially interested in exploring the west coast of Africa, which became the key area for providing African slaves to Portugal -- now the key European slave market. He then successfully sailed across the Pacific Ocean to the Indonesian islands, westward through the Indian Ocean to the tip of Africa, and then northward to England where he arrived in 1580. Later colonies were established at Plymouth (1620) by Pilgrim settlers, the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629, and the Connecticut Colony in 1636.
Because India had traditionally served as a middle man in trading Chinese products, especially porcelain and silk to Africa and Italy, the company gained control of that industry as well. Columbus seemed to them to be a means by which new wealth could be acquired from a new route to the Spice Islands as well as confiscation of the fabled gold deposits in the New World. They were offered one alternative to emigration, and that was conversion to the Christian faith. He and the crew immediately gave thanks to God for a safe arrival in a worship service and he planted both the royal banner of Spain and a wooden cross on the beach of the island he named “San Salvador” -- Holy Savior.
Walter Neves, an anthropologist at the University of Sao Paulo, who made the initial discovery along with an Argentine colleague, Hector Pucciarelli. Not to mention Egyptian mummies and German skeletons that show strong amounts of nicotine in their remains, people who died long before the European voyagers of the 16th century began shipping tobacco from the New World to Europe. But we do know that from the traditional European perspective, the explorer who first “discovered” the New World in modern times was Christopher Columbus. However, towards the end of the 20th century other voices began to question and attack his motives and his treatment of the islands’ original inhabitants. They would leave behind Spain and Portugal, the “end of the world,” and head straight into the Mare Oceanum, the Ocean Sea. As he put it in 1500, “God made me the messenger of the new heaven and the new earth of which he spoke in the Apocalypse of St.
He read from the Vulgate Bible and the church fathers but, typical for his era, mingled astrology, geography, and prophecy with his theology.
Few took it as a sign of land, but when the crew gathered to sing Salve Regina (“Hail, Queen”), Columbus instructed his men to keep careful lookout.
In spite of that it later came to pass as Jesus Christ our Savior had predicted and as he had previously announced through the mouths of His holy prophets.… I have already said that reason, mathematics, and maps of the world were of no use to me in the execution of the enterprise of the Indies.
He also, a Christopher, a “Christ-bearer,” would carry Christ across the wide Ocean Sea to peoples who had never heard the Christian message. That sailor would go on a holy pilgrimage to a shrine of the Virgin Mary if they landed safely. That was a mere 155 years away, and much had to happen: all peoples of the world would convert to Christianity, the Holy Land would be rescued from the infidels, the Antichrist would come. If Columbus could find enough gold in the Indies especially if he could find the lost mines of Solomon, which were known to be in the East—he could pay for a Holy Land crusade.
Columbus wanted gold not only for himself, but also for a much larger reason: to pay for the medieval Christian’s dream, the retaking of the Holy Land.
In his will, Columbus instructed his son Diego to support from his trust four theology professors to live on Hispaniola and convert the Indians.
Some have criticized Columbus for the “providential and messianic delusions that would come to grip him later in life” and accused him of megalomania. Magellan spent several days with the man and prayed for him, asking God to heal him and to show the islanders His power. He then had them killed and took slaves from the other peoples through whose territories he passed. Rather than covering him and hiding the event, Ham told his brothers, who then went in to cover their father.
The steady use of silver and gold by Spain greatly increased the amount available in Europe, drove the value of silver and gold down, and resulted in Spain becoming one of the least financially healthy nations in Europe. What you discover today may displease or sadden you, but please remember that the prophecy of Daniel chapter 7 comes from Jesus, who loves you. Because the biblical characteristics identify it as the Antichrist of prophecy and history.
Its rule continued until 1798 when Napoleon's general, Berthier, took the pope captive with hopes of destroying both Pope Pius VI and the political, secular power of the papacy. Lecky, History of the Rise and Influence of the Spirit of Rationalism in Europe, Volume 2, p. In Daniel chapter 8, Greece is represented by a goat and its leader, Alexander the Great, is symbolized by a horn. We do this ourselves to some degree: We have depicted Russia as a bear, the United States as an eagle, etc.
The geographical location of the papal power was in Rome, Italy--the very heart of the territory of Western Europe.B. Popular radio personality John Schaefer, the host of NPR’s acclaimed Soundcheck program and regular World Science Festival contributor, will host the forum. Since its founding, each one counts has funded more than 16,000 pain management therapies and distributed more than $500,000 in grants to its pediatric hospice and palliative care partners.
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Nicholas, the gift-giving Greek Saint and Bishop of Myra, who later morphed into Santa Claus with a few modern add-ons (think Rudolph, ho-ho-ho and elves!), and has a distinct pre-Christian origin.
