27.03.2015

Working during cancer treatment uk

200 years ago, after a chimney sweep stopped his runaway horse and carriage, King George II issued a Royal Decree that sweeps are bringers of luck and should be treated with the greatest of respect. This started the tradition that couples would arrange to meet the sweep at their wedding for good luck. In the medieval home they had open hearths so that smoke had to escape through windows and doors. But what really made a difference, and why chimney sweeps were needed, was that people started to burn coal and coal creates soot which sticks to the inside of chimneys. Because burning coal made the atmosphere dirty, if you hung your washing out it got dirty from the smoke coming from chimneys, it created a nasty air condition know as “smog” – a combination of “smoke” and “fog” which it resembled.
In Victorian times chimney sweeps were always dirty from cleaning chimneys, so people did not think very highly of them.
People didn’t like dirty sweeps in their home and so often they had to work at night or very early in the morning so they wouldn’t disturb people in the house.
They didn’t earn much money and for a lot of the year they didn’t have much work – during the summer people did not light fires or think about their chimneys, and in the winter the fires were lit and the sweep could not clean them! Some sweeps had regular businesses and people could call them to come and sweep their chimneys. In this story Tom, who has never used a mirror, sees his reflection and is scared by the dirty person he sees staring back at him.
Using children to clean chimneys came to an end because people thought using children to go up chimneys was cruel. In 1842 Parliament passed a law prohibiting sweeps from employing children to go up chimneys – but this did not stop them using their own children to do this horrible work. In Charles Dickens’s Oliver Twist a particularly vicious chimney sweep called Gamfield wants to take Oliver as an apprentice. Perhaps the most famous children’s story about a climbing boy is Charles Kingsley’s story of Tom in ‘The Water Babies’ which can also be read online via Project Gutenberg.
Airmen of the 92nd Security Forces Squadron at Fairchild Air Force Base paid their respects Thursday to one of their own.
Lucky, a military working dog, survived five tours of duty in Iraq, Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan. He succumbed to cancer last September at age 10, surviving two previous diagnoses of the disease.


Several dozen service members gathered for a morning memorial service in the base community center. Lucky had a reputation as the hardest-hitting among the seven to eight dogs stationed at Fairchild.
He became a media star following his survival from two previous bouts of cancer and received a Hometown Heroes award from the American Red Cross in 2010. Lucky underwent training at age 1 at the Department of Defense Military Working Dog School at Lackland Air Force Base in Texas. In 2008, Lucky sniffed out an explosive device fastened to a generator at a forward base in Afghanistan, averting potential disaster. In another incident, Lucky and a squad of soldiers survived an improvised bomb attack on a road in Iraq.
During his time at Fairchild, Lucky provided protection for presidential, vice presidential and congressional visits.
The soldiers said Lucky, like other military working dogs, was absolutely fearless and would sacrifice his life for them. At Fairchild, Lucky befriended a female Malinois, Dakota, who was at Lucky’s memorial service.
All of the working dogs are recognized when their careers end, either through a retirement ceremony or a memorial if they die on duty.
Kenn’s mission with the Dog Files is to let the world know that dog’s deserve our love, care and respect. Check out eight reasons why it's always better to save a life by adopting a dog instead of buying one from a breeder or pet shop. Even today many couples invite a sweep to attend their wedding – a handshake for the groom and a lucky kiss for the bride.
If it isn’t cleared bits can drop down the chimney and cause fires; the chimney can also become blocked and the black smoke escapes into the room.
They had brushes with long handles to which the sweep screws extension poles as the brush goes up the chimney. When it became illegal to use children, chimney sweeps had to start using machines but they were expensive so chimney sweeps didn’t want to buy them.
This was an environmental hazard and led to the introduction of Clean Air Acts in the 1950s and 1960s, to the conversion of home heating to smokeless fuels like gas and oil.


However there were other sweeps who used to go through the streets calling “sweep, sweep” to try and attract casual business – these people charged less money. Going up chimneys was dangerous and the boys could fall and hurt themselves and even break bones.
Children were also used in factories because they were small and could go between machines to clean them. Some used their own children (both boys and girls) as young as four or five years old to go up chimneys. Up to the end of what is the first twelve pages of the book (when Tom looks in the bedroom mirror and sees how dirty he is) there is a good description of the life of a climbing boy. Garon Shelton, squadron commander, said Lucky saved countless service personnel, sniffing out explosives and securing their missions. Lucky was moved to a veterinary center at Mountain Home Air Force Base in Idaho, where he died Sept. The dog was cool under fire and could close on a fleeing suspect with a burst of speed, traits that run deep in this favored sheepdog breed. The insides of chimneys were rough and they could get cut, and then the dirt from the soot would get into their cuts which could become infected or the soot would get into their eyes. Finally in 1864 it became illegal for home owners to allow children under 16 into their homes to clean chimneys. The best way was to send little children or ‘climbing boys’ up the chimneys and, as they went up (or down) the chimney, they dislodged the soot. Because the work was so horrible it was difficult to persuade people to let their children become chimney sweeps and sometimes children would be stolen or kidnapped and sold to sweeps. There was considerable opposition to attempts by Parliament to stop the use of children working in factories and up chimneys. The smaller the boy the better because some chimneys were very narrow – some as small as 8 inches square (create this shape on the floor for the children to see how small it is).



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