19.10.2015

What is interferon treatment for cancer done

Hepatitis B and C viruses are spread through sex with an infected person, transfusion of infected blood and unsafe medical practices.Hepatitis A heals naturally. Weekly pegylated interferon alfa-2 injections are administered to treat the liver infection. Hepatitis patients with high levels of liver enzymes and strong immune system are the best candidates for treatment with interferon. Antiviral drugs called nucleoside analog and nucleotide analog are used for treating chronic hepatitis B.
While nucleoside analog antivirals such as lamivudine, entecavir, telbivudine and ribavirin are primarily used for treating chronic hepatitis B, nucleotide analog antivirals such as adefovir and tenofovir are used only when the hepatitis virus strain does not respond to the conventional nucleoside analog drugs. Lamivudine and interferon alfa-2b are currently the only drugs used in combination therapy for treating hepatitis B in children. Entecavir is one of the new antiviral drugs used for preventing spread of the hepatitis B virus. The nucleoside analog drug ribavirin combined with pegylated interferon is recommended for treating hepatitis C infections in adults and children.


Adefovir works by suppressing activities of an enzyme that support multiplication of the hepatitis B viruses. They gradually damage the liver, leading to liver cirrhosis, liver failure or liver cancer. Depression, fatigue, headache, hair loss, reduction in white blood cells and platelet counts are possible side effects of interferon. Adults diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B are usually recommended 100 mg of lamivudine each day.
Headache, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, lactic acidosis and sudden worsening of symptoms of hepatitis are possible side effects of this drug.
Headache, joint pain, back pain, rash, diarrhea and sleeping problems are possible side effects of the drug. Stomach upset, cough, appetite loss, dry mouth, heartburn, memory problems, rash, excess sweating and sleeping difficulties are possible adverse effects of this drug. Diarrhea, gas, weakness, headache, indigestion, runny nose, sore throat and cough are possible side effects of the drug.


Hepatitis A virus infection is usually caused by consuming water contaminated with hepatitis A virus. Medications help in preventing replication of the hepatitis B and C viruses and arresting progression of liver damage. By strengthening the immune system, interferon helps to stop replication of the hepatitis B and C viruses. However, it may not prevent liver cancer or cirrhosis of liver caused by chronic hepatitis B.
Interferons currently used for treating hepatitis include interferon alfa-2b and pegylated interferon alfa-2a.



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