He appeared on Christmas cards in the 1800s and spawned a number of regional celebrations in his honor, featuring pre-Christian rituals and symbols. The tradition has its origins in the life of Canute Lavard, a Danish Duke who was sainted after his death and given January 7th as a holiday. Perhaps this is where the Snow White story originated from, for Perchta was indeed a lovely goddess of spinning and weaving, adorned in a white robe, pure as snow. Rumor has it when the Spanish city of Barcelona tried to ban the festival in his honor, there was enough of an outcry to restore the festival. The famous Dickens tale is a part of accepted Christmas tradition for millions, maybe because it tells a story we can all relate to. No doubt, the legends written about earlier became ghost stories of today that many a German or Nordic child hears at holiday time. It also looks good, feels good, and can be adapted for other things besides ghost hunting, like traveling, hiking, even long walks in the woods.
The reason why I have made this issue the subject of my latest article is because just a few nights ago I took part in a radio-based debate where, once again, this line (or lie; take your pick) was trotted out. Two other persons also saw the trail which remained in the sky for about an hour and was photographed by another PAA employee.
A mystery that was all to real for a group of Russian mountaineers who hiked the Ural mountains in 1959, prompting one of the most gruesome and tragic discoveries in the last half century.
But it soon became clear that they’d deviated west in the wrong direction for quite some time due to worsening weather conditions and decreasing visibility. When they failed to produce any results on the ground, local military helicopters were sent out to search for the team. People of the world seem to him ready for strong worldwide moral government with control (160). The Sabbath commandment (Exodus 20:8-11) clearly specifies Sabbath as the seventh day of the week. Those who expect to refuse the beast's mark in the future must step under Jesus' Sabbath banner now.
The largest ships were over 400 feet long and 150 wide and were protected by a fleet of military vessels manned by over 20,000 soldiers. Drake was the second European to successfully sail around the world, and achieved what Magellan did not -- he personally completed the entire trip (Magellan died in the Philippines). The establishment of these colonies resulted in a great wave of English settlers arriving in North America during the decade 1630-1640. Quebec remained the only significant French land holding in North America, which was quickly engulfed by large numbers of English who founded and settled British Canada. Thus, in seventy days Columbus completed an historic transatlantic voyage that eventually led to European settlement in what would later be called the New World. The term “Indian” was decried as a demeaning term, and Columbus was described as a slave trading, gold seeking, ego-maniac. Later that day they would row to their ships, Colon taking his place on the Santa Maria, a slow but sturdy flagship no longer than five canoes. At least once he appeared in public wearing a Franciscan habit and the order’s distinctive cord. Even when Columbus forcibly subjugated Hispaniola in 1495, he believed he was fulfilling a divine destiny for himself and for Aragon and Castile and for the holy church. Feverish and in deep despair, he wrote, “I dragged myself up the rigging to the height of the crow’s nest.… Still groaning, I lost consciousness.
Fearing his men would tell the story of the Spanish losses to the Spanish ships, in 1541 he turned westward into Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas, then to the banks of the Mississippi River in present-day Mississippi where De Soto died if a high fever. Yet she also led the wild hunt, had one foot bigger than the other, and could shape shift into animals. Not a very nice lady, which makes you wonder why anyone opened their door to her in the first place! Vest was a few ounces heavier than the lightweight version but the weight was balanced nicely across my shoulders. It was on February 1st that one of the team members, Yuri Yudin, decided to stay behind in the nearby settlement of Vizhai, due to illness.
It wasn’t until February 26th that the first helicopter pilot would spot something on the ground near the campsite in the forest. And with eternal death facing those who receive the mark, it would be a crime to not help Him deliver this message. His determination to destroy God and control the universe has grown with every passing year. However, when the baby is born He evades the dragon, fulfills His mission, and then ascends to heaven.
You will, in essence, mark yourself by accepting either God's sign or mark, the Sabbath, or the beast's mark, Sunday. Four priests eventually volunteered to travel to China but soon returned to Rome after experiencing culture-shock along the Silk Road. Drake was also a major participant in the active slave trade in which England was a main competitor with the Spanish and Portuguese in the lucrative slave trade which dealt with not only African slaves, but also slaves taken from the Caribbean Islands. This is considered to be the first Christian victory over the Islamic Moors in Spain, in the long struggle called the Reconquista.
I heard a voice in pious accents saying, ‘O foolish man and slow to serve your God, the God of all!
