Treatment of stage 0 colon cancer zodiac

Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, gets its names from the fact that the cancer can either start in the large intestine (colon) or in the rectum (end of the colon). There are many tests that can be done by a gastroenterologist or cancer specialist (oncologist) to determine if an individual has colon cancer. See the PDQ summary about Unusual Cancers of Childhood Treatment for information about colorectal cancer in children. Physical exam and history : An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. Sigmoidoscopy : A procedure to look inside the rectum and sigmoid (lower) colon for polyps (small areas of bulging tissue), other abnormal areas, or cancer. Colonoscopy : A procedure to look inside the rectum and colon for polyps, abnormal areas, or cancer. Biopsy : The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. The prognosis also depends on the blood levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) before treatment begins. CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, such as the abdomen or chest, taken from different angles.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging): A procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves, and a computer to make a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the colon.
PET scan (positron emission tomography scan): A procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body. Unlike many other cancers, most cases of colon cancer start as noncancerous (benign) polyps, and can slowly develop into cancer over a period of ten years.

These include unexplained weight loss, weakness or fatigue, a feeling that the bowel is not completely empty, persistent abdominal discomfort, rectal bleeding or blood in the stool, and a change in bowel habits. Some of these tests include blood tests, such as a complete blood count or organ function tests, a colonoscopy, using a video camera and monitor to view the colon and rectum, X-rays, and computerized tomography (CT) scans.
Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer; not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer. A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken. The doctor or nurse inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for lumps or anything else that seems unusual. Although other forms of cancer, such as lymphoma, melanoma, and sarcomas, can affect the colon, these are very rare.
These changes can include diarrhea, constipation, or a change in the stool’s consistency. However, if the cancer is more advanced, the entire colon or part of the colon may be removed. Radiation before surgery has also been shown to reduce the risk of the cancer coming back later. The PET scanner rotates around the body and makes a picture of where glucose is being used in the body. Although these symptoms are associated with colon cancer, many cases present no symptoms at all. How much of the colon that is removed depends on the location and specific characteristics of the individual tumor.

Diet changes, such as low-fat and high-fiber diets, can also reduce the risk of getting colon cancer.
Malignant tumor cells show up brighter in the picture because they are more active and take up more glucose than normal cells do. However, there are risk factors that include individuals over sixty, coming from African American descent, a high diet in red or processed meats, an inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn’s disease, frequent smoking and drinking, and a family history of colon cancer. It is important to make an appointment with a doctor if any of these symptoms are noticed, even though many of the symptoms can be associated with other illnesses. Surgery can also help to relieve some of the associated symptoms, such as when the cancer has caused a bowel obstruction. Although radiation does not help with colon cancer, it does increase the survival rate for those with rectal cancer.
NSAIDs (aspirin, ibuprofen, etc.) have also been shown to reduce the risk, but are not recommended by doctors. On the other hand, chemotherapy is used after surgery to increase the survival rate when the cancer has spread towards the lymph nodes. Overall, the best prevention is talking to one’s doctor if any of the symptoms  are experienced.

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