She was very interested in early explorers and told her children many of these stories over and over again. Hence, with rumors of vast supplies of gold and silver in the New World, and even the possibility of reaching the Spice Islands from the opposite direction taken by the Portuguese had great promise. The Bible prophecies teach this antichrist power will play a crucial role in the final events of earth's history. The blow was a deadly wound for the papacy, but that wound began to heal and continues healing today.
To have changed God's law by dropping out the second commandment (on worshiping images) and splitting the tenth into two parts. It would pluck up or uproot three kingdoms.The emperors of Western Europe were largely Catholic and supported the papacy in its growth and authority.
Krampus, which might be an offshoot of the pagan Horned God of the witches, or even a masked devil figure (which later became the Christian devil) is portrayed as hideous and frightening.
Later that night, she saw a bright star in the sky and was moved to join the Wise Men and the shepherd, bringing gifts that had belonged to her dead child to offer to the Christ infant. There is also a pocket with an RFID blocking security feature to keep hackers from scanning your credit cards. Obviously the baby is Jesus, whom Herod tried to destroy by killing all the babies in Bethlehem (Matthew 2:16). The continents of North and South America were so large almost anyone could land there sailing from Europe.
The three ribs represent the three principal powers conquered by Medo-Persia: Lydia, Babylon, and Egypt.
Three Arian kingdoms, however, did not support the papacy--the Vandals, Heruli, and Ostrogoths. History shows that virtually every time the church passed laws to enforce its beliefs, persecution and murder of others resulted. Iceland had the good sense in 1746 to prohibit talk of Gryla because it scared children too much. The SCOTTeVEST company makes versions with various features in many different colors and price ranges. Two other pairs of footprints, completely barefoot, were followed to a large pine tree some 1,500 feet away from the tent. Now that we have positively identified the beast, we can discover her mark, or symbol of authority.
From the hour of your birth he has always had a special care of you.’ ” The voice continued at length and closed with “Be not afraid, but of good courage.
He was nicknamed Henry the Navigator because when he became an influential prince, he spear headed the drive for Portugal to hit the seas and travel to Asia. The prophecy of Daniel chapter 7 is not saying that popes are evil and that Catholics are not Christians.
That the pope is God on earth.Satan's Original PlanSatan's original plan (in heaven) was to assume God's position and authority.
In two ways: (1) She has changed the time of the Sabbath from the seventh day to the first day. God solemnly warns that leaders who teach there is really no difference between sacred things (such as God's holy Sabbath) and common things (such as Sunday) will face His indignation (Ezekiel 22:26, 31). Hiscox, author of The Baptist Manual, in a paper read before a New York ministers' conference held Nov.
You need to be, for you can't understand last-day events until you understand this evil power. The final battle between Satan and God is just ahead, and it is described in the book of Revelation.
You are a Protestant, and you profess to go by the Bible and the Bible only; and yet in so important a matter as the observance of one day in seven as a holy day, you go against the plain letter of the Bible, and put another day in the place of that day which the Bible has commanded.
The Spanish take credit for naming the Philippine Islands for Philip II of Spain, but their competitor, Portugal, claimed that they named the islands for Philippa, the mother of Henry the Navigator. The system, however, is called Antichrist because it has usurped Jesus' authority and attempted to change His law. Other versions show him carrying a sack or tub that he uses to carry bad children in, and even drown and eat them in. Instead of counting the Sabbath day from sundown Friday night to sundown Saturday night as God mandates (Leviticus 23:32), she adopted the pagan Roman custom of counting the day from midnight Saturday night to midnight Sunday night.
And the Catholic emperor Justinian (527-565) exterminated the Arian Vandals in 534 and significantly broke the power of the Arian Ostrogoths in 538. Through the centuries he has endeavored (using various human agencies) to discredit God and take over His position. Antichrist Appears to Be SpiritualSatan aims to replace God in these last days by deceiving people into following Antichrist, who appears spiritual and holy. As usual, Satan will work through an earthly power (symbolized in Revelation by a beast) to impose his mark. The main purpose of the prophecies of Daniel and Revelation is to expose Satan's traps and strategies and lead people to anchor in Jesus and His Word for safety. This Study Guide will reveal the beast's mark, which every lost person of the end time will receive. It came on the scene as a religious power and was totally different from the secular nature of the other 10 kingdoms.E. Antichrist Will Deceive ManyMost people will follow the Antichrist (Revelation 13:3), thinking they are following Christ. They will be safe because they test every spiritual teaching and leader by Scripture (Isaiah 8:20). Even conservative historians claim the church probably destroyed at least 50 million people over matters of religious conviction. This fourth commandment begins with the word 'remember,' showing that the Sabbath already existed when God wrote the law on the tables of stone at Sinai.




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